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PubMed Journals Articles About "Longitudinal Zinc Intakes And Exchangeable Zinc Pool Sizes In Breastfed Small For Gestational Age Vs Appropriate For Gestational Age Infants In Pakistan" RSS

23:53 EDT 24th May 2018 | BioPortfolio

Longitudinal Zinc Intakes And Exchangeable Zinc Pool Sizes In Breastfed Small For Gestational Age Vs Appropriate For Gestational Age Infants In Pakistan PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Longitudinal Zinc Intakes And Exchangeable Zinc Pool Sizes In Breastfed Small For Gestational Age Vs Appropriate For Gestational Age Infants In Pakistan articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Longitudinal Zinc Intakes Exchangeable Zinc Pool Sizes Breastfed" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 4,000+

Assessment of Validity and Reproducibility of the Zinc-Specific Dietary Intake Questionnaire Conducted for Young Polish Female Respondents.

One of the brief methods enabling the assessment of the zinc intake and identification of individuals characterized by insufficient zinc intake, is zinc-specific food frequency questionnaire. The aim of the study was to assess the validity and reproducibility of the elaborated zinc-specific food frequency questionnaire ZINC-FFQ (Zinc INtake Calculation-Food Frequency Questionnaire) in a group of young Polish female respondents. The validity was assessed in comparison with 3-day dietary records, while reprod...


Towards speciation of organically bound tritium and deuterium: Quantification of non-exchangeable forms in carbohydrate molecules.

An original methodology to quantitatively explore exchangeability of hydrogen isotopes in carbohydrate molecules is proposed. To access the speciation of organically bound hydrogen isotopes, isotopic exchanges were carried out under a soft path regime in the vapor phase at 20 °C with set (D,T/H) vapor pressure ratios. When steady states were reached, the fraction of exchangeable hydrogen of microcrystalline cellulose, alpha-cellulose and wheat grains were obtained and ranged from 13 to 31% (versus a theo...

Food and Nutrient Intake and Nutrient Sources in 1-Year-Old Infants in Finland: A Cross-Sectional Analysis.

The infant diet has short- and long-term health consequences. Updated data regarding the dietary intake of Finnish infants are lacking. The objectives of this study were to describe infant food and nutrient intake and to identify food sources of the nutrients. Altogether, 739 healthy infants were studied. Dietary intake and breastfeeding frequency were assessed with a three-day food record at 1 year of age. Dietary intake was calculated separately for non-breastfed and breastfed infants. One-third (36%) of ...


Whole grain intakes in Irish adults: findings from the National Adults Nutrition Survey (NANS).

Observational studies link high whole grain intakes to reduced risk of many chronic diseases. This study quantified whole grain intakes in the Irish adult population and examined the major contributing sources. It also investigated potential dietary strategies to improve whole grain intakes.

Exchangeable Zinc Pool Size at Birth in Pakistani SGA and AGA Infants Do Not Differ but are Lower than in US Infants.

Small for gestational age (SGA) infants are more susceptible to infectious morbidity and growth faltering compared to their appropriate for gestational age (AGA) counterparts. Zinc supplementation of SGA infants may be beneficial but the underlying susceptibility to zinc deficiency of SGA infants has not been examined.

Environmental controls of C, N and P biogeochemistry in peatland pools.

Pools are common in northern peatlands but studies have seldom focused on their nutrient biogeochemistry, especially in relation to their morphological characteristics and through seasons. We determined the environmental characteristics controlling carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) biogeochemistry in pools and assessed their evolution over the course of the 2016 growing season in a subboreal ombrotrophic peatland of eastern Canada. We showed that water chemistry variations in 62 pools were signifi...

Vitamin D Status and Intakes and Their Association with Cognitive Trajectory in A Longitudinal Study of Urban Adults.

Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], dietary and supplemental vitamin D may influence cognitive outcomes.

Both Mother and Infant Require a Vitamin D Supplement to Ensure That Infants' Vitamin D Status Meets Current Guidelines.

