PubMed Journals Articles About "Lipid Panel Test Market Disease Hyperlipidemia Hypertriglyceridemia Familial" RSS

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Showing "Lipid Panel Test Market Disease Hyperlipidemia Hypertriglyceridemia Familial" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 33,000+

Familial combined hyperlipidemia - the most common genetic dyslipidemia in population and in patients with premature atherothrombotic cardiovascular disease.

Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCH) is the most frequent genetic dyslipidemia (DLP) with high risk of early atherosclerosis manifestation. It is characterized by elevated both triglycerides 1.5 mmol/l and apolipoprotein B 1.2 g/l (hyper-TG/hyper-ApoB fenotype), with at least two affected family members. Despite the fact that plasmatic levels of total cholesterol and LDL-C are usually lower than in familial hypercholesterolemia and full expression of DLP in FCH occurs in adulthood, risk of premature manif...

Natural products for controlling hyperlipidemia: review.

Hyperlipidemia is an abnormality of lipid metabolism, characterized by an elevation of total cholesterol, triglyceride, and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and/or a decreasing of high density lipoprotein cholesterol in circulating levels. Hyperlipidemia has been ranked as one of the greatest risk factors contributing to prevalence and severity of coronary heart diseases. Hyperlipidemia-associated lipid disorders are considered the cause of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. There has been a growin...

Multimodal lipid-lowering treatment in pediatric patients with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia-target attainment requires further increase of intensity.

Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) causes premature cardiovascular disease (CVD). Lipoprotein apheresis (LA) is recommended as first-line lipid-lowering treatment (LLT) for homozygous (ho) FH.

Predicting cardiovascular disease in familial hypercholesterolemia.

Familial hypercholesterolemia is a frequent genetic disease associated with a high lifetime risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Statins are the cornerstone of treatment of familial hypercholesterolemia; however, with the advent of novel LDL-cholesterol lowering therapies, it has become necessary to identify familial hypercholesterolemia subjects presenting a significant residual CVD risk. The aim of this review is to provide an update on the recent literature concerning cardiovascular risk stratification ...

LDL Receptor Gene-ablated Hamsters: A Rodent Model of Familial Hypercholesterolemia With Dominant Inheritance and Diet-induced Coronary Atherosclerosis.

Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant genetic disease caused mainly by LDL receptor (Ldlr) gene mutations. Unlike FH patients, heterozygous Ldlr knockout (KO) mice do not show a dominant FH trait. Hamsters, like humans, have the cholesteryl ester transfer protein, intestine-only ApoB editing and low hepatic cholesterol synthesis. Here, we generated Ldlr-ablated hamsters using CRISPR/Cas9 technology. Homozygous Ldlr KO hamsters on a chow diet developed hypercholesterolemia with LDL as t...

Genetics of familial hypercholesterolemia: a tool for development of novel lipid lowering pharmaceuticals?

Familial hypercholesterolemia is characterized by high LDL cholesterol and an elevated risk to develop coronary heart disease. Mutations in LDL receptor-mediated cholesterol uptake are the main cause of familial hypercholesterolemia. However, multiple mutations in various other genes are also associated with high LDL cholesterol and even familial hypercholesterolemia. Thus, pharmaceuticals that target these genes and proteins might be attractive treatment options to reduce LDL cholesterol. This review provi...

Familial hypercholesterolemia: experience from the French-Canadian population.

There has recently been renewed interest in the study of the various facets of familial hypercholesterolemia, a severe monogenic disease associated with elevated LDL-cholesterol and premature cardiovascular disease (CVD). In the present review, novel data presenting the frequency of familial hypercholesterolemia as well as factors modulating the cardiovascular risk in familial hypercholesterolemia will be discussed.

Single, short in-del, and copy number variations detection in monogenic dyslipidemia using an NGS strategy.

