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PubMed Journals Articles About "Longitudinal Zinc Intakes And Exchangeable Zinc Pool Sizes In Breastfed Small For Gestational Age Vs Appropriate For Gestational Age Infants In Pakistan" RSS

21:27 EDT 21st August 2018 | BioPortfolio

Longitudinal Zinc Intakes And Exchangeable Zinc Pool Sizes In Breastfed Small For Gestational Age Vs Appropriate For Gestational Age Infants In Pakistan PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Longitudinal Zinc Intakes And Exchangeable Zinc Pool Sizes In Breastfed Small For Gestational Age Vs Appropriate For Gestational Age Infants In Pakistan articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Longitudinal Zinc Intakes Exchangeable Zinc Pool Sizes Breastfed" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 4,000+

Assessment of Validity and Reproducibility of the Zinc-Specific Dietary Intake Questionnaire Conducted for Young Polish Female Respondents.

One of the brief methods enabling the assessment of the zinc intake and identification of individuals characterized by insufficient zinc intake, is zinc-specific food frequency questionnaire. The aim of the study was to assess the validity and reproducibility of the elaborated zinc-specific food frequency questionnaire ZINC-FFQ (Zinc INtake Calculation-Food Frequency Questionnaire) in a group of young Polish female respondents. The validity was assessed in comparison with 3-day dietary records, while reprod...


Induced ovule-to-flower switch by interfering with SlIMA activity in tomato.

The INHIBITOR OF MERISTEM ACTIVITY in tomato (SlIMA) and MINI ZINC FINGER 2 in Arabidopsis (AtMIF2), two members of the MINI ZINC FINGER family (MIF), are involved in the regulation of flower and ovule development. MIF proteins possess a unique non-canonical zinc-finger domain that confers the capacity to interact with other protein partners. The characterization of SlIMA and AtMIF2 gain- and loss-of-function transgenic lines in Solanum lycopersicum and Arabidopsis thaliana respectively, allowed the demonst...

Ternary Zn(II) Complexes of FluoZin-3 and the Low Molecular Weight Component of the Exchangeable Cellular Zinc Pool.

Knowledge of the nature of exchangeable (labile) intracellular Zn(II) is increasingly important for biomedical research. The detection and quantitative determination of Zn(II) ions is usually performed by using Zn(II)-specific fluorescent sensors, among which 2-[2-[2-[2-[bis(carboxylatomethyl)amino]-5-methoxyphenoxy]ethoxy]-4-(2,7-difluoro-3-oxido-6-oxo-4a,9a-dihydroxanthen-9-yl)anilino]acetate (FluoZin-3) has been used most widely. Selectivity of this sensor for Zn(II) over other divalent cations was demon...


Whole grain intakes in Irish adults: findings from the National Adults Nutrition Survey (NANS).

Observational studies link high whole grain intakes to reduced risk of many chronic diseases. This study quantified whole grain intakes in the Irish adult population and examined the major contributing sources. It also investigated potential dietary strategies to improve whole grain intakes.

Description of Child and Adolescent Beverage and Anthropometric Measures According to Adolescent Beverage Patterns.

Our objective is to retrospectively describe longitudinal beverage intakes and anthropometric measures according to adolescent beverage patterns. Data were collected from Iowa Fluoride Study participants ( = 369) using beverage questionnaires at ages 2⁻17 years. Weight and height were measured at ages 5, 9, 13 and 17 years. Cluster analyses were used to identify age 13- to 17-year beverage patterns. Treating age and beverage cluster as explanatory factors, sex-specific generalized linear mixed models were...

Feasibility of an estimated method using graduated utensils to estimate food portion size in infants aged 4 to 18 months.

The Diet and Nutrition Survey of Infants and Young Children (DNSIYC) was carried out in 2011 to assess the nutrient intakes of 4 to 18 month old infants in the UK. Prior to the main stage of DNSIYC, pilot work was undertaken to determine the impact of using graduated utensils to estimate portion sizes. The aims were to assess whether the provision of graduated utensils altered either the foods given to infants or the amount consumed by comparing estimated intakes to weighed intakes. Parents completed two 4-...

Environmental controls of C, N and P biogeochemistry in peatland pools.