We examined the association between maternal vitamin D intake during breastfeeding with their infants' vitamin D status in infants who did or did not receive vitamin D supplements to determine whether infant supplementation was sufficient. Using plasma from a subset of breastfed infants in the APrON (Alberta Pregnant Outcomes and Nutrition) cohort, vitamin D status was measured by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Maternal and infants' dietary data were obtained from APrON's dietary questionna...

Lack of Effect of Graded Doses of Vitamin D on Bone Metabolism of Breastfed Infants.

A range of doses of supplemental vitamin D has been shown to be effective in preventing rickets in breastfed infants, but the effect of different doses of vitamin D on bone metabolism and mineral content has not been delineated.

Early introduction of complementary foods and childhood overweight in breastfed and formula-fed infants in the Netherlands: the PIAMA birth cohort study.

To investigate whether early introduction of complementary foods (CF) is associated with an increased risk of overweight during childhood, and whether this association differs between formula-fed and breastfed infants.

Sources of Added Sugars in Young Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Low and High Intakes of Added Sugars.

High intake of added sugars is associated with excess energy intake and poorer diet quality. The objective of this cross-sectional study (n = 16,806) was to estimate usual intakes and the primary food sources of added sugars across the range of intakes (i.e., deciles) among U.S. children (2-8 years), adolescents and teens (9-18 years), and adults (≥19 years) using the National Health and Nutrition Examination (NHANES) data from 2009-2012. The percent energy contributed by added sugars was 14.3 ± 0.2% (2-...

A probabilistic intake model to estimate the impact of reformulation by the food industry among Irish consumers.

This project quantified the impact that voluntary reformulation efforts of the food industry had on the Irish population's nutrient intake. Nutrient composition data on reformulated products were collected from 14 major food companies for two years, 2005 and 2012. Probabilistic intake assessments were performed using the Irish national food consumption surveys as dietary intake data. The nutrient data were weighted by market shares replacing existing food composition data for these products. The reformulati...

PHOTOLUMINESCENCE, THERMOLUMINESCENCE AND OPTICALLY STIMULATED LUMINESCENCE STUDIES IN ZINC-BASED FLUOROPERVOSKITES.

The optically stimulated luminescence, thermoluminescence and photoluminescence in various Cu and Ag doped zinc based fluoropervoskites are studied. In all the samples, photoluminescence of Cu+ and Ag+ is observed which could be attributed to 3d94 s1←→3d10 and 4d95 s1←→5d10 transitions, respectively. The observed emission is double humped and the main emission band shifts to the lower wavelength side with increasing ionic size of the alkali ion. All the studied fluoropervoskites show reasonable OSL ...

Femtosecond laser direct writing of ion exchangeable multifunctional microstructures.

We report on the fabrication of ion exchangeable microstructures by femtosecond laser direct writing of an ion exchange photopolymer, poly(2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid) (PAMPS). The resultant microstructures are negatively charged in aqueous solution, and can adsorb positively charged species, such as metal ions, nanoparticles, and proteins by electrostatic interaction, forming functional components for chip functionalization. In addition, it is possible to modify the microstructures with po...

Higher cation exchange capacity determined lower critical soil pH and higher Al concentration for soybean.

Low soil pH and aluminum (Al) toxicity induced by soil acidification are the main obstacles in many regions of the world for crop production. The purpose of this study was to reveal the mechanisms on how the properties of the soils derived from different parent materials play role on the determination of critical soil pH and Al concentration for soybean crops. A set of soybean pot experiment was executed in greenhouse with a soil pH gradient as treatment for each of four soils to fulfill the objectives of t...

Sensitivity-enhanced detection of non-labile proton and carbon NMR spectra on water resonances.

Chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) experiments enhance the NMR signals of labile protons by continuously transferring these protons' saturation to an abundant solvent pool like water. The present study expands these principles by fusing into these experiments homonuclear isotropic mixing sequences, enabling the water-enhanced detection of non-exchangeable species. Further opportunities are opened by the addition of coupling-mediated heteronuclear polarization transfers, which then impose on the wa...

Comparison of self-reported dietary intakes from the Automated Self-Administered 24-h recall, 4-d food records, and food-frequency questionnaires against recovery biomarkers.