Optimal molecular diagnosis of primary dyslipidemia is challenging to confirm the diagnosis, test and identify at risk relatives. The aim of this study was to test the application of a single targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) panel for hypercholesterolemia, hypocholesterolemia, and hypertriglyceridemia molecular diagnosis. NGS workflow based on a custom AmpliSeq panel was designed for sequencing the most prevalent dyslipidemia causing genes (ANGPTL3, APOA5, APOC2, APOB, GPIHBP1, LDLR, LMF1, LPL, PCS...

Central xanthoma of the mandible associated with hyperlipidemia: A rare presentation.

Xanthoma is a common, self-limiting cutaneous lesion of non-Langerhans cell, lipid-laden foamy histiocytes that is often concomitant with hyperlipidemia. The intraosseous counterpart is rarely encountered and typically presents as a painless, expansile osteolytic process in the context of hyperlipidemia or normolipidemia. Only a scant number of gnathic xanthomas have been reported in the otolaryngologic literature. We report the clinical, laboratory, radiographic, histopathologic, immunohistochemical, and u...

The effect of intravenous insulin, apheresis and oral lipid-lowering agents on non-fasting hypertriglyceridemia and associated pancreatitis.

There is evidence that increasing severity of hypertriglyceridemia increases the risk of acute pancreatitis. There is a debate about superiority of treatment methods and previous works have specifically called for direct comparison between IV insulin and apheresis techniques.

Lipoprotein Profile Modifications during Gestation: A Current Approach to Cardiovascular risk surrogate markers and Maternal-fetal Unit Complications.

Several changes occur in lipid metabolism during gestation due to hormonal and metabolic changes, which are essential to satisfy the nutritional demands of the maternal-fetal unit development. The gestation shows two distinct periods that begin with fat accumulation, mainly in maternal adipose tissue, and the late phase, characterized by accelerated catabolism, with the increase of fatty acids in the circulation that causes hyperlipidemia, especially the one characterized as hypertriglyceridemia. Maternal h...

Coronary heart disease mortality in treated familial hypercholesterolaemia: Update of the UK Simon Broome FH register.

Patients with familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) have an elevated risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Here we compare changes in CHD mortality in patients with heterozygous (FH) pre 1992, before lipid-lowering therapy with statins was used routinely, and in the periods 1992-2008 and 2008-2016.

Effect of antiretroviral therapy use and adherence on the risk of hyperlipidemia among HIV-infected patients, in the highly active antiretroviral therapy era.

HIV-infected patients exposed to antiretroviral therapy (ART) have an increased risk for hyperlipidemia and cardiovascular disease. We performed a longitudinal, comprehensive, and population-based study to investigate the cumulative effect of different types of ART regimens on hyperlipidemia risk in the Taiwanese HIV/ART cohort. A total of 13,370 HIV-infected patients (2,674 hyperlipidemia and 10,696 non-hyperlipidemia patients) were recruited after matching for age, gender, and the first diagnosis date of ...

Cholesterol oversynthesis markers define familial combined hyperlipidemia versus other genetic hypercholesterolemias independently of body weight.

Primary hypercholesterolemia of genetic origin, negative for mutations in LDLR, APOB, PCSK9 and APOE genes (non-FH GH), and familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) are polygenic genetic diseases that occur with hypercholesterolemia, and both share a very high cardiovascular risk. In order to better characterize the metabolic abnormalities associated with these primary hypercholesterolemias, we used noncholesterol sterols, as markers of cholesterol metabolism, to determine their potential differences. Hepati...

Electroacupuncture ameliorates poloxamer 407-induced hyperlipidemia through suppressing hepatic SREBP-2 expression in rats.

Acupuncture, particularly electroacupuncture (EA) has been shown to have the lipid-lowering effects, but not completely investigated. The present study was aimed to examine whether EA could attenuate poloxamer-407 (P-407)-induced hyperlipidemia in the rats and to investigate its potential mechanisms.

Omega-3 carboxylic acids in patients with severe hypertriglyceridemia: EVOLVE II, a randomized, placebo-controlled trial.

Adult patients with severe hypertriglyceridemia (SHTG) are at increased risk of developing acute pancreatitis and cardiovascular disease. Omega-3 carboxylic acids (OM3-CA) are approved for treatment as an adjunct to diet to reduce triglyceride (TG) concentrations in patients with SHTG.

