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11:01 EST 15th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Intelligence Squared" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 602

Inhibition, shifting and updating in relation to psychometric intelligence across ability groups in the psychiatric population.

Assessment of intelligence and executive function (EF) is common in complex neuropsychiatric practice. Although previous studies have shown that EF and intelligence are related, it is unknown whether these constructs relate to one another in a similar manner across different ability groups (mild intellectual disability, borderline intellectual disability and normal/high intelligence). This study therefore examines the relation between three EFs (inhibition, shifting and updating) and intelligence in a heter...

What genome-wide association studies reveal about the association between intelligence and physical health, illness, and mortality.

The associations between higher intelligence test scores from early life and later good health, fewer illnesses, and longer life are recent discoveries. Researchers are mapping the extent of these associations and trying to understanding them. Part of the intelligence-health association has genetic origins. Recent advances in molecular genetic technology and statistical analyses have revealed that: intelligence and many health outcomes are highly polygenic; and that modest but widespread genetic correlation...

The Mediating Role of Emotional Intelligence on the Autonomic Functioning - Psychopathy Relationship.

Reduced autonomic activity is a risk factor for psychopathy, but the mechanisms underlying this association are under-researched. We hypothesize that emotional intelligence mediates this relationship. Emotional intelligence, cognitive intelligence, scores on the Psychopathy Checklist- Revised (PCL-R), skin conductance, and heart rate were assessed in 156 men from communities in Los Angeles. Emotional intelligence fully mediated the relationship between autonomic functioning and total psychopathy after contr...

65% of Americans believe they are above average in intelligence: Results of two nationally representative surveys.

Psychologists often note that most people think they are above average in intelligence. We sought robust, contemporary evidence for this "smarter than average" effect by asking Americans in two independent samples (total N = 2,821) whether they agreed with the statement, "I am more intelligent than the average person." After weighting each sample to match the demographics of U.S. census data, we found that 65% of Americans believe they are smarter than average, with men more likely to agree than women. Howe...

What genome-wide association studies reveal about the association between intelligence and mental health.

Intelligence, as measured by standardised tests of cognitive function, such as IQ-type tests, is predictive of psychiatric diagnosis and psychological wellbeing. Using genome-wide association study (GWAS) data, a measure of the shared genetic effect across traits, can be quantified; because this can be done across samples, the confounding effects of psychiatric diagnosis do not influence the magnitude of these relationships. It is now known that there are genetic effects that act across intelligence and psy...

The Impact of Emotional Intelligence on Conflict Management Styles Used by Jordanian Nurse Managers.

Emotional intelligence was reported to help managers to effectively deal with conflicts in the workplace. However, the correlation between conflict management styles and emotional intelligence was still not fully conceptualized.

A genome-wide pathway enrichment analysis identifies brain region related biological pathways associated with intelligence.

Intelligence is an important quantitative trait associated with human cognitive ability. The genetic basis of intelligence remains unclear now. Utilizing the latest chromosomal enhancer maps of brain regions, we explored brain region related biological pathways associated with intelligence. Summary data was derived from a large scale genome-wide association study (GWAS) of human, involving 78,308 unrelated individuals from 13 cohorts. The chromosomal enhancer maps of 8 brain regions were then aligned with t...

Relationship Between Coping Strategies and Emotional Intelligence among Patients with Schizophrenia.

Behavioural investigation has become increasingly more focused on emotional intelligence as researchers strive to understand its influence on various social interactions. Recent research indicates that EI plays an integral role in adopting active and effective coping strategies. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between emotional intelligence and coping strategies in patients with schizophrenia.

The Role of Emotional Intelligence in Community Integration and Return to Work after Acquired Brain Injury.

To investigate whether emotional intelligence skills measured via the Perceiving, Understanding and Managing Emotions branches of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) V2.0 are associated with community integration and return-to-work (RTW) following moderate-to-severe acquired brain injury (ABI), after accounting for other established predictors.

The Current State of Artificial Intelligence in Ophthalmology.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a branch of computer science that deals with the development of algorithms that seek to simulate human intelligence. We provide an overview of the basic principles in AI that are essential to the understanding of AI and its application to health care. We also present a descriptive analysis of the current state of AI in various fields of medicine, especially ophthalmology. Finally, we review the potential limitations and challenges that come along with the development and impl...

Emotional Intelligence Relates to NCLEX and Standardized Readiness Test: A Pilot Study.

Understanding what factors contribute to NCLEX-RN success is critical to nursing programs. Emotional intelligence is one factor that warrants investigation.

The Relationships between Coping, Occupational Stress and Emotional Intelligence in Newly Hired Oncology Nurses.

