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PubMed Journals Articles About "Lightweight Catalyst Artificial Photosynthesis" RSS

08:52 EST 20th February 2018 | BioPortfolio

Lightweight Catalyst Artificial Photosynthesis PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Lightweight Catalyst Artificial Photosynthesis articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Lightweight Catalyst Artificial Photosynthesis" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,700+

Artificial Photosynthesis: Beyond Mimicking Nature.

In this Editorial, Guest Editors Holger Dau, Etsuko Fujita, and Licheng Sun introduce the Special Issue of ChemSusChem on "Artificial Photosynthesis for Sustainable Fuels". They discuss the need for non-fossil based fuels, introduce both biological and artificial photosynthesis, and outline various important concepts in artificial photosynthesis, including molecular and solid-state catalysts for water oxidation and hydrogen evolution, catalytic CO2 reduction, and photoelectrochemical systems.


Natural and Artificial Mn4Ca-cluster for Water-Splitting Reaction.

The oxygen-evolving center (OEC) in photosystem II (PSII) is a unique biological catalyst that splits water into electrons, protons and O2 by using solar energy. Recent crystallographic studies have revealed that the structure of the OEC is an asymmetric Mn4Ca-cluster, which provides a blueprint to develop man-made water-splitting catalysts in artificial photosynthesis. Although it is a great challenge to mimic the whole structure and function of the OEC in the laboratory, significant advances have recently...

Application of Pulse Radiolysis to Mechanistic Investigations of Catalysis Relevant to Artificial Photosynthesis.

Taking inspiration from natural photosystems, the goal of artificial photosynthesis is to harness solar energy to convert abundant materials, such as CO2 and H2O, into solar fuels. Catalysts are required to ensure that the necessary redox half-reactions proceed in the most energy-efficient manner. It is therefore critical to gain a detailed mechanistic understanding of these catalytic reactions in order to develop new and improved catalysts. Many of the key catalytic intermediates are short-lived transient ...


Carbon-doped SnS2 nanostructure as a high-efficiency solar fuel catalyst under visible light.

Photocatalytic formation of hydrocarbons using solar energy via artificial photosynthesis is a highly desirable renewable-energy source for replacing conventional fossil fuels. Using an L-cysteine-based hydrothermal process, here we synthesize a carbon-doped SnS2 (SnS2-C) metal dichalcogenide nanostructure, which exhibits a highly active and selective photocatalytic conversion of CO2 to hydrocarbons under visible-light. The interstitial carbon doping induced microstrain in the SnS2 lattice, resulting in di...

Tuning of CO2 Reduction Selectivity on Metal Electrocatalysts.

Climate change, caused by heavy CO2 emissions, is driving new demands to alleviate the rising concentration of atmospheric CO2 levels. Enlightened by the photosynthesis of green plants, photo(electro)chemical catalysis of CO2 reduction, also known as artificial photosynthesis, is emerged as a promising candidate to address these demands and is widely investigated during the past decade. Among various artificial photosynthetic systems, solar-driven electrochemical CO2 reduction is widely recognized to posses...

Generating Electric Current by Bioartificial Photosynthesis.

Abundant solar energy can be a sustainable source of energy. This chapter highlights recent advancements, challenges, and future scenarios in bioartificial photosynthesis, which is a new subset of bioelectrochemical systems (BESs) and technologies. BES technologies exploit the catalytic interactions between biological moieties and electrodes. At the nexus of BES and photovoltaics, this review focuses on light-harvesting technologies based on bioartificial photosynthesis. Such technologies are promising beca...

Elevated CO2 increases photosynthesis in fluctuating irradiance regardless of photosynthetic induction state.

Leaves are often exposed to fluctuating irradiance, which limits assimilation. Elevated CO2 enhances dynamic photosynthesis (i.e. photosynthesis in fluctuating irradiance) beyond its effects on steady-state photosynthesis rates. Studying the role of CO2 in dynamic photosynthesis is important for understanding plant responses to changing atmospheric CO2 partial pressures. The rise of photosynthesis after a step-wise increase to 1000 μmol m-2 s-1, the loss of photosynthetic induction after irradiance decreas...

Unique Features of the Photocatalytic Reduction of H2O and CO2 by New Catalysts Based on the Analogues of CdS, Cd4P2X3 (X= Cl, Br, I).

