PubMed Journals Articles About "Lipid Panel Test Market Disease Hyperlipidemia Hypertriglyceridemia Familial" RSS

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Showing "Lipid Panel Test Market Disease Hyperlipidemia Hypertriglyceridemia Familial" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 33,000+

Hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia as biochemical markers of disease in companion rabbits.

Inflammation has important effects on lipid metabolism, but the relationship between hyperlipidemia, inflammation, and disease remains unknown in rabbits. While rabbits are sensitive to dietary hypercholesterolemia, the etiology of hyperlipidemia when fed non-atherogenic diets is uncertain.

Incidence of cardiovascular disease in familial combined hyperlipidemia: A 15-year follow-up study.

Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) is a complex dyslipidemia associated with premature cardiovascular disease (CVD). The present study was conducted to 1) determine the incidence of CVD in FCHL in this era of protocolled, primary prevention; and 2) examine whether cardiovascular risk estimation based on the Systemic Coronary Risk Estimation (SCORE) chart, as proposed in the 2016 ESC/EAS guidelines for the management of dyslipidemia, is justified in FCHL.

Coreopsis Tinctoria Modulates Lipid Metabolism by Decreasing Low-Density Lipoprotein and Improving Gut Microbiota.

The prevalence of hyperlipidemia is increasing rapidly. The role of Coreopsis tinctoria (CT) in amending lipid metabolism in hyperlipidemia patients has not been reported. This study aims to evaluate the role of CT in altering lipid metabolism in hyperlipidemia patients and to explore the possible mechanisms mediated by gut microbiota in hyperlipidemia mice models.

Insulin resistance in children with familial hyperlipidemia.

Background The aim of the study was to investigate whether there is insulin resistance in children with familial hyperlipidemia (FHL) and to determine the factors affecting insulin resistance. Methods Hyperlipidemic children aged between 4 and 18 years and followed up with an FHL diagnosis were included in the study. The children of adults followed up with an FHL diagnosis were also recruited after the screening period. The scanned children were divided into two groups as hyperlipidemic and normolipidemic. ...

Hypertriglyceridemia: A review of the evidence.

Elevated triglycerides are independently associated with increased atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk. Hypertriglyceridemia is often a polygenic condition that can be affected by a myriad of interventions. Primary care NPs are well positioned to appropriately evaluate and manage hypertriglyceridemia, improving overall health outcomes.

Add-on Therapy with Traditional Chinese Medicine: An Efficacious Approach for Lipid Metabolism Disorders.

Add-on therapy with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been extensively researched in the intractable diseases, such as asthma, cancer, and Alzheimer's disease. As an entirely new concept, add-on therapy of TCM has been also used to prevent and treat hyperlipidemia via lowering cholesterol level. However, the efficacy of add-on therapy with TCM for mediating lipid metabolism disorders remains controversial. In this review, we summarize and provide strong evidence that add-on therapy of TCM as a novel ap...

Lipids and Women's Health: Recent Updates and Implications for Practice.

The obstetrician/gynecologist frequently serves as the primary care physician for women. Specialty-specific guidelines vary in screening recommendations for lipid disorders; women's health practitioners often follow recommendations to screen at age 45 in the absence of other risk factors. However, 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association cholesterol guidelines recommend screening at age 21 to capture those at risk of cardiovascular disease and allow for early intervention with lifestyl...

Expert opinion on the metabolic complications of mTOR inhibitors.

Using mTOR inhibitors (mTORi) as anticancer drugs led to hyperglycemia (12-50%) and hyperlipidemia (7-73%) in phase-III trials. These high rates require adapted treatment in cancer patients. Before initiating mTORi treatment, lipid profile screening should be systematic, with fasting glucose assay in non-diabetic patients and HbA in diabetic patients. After initiation, lipid profile monitoring should be systematic, with fasting glucose assay in non-diabetic patients, every 2 weeks for the first month and t...