Associations between the varying levels of emotional intelligence in newly hired oncology nurses and their responses to stress and coping were examined. The secondary aim was to analyze whether emotional intelligence could moderate their choice of problem-focused or emotion-focused coping strategies.

Visual intelligence education as an innovative interdisciplinary approach for advancing communication and collaboration skills in nursing practice.

Recognizing the relationship of keen observation to communication, critical thinking, and leadership in evidence-based literature, educators have expanded the use of art museums to augment visual intelligence skills. The purpose of this pilot intervention was to evaluate an innovative, interdisciplinary approach for integrating visual intelligence skills into an advanced communications and collaboration course.

General intelligence was associated with academic achievement but not fitness in adolescents after one year.

This study investigated whether general intelligence could predict physical fitness and academic achievements one year later.

An Examination of the Statistical Effects Associated with Tracking Propulsive Particles.

Particle tracking of active colloidal particles can be used to compute mean squared displacements that are fit to extract properties of the particles including the propulsive speed. Statistical errors in the mean squared displacement leads to errors in the extracted properties especially for more weakly propelling particles. Brownian dynamics simulations in which the particle parameters are prescribed were used to examine the statistics of tracking self-propelling objects. It was found that the manner in wh...

Intelligence and Uncertainty: Implications of Hierarchical Predictive Processing for the Neuroscience of Cognitive Ability.

Hierarchical predictive processing (PP) has recently emerged as a candidate theoretical paradigm for neurobehavioral research. To date, PP has found support through its success in offering compelling explanations for a number of perceptual, cognitive, and psychiatric phenomena, as well as from accumulating neurophysiological evidence. However, its implications for understanding intelligence and its neural basis have received relatively little attention. The present review outlines the key tenets and evidenc...

Do medical students who are multilingual have higher spatial and verbal intelligence and do they perform better in anatomy examinations?

We have already reported that medical students who have prior knowledge of classical Greek and Latin perform better in anatomy examinations. It has also been shown that fluency in more than one language can influence spatial and verbal intelligence and here we hypothesise that medical students who have linguistic skills develop higher spatial and verbal intelligence compared with monolingual students, that there are gender differences, and that there are positive effects on performance in anatomy examinatio...

Medical students' attitude towards artificial intelligence: a multicentre survey.

To assess undergraduate medical students' attitudes towards artificial intelligence (AI) in radiology and medicine.

The emotional intelligence in major depressive disorders.

The term emotional intelligence was introduced by Salovey & Mayer. It is the individual's ability to perceive, evaluate and express emotions. It is also a set of abilities which enable an individual to function effectively and they are an important factor affecting the quality of life. The literature also has a synonymous concept of emotional competence which is a collection of already acquired skills used in specific social situations. Major depressive disorder represents an affective disorder having an im...

The role of intelligence in decision-making in early adolescence.

This study investigated the role of intelligence and its development across childhood in decision-making in adolescence (age 11 years). The sample was 12,514 children from the UK's Millennium Cohort Study, followed at ages 3, 5, 7, and 11 years. Decision-making (risk-taking, quality of decision-making, risk adjustment, deliberation time, and delay aversion) was measured with the Cambridge Gambling Task. Even after adjustment for confounding, intelligence was positively associated with risk adjustment and ...

Spiritual Intelligence and Post-abortion Depression: A Coping Strategy.

Loss of pregnancy is a major stressor which can cause mental disorders. In stressful conditions, spiritual intelligence can be used as a coping strategy to manage and cope with the stressor. It may also produce positive outcomes in spontaneous abortion. This study aimed to assess the relationship of spiritual intelligence with depression after spontaneous abortion. This cross-sectional descriptive-correlational study was done in 2015-2016 on 185 women with spontaneous abortion who were hospitalized in the p...

Promoting emotional intelligence and resilience in undergraduate nursing students: An integrative review.

To synthesize the evidence that explored resilience and emotional intelligence in undergraduate nursing students.

The relationship between critical thinking and emotional intelligence in nursing students: A longitudinal study.

Emotional Intelligence and critical thinking are regarded as important traits that nurses have which may influence the quality of their work including clinical decision-making and reasoning ability and adoption of evidence-based practice and practice-based knowledge.

The effects of emotional intelligence training on the job performance of Australian aged care workers.

Emotional intelligence (EI) training is popular among human resource practitioners, but there is limited evidence of the impact of such training on health care workers.

Artificial Intelligence for the Objective Evaluation of Acne Investigator Global Assessment.

The evaluation of Acne using ordinal scales reflects the clinical perception of severity but has shown low reproducibility both intra- and inter-rater. In this study, we investigated if Artificial Intelligence trained on images of Acne patients could perform acne grading with high accuracy and reliabilities superior to those of expert physicians.

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