Pools are common in northern peatlands but studies have seldom focused on their nutrient biogeochemistry, especially in relation to their morphological characteristics and through seasons. We determined the environmental characteristics controlling carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) biogeochemistry in pools and assessed their evolution over the course of the 2016 growing season in a subboreal ombrotrophic peatland of eastern Canada. We showed that water chemistry variations in 62 pools were signifi...

Mitigating the Psychological Harm from Actinide Intakes.

Investigations into possible actinide intakes, as well as the intakes themselves, may result in significant psychological harm that should be mitigated by the internal dosimetrist. Many aspects of this psychological impact are unique to actinide intakes and have not been discussed in the literature. This paper discusses some of these unique considerations and describes how the Internal Dosimetry Team at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has, with input and guidance from LANL psychologists, tried to addr...

Vitamin D Status and Intakes and Their Association with Cognitive Trajectory in A Longitudinal Study of Urban Adults.

Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], dietary and supplemental vitamin D may influence cognitive outcomes.

Both Mother and Infant Require a Vitamin D Supplement to Ensure That Infants' Vitamin D Status Meets Current Guidelines.

We examined the association between maternal vitamin D intake during breastfeeding with their infants' vitamin D status in infants who did or did not receive vitamin D supplements to determine whether infant supplementation was sufficient. Using plasma from a subset of breastfed infants in the APrON (Alberta Pregnant Outcomes and Nutrition) cohort, vitamin D status was measured by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Maternal and infants' dietary data were obtained from APrON's dietary questionna...

Early introduction of complementary foods and childhood overweight in breastfed and formula-fed infants in the Netherlands: the PIAMA birth cohort study.

To investigate whether early introduction of complementary foods (CF) is associated with an increased risk of overweight during childhood, and whether this association differs between formula-fed and breastfed infants.

Intensity and frequency of nitrogen addition alter soil chemical properties depending on mowing management in a temperate steppe.

Anthropogenic nitrogen (N) enrichment can significantly alter soil chemical properties in various ecosystems. Previous manipulative N experiments mainly focused on the intensity of N addition on soil properties by changing N input rates. It remains unclear, however, whether frequency of N addition can affect soil chemical properties. We examined the effects of frequency (2 versus 12 applications yr) and rate (ranging from 0 to 50 g N m yr) of N addition on soil chemical properties of pH, base cations, s...

Sources of Added Sugars in Young Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Low and High Intakes of Added Sugars.

High intake of added sugars is associated with excess energy intake and poorer diet quality. The objective of this cross-sectional study (n = 16,806) was to estimate usual intakes and the primary food sources of added sugars across the range of intakes (i.e., deciles) among U.S. children (2-8 years), adolescents and teens (9-18 years), and adults (≥19 years) using the National Health and Nutrition Examination (NHANES) data from 2009-2012. The percent energy contributed by added sugars was 14.3 ± 0.2% (2-...

Higher Longitudinal Milk Intakes Are Associated with Increased Height in a Birth Cohort Followed for 17 Years.

Height is an indicator of nutritional status; linear growth faltering has recognized consequences for cognitive, emotional, and chronic disease risk. Although height is routinely studied in developing countries, less attention is given to height in the United States.

A probabilistic intake model to estimate the impact of reformulation by the food industry among Irish consumers.

This project quantified the impact that voluntary reformulation efforts of the food industry had on the Irish population's nutrient intake. Nutrient composition data on reformulated products were collected from 14 major food companies for two years, 2005 and 2012. Probabilistic intake assessments were performed using the Irish national food consumption surveys as dietary intake data. The nutrient data were weighted by market shares replacing existing food composition data for these products. The reformulati...

Studies of particle size distribution of Non-Exchangeable Organically Bound Tritium activities in the soil around Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant.

The NE-OBT (Non-Exchangeable Organically Bound Tritium) in the soil plays a significant role in tritium migration and transformation. In order to further understand the NE-OBT activity in the soil, the particle size, vertical profile and spatial distribution of the NE-OBT activities in the soil were determined around the Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) in China. The experimental results indicated that the NE-OBT preferred to concentrate in the soil particle sizes of 53-250 μm within the soil depth of 5...

Identification of COX-2 inhibitors via structure-based virtual screening and molecular dynamics simulation.

