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PubMed Journals Articles About "Innovating Trusted Class Antibiotics Attack Superbugs" RSS

16:14 EDT 22nd April 2018 | BioPortfolio

Innovating Trusted Class Antibiotics Attack Superbugs PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Innovating Trusted Class Antibiotics Attack Superbugs articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Innovating trusted class antibiotics attack superbugs" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 4,100+

Octapeptins: Lipopeptide Antibiotics against Multidrug-Resistant Superbugs.

Antimicrobial resistance is increasing at an alarming rate. Polymyxin, one of the few antibiotics of last resort, is heavily affected. In this issue of Cell Chemical Biology, Velkov et al. (2018) present a promising alternative: octapeptin lipopeptide antibiotics active against multidrug- and extensively drug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria, which might help overcoming resistance toward polymyxins.


Emerging Antimicrobial Research against Superbugs: Perspectives from a Polymer Laboratory.

Infectious diseases caused by drug-resistant microorganisms have become a major contributor for human morbidity and mortality. To overcome such threats, we have developed various antimicrobial agents using natural product derivatives and metallopolymers. Abundant biomass such as resin acids can be utilized to prepare cationic polymers for inhibiting a variety of bacteria. These polymers have been used in solution as well as surfaces as antimicrobial materials with low cytotoxicity. In addition, a class of c...

Modular, Scalable Synthesis of Group A Streptogramin Antibiotics.

Streptogramin antibiotics are used clinically to treat multidrug-resistant bacterial infections, but their poor physicochemical properties and narrow spectra of activity have limited their utility. New methods to chemically modify streptogramins would enable structural optimization to overcome these limitations as well as to combat growing resistance to the class. Here we report a modular, scalable synthesis of group A streptogramin antibiotics that proceeds in 6-8 linear steps from simple chemical building...


A New Mechanism for β-Lactamases: Class D Enzymes Degrade 1β-Methyl Carbapenems via Lactone Formation.

β-Lactamases threaten the clinical use of carbapenems, considered antibiotics of last resort. The classical mechanism of serine carbapenemase activity proceeds via hydrolysis of an acyl-enzyme intermediate. We show that class D β-lactamases also degrade clinically used 1β-methyl-substituted carbapenems via the unprecedented formation of a carbapenem-derived β-lactone. β-Lactone formation results from the nucleophilic attack of the carbapenem hydroxyethyl side chain onto the ester carbonyl of the acyl-e...

Therapeutic Drug Monitoring of Beta-Lactams and Other Antibiotics in the Intensive Care Unit: Which Agents, Which Patients and Which Infections?

Antibiotics are among the medications most frequently administered to the critically ill, a population with high levels of intra- and inter-individual pharmacokinetic variability. Our knowledge of the relationships among antibiotic dosing, exposure and clinical effect in this population has increased in recent decades. Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of serum antibiotic concentrations is the most practical means of assessing adequate antibiotic exposure, though until recently, it has been underutilised fo...

Evidence of superficial knowledge regarding antibiotics and their use: Results of two cross-sectional surveys in an urban informal settlement in Kenya.

We assessed knowledge and practices related to antibiotic use in Kibera, an urban informal settlement in Kenya. Surveys was employed at the beginning (entry) and again at the end (exit) of a 5-month longitudinal study of AMR. Two-hundred households were interviewed at entry, of which 149 were also interviewed at exit. The majority (>65%) of respondents in both surveys could name at least one antibiotic, with amoxicillin and cotrimoxazole jointly accounting for 85% and 77% of antibiotics mentioned during ent...

Claramines : A new class of broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents with bimodal activity.

The emergence of multidrug resistant bacteria/pathogens has highlighted the need for the development of new antibiotics. In this manuscript, we report herein our results dealing with the broad spectrum of antibacterial activity against both sensitive and resistant Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial strains of an easily prepared water soluble polyaminosterol compound namely claramine A1. We will also demonstrate its peculiar mechanism of action (different from all the well-known classes of antibiotics...

