PubMed Journals Articles About "Lipoic Acid And Omega-3 Fatty Acids For Alzheimer's Disease" RSS

22:41 EDT 22nd March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Lipoic Acid Omega Fatty Acids Alzheimer Disease" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 33,000+

Omega-3 fatty acids for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease.

Researchers have suggested that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids from oily fish (long-chain omega-3 (LCn3), including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)), as well as from plants (alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)) benefit cardiovascular health. Guidelines recommend increasing omega-3-rich foods, and sometimes supplementation, but recent trials have not confirmed this.

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids attenuate inflammatory activation and alter differentiation in human adipocytes.

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, specifically the fish-oil-derived eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), have been proposed as inflammation-resolving agents via their effects on adipose tissue.

Effect of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation on resolvin (RvE1)-mediated suppression of inflammation in a mouse model of asthma.

ResolvinE1 (RvE1), an endogenous lipid mediator derived from omega 3 fatty acids contributes to resolution of allergic inflammatory responses. We investigated effects of RvE1 (R) and omega 3 fatty acids (O) on airway reactivity and inflammation using allergic mice.

New Areas of Interest: Is There a Role for Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation in Patients With Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease?

Summarize studies on omega-3 fatty acids in prevention of albuminuria in subjects with diabetes.

Fat-1 Transgene is Associated with Improved Reproductive Outcomes.

High intake of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) has been associated with a variety of health benefits. However, the role of omega-3 PUFAs in female reproductive function is unclear, with studies showing both positive and negative effects. The type of diet that omega-3 fatty acids are consumed with, for example a balanced diet versus a high-fat diet (HFD), may influence how omega-3 fatty acids affect female reproductive function. To address the role of omega-3 PUFAs in female reproduction we utili...

A comprehensive evaluation of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation in cystic fibrosis patients using lipidomics.

The evaluation of the benefits of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation in humans requires the identification and characterization of suitable biomarkers of its incorporation in the body. The reference method for the evaluation of omega-3, gas chromatography, is difficult to apply in clinical practice because of its low throughput and does not provide information about the incorporation of specific fatty acids in lipid species and the potential effects of supplementation on lipid classes. We used a quantitativ...

Omega-3 fatty acids regulate plasticity in distinct hippocampal glutamatergic synapses.

Dietary omega-3 fatty acids accumulate and are actively retained in central nervous system membranes, mainly in synapses, dendrites and photoreceptors. Despite this selective enrichment, their impact on synaptic function and plasticity has not been fully determined at the molecular level. In this study, we explored the impact of omega-3 fatty acid deficiency on synaptic function in the hippocampus. Dietary omega-3 fatty acid deficiency for five months after weaning led to a 65% reduction in the concentratio...

Variability of fatty acid profiles in ferns: Relation to fern taxonomy and seasonal development.

Ferns are known to contain long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids which may provide health benefits. The objective of this study was to investigate ferns of Pacific temperate regions (Far East of Russia and New Zealand) as sources of valuable fatty acids: arachidonic (20:4n-6) and eicosapentaenoic (20:5n-3). Fatty acids were analyzed in fronds of 23 fern species from 12 families. Major fatty acids include: 18:3n-3 (6-68% of total fatty acids), 16:0 (6-33%), 18:2n-6 (5-46%), 18:1n-9 (1-60%), 20:4n-6 (1-16%)....

The Protective Role of Endogenous n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Tau Alzheimer's Disease Mouse Model.

The role of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) as the main docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in Alzheimer's disease (AD) remains controversial. Our study aimed to provide detailed information about the role of endogenous n-3 PUFAs in AD.

A High-Throughput Method for the Analysis of Erythrocyte Fatty Acids and the Omega-3 Index.

Omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA) have several health benefits. In particular, low n-3 LCPUFA status is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and led to the development of the omega-3 index that is the proportion of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid in the erythrocyte membranes, as a marker of CVD risk. Most methods used to measure the omega-3 index are laborious and time consuming. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop a high-throughput method for the...

Omega-3 fatty acid-derived mediators that control inflammation and tissue homeostasis.

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), including eicosapentaenoic acid, docosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid, display a wide range of beneficial effects in humans and animals. Many of the biological functions of PUFAs are mediated via bioactive metabolites produced by fatty acid oxygenases such as cyclooxygenases, lipoxygenases and cytochrome P450 monooxygenases. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry-based mediator lipidomics revealed a series of novel bioactive lipid mediators deri...

The differential effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on seizure frequency in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy - A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

The omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are known to play an important role in maintenance and modulation of neuronal functions. There is evidence that omega-3 fatty acids may have anticonvulsant effects. The effect of DHA and EPA on seizure rate in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) was investigated.

Interactions of polyunsaturated fatty acids with amyloid peptides Aβ40 and Aβ42.

Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are reported to exert beneficial effects in Alzheimer's disease. Some PUFAs are known to reduce amyloid-beta (Aβ) toxicity by promoting its degradation and clearance. Studies on the direct interactions of PUFAs with Aβ peptides are limited and contradictory. In this study, we report the interactions of fatty acids docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), eicosatetraenoic acid (EPA), α-linolenic acid (ALA), arachidonic acid (ARA), linoleic acid (LNA) and oleic acid (OA) with Aβ pep...

Omega-3 fatty acid supplements do not improve symptoms of dry eye disease.

: The Dry Eye Assessment and Management Study Research Group. N-3 fatty acid supplementation for the treatment of dry eye disease. 2018;378:1681-90.

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and IVF treatment.

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are essential fatty acids, derived mostly from fish oil, that have a significant anti-inflammatory effect. Data from animal studies support their role in the reproductive mechanism, and recent human studies suggest a positive effect on sperm quality and natural conception. Their general role in human fertility, and specifically in IVF treatment, however, is not clear. A few small, prospective cohort studies have examined the relationship between serum PUFAs and ou...

Novel nanocapsule of α-lipoic acid reveals pigmentation improvement: α-Lipoic acid stimulates the proliferation and differentiation of keratinocyte in murine skin by topical application.

α-Lipoic acid is amphipathic with low molecular sulphur-containing fatty acid and has strong antioxidant effects. It has been used at the purposes of anti-ageing, treatment of diabetic neuropathy, and supplement as antioxidant. Though α-lipoic acid is normally administered in oral or injection, it has not been used in a topical use via skin because of its bad penetration. We developed the novel nanocapsule of α-lipoic acid, named α-lipoactive (nLA), to improve skin permeability. The nLA is constructed a...

Vitamin D and OmegA-3 TriaL to prevent and treat diabetic kidney disease: Rationale, design, and baseline characteristics.

Diabetic kidney disease (DKD), defined as reduced glomerular filtration rate (GFR), elevated urine albumin excretion, or both that is clinically attributable to diabetes, is a common and morbid diabetes complication. Animal-experimental data, observational human studies, and short-term clinical trials suggest that vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acid supplements may be safe and inexpensive interventions to reduce the incidence and progression of DKD. The Vitamin D and Omega-3 Trial to Prevent and Treat DKD (VIT...

The effect of omega-3 fatty acids on clinical and paraclinical features of intractable epileptic patients: a triple blind randomized clinical trial.

Long chain omega-3 fatty acids (omega-3 FAs) supplements have been shown to exert beneficial effects in patients with epilepsy through elevation of seizure thresholds and dampening of inflammatory responses. In this triple blind randomized, placebo-controlled parallel group trial of omega-3 FA supplementation, 180 mg eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and 120 mg docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) as well as placebo capsules were administered twice a day in 50 patients with refractory seizure during a 16-week period resp...

Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Genome-wide Interaction Analyses Reveal DPP10-Pulmonary Function Association.

Omega-3 poly-unsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) have anti-inflammatory properties that could benefit adults with comprised pulmonary health.

Influence of Omega-3 Fatty Acid on Orthodontic Tooth Movement in Rats: A Biochemical, Histological, Immunohistochemical and Gene Expression Study.

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of omega-3 fatty acids on orthodontic tooth movement.

Peripheral Artery Disease Is Associated with a Deficiency of Erythrocyte Membrane n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids.

Population-based data suggest that individuals who consume large dietary amounts of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have lower odds of peripheral artery disease (PAD); however, clinical studies examining n-3 PUFA levels in patients with PAD are sparse. The objective of this study is to compare erythrocyte membrane fatty acid (FA) content between patients with PAD and controls. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 179 vascular surgery outpatients (controls, 34; PAD, 145). A blood sample was drawn a...

Omega-3 fatty acids and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in adults and children: where do we stand?

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic fatty liver disease worldwide. The incidence of NAFLD parallels the prevalence of obesity. Moreover, NAFLD can progress to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), cirrhosis and primary hepatocellular cancer (HCC). As such, NAFLD has become a major public health concern. We discuss recent clinical trials and meta-analyses evaluating the efficacy of C20-22 ω3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) to attenuate preexisting NAFLD in adults and childr...

The effects of omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E co-supplementation on gene expression related to inflammation, insulin and lipid in patients with Parkinson's disease: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E co-supplementation on gene expression related to inflammation, insulin and lipid in subjects with Parkinson's disease (PD).

Composition of tissue fatty acids of phospholipids depends on tumor localization and disease progression in colorectal patients.

Fatty acids play a role in development and progression of colon cancer. The aim of this study was to assess the relation between tissue fatty acids (saturated fatty acids, unsaturated fatty acids, the ratio of C18 to C18:1 - index of fatty acids saturation, SI), colorectal tumor localization and disease progression.

The Potential Role of Fatty Acids in Treating Diabetic Neuropathy.

This review will summarize recent findings of the effect of supplemental fatty acids, with an emphasis on omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, as a treatment for diabetic peripheral neuropathy.

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