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PubMed Journals Articles About "Innovation Pharmaceuticals Data From Phase Brilacidin Oral Mucositis" RSS

09:39 EDT 14th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

Innovation Pharmaceuticals Data From Phase Brilacidin Oral Mucositis PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Innovation Pharmaceuticals Data From Phase Brilacidin Oral Mucositis articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Innovation Pharmaceuticals Data from Phase Brilacidin Oral Mucositis" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 34,000+

Chemotherapy protocols and incidence of oral mucositis. An integrative review.

This review aimed to analyze the scientific production on severity of oral mucositis as an adverse effect of chemotherapy. To this end, we performed a search at PubMed databases combining the keywords "oral mucositis" and "chemotherapy protocol". To describe the investigation, the following variables were considered: journal, year/place, study design, sample, protocol used and incidence of oral mucositis. A total of 547 articles were retrieved, of which 26 were selected. Out of these 26, only 2 reported sev...


A phase II study of HMB/Arg/Gln against oral mucositis induced by chemoradiotherapy for patients with head and neck cancer.

This phase II trial assessed the clinical benefit of beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate, arginine, and glutamine (HMB/Arg/Gln) for preventing chemoradiotherapy (CRT)-induced oral mucositis (OM) in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC).

Dimethyl Sulfoxide Prevents Radiation-induced Oral Mucositis through Facilitating DNA Double-strand Break Repair in Epithelial Stem Cell.

Oral mucositis is one of the most prevalent side effects in patients undergoing radiotherapy for head and neck cancers. Current therapeutic agents such as palifermin (rhKGF) and amifostine do not efficiently or fully prevent mucositis. Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), a free-radical scavenger, has shown therapeutic benefits in many preclinical and clinical studies. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of DMSO in a clinically relevant mouse model of acute, radiation-induced oral mucositis.


A Review of Clinical Radioprotection and Chemoprotection for Oral Mucositis.

The first tenet of medicine, "primum non nocere" or "first, do no harm", is not always compatible with oncological interventions e.g., chemotherapy, targeted therapy and radiation, since they commonly result in significant toxicities. One of the more frequent and serious treatment-induced toxicities is mucositis and particularly oral mucositis (OM) described as inflammation, atrophy and breakdown of the mucosa or lining of the oral cavity. The sequelae of oral mucositis (OM), which include pain, odynodyspha...

Challenges in the local delivery of peptides and proteins for oral mucositis management.

Oral mucositis, a common inflammatory side effect of oncological treatments, is a disorder of the oral mucosa that can cause painful ulcerations, local motor disabilities, and an increased risk of infections. Due to the discomfort it produces and the associated health risks, it can lead to cancer treatment restrains, such as the need for dose reduction, cycle delays or abandonment. Current mucositis management has low efficiency in prevention and treatment. A topical drug application for a local action can ...

Therapeutic efficacy of rebamipide-loaded PLGA nanoparticles coated with chitosan in a mouse model for oral mucositis induced by cancer chemotherapy.

Oral mucositis is one of the most common side effects induced by cancer therapy, and the prevention or rapid treatment of the symptoms of oral mucositis can improve patients' quality of life and reduce the need for treatment interruption. In this study, poly(dl-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) nanoparticles coated with chitosan hydroxypropyltrimonium chloride was used as a carrier of rebamipide, and its usefulness was evaluated using a mouse model for oral mucositis. The surface properties and particle size of ...

Perforation in Submucous Cleft Palate Due to Methotrexate-Induced Mucositis in a Patient With Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Spontaneous palatal perforation can be rarely developed by several causes, such as tumor, trauma, and infection. This article reports a patient with large mid-palatal perforation after suffering from severe oral mucositis, which occurred about a month after taking methotrexate (MTX) for rheumatoid arthritis. Through computed tomography and clinical examination, this patient was diagnosed with perforation in unrecognized submucous cleft palate (SMCP) due to drug-induced mucositis. After MTX discontinuation, ...

Global methylation in relation to methotrexate-induced oral mucositis in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) often suffer from toxicity of chemotherapeutic drugs such as Methotrexate (MTX). Previously, we reported that 20% of patients receiving high-dose MTX developed oral mucositis. MTX inhibits folate metabolism, which is essential for DNA methylation. We hypothesize that MTX inhibits DNA methylation, which results into adverse effects. We studied DNA methylation markers during high-dose methotrexate treatment in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in rel...

