PubMed Journals Articles About "Institute For Clinical Systems Improvement" RSS

22:59 EDT 18th March 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Institute Clinical Systems Improvement" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 39,000+

Using health care audit to improve quality of clinical records: the preliminary experience of an Italian Cancer Institute.

Audit and feedback are recognized as part of a strategy for improving performance and supporting quality and safety in European health care systems. These considerations led the Clinical Management Staff of the "Regina Elena" Italian Cancer Institute to start a project of self-assessment of the quality of clinical records and organizational appropriateness through a retrospective review.

Utilization of Leads After Permanent Implant in Spinal Cord Stimulator Systems.

The goal of this study was to determine the frequency and clinical indications associated with implantation of single versus dual percutaneous lead spinal cord stimulator (SCS) systems and to look further into how these leads are utilized for treatment.

Enhancing Critical Thinking Via a Clinical Scholar Approach.

Safety, quality improvement, and a systems perspective are vital for nurses to provide quality evidence-based care. Responding to the call to prepare nurses with these perspectives, one school of nursing used a clinical scholar approach, enhanced by systems engineering to more intentionally develop the ability to clinically reason and apply evidence-based practice.

Perspective on Publishing Quality Improvement Efforts.

Quality improvement (QI) activities are critical to achieve the Triple Aim and to the Institute of Medicine's six "Aims for Quality Improvement": Safe, Effective, Patient-Centered, Timely, Efficient, and Equitable. These QI activities are essential to create a learning health care system. Academic publishing is critical to foster continuous QI and sharing, and yet it tends to favor more traditional research articles. Publishing QI activities has great value, encourages greater rigor, and helps facilitate gr...

Are university rankings useful to improve research? A systematic review.

Concerns about reproducibility and impact of research urge improvement initiatives. Current university ranking systems evaluate and compare universities on measures of academic and research performance. Although often useful for marketing purposes, the value of ranking systems when examining quality and outcomes is unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate usefulness of ranking systems and identify opportunities to support research quality and performance improvement.

Autoverification process improvement by Six Sigma approach: Clinical chemistry & immunoassay.

This study examines effectiveness of a project to enhance an autoverification (AV) system through application of Six Sigma (DMAIC) process improvement strategies.

Reducing Maternal Mortality and Severe Maternal Morbidity Through State-based Quality Improvement Initiatives.

State Perinatal Quality Collaboratives (PQCs) represent a major advance for scaling up quality improvement efforts for reducing maternal mortality and severe maternal morbidity. The critical roles of partners, rapid-cycle low-burden data systems, and linkage to maternal mortality review committees are reviewed. The choice of measures is also explored. California's experience with its PQC, data center, quality improvement efforts, and promising results for reduction of maternal mortality and morbidity from h...

What Should Leaders Do When Inefficiency Is Perceived as a Cost of Inclusivity in Strategic Planning Processes in Health Care?

During the development of new health care policies, quality improvement teams can face the challenge of weighing differing opinions within the group that can hinder progress. It is essential in such cases to refer to the four keys principles of quality improvement (QI) as a guide to enhance group cooperation and promote development of the mutual objective. Co-production is a model that emphasizes the participation of the patient-a service receiver-in the production of services being rendered by the health c...

Cancer and aging in Ibero-America.

Population aging represents a worldwide challenge. In Ibero-America (Spain, Portugal, and the American countries in which the Spanish or Portuguese language are spoken), the number of older adults is growing, leading to an increase in aging-related diseases such as cancer. Older adults already account for half of all cancer cases in Ibero-America, and this proportion will continue to increase. Furthermore, Ibero-American healthcare systems are not adequately prepared to provide care for older adults with ca...

OneFlorida Clinical Research Consortium: Linking a Clinical and Translational Science Institute With a Community-Based Distributive Medical Education Model.

Developing a national pragmatic clinical trial infrastructure is central to understanding the effectiveness of interventions applied under usual conditions and where people receive health care. To address this challenge, three Florida universities- the University of Florida Clinical and Translational Science Institute, Florida State University (with its community-based distributive medical education model), and the University of Miami-created (2010-2013) a statewide consortium, the OneFlorida Clinical Resea...

The Tanenbaum Open Science Institute: Leading a Paradigm Shift at the Montreal Neurological Institute.

The Montreal Neurological Institute is adopting an Open Science Policy that will be enacted by the Tanenbaum Open Science Institute. The aim is to accelerate the generation of knowledge and novel effective treatments for brain disorders by freeing science.

Unintended adverse consequences of a clinical decision support system: two cases.

Many institutions have implemented clinical decision support systems (CDSSs). While CDSS research papers have focused on benefits of these systems, there is a smaller body of literature showing that CDSSs may also produce unintended adverse consequences (UACs). Detailed here are 2 cases of UACs resulting from a CDSS. Both of these cases were related to external systems that fed data into the CDSS. In the first case, lack of knowledge of data categorization in an external pharmacy system produced a UAC; in t...

Community effort endorsing multiscale modelling, multiscale data science and multiscale computing for systems medicine.

