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PubMed Journals Articles About "Intelligence Squared U.S." RSS

06:08 EDT 23rd September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Intelligence Squared U.S. PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Intelligence Squared U.S. articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Intelligence Squared" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 567

Emotional intelligence among nursing students: Findings from a cross-sectional study.

Emotional intelligence in nursing is of global interest. International studies identify that emotional intelligence influences nurses' work and relationships with patients. It is associated with compassion and care. Nursing students scored higher on measures of emotional intelligence compared to students of other study programmes. The level of emotional intelligence increases with age and tends to be higher in women.


Compression in Working Memory and Its Relationship With Fluid Intelligence.

Working memory has been shown to be strongly related to fluid intelligence; however, our goal is to shed further light on the process of information compression in working memory as a determining factor of fluid intelligence. Our main hypothesis was that compression in working memory is an excellent indicator for studying the relationship between working-memory capacity and fluid intelligence because both depend on the optimization of storage capacity. Compressibility of memoranda was estimated using an alg...

What genome-wide association studies reveal about the association between intelligence and physical health, illness, and mortality.

The associations between higher intelligence test scores from early life and later good health, fewer illnesses, and longer life are recent discoveries. Researchers are mapping the extent of these associations and trying to understanding them. Part of the intelligence-health association has genetic origins. Recent advances in molecular genetic technology and statistical analyses have revealed that: intelligence and many health outcomes are highly polygenic; and that modest but widespread genetic correlation...


The Mediating Role of Emotional Intelligence on the Autonomic Functioning - Psychopathy Relationship.

Reduced autonomic activity is a risk factor for psychopathy, but the mechanisms underlying this association are under-researched. We hypothesize that emotional intelligence mediates this relationship. Emotional intelligence, cognitive intelligence, scores on the Psychopathy Checklist- Revised (PCL-R), skin conductance, and heart rate were assessed in 156 men from communities in Los Angeles. Emotional intelligence fully mediated the relationship between autonomic functioning and total psychopathy after contr...

65% of Americans believe they are above average in intelligence: Results of two nationally representative surveys.

Psychologists often note that most people think they are above average in intelligence. We sought robust, contemporary evidence for this "smarter than average" effect by asking Americans in two independent samples (total N = 2,821) whether they agreed with the statement, "I am more intelligent than the average person." After weighting each sample to match the demographics of U.S. census data, we found that 65% of Americans believe they are smarter than average, with men more likely to agree than women. Howe...

What genome-wide association studies reveal about the association between intelligence and mental health.

Intelligence, as measured by standardised tests of cognitive function, such as IQ-type tests, is predictive of psychiatric diagnosis and psychological wellbeing. Using genome-wide association study (GWAS) data, a measure of the shared genetic effect across traits, can be quantified; because this can be done across samples, the confounding effects of psychiatric diagnosis do not influence the magnitude of these relationships. It is now known that there are genetic effects that act across intelligence and psy...

The Impact of Emotional Intelligence on Conflict Management Styles Used by Jordanian Nurse Managers.

Emotional intelligence was reported to help managers to effectively deal with conflicts in the workplace. However, the correlation between conflict management styles and emotional intelligence was still not fully conceptualized.

Macular Xanthophylls Are Related to Intellectual Ability among Adults with Overweight and Obesity.

Excess adiposity or obesity has been inversely related to cognitive function and macular xanthophyll status. However, whether the neuroprotective effects of macular xanthophylls on cognitive function are independent of excess adiposity is unclear. We investigated the relationship between macular xanthophylls and intellectual ability among adults (= 114) between 25 and 45 years with overweight and obesity (≥25 kg/m²). Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and heterochromatic flicker photometry were used to ass...

Exact Results for the Nonergodicity of d-Dimensional Generalized Lévy Walks.

We provide analytical results for the ensemble-averaged and time-averaged squared displacement, and the randomness of the latter, in the full two-dimensional parameter space of the d-dimensional generalized Lévy walk introduced by Shlesinger et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1100 (1987)PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.58.1100]. In certain regions of the parameter plane, we obtain surprising results such as the divergence of the mean-squared displacements, the divergence of the ergodicity breaking parameter d...

A genome-wide pathway enrichment analysis identifies brain region related biological pathways associated with intelligence.

Intelligence is an important quantitative trait associated with human cognitive ability. The genetic basis of intelligence remains unclear now. Utilizing the latest chromosomal enhancer maps of brain regions, we explored brain region related biological pathways associated with intelligence. Summary data was derived from a large scale genome-wide association study (GWAS) of human, involving 78,308 unrelated individuals from 13 cohorts. The chromosomal enhancer maps of 8 brain regions were then aligned with t...

Emotional intelligence in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder, borderline personality disorder and healthy controls.

Emotional intelligence as a part of social cognition has, to our knowledge, never been investigated in patients with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), though the disorder is characterized by aspects of emotional dysfunctioning. PTSD often occurs with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) as a common comorbidity. Studies about social cognition and emotional intelligence in patients with BPD propose aberrant social cognition, but produced inconsistent results regarding emotional intelligence. The present ...