A limited number of studies have evaluated self-reported dietary intakes against objective recovery biomarkers.

Association of total zinc, iron, copper and selenium intakes with depression in the US adults.

The aim of present study was to examine the associations of total zinc, iron, copper and selenium intakes from diet and supplements with depression.

Associations of Calcium and Dairy Products with All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality in the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Prospective Cohort Study.

Associations of calcium and dairy product intakes with cardiovascular disease risk and cancer mortality are controversial. We investigated associations of calcium and dairy product intakes with mortality in the prospective REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke study (n = 30,239). Of 2,966 total deaths, 32.3% were from CVD and 28.8% from cancer. For those in the upper relative to the lowest quintile of intakes, from Cox proportional hazards regression models, the multivariable-adjusted haza...

Discovery of potential Zika virus RNA polymerase inhibitors by docking-based virtual screening.

Zika virus (ZIKV) infection has been associated with Guillain-Barre syndrome in adults and microcephaly in infants. The existence of insufficient structural data in most of the protein databases hinders the synthesis of anti-ZIKV pharmaceutics. In this work, we attempted to model the catalytic domain of the ZIKV RNA polymerase (RdRpC) along with a detailed assessment of conserved aspartates in ZIKV RdRpC palm domain as potential drug targets. The conserved and catalytically active aspartate residues present...

Associations between copper and zinc intakes from diet and mortality from cardiovascular disease in a large population-based prospective cohort study.

Several studies have related cardiovascular disease (CVD) to serum concentrations of copper and zinc but not to their dietary intakes. We thought to examine the association between dietary intakes of copper and zinc with risk of mortality from CVD in a prospective study encompassing 58,646 healthy Japanese men and women aged 40-79 years. The intakes of copper and zinc were determined by a validated self-administered food frequency questionnaire, and their associations with risk of mortality from CVD were ev...

How Hedstrom files fail during clinical use? A retrieval study based on SEM, optical microscopy and micro-XCT analysis.

This study was conducted to evaluate the failure mechanism of clinically failed Hedstrom (H)-files. Discarded H-files (n=160) from #8 to #40 ISO sizes were collected from different dental clinics. Retrieved files were classified according to their macroscopic appearance and they were investigated under scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray micro-computed tomography (mXCT). Then the files were embedded in resin along their longitudinal axis and after metallographic grinding and polishing, studied unde...

Effects of litter feeders on the transfer of Cs to plants.

The effects of the Japanese horned beetle larvae on the transfer of Cs from a contaminated leaf litter to the leaf vegetable, komatsuna (Brassica rapa var. perviridis) was studied. Feces of the larvae which were fed Cs-contaminated leaf litter were added to a potting mix in which komatsuna plants were cultivated. The presence of feces increased the harvest yield of komatsuna, suggesting that feces provided nutrients for the plant growth. In addition, the amount of exchangeable Cs in leaf litter was experime...

Identification of novel nt-MGAM inhibitors for potential treatment of type 2 diabetes: Virtual screening, atom based 3D-QSAR model, docking analysis and ADME study.

In this study, a virtual screening procedure was applied to identify new potential nt-MGAM inhibitors as a possible medication for type 2 diabetes. To this aim, a series of salacinol analogues were first investigated by docking analysis for their binding to the X-ray structure of the biological target nt-MGAM. Key interactions for ligand binding into the receptor active site were identified which shared common features to those found for other known inhibitors, which strengthen the results of this study. 3D...

Identification of cisapride as new inhibitor of putrescine uptake in Trypanosoma cruzi by combined ligand- and structure-based virtual screening.

Nowadays, the pharmacological therapy for the treatment of Chagas disease is based on two old drugs, benznidazole and nifurtimox, which have restricted efficacy against the chronic phase of the illness. To overcome the lack of efficacy of the traditional drugs (and their considerable toxicity), new molecular targets have been studied as starting points to the discovery of new antichagasic compounds. Among them, polyamine transporter TcPAT12 (also known as TcPOT1.1) represents an interesting macromolecule, s...


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