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PubMed Journals Articles About "London 2012 Unveils Anti Doping Laboratory" RSS

03:10 EDT 19th October 2017 | BioPortfolio

London 2012 Unveils Anti Doping Laboratory PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest London 2012 Unveils Anti Doping Laboratory articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "London 2012 Unveils Anti Doping Laboratory" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 13,000+

True Dopers or Negligent Athletes? An Analysis of Anti-Doping Rule Violations Reported to the World Anti-Doping Agency 2010-2012.

The sanction that an athlete receives when an anti-doping rule violation has been committed depends on the specific circumstances of the case. Anti-doping tribunals decide on the final sanction, following the rules of the World Anti-Doping Code.


Integration of the Forensic Dimension into Anti-Doping Strategies.

Traditionally, research in anti-doping has been stimulated by the need for technological improvements to accommodate the expansion of the list of prohibited substances and methods. Nevertheless, in recent years, anti-doping found itself at a crossroads due to the increasing complexity and constant refinement of doping methods. As illustrated by the 2012 USADA (United States Anti-Doping Agency) versus Lance Armstrong case, a change in paradigm was necessary. The exploration of new scientific avenues to under...

Education in Anti-Doping: The Art of Self-Imposed Constraints.

The pillars of anti-doping are detection, deterrence, and prevention. Detection takes the form of testing for banned substances. Deterrence builds on testing and gathering evidence. Athletes who test positive are exposed to penalties. The main tool of prevention is education. Education takes many forms and can be implemented in many ways. This chapter addresses the nature and challenges of current anti-doping education. Firstly, general goals of education and their connection to sport are discussed. Secondl...


The Development of the World Anti-Doping Code.

This chapter addresses both the development and substance of the World Anti-Doping Code, which came into effect in 2003, as well as the subsequent Code amendments, which came into effect in 2009 and 2015. Through an extensive process of stakeholder input and collaboration, the World Anti-Doping Code has transformed the hodgepodge of inconsistent and competing pre-2003 anti-doping rules into a harmonized and effective approach to anti-doping. The Code, as amended, is now widely recognized worldwide as the go...

A Moral Foundation for Anti-Doping: How Far Have We Progressed? Where Are the Limits?

Clarity about the ethical justification of anti-doping is essential. In its absence, critics multiply and confusion abounds. Three broad reasons are typically offered in anti-doping's defense: to protect athletes' health; to promote fairness; and to preserve meaning and values in sport - what the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) Code refers to as the spirit of sport. Protecting health is itself an important value, but many sports encourage athletes to take significant risks. The case against doping is buttre...

Sport, Society, and Anti-Doping Policy: An Ethical Overview.

The purpose of this chapter is to provide an overview of the philosophical and ethical underpinnings of anti-doping policy. The nature of sport and its gratuitous logic is explored. The doping rules in sport, such as the Prohibited List, are ways of drawing a line to facilitate a certain sort of competition. Sports can be understood as a means of testing the natural physical abilities of the athlete, combined with the hard work they put into improving their performance. A test promoted by the anti-doping la...

Brief History of Anti-Doping.

The fight against doping in sport as we know it today commenced by the creation of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) Medical Commission in 1961 following the death of a Danish cyclist during the Rome Olympic Games the year before. After a slow start, the fight got under way as from the early 1970s under the leadership of the IOC and of the International Association of Athletics Federations. Despite a lack of understanding and weak support even from the sports community, a series of measures were tak...

How to Develop Intelligence Gathering in Efficient and Practical Anti-Doping Activities.

Prior to the formation of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), the fight against doping in sport was not unified; instead, it relied on individual approaches established by various stakeholders to make it effective. The scandal of the Festina Affair, during the Tour de France 1998, and other drug doping scandals revealed the ineffectiveness and inadequacy of such an approach. The resulting media scandal raised public authorities' awareness about the necessity to deal with doping in sport with a harmonized a...

The Athlete Biological Passport: How to Personalize Anti-Doping Testing across an Athlete's Career?

For decades, drug testing has been the main instrument at the disposal of anti-doping authorities. The availability in the 1980s of substances identical to those produced by the human body, including the "big 3" (erythropoietin, testosterone, and growth hormone), necessitated a new paradigm in anti-doping. The athlete biological passport (ABP) is a new paradigm, complementary to traditional drug testing, based on the personalized monitoring of doping biomarkers. Athletes who abuse doping substances do so to...

Challenges in Modern Anti-Doping Analytical Science.

The challenges facing modern anti-doping analytical science are increasingly complex given the expansion of target drug substances, as the pharmaceutical industry introduces more novel therapeutic compounds and the internet offers designer drugs to improve performance. The technical challenges are manifold, including, for example, the need for advanced instrumentation for greater speed of analyses and increased sensitivity, specific techniques capable of distinguishing between endogenous and exogenous metab...

The psychology of doping.

Doping is increasingly becoming a problem in both elite and recreational sports. It is therefore important to understand the psychological factors which can explain doping behavior in order to prevent it. The present paper briefly presents evidence on the prevalence of doping use in competitive sports and the measurement approaches to assess doping behavior and doping-related variables. Furthermore, the integrative theoretical approaches used to describe the psychological processes underlying doping use are...

Can We Better Integrate the Role of Anti-Doping in Sports and Society? A Psychological Approach to Contemporary Value-Based Prevention.