Emotional intelligence and perceived stress of Australian pre-registration healthcare students: A multi-disciplinary cross-sectional study.

Healthcare students can experience high levels of stress. Emotional intelligence can moderate stress and increase wellbeing however there has been no prior research on the relationship between emotional intelligence and stress in Australian healthcare students.

The Role of Emotional Intelligence in Community Integration and Return to Work after Acquired Brain Injury.

To investigate whether emotional intelligence skills measured via the Perceiving, Understanding and Managing Emotions branches of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) V2.0 are associated with community integration and return-to-work (RTW) following moderate-to-severe acquired brain injury (ABI), after accounting for other established predictors.

Emotional Intelligence Relates to NCLEX and Standardized Readiness Test: A Pilot Study.

Understanding what factors contribute to NCLEX-RN success is critical to nursing programs. Emotional intelligence is one factor that warrants investigation.

Emotional intelligence, anxiety, and emotional eating: A deeper insight into a recently reported association?

Recent studies reported a negative association between emotional intelligence (EI: defined here as individual predispositions associated with effective identification and regulation of emotions) and emotional eating. Although theory provides some insights into how the concept represents mechanisms that may serve as protective factors, empirical evidence of the mechanism behind the association has yet to be presented. This study tested a proposed model in which anxiety levels mediate the association between ...

The relationship between spiritual intelligence and aggression in medical science students in the southeast of Iran.

Background Due to their presence in clinical educational settings when dealing with patients, medical science students are more affected by mental disorders than other students. Some experts believe that spiritual intelligence enhances people adaptability and compatibility and creates calm in humans, especially in stressful situations. Objective The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between spiritual intelligence and aggression among students of medical sciences in the southeast of...

General intelligence was associated with academic achievement but not fitness in adolescents after one year.

This study investigated whether general intelligence could predict physical fitness and academic achievements one year later.

The specificity of parenting effects: Differential relations of parent praise and criticism to children's theories of intelligence and learning goals.

Individuals who believe that intelligence can be improved with effort (an incremental theory of intelligence) and who approach challenges with the goal of improving their understanding (a learning goal) tend to have higher academic achievement. Furthermore, parent praise is associated with children's incremental theories and learning goals. However, the influences of parental criticism, as well as different forms of praise and criticism (e.g., process vs. person), have received less attention. We examine th...

Intelligence and Uncertainty: Implications of Hierarchical Predictive Processing for the Neuroscience of Cognitive Ability.

Hierarchical predictive processing (PP) has recently emerged as a candidate theoretical paradigm for neurobehavioral research. To date, PP has found support through its success in offering compelling explanations for a number of perceptual, cognitive, and psychiatric phenomena, as well as from accumulating neurophysiological evidence. However, its implications for understanding intelligence and its neural basis have received relatively little attention. The present review outlines the key tenets and evidenc...

Medical students' attitude towards artificial intelligence: a multicentre survey.

To assess undergraduate medical students' attitudes towards artificial intelligence (AI) in radiology and medicine.

An Examination of the Statistical Effects Associated with Tracking Propulsive Particles.

Particle tracking of active colloidal particles can be used to compute mean squared displacements that are fit to extract properties of the particles including the propulsive speed. Statistical errors in the mean squared displacement leads to errors in the extracted properties especially for more weakly propelling particles. Brownian dynamics simulations in which the particle parameters are prescribed were used to examine the statistics of tracking self-propelling objects. It was found that the manner in wh...

The emotional intelligence in major depressive disorders.

The term emotional intelligence was introduced by Salovey & Mayer. It is the individual's ability to perceive, evaluate and express emotions. It is also a set of abilities which enable an individual to function effectively and they are an important factor affecting the quality of life. The literature also has a synonymous concept of emotional competence which is a collection of already acquired skills used in specific social situations. Major depressive disorder represents an affective disorder having an im...

The role of intelligence in decision-making in early adolescence.

This study investigated the role of intelligence and its development across childhood in decision-making in adolescence (age 11 years). The sample was 12,514 children from the UK's Millennium Cohort Study, followed at ages 3, 5, 7, and 11 years. Decision-making (risk-taking, quality of decision-making, risk adjustment, deliberation time, and delay aversion) was measured with the Cambridge Gambling Task. Even after adjustment for confounding, intelligence was positively associated with risk adjustment and ...

Promoting emotional intelligence and resilience in undergraduate nursing students: An integrative review.

To synthesize the evidence that explored resilience and emotional intelligence in undergraduate nursing students.

The relationship between critical thinking and emotional intelligence in nursing students: A longitudinal study.

Emotional Intelligence and critical thinking are regarded as important traits that nurses have which may influence the quality of their work including clinical decision-making and reasoning ability and adoption of evidence-based practice and practice-based knowledge.


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