Severe Oral Mucositis: A Rare Adverse Event of Pembrolizumab.

Treatment of malignancy with anti-programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) immune checkpoint inhibitors can cause mucocutaneous side effects resulting from T cell activation. Due to their recent development, the full side effect profile remains to be fully elucidated, however dermatologic adverse events are most common. The main oral toxicities of these immune checkpoint inhibitors include: xerostomia, dysgeusia, and lichenoid reactions. Oral mucositis occurs more rarely in the setting of PD-1 inhibition, and few oth...

Effects of Compounded Stanford Modified Oral Rinse (MucoLox) on the Survival and Migration of Oral Keratinocytes and Fibroblasts: Implications for Wound Healing.

Several oral rinses are commercially available to alleviate the symptoms of oral mucositis. Prolonged retention of active pharmaceutical ingredients in the oral cavity is a major problem. In this study, we modified the Stanford oral rinse by including a proprietary mucoadhesive polymer called MucoLox, which we hypothesized would improve active pharmaceutical ingredient mucoadhesion. Characterization of this newly compounded oral rinse showed absence of cytotoxicity in human oral keratinocyte and fibroblast ...

Text mining-based in silico drug discovery in oral mucositis caused by high-dose cancer therapy.

Oral mucositis (OM) is a major dose-limiting side effect of chemotherapy and radiation used in cancer treatment. Due to the complex nature of OM, currently available drug-based treatments are of limited efficacy.

Evaluating In Vitro-In Vivo Extrapolation of Toxicokinetics.

Prioritizing the risk posed by thousands of chemicals potentially present in the environment requires exposure, toxicity, and toxicokinetic (TK) data, which are often unavailable. Relatively high throughput, in vitro TK (HTTK) assays and in vitro-to-in vivo extrapolation (IVIVE) methods have been developed to predict TK, but most of the in vivo TK data available to benchmark these methods are from pharmaceuticals. Here we report on new, in vivo rat TK experiments for 26 non-pharmaceutical chemicals with env...

Oral mucosa tissue gene expression profiling before, during, and after radiation therapy for tonsil squamous cell carcinoma.

Radiation-therapy (RT) induces mucositis, a clinically challenging condition with limited prophylactic interventions and no predictive tests. In this pilot study, we applied global gene-expression analysis on serial human oral mucosa tissue and blood cells from patients with tonsil squamous cell cancer (TSCC) to identify genes involved in mucositis pathogenesis.

Collecting standardised oral health data via mobile application: A proof of concept study in the Netherlands.

FDI World Dental Federation, founded as Fédération Dentaire Internationale, has taken the initiative to develop the Oral Health Observatory, a mobile application to conduct oral health surveys worldwide. The aim is to collect reliable standardized international data on oral health and oral health care via a network of dentists. A proof of concept study project was set up in the Netherlands to test the methodology and to validate the approach. Data about caries, gingivitis, oral self-care and oral health r...

Polymorphism of regulatory region of GHRL gene (-2531C>T) as a promising predictive factor for radiotherapy-induced oral mucositis in patients with head neck cancer.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP; rs1629816) in the regulatory region (c.-2531C>T) of the ghrelin (GHRL) gene and the occurrence and severity of oral mucositis caused by radiotherapy (RT) in patients with head and neck cancer.

Clinical and microbiological evaluation of the effect of Lactobacillus reuteri in the treatment of mucositis and peri-implantitis: A triple-blind randomized clinical trial.

Oral probiotics appear to improve the treatment of periodontal diseases but there is limited evidence on their efficacy in the treatment of peri-implant diseases. The objective of the present study was to evaluate, clinically and microbiologically, the effect of the oral probiotic, Lactobacillus reuteri Prodentis, as adjuvant to non-surgical mechanical therapy in implants with mucositis or peri-implantitis, placed in patients with a history of periodontal disease.

The Children's International Mucositis Evaluation Scale (ChIMES) is valid and reliable for the assessment of mucositis among Brazilian children with cancer.

The Children's International Mucositis Evaluation Scale (ChIMES) is considered a valid and reliable instrument for the assessment of mucositis in pediatric patients aged 0 to 18 years.