Patient and physician predictors of hyperlipidemia screening and statin prescription.

Appropriate lipid management has been demonstrated to reduce cardiovascular events, but rates of hyperlipidemia screening and statin therapy are suboptimal. We aimed to evaluate patient and physician predictors of guideline-concordant hyperlipidemia screening and statin prescription.

Effects of market type and time of purchase on oxidative status and descriptive off-odors and off-flavors of beef in Vietnam.

The objective of the current study was to determine the effects of market type (super market - SM, indoor market - IM, open market - OM) and sampling time (at the opening - T0 and 4 h after the opening - T4) on antioxidant capacity, lipid oxidation, and descriptive sensory attributes of beef in Vietnam. Values of FC and TEAC were greater in OM beef than IM and SM (P 

Coronary Artery Calcium and Cardiovascular Events in Patients With Familial Hypercholesterolemia Receiving Standard Lipid-Lowering Therapy.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of coronary artery calcium (CAC) as a predictor of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) (fatal or not myocardial infarction, stroke, unstable angina requiring revascularization, and elective myocardial revascularization) events in asymptomatic primary prevention molecularly proven heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) subjects receiving standard lipid-lowering therapy.

Changes in non-fasting concentrations of blood lipids after a daily Chinese breakfast in overweight subjects without fasting hypertriglyceridemia.

Overweight is always accompanied by hypertriglyceridemia (HTG), but the change in non-fasting triglyceride (TG) concentration in overweight subjects without postprandial hypertriglyceridemia was unknown.

Distribution of disease courses in familial versus sporadic multiple sclerosis.

The overall distribution of disease courses in multiple sclerosis (MS) is well established, but little is known about the distribution among familial MS cases. We examine the frequency of the different MS courses among familial and sporadic MS cases and determine whether MS cases within the same family had the same age at diagnosis and have experienced the same disease course.

Pseudohyponatremia in Hypertriglyceridemia-Induced Acute Pancreatitis: A Tool for Diagnosis Rather Than Merely a Laboratory Error?

The relative rarity of hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) as the etiology for acute pancreatitis (AP) delays the final diagnosis of hypertriglyceridemia-induced AP (HTG-AP). This study aimed to explore the diagnostic and prognostic value of pseudohyponatremia in this clinical entity.

Spectrum of mutations of familial hypercholesterolemia in the 22 Arab countries.

Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an inherited genetic disorder of lipid metabolism characterized by a high serum LDL-cholesterol profile and xanthoma formation, and FH increases the risk of premature atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Mutations in the low-density lipoprotein (LDLR), apolipoprotein B (APOB), proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 (PCSK9), and LDLRAP1 genes have been associated with FH. Although FH is a major risk for CVD, the disease prevalence and its underlying molecu...

Genetic variations in familial hypercholesterolemia and cascade screening in East Asians.

Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a monogenic disorder of lipoprotein metabolism leading to an increased risk of premature cardiovascular disease. Genetic testing for FH is not commonly used in Asian countries. We aimed to define the genetic spectrum of FH in Hong Kong and to test the feasibility of cascade genetic screening.

Glomerulopathy associated with lecithin-cholesterol-acyltransferase deficiency: A case report and literature review.

Glomerulopathy associated with lecithin-cholesterol-acyltransferase deficiency (LCAT) is a rare automosal recessive disease. Acquired LCAT deficiency due to inhibitory autoantibodies against LCAT are also described. This disease is induced by systemic deposits related to a lipid metabolism disorder and lead to multi-organ involvement including renal involvement. Lipid profile usually shows variable cholesterol levels but very low HDL levels. Here we describe the case of a 33-year-old man presenting a nephro...

Ameliorating Effects of Four-Week Fiber-Multivitamin Combination Treatment on Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol, Total Cholesterol, and Apolipoprotein B Profiles in Hypercholesterolemic Participants.

