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PubMed Journals Articles About "Innovation Pharmaceuticals Data From Phase Brilacidin Oral Mucositis" RSS

06:57 EDT 21st October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Innovation Pharmaceuticals Data From Phase Brilacidin Oral Mucositis PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Innovation Pharmaceuticals Data From Phase Brilacidin Oral Mucositis articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Innovation Pharmaceuticals Data from Phase Brilacidin Oral Mucositis" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 34,000+

Chemotherapy protocols and incidence of oral mucositis. An integrative review.

This review aimed to analyze the scientific production on severity of oral mucositis as an adverse effect of chemotherapy. To this end, we performed a search at PubMed databases combining the keywords "oral mucositis" and "chemotherapy protocol". To describe the investigation, the following variables were considered: journal, year/place, study design, sample, protocol used and incidence of oral mucositis. A total of 547 articles were retrieved, of which 26 were selected. Out of these 26, only 2 reported sev...


A phase II study of HMB/Arg/Gln against oral mucositis induced by chemoradiotherapy for patients with head and neck cancer.

This phase II trial assessed the clinical benefit of beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate, arginine, and glutamine (HMB/Arg/Gln) for preventing chemoradiotherapy (CRT)-induced oral mucositis (OM) in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC).

Dimethyl Sulfoxide Prevents Radiation-induced Oral Mucositis through Facilitating DNA Double-strand Break Repair in Epithelial Stem Cell.

Oral mucositis is one of the most prevalent side effects in patients undergoing radiotherapy for head and neck cancers. Current therapeutic agents such as palifermin (rhKGF) and amifostine do not efficiently or fully prevent mucositis. Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), a free-radical scavenger, has shown therapeutic benefits in many preclinical and clinical studies. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of DMSO in a clinically relevant mouse model of acute, radiation-induced oral mucositis.


A Review of Clinical Radioprotection and Chemoprotection for Oral Mucositis.

The first tenet of medicine, "primum non nocere" or "first, do no harm", is not always compatible with oncological interventions e.g., chemotherapy, targeted therapy and radiation, since they commonly result in significant toxicities. One of the more frequent and serious treatment-induced toxicities is mucositis and particularly oral mucositis (OM) described as inflammation, atrophy and breakdown of the mucosa or lining of the oral cavity. The sequelae of oral mucositis (OM), which include pain, odynodyspha...

Challenges in the local delivery of peptides and proteins for oral mucositis management.

Oral mucositis, a common inflammatory side effect of oncological treatments, is a disorder of the oral mucosa that can cause painful ulcerations, local motor disabilities, and an increased risk of infections. Due to the discomfort it produces and the associated health risks, it can lead to cancer treatment restrains, such as the need for dose reduction, cycle delays or abandonment. Current mucositis management has low efficiency in prevention and treatment. A topical drug application for a local action can ...

Therapeutic efficacy of rebamipide-loaded PLGA nanoparticles coated with chitosan in a mouse model for oral mucositis induced by cancer chemotherapy.

Oral mucositis is one of the most common side effects induced by cancer therapy, and the prevention or rapid treatment of the symptoms of oral mucositis can improve patients' quality of life and reduce the need for treatment interruption. In this study, poly(dl-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) nanoparticles coated with chitosan hydroxypropyltrimonium chloride was used as a carrier of rebamipide, and its usefulness was evaluated using a mouse model for oral mucositis. The surface properties and particle size of ...

Global methylation in relation to methotrexate-induced oral mucositis in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) often suffer from toxicity of chemotherapeutic drugs such as Methotrexate (MTX). Previously, we reported that 20% of patients receiving high-dose MTX developed oral mucositis. MTX inhibits folate metabolism, which is essential for DNA methylation. We hypothesize that MTX inhibits DNA methylation, which results into adverse effects. We studied DNA methylation markers during high-dose methotrexate treatment in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in rel...

Severe Oral Mucositis: A Rare Adverse Event of Pembrolizumab.

Treatment of malignancy with anti-programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) immune checkpoint inhibitors can cause mucocutaneous side effects resulting from T cell activation. Due to their recent development, the full side effect profile remains to be fully elucidated, however dermatologic adverse events are most common. The main oral toxicities of these immune checkpoint inhibitors include: xerostomia, dysgeusia, and lichenoid reactions. Oral mucositis occurs more rarely in the setting of PD-1 inhibition, and few oth...

Graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) of the tongue and of the oral cavity: a large retrospective study.

Graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) causes severe mucositis, impairs feeding and favors infection. The objective of this study was to identify the impact of GvHD in the oral cavity. We reviewed all consecutive patients who developed oral GvHD after HSCT. The study period was over 14 years. 53 patients were identified. M/F = 1.4; median age was 48.6 years; the median follow-up was for up to 3 years and 6 months. Conditioning regimens included several drugs (e.g., busulfan, cyclophosphamide and fludarabin...

Polymorphism of regulatory region of GHRL gene (-2531C>T) as a promising predictive factor for radiotherapy-induced oral mucositis in patients with head neck cancer.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP; rs1629816) in the regulatory region (c.-2531C>T) of the ghrelin (GHRL) gene and the occurrence and severity of oral mucositis caused by radiotherapy (RT) in patients with head and neck cancer.

The Children's International Mucositis Evaluation Scale (ChIMES) is valid and reliable for the assessment of mucositis among Brazilian children with cancer.

The Children's International Mucositis Evaluation Scale (ChIMES) is considered a valid and reliable instrument for the assessment of mucositis in pediatric patients aged 0 to 18 years.

Oral mucositis in paediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients receiving methotrexate-based chemotherapy: case series.

Oral mucositis (OM) is a painful and inflammatory ulcerative lesion occurring as an adverse effect during chemotherapy in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). This condition may cause significant systemic anomalies such as malnutrition, opportunistic infections, and delay in the chemotherapy course. This report aims to describe a case series of 11 ALL patients treated with methotrexate as chemotherapy agent.

Randomized clinical trial of a mucoadhesive formulation containing curcuminoids (Zingiberaceae) and Bidens pilosa Linn (Asteraceae) extract (FITOPROT) for prevention and treatment of oral mucositis - phase I study.

Preclinical repeated-dose toxicity and efficiency studies developed by our group suggest the potential of FITOPROT in treating mucositis. This serious limiting side effect is observed at a rate of 40-100% in patients under antineoplastic therapy and despite different palliative measures and therapeutic agents have been investigated, still no therapy was completely successful. Therefore, this study aimed to establish the safety and recommended phase II dose of FITOPROT for the prevention and treatment of che...

The role of genetic polymorphisms in the thymidylate synthase (TYMS) gene in methotrexate-induced oral mucositis in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Methotrexate (MTX) is an important drug in the treatment of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). MTX is cytotoxic as it impairs DNA and RNA synthesis by inhibiting the enzymes dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) and thymidylate synthase (TYMS). The association between genetic variants within the TYMS gene and MTX-induced toxicity has been studied, but results are inconsistent. We determined the role of three previously described variants within the TYMS gene and MTX-induced oral mucositis in a prospecti...

Oral dydrogesterone for luteal phase support in fresh in vitro fertilization cycles: a new standard?

Oral dydrogesterone has been used for luteal phase support on an empirical basis since the early days of in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment. Systematic comparisons of oral dydrogesterone with vaginal progesterone, so far considered to be the standard of care, started to appear in the middle 2000s. Recently, a large, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy phase III trial on the use of daily 30 mg oral dydrogesterone versus daily 600 mg micronized vaginal progesterone for LPS in IVF was published. This...

A mucoadhesive thermosensitive hydrogel containing erythropoietin as a potential treatment in oral mucositis: in vitro and in vivo studies.

Oral mucositis (OM) represents a therapeutic challenge frequently encountered in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Erythropoietin (EPO) has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and wound-healing properties and therefore has important roles in the prevention and treatment of OM. In the current study, we developed a thermally sensitive mucoadhesive gel based on trimethyl chitosan (TMC) containing EPO for the treatment of OM. TMCs with various degrees of substitution (DS) were synthesized and...

UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS based screening and identification of the metabolites in vivo after oral administration of betulin.