Photochemical reduction of H2O and CO2 has been investigated with a new family of catalysts of the formula Cd4P2X3 (X= Cl, Br, I), obtained by the complete aliovalent substitution of the sulfide ions in CdS by P and X (Cl, Br, I). Unlike CdS, the Cd4P2X3 compounds exhibit hydrogen evolution and CO2 reduction from water even in the absence of a sacrificial agent or a co-catalyst. Use of NixPy as the co-catalyst, enhances hydrogen evolution, reaching 3870( AQY= 4.11) and 9258 (AQY= 9.83) µmolh-1g-1 respectiv...

Use of Cement Kiln Dust, Blast Furnace Slag and Marble Sludge in the Manufacture of Sustainable Artificial Aggregates by Means of Cold Bonding Pelletization.

In this work, three different samples of solid industrial wastes cement kiln dust (CKD), granulated blast furnace slag and marble sludge were employed in a cold bonding pelletization process for the sustainable production of artificial aggregates. The activating action of CKD components on the hydraulic behavior of the slag was explored by evaluating the neo-formed phases present in several hydrated pastes. Particularly, the influence of free CaO and sulfates amount in the two CKD samples on slag reactivity...

Redox Active Ligand Assisted Multi-Electron Catalysis: A Case of CoIII Complex as Water Oxidation Catalyst.

Water oxidation is the key step in both natural and artificial photosynthesis to capture solar energy for fuel production. The design of highly efficient and stable molecular catalysts for water oxidation based on non-precious metals is still a great challenge. In this article, the electrocatalytic oxidation of water by Na[(L4-)CoIII], where L is substituted tetraamido macrocyclic ligand (TAML), have been investigated in aqueous solution (pH 7.0). We found that Na[(L4-)CoIII] is a stable and efficient homog...

The Quest for Mononuclear Gold(II) and its Potential Role in Photocatalysis and Drug Action.

The chemistry of gold strongly focuses on the ubiquitous oxidation states +I and +III. The intermediate oxidation state +II is generally avoided in mononuclear gold species. In recent years, gold(II) has been increasingly suggested as key intermediate in artificial photosynthesis systems with gold(III) moieties as electron acceptors or in gold-catalyzed photoredox catalysis and radical chemistry. This Minireview provides a concise summary on confirmed and characterized mononuclear open-shell gold(II) comple...

Industrial wastewater advanced treatment via catalytic ozonation with an Fe-based catalyst.

An Fe-based catalyst was used as a heterogeneous catalyst for the ozonation of industrial wastewater, and key operational parameters (pH and catalyst dosage) were studied. The results indicated that the Fe-based catalyst significantly improved the mineralization of organic pollutants in wastewater. TOC (total organic carbon) removal was high, at 78.7%, with a catalyst concentration of 200 g/L, but only 31.6% with ozonation alone. The Fe-based catalyst significantly promoted ozone decomposition by 70% in a...

A solid iridium catalyst for diastereoselective hydrogenation.

An Ir(NHC) supported catalyst is used in the selective hydrogenation of terpinen-4-ol to cis p-menthan-4-ol. Its activity, selectivity and stability are compared to those of a homogeneous homologue [IrCl(COD)MesImPr] and to a commercial Pd/C. The solid Ir catalyst is much more selective than the Pd catalyst (92 vs. 42% at 80°C) but also more active, more selective and more stable than the iridium complex in solution. For the first time, a supported catalyst shows an enhanced activity with respect to a comp...

Excitation-power modulates energy-transfer dynamics in a supramolecular RuII-FeII-RuII triad.

Multichromophoric arrays are key to light-harvesting in natural and artificial photosynthesis. A trinuclear, symmetric RuII-FeII-RuII triad may resemble a light-harvesting model system, in which excitation energy from donor units (Ru-terpyridine-fragments) is efficiently transferred to the acceptor (an Fe-terpyridine-fragment). The photoinduced dynamics after simultaneous excitation of more than a single chromophoric unit (donor/acceptor) at varying excitation fluence is investigated in this contribution. D...

Plasma-catalyst hybrid reactor with CeO2/γ-Al2O3 for benzene decomposition with synergetic effect and nano particle by-product reduction.

A dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) catalyst hybrid reactor with CeO2/γ-Al2O3 catalyst balls was investigated for benzene decomposition at atmospheric pressure and 30 °C. At an energy density of 37-40 J/L, benzene decomposition was as high as 92.5% when using the hybrid reactor with 5.0wt%CeO2/γ-Al2O3; while it was 10%-20% when using a normal DBD reactor without a catalyst. Benzene decomposition using the hybrid reactor was almost the same as that using an O3 catalyst reactor with the same CeO2/γ-A...

Development of a framework catalyst for photocatalytic hydrogen evolution.