Systems medicine holds many promises, but has so far provided only a limited number of proofs of principle. To address this road block, possible barriers and challenges of translating systems medicine into clinical practice need to be identified and addressed. The members of the European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) Action CA15120 Open Multiscale Systems Medicine (OpenMultiMed) wish to engage the scientific community of systems medicine and multiscale modelling, data science and computing, t...

Developing Capacity to Do Improvement Science Work.

Developing capacity to do improvement science starts with prioritizing quality improvement training in all health professions curricula so that a common knowledge base and understanding are created. Educational programs should include opportunities for colearning with patients, health professionals, and leaders. In this way, knowledge translation (also called implementation) is more effective and better coordinated when applied across organizations. Key factors that enable and drive behavior change are revi...

Direct-from-blood culture disk diffusion to determine antimicrobial susceptibility of Gram-negative bacteria: Preliminary report from the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute Methods Development and Standardization Working Group.

The performance of disk diffusion, using broth from positive blood cultures as inoculum ("direct disk diffusion", dDD), was evaluated for a collection of 20 challenge isolates of Enterobacteriaceae, Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Isolates seeded into human blood were inoculated into BACTEC™ Plus Aerobic/F, VersaTREK REDOX 1 and BacT/ALERT FA Plus bottles and incubated on the respective automated blood culture systems. Disk diffusion results were compared to reference disk diffusion. C...

Clinical Databases for Chest Physicians.

A clinical database is a repository of patient medical and sociodemographic information focused on one or more specific health condition or exposure. Although clinical databases may be used for research purposes, their primary goal is to collect and track patient data for quality improvement, quality assurance, and/or actual clinical management. This article aims to provide an introduction and practical advice on the development of small-scale clinical databases for Chest physicians and practice groups. Thr...

Clinical Information Systems Integration in New York City's First Mobile Stroke Unit.

 Mobile stroke units (MSUs) reduce time to thrombolytic therapy in acute ischemic stroke. These units are widely used, but the clinical information systems underlying MSU operations are understudied.

Ongoing Evaluation of Clinical Ethics Consultations as a Form of Continuous Quality Improvement.

Ongoing evaluation of a clinical ethics consultation service (ECS) allows for continuous quality improvement, a process-based, data-driven approach for improving the quality of a service. Evaluations by stakeholders involved in a consultation can provide real-time feedback about what is working well and what might need to be improved. Although numerous authors have previously presented data from research studies on the effectiveness of clinical ethics consultation, few ECSs routinely send evaluations as an ...

Caregiver Café: Providing Education and Support to Family Caregivers of Patients With Cancer

The many burdens faced by caregivers of patients with cancer are well documented. Caregivers are asked to perform procedures, make assessments, coordinate care, and communicate with healthcare providers at an increasingly complex level. A caregiver quality improvement project, in the form of a Caregiver Café, was instituted at a National Cancer Institute-designated comprehensive cancer center.

Rubber stamp templates for improving clinical documentation: A paper-based, m-Health approach for quality improvement in low-resource settings.

The United Nations' Sustainable Development Goal #3.8 targets 'access to quality essential healthcare services'. Clinical practice guidelines are an important tool for ensuring quality of clinical care, but many challenges prevent their use in low-resource settings. Monitoring the use of guidelines relies on cumbersome clinical audits of paper records, and electronic systems face financial and other limitations. Here we describe a unique approach to generating digital data from paper using guideline-based t...

A New Tool for Quality: The Internal Audit.

As health care systems aspire to improve the quality and value for the consumers they serve, quality outcomes must be at the forefront of this value equation. As organizations implement evidence-based practices, electronic records to standardize processes, and quality improvement initiatives, many tactics are deployed to accelerate improvement and care outcomes. This article describes how one organization utilized a formal clinical audit process to identify gaps and/or barriers that may be contributing to u...

The implant effect after intracranial electrode placement: Is transient clinical improvement explained by post-implantation electrophysiological changes?

Institution of Just Culture Physician Peer Review in an Academic Medical Center.

For academic medical centers to improve quality outcomes, identification and optimization of opportunities for improvement are necessary. Effective clinical peer review frequently has limitations on timeliness, transparency, and consideration of system processes related to untoward clinical outcomes. We developed a process to overcome these barriers and capture opportunities for process improvement identified within the clinical peer review system.

Pursuing Improvement in Clinical Reasoning: The Integrated Clinical Education Theory.

The link between clinical education and development of clinical reasoning is not well supported by one theoretical perspective. Learning to reason during clinical education may be best achieved in a supportive sociocultural context of nursing practice that maximizes reasoning opportunities and facilitates discourse and meaningful feedback. Prelicensure clinical education seldom incorporates these critical components and thus may fail to directly promote clinical reasoning skill.

Rate of Improvement in Clinical Outcomes with Anatomic and Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty.

This study quantifies the rate of improvement after anatomic and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty; a better understanding of the rate of improvement associated with each prosthesis type may better establish patient expectations for recovery.

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