In sport, a wide array of substances with established or putative performance-enhancing properties is used. Most substances are fully acceptable, whilst a defined set, revised annually, is prohibited; thus, using any of these prohibited substances is declared as cheating. In the increasingly tolerant culture of pharmacological and technical human enhancements, the traditional normative approach to anti-doping, which involves telling athletes what they cannot do to improve their athletic ability and performa...

An Olympic Legacy? Does the urban regeneration associated with the London 2012 Olympic Games impact on adolescent mental health?

Public expenditure on mega-events such as the London 2012 Olympic Games is often justified by the potential legacy of urban regeneration and its associated health and wellbeing benefits for local communities. The ORiEL (Olympic Regeneration in East London) study examined whether urban regeneration associated with the 2012 Games was associated with improved mental health. Adolescents aged 11-12 years attending schools in the Olympic host London Borough of Newham or in three adjacent comparison London Borough...

Achievements and Challenges in Anti-Doping Research.

The most important element in achieving athlete compliance with anti-doping rules is the certainty of detection. Thus, scientific research plays a mission critical role in achieving clean competition. Many factors contribute to the advances in detection. Incremental advances in the ability to detect prohibited substances and methods, and identification of long-lived metabolites continue to lengthen detection windows. While the athlete biological passport hematological and steroidal modules hold great promis...

Structure and Development of the List of Prohibited Substances and Methods.

The list of prohibited substances and methods (the List) is the international standard that determines what is prohibited in sport both in- and out-of-competition. Since 2004, the official text of the List is produced by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), the international independent organization responsible for promoting, coordinating, and monitoring the fight against doping in sport. Originally based on the prohibited lists established by the International Olympic Committee, the List has evolved to inc...

Profile of human anti-rabies treatment in the 'agreste' region of Pernambuco State, Brazil, 2010-2012.

to describe the characteristics of reported human anti-rabies treatment in municipalities of the 'agreste' region of Pernambuco State, Brazil, 2010-2012.

Is Pre-transplant sensitization against Angiotensin II Type1 Receptor still a risk factor of graft and patient outcome in kidney transplantation in the anti HLA Luminex era?

We aimed to assess the correlation of anti-angiotensin II type 1 receptor antibodies (anti-AT1R-Abs) before transplantation on a multicentric cohort of kidney transplant recipients (2008-2012), under Tacrolimus and Mycofenolate mofetil (MMF), screened by Luminex technology for anti -HLA immunization.

Doping-induced carrier profiles in organic semiconductors determined from capacitive extraction-current transients.

A method to determine the doping induced charge carrier profiles in lightly and moderately doped organic semiconductor thin films is presented. The theory of the method of Charge Extraction by a Linearly Increasing Voltage technique in the doping-induced capacitive regime (doping-CELIV) is extended to the case with non-uniform doping profiles and the analytical description is verified with drift-diffusion simulations. The method is demonstrated experimentally on evaporated organic small-molecule thin films ...

Comment on 'Licence to save: a UK survey of anti-VEGF use for the eye in 2015'.

Recent Progress in Anti-HIV Broadly Neutralizing Antibody Research.

Effect of nitrogen doping on the photoluminescence intensity of graphene quantum dots.

We have developed a facile, fast, and one-step synthetic method to prepare graphene quantum dots (GQDs) simultaneously with nitrogen (N) doping via pulsed laser ablation. The N-doped GQDs (N-GQDs) with an average size around 3 nm and an N/C atomic ratio of 33% have been obtained. The N-GQDs emit blue photoluminescence (PL), where the PL intensity enhances as the N doping increases. The PL enhancement for the N-GQDs with a factor as high as 25 has been achieved as compared to GQDs. The origin of the PL enha...

Hybrid Doping of Few-Layer Graphene via a Combination of Intercalation and Surface Doping.

Surface molecular doping of graphene has been shown to modify its work function and increase its conductivity. However, the associated shifts in work function and increases in carrier concentration are highly coupled and limited by the surface coverage of dopant molecules on graphene. Here we show that few-layer graphene (FLG) can be doped using a hybrid approach, effectively combining surface doping by larger (metal-)organic molecules, while smaller molecules, such as Br2 and FeCl3, intercalate into the bu...

A patent review of the therapeutic potential of isoflavones (2012-2016).

Isoflavones are well-studied natural products isolated from natural sources with interesting chemodiversity and possess a wide variety of biological effects. Moreover, chemical modifications based on the isoflavone scaffold, has generated synthetic chemodiversity to enhance the bioactivities of isoflavones. Areas covered: The current review summarizes the discovery of new chemotherapeutic agents possessing the isoflavone skeleton. This review incorporates patents filed between 2012 and 2016 mostly related t...

The impact of nitrogen doping and reduced-niobium self-doping on the photocatalytic activity of ultra-thin Nb3O8(-) nanosheets.

Nitrogen doping via high-temperature ammonization is a frequently used strategy to extend the light harvesting capacity of wide-bandgap catalysts in the visible region. Under such a reductive atmosphere, the reduction of transition metals is supposed to occur, however, this has not been thoroughly studied yet. Here, by combining chemically-controlled doping and subsequent liquid exfoliation, ultra-thin [Nb3O8](-) nanosheets with separate N doping, reduced-Nb doping and N/reduced-Nb codoping were fabricated ...

Extreme assay sensitivity in molecular diagnostics further unveils intratumour heterogeneity in metastatic colorectal cancer as well as artifactual low-frequency mutations in the KRAS gene.

Gene mutations in the RAS family rule out metastatic colorectal carcinomas (mCRCs) from anti-EGFR therapies.


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