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Insight Into Skin Development Could Lead Better Grafts PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Insight Into Skin Development Could Lead Better Grafts articles that have been published worldwide.
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Any alteration or impairment to normal wound healing can result in the development of chronic wounds, which may lead to serious complications such as infection and loss of body fluid and proteins. Primary closure alone may not be sufficient to fulfill the criteria of successful defect reconstruction. Therefore, additional procedures such as skin grafting must be considered as an option.
There are at least 15 factors that influence the ability of chemicals to penetrate the skin. Substantivity is yet another factor and allows penetrants to remain on and in skin for many days. As many skin pathologies involve stratum corneum and require multiple dosing of topicals, understanding substantivity mechanisms may provide insight for topical dosing strategies. Substantivity is also of importance in the development of other consumer products that necessitate adherence to skin, including sunscreens, i...
The prepuce is an excellent donor site for skin grafts with minimal donor site morbidity. Full-thickness grafts are often required for correction of congenital syndactyly and in burn contractures.
The treatment of extensive skin defects and bradytrophic wounds remains a challenge in clinical practice. Despite emerging tissue engineering approaches, skin grafts and dermal substitutes are still the routine procedure for the majority of skin defects. Here, we review the role of vascularization and lymphangiogenesis for skin grafting and dermal substitutes from the clinician's perspective.
The microbiome is vital for immune system development and homeostasis. Changes in microbial composition and function, termed dysbiosis, in the skin and the gut have recently been linked to alterations in immune responses and to the development of skin diseases, such as atopic dermatitis (AD). In this review, we summarize the recent findings on the gut and skin microbiome, highlighting the roles of major commensals in modulating skin and systemic immunity in AD. Although our understanding of the gut-skin axi...
The split-thickness skin graft (STSG) is commonly used for reconstruction of skin and soft tissue defects. For a successful graft, the thin skin must be in close contact with the recipient bed until the graft stabilises. This study introduces a simple and fast dressing technique, and compares it with the traditional tie-over dressing.
Car drivers are generally exposed to direct sunlight during commuting hours, which may lead to irreversible skin damage; however, topographical analysis for different facial areas has not been reported.
Bovine jugular vein (BJV) grafts (Medtronic, Inc, Minneapolis, Minn) are used to restore right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery continuity. Recent studies have associated these grafts with the development of infective endocarditis. The purpose of this study was to report the incidence of endocarditis in BJV grafts.
Significant progress has been made over the past few decades in the development of in vitro-engineered substitutes that mimic human skin, either as grafts for the replacement of lost skin, or for the establishment of in vitro human skin models. Tissue engineering has been developing as a novel strategy by employing the recent advances in various fields such as polymer engineering, bioengineering, stem cell research and nanomedicine. Recently, an advancement of 3D printing technology referred as bioprinting ...
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is the most important environmental risk factor for the development of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC). UV radiation is, however, also vital in the formation of vitamin D in humans. Strict sun protection advised to skin cancer patients may lead to vitamin D deficiency, yet vitamin D may have a protective effect against cancer formation.
Monitoring free muscle flaps with skin grafts is difficult. To intensify the monitoring process for this type of flap, a small skin paddle was included in the flap and analyzed its effects.
Human skin protects the body from external damage, pathogens and oxidative stress factors such as ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Excessive exposure to UV radiation can lead to an increased production of free radicals and hence to skin damage such as inflammation, premature skin ageing and skin cancer. Beside the UV, the visible (VIS) and near infrared (NIR) regions are also a source of radical production. Half of all free radicals are induced by the VIS+NIR region of the solar spectrum in skin types I-III but ...
There is a clinical trend toward "early mobilization" of patients with burn injury, however mobility is not well defined in burn care. Burn injuries result in various extents of injury, body areas affected, and types of skin graft surgeries needed-all of which may influence the type, timing, safety, and outcome of mobilization activities. This study surveyed burn clinicians to determine current mobility practices and the influence of skin graft surgery on clinical decisions to mobilize patients. A 32-questi...
Split thickness skin grafts (STSGs) are one of the standard treatments available for full thickness wound repair when full thickness grafts (FTGs) are not viable, such as in the case of wounds with large surface areas. The donor sites of STSGs may be harvested repeatedly, but STSG transplants are still limited by insufficient blood supply at the early stages of wound healing. Prevascularized human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) sheets may accelerate wound healing and improve regeneration by providing preforme...