LC-MS based urinary metabolomics study of the intervention effect of aloe-emodin on hyperlipidemia rats.

Hyperlipidemia has been highlighted to be one of the most prominent and global chronic condition nowadays. Daming capsule (DMC), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) preparation, has treated hyperlipidemia on clinic in China for decades. Our recent study showed that aloe-emodin (AE) is one of the main bioactive components in DMC. Therefore, the present study aims to further investigate the lipid-lowering effect by serum biochemistry and histopathological examination, and reveal the underlying mechanisms by ...

Magnolol-mediated regulation of plasma triglyceride through affecting lipoprotein lipase activity in apolipoprotein A5 knock-in mice.

Hyperlipidemia is a risk factor of arteriosclerosis, stroke, and other coronary heart disease, which has been shown to correlate with single nucleotide polymorphisms of genes essential for lipid metabolism, such as lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and apolipoprotein A5 (APOA5). In this study, the effect of magnolol, the main active component extracted from Magnolia officinalis, on LPL activity was investigated. A dose-dependent up-regulation of LPL activity, possibly through increasing LPL mRNA transcription, was o...

Obesity, lipid profiles and oxidative stress in children after liver transplantation.

In adult liver transplant recipients, coronary artery disease and congestive heart failure are significant cause of morbidity and mortality. This may be attributed to the long-term immunosuppressive treatment, mostly with calcineurin inhibitors and steroids, which in long-term may be associated with hyperlipidemia, oxidative stress and cardiovascular complications. Since such data for children is sparse, the aim of this study was to assess the lipid and oxidative stress markers after pediatric liver transpl...

Pedunculoside, a novel triterpene saponin extracted from Ilex rotunda, ameliorates high-fat diet induced hyperlipidemia in rats.

Pedunculoside (PE) is a novel triterpene saponin extracted from the dried barks of Ilex rotunda Thunb. The present study aims to explore lipid-lowering effects of PE on hyperlipidemia rat induced by high-fat diet. The rats were fed with the high-fat diet and subjected to intragastric administration of PE at doses of 30, 15, or 5 mg/kg daily for 7 weeks. The results demonstrated that treatment with PE for 7-week dramatically decreased serum total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LD...

Hypertriglyceridemia thalassemia syndrome.

Hypertriglyceridemia thalassemia syndrome is a rare entity with an unknown pathogenetic link.

Efficacy and Safety of Adding Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Statin-Treated Patients with Residual Hypertriglyceridemia: ROMANTIC (Rosuvastatin-OMAcor iN residual hyperTrIglyCeridemia), a Randomized, Double-blind, and Placebo-controlled Trial.

The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy and safety of adding ω-3 fatty acids to rosuvastatin in patients with residual hypertriglyceridemia despite statin treatment.

Relationship of Lipids and Lipid-Lowering Medications With Cognitive Function: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis.

Studies on the relationship of cholesterol concentrations and lipid-lowering medications with dementia risk have yielded inconsistent findings. Therefore, we investigated the association of lipid concentrations and lipid-lowering medications with cognitive function in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis across 3 different cognitive domains assessed by means of the Cognitive Abilities Screening Instrument (CASI; version 2), the Digit Symbol Coding (DSC) Test, and the Digit Span (DS) Test in 2010-2012. ...

Acute pancreatitis secondary to oral contraceptive-induced hypertriglyceridemia: a case report.

Hypertriglyceridemia is the third most common cause of acute pancreatitis. Among the causes that lead to secondary hypertriglyceridemia, the use of contraceptive agents is the main reason to be assessed in young women. We report a case of a 31-year-old woman who had suffered two acute pancreatitis episodes secondary to hypertriglyceridemia. In the investigation, the previous medical team indicated a genetic screening before ruling out all secondary causes. LPL, apo CII and apo AV genes were negative for mut...

Familial Mediterranean fever mimicking Crohn disease: A case report.

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is the most common form of autoinflammatory disease. We report a rare case of FMF with gastrointestinal lesions mimicking Crohn disease.

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