Keeping Antibiotics at Home Promotes Self-Medication with Antibiotics among Chinese University Students.

Inappropriate use of antibiotics has caused antimicrobial resistance, presenting a major health challenge to the world population. Self-medication with antibiotics (SMA) is currently at an alarming level in China.

Emergence of class 1 to 3 integrons among members of Enterobacteriaceae in Egypt.

In spite of the role of integrons as the main contributor to multidrug resistance worldwide, their prevalence in Egypt is still underestimated. In this work, we announce the emergence of class 2 and 3 integrons among Enterobacteriacae isolates from Mansoura University Hospitals. Ninety-three clinical isolates were obtained from different clinical sources, among which 70% of E. coli, 94.8% of K. pneumoniae and 85.7% of Enterobacter spp. were assigned to be multidrug resistant (MDR). Subsequently, the occurre...

VLSI Design of Trusted Virtual Sensors.

This work presents a Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) design of trusted virtual sensors providing a minimum unitary cost and very good figures of size, speed and power consumption. The sensed variable is estimated by a virtual sensor based on a configurable and programmable PieceWise-Affine hyper-Rectangular (PWAR) model. An algorithm is presented to find the best values of the programmable parameters given a set of (empirical or simulated) input-output data. The VLSI design of the trusted virtual sensor...

Efficacy of prophylactic probiotics in combination with antibiotics versus antibiotics alone for colorectal surgery: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

This meta-analysis aimed to determine whether prophylactic probiotics in combination with antibiotics are superior to antibiotics alone in the prevention of surgical site infection (SSI) after colorectal surgery. Fourteen trials involving 1524 participants were included. Compared with antibiotics alone, prophylactic probiotics in combination with antibiotics reduced the risk of SSI as well as other complications, shortened the cumulative duration of antibiotic therapy. Current evidence suggested that probio...

High-resolution crystal structure reveals molecular details of target recognition by the calcium-dependent lipopeptide antibiotic laspartomycin C.

The calcium-dependent antibiotics (CDAs) are an important emerging class of antibiotics. We here report the crystal structure of the CDA laspartomycin C in complex with calcium and the ligand geranyl-phosphate at a resolution of 1.28 Å. This represents the first crystal structure of a CDA bound to its bacterial target. The structure is also the first to be reported for an antibiotic that binds the essential bacterial phospholipid undecaprenyl phosphate (C55-P). These structural insights are of great value ...

Effects of different resistance mechanisms on susceptibility to different classes of antibiotics in Klebsiella pneumoniae strains: a strategic system for the screening and activity testing of new antibiotics.

A strategic system for the screening and testing of new antibiotics was created to facilitate the development of antibiotics that are robustly effective against MDR bacteria.

Oral versus inhaled antibiotics for bronchiectasis.

Bronchiectasis is a chronic inflammatory disease characterised by a recurrent cycle of respiratory bacterial infections associated with cough, sputum production and impaired quality of life. Antibiotics are the main therapeutic option for managing bronchiectasis exacerbations. Evidence suggests that inhaled antibiotics may be associated with more effective eradication of infective organisms and a lower risk of developing antibiotic resistance when compared with orally administered antibiotics. However, it i...

New views of head-to-middle and cis- head-to-tail prenyltransferases: Structure of isosesquilavandulyl diphosphate synthase.

We report the first X-ray crystallographic structure of the "head-to-middle" prenyltransferase, isosesquilavandulyl diphosphate synthase, involved in biosynthesis of the merochlorin class of antibiotics. The protein adopts the ζ or cis-prenyl transferase fold but remarkably, unlike tuberculosinol adenosine synthase and other cis-prenyl transferases (e.g. cis-farnesyl, decaprenyl, undecaprenyl diphosphate synthases), the large, hydrophobic side-chain does not occupy a central hydrophobic tunnel. Instead, it...

Antimicrobial peptide capsids of de novo design.