DCD liver grafts are known to be predisposed to primary nonfunction and ischemic cholangiopathy. Many DCD grafts are discarded because of older donor age or long warm ischemia times. Thus, it is critical to improve the quality of DCD liver grafts. Here, we have tested whether an enriched oxygen carrier added to the preservation solution can prolong graft survival and reduce biliary damage.
Malignant melanoma is an aggressive skin cancer, which can lead to metastasis development. Vascularization enhancement is fundamental for tumor growth, worsening the prognosis. Dynamic Optical Coherence Tomography (D-OCT) enables the in vivo evaluation of vascular patterns in skin lesions.
Bioprinted skin tissue has the potential for aiding drug screening, formulation development, clinical transplantation, chemical and cosmetic testing, as well as basic research. Limitations of conventional skin tissue engineering approaches have driven the development of biomimetic skin equivalent via 3D bioprinting. A key hope for bioprinting skin is the improved tissue authenticity over conventional skin equivalent construction, enabling the precise localization of multiple cell types and appendages within...
Imiquimod (IMQ) is often used as topical challenge agent to provoke local skin inflammation. The objective of this study was to develop and refine a rapid, temporary and reversible human skin inflammation model with IMQ for application in clinical drug development. A randomized, vehicle-controlled, open-label, dose-ranging study was conducted in 16 healthy male subjects. IMQ (5 mg) was applied once daily for 72h under occlusion to intact skin (n = 8) or tape stripped (TS) skin (n = 8). Although IMQ alone in...
γδ T lymphocytes maintain skin homeostasis by balancing keratinocyte differentiation and proliferation with the destruction of infected or malignant cells. An imbalance in skin-resident T cell function can aggravate skin-related autoimmune diseases, impede tumor eradication, or disrupt proper wound healing. Much of the published work on human skin T cells attributes T cell function in the skin to αβ T cells, while γδ T cells are an often overlooked participant. This review details the roles played by ...
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an inflammatory skin disease characterized by two primary features: relapsing skin lesions and chronic itch. Major advances in our understanding of type 2 immunity have led to new insights into the critical factors that promote the development and persistence of AD-associated skin inflammation. Although inflammation is strongly associated with the development of atopic itch, the precise mechanisms by which itch arises in AD are poorly understood. In this review, we highlight recent...
To compare outcomes of externally supported polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) grafts and femoral vein as conduits for femoro-femoral crossover grafts.
Dupuytren's pathologic tissue usually involves the palmar skin and rarely infiltrates into the dorsal skin. In this study, we hypothesized that transplantation of a vascularized cutaneous flap harvested from the dorsum of the hand to the palmar skin, under which the pathologic cord existed might be useful for blocking reformation of the pathologic cords and for decreasing the recurrence rate. After removal of the pathologic tissue under the palmar skin, we harvested 2 types of skin islands nourished by the ...
Background The use of radial-artery grafts for coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) may result in better postoperative outcomes than the use of saphenous-vein grafts. However, randomized, controlled trials comparing radial-artery grafts and saphenous-vein grafts have been individually underpowered to detect differences in clinical outcomes. We performed a patient-level combined analysis of randomized, controlled trials to compare radial-artery grafts and saphenous-vein grafts for CABG. Methods Six trials ...
Vascular surgery in the groin is highly susceptible to wound infection (up to about 30%). Wound infections associated with exposed vascular prosthetic grafts are difficult to treat and may lead to acute bleeding or graft failure, requiring amputation of the lower limb in extreme cases. Negative pressure wound therapy is a method to promote wound healing in case of infected vascular grafts. Since there is suspected risk of bleeding, this technique has been adapted with a double-sponge technique in combinatio...
Seborrheic Keratosis (SK) is the most common benign skin tumour. 80%-100% of people over 50 years are affected by SK and the diagnosis ranks among the 5 most common skin disorders seen by dermatologists. The cause of SK is unknown. Mutations in genes associated with tumour development in epidermal skin cells have been found for both SK as well as squamous cell carcinoma, but in contrast to the latter, SK do not show signs of malignancy. At a molecular level, high expression and activity of FGFR-3 and Akt se...