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Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) mainly consists of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). About 10%-15% of patients with IBD cannot be firmly diagnosed with CD or UC; hence, they are initially diagnosed as inflammatory bowel disease unclassified (IBD-U). Having a firm diagnosis is clearly preferred to guide treatment choices, and better understanding of the nature of IBD-U is required.
There is a well-established association between chronic inflammation and an elevated risk of heart disease among patients with systemic autoimmune conditions. This review aims to summarize existing literature on the relationship between inflammatory bowel disease and ischemic heart disease, heart failure, arrhythmia, and pericarditis, with particular attention to approaches to management and treatment.
Several studies have reported the surgical outcomes of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients exposed to vedolizumab (VDZ) preoperatively, with conflicting results. This meta-analysis aims to evaluate the risk of postoperative complications in IBD patients preoperatively exposed to VDZ in comparison with patients exposed to anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) treatment or no biologic therapy.
Secukinumab is an anti-IL 17A monoclonal antibody currently licensed for the treatment of plaque psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. However, although inflammatory bowel disease is a disorder with related immune characteristics, secukinumab has not proved to be effective in these diseases. In fact, negative results in a clinical trial designed to assess its efficacy in patients with Crohn disease have been published. On the other hand, the drug fact sheet states that secukinumab shoul...
Industry payments can lead to financial conflicts of interest (FCOI) among authors of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). Guidelines for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may be at particularly high risk. We determined the prevalence of FCOI in IBD CPGs produced by various gastroenterology societies.
In treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with anti-tumor necrosis factor-α agents (anti-TNF-α), obesity has been suspected as a cause of accelerated loss of response (LOR). We sought to determine whether overweight IBD patients have accelerated LOR when treated with anti-TNF-α agents, compared with normal weight IBD patients.
Effective treatments are available for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD); however, suboptimal outcomes occur and are often linked to patients' limited disease knowledge. The aim of this analysis was to determine if delivery of educational messages through a telemedicine system improves IBD knowledge.
Inflammatory bowel diseases are chronic autoimmune conditions of the gastrointestinal tract, mainly grouped into ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease. Traditionally, symptoms have been used to guide IBD management, but this approach is fatally flawed, as symptoms don't correlate with disease activity and often fail to predict disease complications, especially with Crohn's disease. Hence, there is increasing recognition of the need for treatment algorithms based on objective measures of bowel inflammation. ...
Nutritional interventions play a central role in the treatment and management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in children. Although malnutrition is a common presenting sign of IBD, nutritional interventions have focused not only on correction of the malnourished state but also on treatment of the primary disease.
Corticosteroids, and more recently biologics, have been the mainstay of therapy for patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Unfortunately, both are fraught with side effects and limited by lack of efficacy or loss of response. Many patients ultimately succumb to medically refractory disease and require an operation. As we enter an era of regenerative medicine, a new genre of cell-based therapeutics offers significant promise for both an improved safety profile and improved efficacy compared with conventio...
Few studies have examined the association between inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and Parkinson's disease (PD).
Inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] includes chronic, disabling and progressive conditions that need a complex approach and management. Although several attempts have been made to standardize the care of IBD patients, no clear definitions of a global 'standard of care' are currently available.
The prevalence of comorbid depression is high in chronic gastrointestinal disorders, including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). For these two disorders in particular, the findings have not been consistent. This meta-analysis systematically compares the rates and severity of comorbid depression between IBS and IBD patients.
Previous reports have shown differences in phenotypes among black patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) compared with other racial groups, but prior studies were limited by small numbers of black patients and cross-sectional analyses. We used data from the Sinai-Helmsley Alliance for Research Excellence cohort to compare phenotypes and treatment patterns of black and white patients with IBD in a prospective study.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease is a chronic, untreatable condition represented by two illnesses, Crohn's and Ulcerative Colitis. Despite high incidence in well-developed industrialised countries, and the significant impact of symptoms on patient's quality of life, little is known about living with Inflammatory Bowel Disease.
To record the incidence and prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), its social demographics, clinical characteristics and treatment, in the state of Johor, Malaysia.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by uneven disease courses with various clinical outcomes. A few prognostic markers of disease severity may help stratify patients and identify those who will benefit the most from early aggressive treatment. The concept of disease severity remains too broad and vague, mainly because the definition must embrace several disease mechanisms, mainly inflammation and fibrosis, with various rates of disease progression. The magnitude of inflammation is an obvious k...
Anemia is the most frequent extra-intestinal finding in Inflammatory Bowel Disease. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and types of anemia in pediatric patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease at diagnosis and at approximately one year follow up.
The diagnostic work-up of pediatric irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional abdominal pain-not otherwise specified (FAP-NOS) commonly includes invasive tests for discrimination from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). As this carries a high burden on patients, an ongoing need exists for development of noninvasive diagnostic biomarkers for IBS and FAP-NOS. Several studies have shown microbiota alterations in IBS/FAP, which are considered to be reflected by fecal volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The obj...
Anti-tumor necrosis factor α (anti-TNF-α) is important in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease, but some patients experience only a partial response. In these patients, a combination of anti-TNF-α and vedolizumab (VDZ) may act as a bridge until the full VDZ effect occurs. At present, clinical data on combination treatment with anti-TNF-α and VDZ are not available. The aim of this case series was to evaluate the safety and clinical response of combination therapy with anti-TNF-α and VDZ in clinic...
Assessment of the disease activity in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is essential for adequate treatment management and reliable noninvasive biomarkers for verification of mucosal healing are still needed. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are differentially expressed in IBD and cancer. We aimed to evaluate the potential of circulating and fecal miRNAs as diagnostic biomarkers for IBD.
Disease activity, steroid use and extraintestinal manifestation are associated with increased disability in patients with inflammatory bowel disease using the inflammatory bowel disease disability index: a cross-sectional multicentre cohort study.
The inflammatory bowel disease disability index (IBD-DI) was developed recently. The aim was to translate the IBD-DI into Danish and validate it for future clinical studies and practice, and to assess the level of disability among IBD patients.
Early- and late-onset of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may perhaps be etiologically distinct and potentially attributed to genetics, environmental or microbial factors. We review disease factors and clinical characteristics, as well as unique management and treatment strategies to consider when caring for the "baby" or "baby boomer" with IBD.
MR enterography is traditionally used to evaluate inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) both at initial presentation and at follow-up. MR enterography can also be used to evaluate non-IBD conditions such as polyps or other masses of the gastrointestinal tract. In this article, we emphasize how to recognize bowel conditions beyond IBD on conventional abdominal MRI without a specific enterographic technique. In this overview we discuss common and uncommon pediatric bowel conditions beyond IBD seen on MRI including...