The spread of bacterial resistance to antibiotics poses the need for antimicrobial discovery. With traditional search paradigms being exhausted, approaches that are altogether different from antibiotics may offer promising and creative solutions. Here, we introduce a de novo peptide topology that-by emulating the virus architecture-assembles into discrete antimicrobial capsids. Using the combination of high-resolution and real-time imaging, we demonstrate that these artificial capsids assemble as 20-nm holl...

Gender, social class, and women's employment.

People in low-power positions, whether due to gender or class, tend to exhibit other-oriented rather than self-oriented behavior. Women's experiences at work and at home are shaped by social class, heightening identification with gender for relatively upper class women and identification with class for relatively lower class women, potentially mitigating, or even reversing, class-based differences documented in past research. Gender-class differences are reflected in women's employment beliefs and behaviors...

Characterization of Cefotaxime- and Ciprofloxacin-Resistant Commensal Escherichia coli Originating from Belgian Farm Animals Indicates High Antibiotic Resistance Transfer Rates.

Food-producing animals represent one of the sources of antibiotic resistant commensal bacteria. There is an increasing awareness that these bacteria might have the potential to transfer their resistance genes to other (pathogenic) bacteria. In this study, 50 commensal Escherichia coli strains originating from food-producing animals and resistant to the "highest priority, critically important antibiotics" cefotaxime and/or ciprofloxacin, were selected for further characterization. For each strain (i) an anti...

Chess therapy: A new approach to curing panic attack.

To study the effect of playing cell phone chess game on treating panic attack.

Dental, Oral, and Craniofacial Regenerative Medicine: Transforming Biotechnologies for Innovating Patient Care.

Serum apolipoprotein E may be a novel biomarker of migraine.

Migraine attacks alter various molecules that might be related to the pathophysiology of migraine, such as serotonin, calcitonin gene-related peptide, and nitric oxide. The underlying pathophysiology of migraine is as yet unclear. We explored key proteins related to the pathogenesis of migraine here. Serum was collected from two patients with migraine with aura (MA) and seven patients with migraine without aura (MO) during attack-free periods and migraine attacks. Samples were analyzed using 2-dimensional g...

Ciprofloxacin-mediated induction of S-phase cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in COLO829 melanoma cells.

Low effectiveness of anti-melanoma therapies makes it necessary to search for new drugs that could improve or replace the standard chemotherapy. Fluoroquinolones are a group of synthetic antibiotics, used in the treatment of wide range of bacterial infections. Moreover, this class of antibiotics has shown promising anti-tumor activity in several cancer cell lines. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of ciprofloxacin on cell viability, apoptosis and cell cycle distribution in COLO829 melanoma cel...

A new class of synthetic retinoid antibiotics effective against bacterial persisters.

A challenge in the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus infections is the high prevalence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) strains and the formation of non-growing, dormant 'persister' subpopulations that exhibit high levels of tolerance to antibiotics and have a role in chronic or recurrent infections. As conventional antibiotics are not effective in the treatment of infections caused by such bacteria, novel antibacterial therapeutics are urgently required. Here we used a Caenorhabditis elegans-MRSA...

Odilorhabdins, Antibacterial Agents that Cause Miscoding by Binding at a New Ribosomal Site.

Growing resistance of pathogenic bacteria and shortage of antibiotic discovery platforms challenge the use of antibiotics in the clinic. This threat calls for exploration of unconventional sources of antibiotics and identification of inhibitors able to eradicate resistant bacteria. Here we describe a different class of antibiotics, odilorhabdins (ODLs), produced by the enzymes of the non-ribosomal peptide synthetase gene cluster of the nematode-symbiotic bacterium Xenorhabdus nematophila. ODLs show activity...

How Academic Health Systems Can Achieve Population Health in Vulnerable Populations Through Value-Based Care: The Critical Importance of Establishing Trusted Agency.

Improving population health may require health systems to proactively engage patient populations as partners in the implementation of healthy behaviors as a shared value using strategies that incentivize healthy outcomes for the population as a whole. The current reactive health care model, which focuses on restoring the health of individuals after it has been lost, will not achieve the goal of improved population health. To achieve this goal, health systems must proactively engage in partnerships with the ...


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