In an attempt to identify potential COX-2 inhibitors, a multi-step virtual screening strategy was performed on a series of compounds. For this purpose, ZINC database was screened on the basis of 50% structural similarity with celecoxib and indomethacin as the representative of COX-2 and COX-1/COX-2 inhibitors, respectively. Selected molecules were subjected to various filters such as Lipinski's rule of five and also several ADME parameters. Toxicity risk of molecules was approximated via in silico methods. ...

Comparison of self-reported dietary intakes from the Automated Self-Administered 24-h recall, 4-d food records, and food-frequency questionnaires against recovery biomarkers.

A limited number of studies have evaluated self-reported dietary intakes against objective recovery biomarkers.

Femtosecond laser direct writing of ion exchangeable multifunctional microstructures.

We report on the fabrication of ion exchangeable microstructures by femtosecond laser direct writing of an ion exchange photopolymer, poly(2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid) (PAMPS). The resultant microstructures are negatively charged in aqueous solution, and can adsorb positively charged species, such as metal ions, nanoparticles, and proteins by electrostatic interaction, forming functional components for chip functionalization. In addition, it is possible to modify the microstructures with po...

How Hedstrom files fail during clinical use? A retrieval study based on SEM, optical microscopy and micro-XCT analysis.

This study was conducted to evaluate the failure mechanism of clinically failed Hedstrom (H)-files. Discarded H-files (n=160) from #8 to #40 ISO sizes were collected from different dental clinics. Retrieved files were classified according to their macroscopic appearance and they were investigated under scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray micro-computed tomography (mXCT). Then the files were embedded in resin along their longitudinal axis and after metallographic grinding and polishing, studied unde...

Associations between copper and zinc intakes from diet and mortality from cardiovascular disease in a large population-based prospective cohort study.

Several studies have related cardiovascular disease (CVD) to serum concentrations of copper and zinc but not to their dietary intakes. We thought to examine the association between dietary intakes of copper and zinc with risk of mortality from CVD in a prospective study encompassing 58,646 healthy Japanese men and women aged 40-79 years. The intakes of copper and zinc were determined by a validated self-administered food frequency questionnaire, and their associations with risk of mortality from CVD were ev...

Identification of cisapride as new inhibitor of putrescine uptake in Trypanosoma cruzi by combined ligand- and structure-based virtual screening.

Nowadays, the pharmacological therapy for the treatment of Chagas disease is based on two old drugs, benznidazole and nifurtimox, which have restricted efficacy against the chronic phase of the illness. To overcome the lack of efficacy of the traditional drugs (and their considerable toxicity), new molecular targets have been studied as starting points to the discovery of new antichagasic compounds. Among them, polyamine transporter TcPAT12 (also known as TcPOT1.1) represents an interesting macromolecule, s...

Predictors for misreporting sodium and potassium intakes by overweight and obese participants in a food-based clinical trial: implications for practice.

This study compared self-reported sodium and potassium intakes with urinary biomarkers and identified predictive factors. Secondary analysis of the 3-month intensive phase of the HealthTrack study with control (C), interdisciplinary intervention (I), intervention plus 30 g walnuts/day (IW) arms (n = 149). Dietary data was derived from diet history (DH) interviews and biomarker measures from urine. Urine-derived sodium (all, p = 0.000) and potassium (C: p = 0.011; I: p = 0.000; IW: p = ...

Identification of small-molecule ligands that bind to MiR-21 as potential therapeutics for endometriosis by screening ZINC database and in-vitro assays.

MicroRNA-21 (miR-21) is an important regulator of cell signaling pathways involved in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. Here, we attempted to discover new ligands of miR-21 pre-element by carrying out stepwise high-throughput virtual screening against a chemical library consisting of over 4 million lead-like compounds. In the procedure, a synthetic strategy that integrated empirical exclusion, molecular docking, druglikeness evaluation, consensus scoring and manual culling was employed to computationally i...

Breastfeeding, Breast Milk Composition, and Growth Outcomes.

Breastfed infants have a growth pattern that is different from formula-fed infants, which is regarded as the optimal growth pattern. Breastfed infants increase more in weight, length, and BMI during the first 2-3 months of life and then have a slower growth velocity up to 12 months. They also have a higher accumulation of fat during early infancy. Breastfed infants have lower levels of circulating IGF-I and insulin, which could be part of the explanation of their growth pattern. Many studies and meta-analys...


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