Oral mucositis in paediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients receiving methotrexate-based chemotherapy: case series.

Oral mucositis (OM) is a painful and inflammatory ulcerative lesion occurring as an adverse effect during chemotherapy in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). This condition may cause significant systemic anomalies such as malnutrition, opportunistic infections, and delay in the chemotherapy course. This report aims to describe a case series of 11 ALL patients treated with methotrexate as chemotherapy agent.

Randomized clinical trial of a mucoadhesive formulation containing curcuminoids (Zingiberaceae) and Bidens pilosa Linn (Asteraceae) extract (FITOPROT) for prevention and treatment of oral mucositis - phase I study.

Preclinical repeated-dose toxicity and efficiency studies developed by our group suggest the potential of FITOPROT in treating mucositis. This serious limiting side effect is observed at a rate of 40-100% in patients under antineoplastic therapy and despite different palliative measures and therapeutic agents have been investigated, still no therapy was completely successful. Therefore, this study aimed to establish the safety and recommended phase II dose of FITOPROT for the prevention and treatment of che...

Oral dydrogesterone for luteal phase support in fresh in vitro fertilization cycles: a new standard?

Oral dydrogesterone has been used for luteal phase support on an empirical basis since the early days of in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment. Systematic comparisons of oral dydrogesterone with vaginal progesterone, so far considered to be the standard of care, started to appear in the middle 2000s. Recently, a large, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy phase III trial on the use of daily 30 mg oral dydrogesterone versus daily 600 mg micronized vaginal progesterone for LPS in IVF was published. This...

The effectiveness of a saline mouth rinse regimen and education programme on radiation-induced oral mucositis and quality of life in oral cavity cancer patients: A randomised controlled trial.

Radiation therapy (RT) and concurrent chemotherapy RT (CCRT) generate radiation-induced oral mucositis (OM) and lower quality of life (QOL). This study assessed the impact of a saline mouth rinse regimen and education programme on radiation-induced OM symptoms, and QOL in oral cavity cancer (OCC) patients receiving RT or CCRT. Ninety-one OCC patients were randomly divided into a group that received saline mouth rinses and an education programme and a control group that received standard care. OM symptoms an...

UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS based screening and identification of the metabolites in vivo after oral administration of betulin.

Betulin is an active natural pentacyclic triterpene ingredient with valuable anti-cancer and anti-HIV efficacies. In the present study, an efficient approach was developed to screening and identification of metabolites and to assess the metabolic profiles of betulin in vivo using UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS system based on multiple mass defect filter data acquisition (MMDF) and multiple data processing techniques. Based on the proposed method, 56 phase I and 6 phase II metabolites were detected in rats after oral adm...

New toxicogenetic insights and ranking of the selected pharmaceuticals belong to the three different classes: A toxicity estimation to confirmation approach.

Tetracycline hydrochloride (TH), indomethacin (IM), and bezafibrate (BF) belong to the three different important classes of pharmaceuticals, which are well known for their toxicity and environmental concerns. However, studies are still elusive to highlight the mechanistic toxicity of these pharmaceuticals and rank them using both, the toxicity prediction and confirmation approaches. Therefore, we employed the next generation toxicity testing in 21st century (TOX21) tools and estimated the in vitro/vivo toxi...

A mucoadhesive thermosensitive hydrogel containing erythropoietin as a potential treatment in oral mucositis: in vitro and in vivo studies.

Oral mucositis (OM) represents a therapeutic challenge frequently encountered in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Erythropoietin (EPO) has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and wound-healing properties and therefore has important roles in the prevention and treatment of OM. In the current study, we developed a thermally sensitive mucoadhesive gel based on trimethyl chitosan (TMC) containing EPO for the treatment of OM. TMCs with various degrees of substitution (DS) were synthesized and...

Oral anticoagulant use in cardiovascular disorders: a perspective on present and potential indications for rivaroxaban.

Four nonvitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) have been approved for use in various cardiovascular indications. The direct thrombin inhibitor dabigatran and the direct factor Xa inhibitors apixaban, edoxaban, and rivaroxaban are now increasingly used in clinical practice. For some of these agents, available data from real-world studies support the efficacy and safety data in phase III clinical trials.


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