The controlled self-assembly of a catalyst module composed of a Rh(ii) paddle-wheel dimer bearing 1,8-naphthalimide-based moieties afforded a novel heterogeneous framework catalyst (FC-1). The framework catalyst exhibited long-lived activity for photocatalytic hydrogen production from water and was easily reused without considerable loss of catalytic activity.

Sinter-resistant and highly active sub- 5 nm bimetallic Au-Cu nanoparticle catalyst encapsulated in silica for high-temperature carbon monoxide oxidation.

A novel gold-copper based silica encapsulated mixed metal oxide (MMO) core-shell catalyst - with sub 5-nm MMO particles - was successfully synthesized via a reverse micelle process. The SiO2 encapsulated MMO catalyst was reduced under hydrogen flow to produce Au-Cu@SiO2 catalyst. XRD and XPS characterization confirmed the presence of Au-Cu nanocomposites in the catalyst while TEM characterization revealed the core-shell structure of the catalyst with the presence of sub 5-nm Au-Cu nanoparticle cores inside ...

Gordon Research Conference on photosynthesis: photosynthetic plasticity from the environment to synthetic systems.

Here, we provide a summary of the 2017 Gordon Research Conference on Photosynthesis: "Photosynthetic plasticity: from the environment to synthetic systems". This conference was held at the Grand Summit Resort Hotel at Sunday River, Newry, Maine, USA, from July 16 to 21, 2017. We have also included here a brief description of the Gordon Research Seminar (for students and post-docs) held during 2 days preceding this conference. Following the conclusion of the conference's scientific program, four young scien...

Journal of Artificial Organs 2017: the year in review : Journal of Artificial Organs Editorial Committee.

In situ temperature relationships of biochemical and stomatal controls of photosynthesis in four lowland tropical tree species.

Net photosynthetic carbon uptake of Panamanian lowland tropical forest species is typically optimal at 30-32°C. The processes responsible for the decrease in photosynthesis at higher temperatures are not fully understood for tropical trees. We determined temperature responses of maximum rates of RuBP-carboxylation (VCMax ) and RuBP-regeneration (JMax ), stomatal conductance (Gs ) and respiration in the light (RLight ) in situ for four lowland tropical tree species in Panama. Gs had the lowest temperature o...

Catalytic, Conductive Bipolar Membrane Interfaces via Layer-by-Layer Deposition for the Design of Membrane-Integrated Artificial Photosynthesis Systems.

In the presence of an electric field, bipolar membranes (BPMs) are capable of initiating water disassociation (WD) within the interfacial region, which can make water splitting for renewable energy in the presence of a pH gradient possible. In addition to WD catalytic efficiency, there is also need for electronic conductivity in this region for membrane-integrated artificial photosynthesis (AP) systems. Graphene oxide (GO) has been shown to catalyze WD and to be controllably reduced resulting in electronic ...

Modelling temporal variation of parameters used in two photosynthesis models: influence of fruit load and girdling on leaf photosynthesis in fruit-bearing branches of apple.

Several studies have found seasonal and temporal variability in leaf photosynthesis parameters in different crops. This variability depends upon the environment, the developmental stage of the plant and the presence or absence of sinks. Girdling involves the removal of the bark and phloem down to the youngest xylem all around the stem and prevents export of photoassimilates out of the stem. The load of developing fruits has often been reported to influence the individual net leaf photosynthesis rate (Pn) in...

An original valveless artificial heart providing pulsatile flow tested in mock circulatory loops.

We present the test bench results of a valveless total artificial heart that is potentially compatible with the pediatric population.

Changes in redox regulation during transition from C3 to single cell C4 photosynthesis in Bienertia sinuspersici.

Bienertia sinuspersici performs single cell C4 photosynthesis without Kranz anatomy. Peripheral and central cytoplasmic compartments in a single chlorenchyma cell act as mesophyll cells and bundle sheath cells. Development of this specialized mechanism is gradual during plant development. Young leaves perform C3 photosynthesis, while mature leaves have complete C4 cycle. The aim of this work was to investigate changes in redox regulation and antioxidant defence during transition from C3 to single cell C4 ph...

Evaluating the attractiveness and effectiveness of artificial coral reefs as a recreational ecosystem service.

Artificial reefs are increasingly being used around the globe to attract recreational divers, for both environmental and commercial reasons. This paper examines artificial coral reefs as recreational ecosystem services (RES) by evaluating their attractiveness and effectiveness and by examining divers' attitudes toward them. An online survey targeted at divers in Israel (n = 263) indicated that 35% of the dives in Eilat (a resort city on the shore of the Red Sea) take place at artificial reefs. A second st...


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