Betulin is an active natural pentacyclic triterpene ingredient with valuable anti-cancer and anti-HIV efficacies. In the present study, an efficient approach was developed to screening and identification of metabolites and to assess the metabolic profiles of betulin in vivo using UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS system based on multiple mass defect filter data acquisition (MMDF) and multiple data processing techniques. Based on the proposed method, 56 phase I and 6 phase II metabolites were detected in rats after oral adm...

New toxicogenetic insights and ranking of the selected pharmaceuticals belong to the three different classes: A toxicity estimation to confirmation approach.

Tetracycline hydrochloride (TH), indomethacin (IM), and bezafibrate (BF) belong to the three different important classes of pharmaceuticals, which are well known for their toxicity and environmental concerns. However, studies are still elusive to highlight the mechanistic toxicity of these pharmaceuticals and rank them using both, the toxicity prediction and confirmation approaches. Therefore, we employed the next generation toxicity testing in 21st century (TOX21) tools and estimated the in vitro/vivo toxi...

Spilanthol, the Principal Alkylamide from Acmella oleracea, Attenuates 5-Fluorouracil-Induced Intestinal Mucositis in Mice.

Mucositis is one of the commonest side effects in cancer patients undergoing treatment with radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy, and it currently lacks appropriate and effective treatment. , a species of flowering herb from South America, contains spilanthol, an alkylamide that has several pharmacological properties, including anesthetic, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory activities. Therefore, the purpose of this work was to evaluate the effect of spilanthol in intestinal mucositis in Swiss mice induced by 5-f...

Primary Oral Mucormycosis Due to Rhizopus microsporus after Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation.

We herein report a rare case of oral mucormycosis following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Oral mucormycosis due to Rhizopus microsporus manifested as localized left buccal mucositis with a 1-cm black focus before neutrophil recovery. Combination therapy with liposomal amphotericin B was initiated and surgical debridement was performed; however, the patient died due to progressive generalized mucormycosis. Considerable attention needs to be paid to the diagnosis and management of oral m...

Oral anticoagulant use in cardiovascular disorders: a perspective on present and potential indications for rivaroxaban.

Four nonvitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) have been approved for use in various cardiovascular indications. The direct thrombin inhibitor dabigatran and the direct factor Xa inhibitors apixaban, edoxaban, and rivaroxaban are now increasingly used in clinical practice. For some of these agents, available data from real-world studies support the efficacy and safety data in phase III clinical trials.

FDI-Unilever Brush Day & Night partnership: 12 years of improving behaviour for better oral health.

Twelve years ago, FDI World Dental Federation and Unilever Oral Care began a partnership to raise awareness of oral health globally. This aim reflects FDI's mission to "lead the world to optimal oral health", and one of the goals set by the Unilever Sustainable Living Plan "to improve health and well-being for more than 1 billion" by 2020. This partnership has developed a series of public health programmes to improve the brushing habits of targeted populations through health promotion and educational camp...

Protective effect of angiotensin II receptor blocker against oxidative stress and inflammation in an oral mucositis experimental model.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Olmesartan medoxomil (Olme), an angiotensin II receptor antagonist, on oral mucositis (OM) experimental model. Methods OM was induced in hamsters with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU; 60 mg/kg day 1 and 40 mg/kg day 2). Animals (n=10/group) were pretreated with oral Olme (1, 5, or 10 mg/kg) or vehicle 30 min before 5-FU injection and daily, until day 10. Cheek pouch samples were subjected to histopathological and immunostaining analysis of IL -1β, TNF-α, IL-10, TGF...

Application of prioritization approaches to optimize environmental monitoring and testing of pharmaceuticals.

Pharmaceuticals are ubiquitous in the natural environment with concentrations expected to rise as human population increases. Environmental risk assessments are available for a small portion of pharmaceuticals in use, raising concerns over the potential risks posed by other drugs that have little or no data. With >1900 active pharmaceutical ingredients in use, it would be a major task to test all of the compounds with little or no data. Desk-based prioritization studies provide a potential solution by ident...

Early salivary changes in multiple myeloma patients undergoing autologous HSCT.

One explorative observational study in 2 parts was performed to examine early salivary changes in relation to oral mucositis (OM) in multiple myeloma patients treated with high-dose melphalan and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). As cryotherapy was introduced after part A as regular care, its effect on OM could be evaluated.


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