Hyperlipidemia is one of the leading causes of death and requires lipid-lowering treatment to reduce morbidity and mortality. Effective and safe alternative and adjunctive therapies could be beneficial for patients with hyperlipidemia. To assess the effect of a fiber-multivitamin combination product on the lipid parameters low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), and apolipoprotein B (Apo B) in patients with hyperch...

Characterization of two novel pathogenic variants at compound heterozygous status in lipase maturation factor 1 gene causing severe hypertriglyceridemia.

Severe hypertriglyceridemia is a rare disease characterized by triglyceride levels higher than 1000 mg/dL (11.3 mmol/L) and acute pancreatitis. The disease is caused by pathogenic variants in genes encoding lipoprotein lipase (LPL), apolipoprotein A5, apolipoprotein C2, glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored high-density lipoprotein-binding protein 1, and lipase maturation factor 1 (LMF1).

Spuriously Low Serum Bicarbonate Levels in Patients With Hyperlipidemia: A Report of 4 Cases.

Four patients were recently seen at our institution presenting with severe hypobicarbonatemia and elevated anion gap on serum specimens processed by an autoanalyzer using enzymatic reactions. Arterial blood gas values in each case revealed no significant acid-base disturbance and a marked discordance between arterial blood gas calculated bicarbonate levels and those reported on the basic metabolic panel. All patients had profound hyperlipidemia (triglycerides > 3,500mg/L), and ultracentrifugation of one pat...

An update on LDL apheresis for nephrotic syndrome.

Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) apheresis has been used increasingly in clinical practice for the treatment of renal diseases with nephrotic syndrome (NS), specifically focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Persistent hyperlipidemia for prolonged periods is nephrotoxic and leads to chronic progressive glomerular and tubulointerstitial injury. Effective management of hyperlipidemia with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors or LDL apheresis in drug-resistant NS patients may prevent the progression of renal disease...

Akebia saponin D reverses corticosterone hypersecretion in an Alzheimer's disease rat model.

Glucocorticoid hormones are implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other diseases including diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and osteoporosis. Akebia saponin D (ASD) possesses numerous pharmacological activities, including as an anti-AD, anti-hyperlipidemia, anti-diabetes, and anti-osteoporosis agent. The anti-AD effect of ASD is possibly through its regulation of glucocorticoid levels.

Lipid accumulation inhibitory activities of novel isoxazole-based chenodeoxycholic acids: Design, synthesis and preliminary mechanism study.

In continuation of our drug discovery program on hyperlipidemia, a series of novel isoxazole-chenodeoxycholic acid hybrids were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their lipid-lowering effects. Preliminary screening of all the synthesized compounds was done by using a 3T3-L1 adipocyte model, in which the most active compound 16b could significantly reduce the lipid accumulation up to 30.5% at a nontoxic concentration 10 μM. Further mechanism studies revealed that 16b blocked lipid accumulation via ac...

Long-term lipoprotein apheresis in the treatment of severe familial hypercholesterolemia refractory to high intensity statin therapy: Three year experience at a lipoprotein apheresis centre.

Severe familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) individuals, refractory to conventional lipid-lowering medications are at exceptionally high risk of cardiovascular events. The established therapeutic option of last choice is lipoprotein apheresis (LA). Herein, it was sought to investigate the clinical usefulness of LA in a highly selected group of severe heterozygous FH (HeFH), as recently described by the International Atherosclerosis Society (IAS), for their efficacy in lipid reduction and safety.

Development of Triglyceride-Lowering Drugs to Address Residual Cardiovascular Risk Strategic and Clinical Considerations.

The prevalence of hypertriglyceridemia is high and growing in several parts of the world. Hypertriglyceridemia has a well-defined association with the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular (CV) disease and thus represents a potential target for drugs aimed at mitigating CV events. So far, no triglyceride-lowering pharmacological strategy has succeeded in conclusively showing the ability to modify clinical outcomes. This article discusses strategic and clinical aspects of development of triglyceride-lowerin...

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