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PubMed Journals Articles About "Longitudinal Zinc Intakes And Exchangeable Zinc Pool Sizes In Breastfed Small For Gestational Age Vs Appropriate For Gestational Age Infants In Pakistan" RSS

19:28 EST 21st January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Longitudinal Zinc Intakes And Exchangeable Zinc Pool Sizes In Breastfed Small For Gestational Age Vs Appropriate For Gestational Age Infants In Pakistan PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Longitudinal Zinc Intakes And Exchangeable Zinc Pool Sizes In Breastfed Small For Gestational Age Vs Appropriate For Gestational Age Infants In Pakistan articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Longitudinal Zinc Intakes Exchangeable Zinc Pool Sizes Breastfed" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 4,000+

Ternary Zn(II) Complexes of FluoZin-3 and the Low Molecular Weight Component of the Exchangeable Cellular Zinc Pool.

Knowledge of the nature of exchangeable (labile) intracellular Zn(II) is increasingly important for biomedical research. The detection and quantitative determination of Zn(II) ions is usually performed by using Zn(II)-specific fluorescent sensors, among which 2-[2-[2-[2-[bis(carboxylatomethyl)amino]-5-methoxyphenoxy]ethoxy]-4-(2,7-difluoro-3-oxido-6-oxo-4a,9a-dihydroxanthen-9-yl)anilino]acetate (FluoZin-3) has been used most widely. Selectivity of this sensor for Zn(II) over other divalent cations was demon...


Induced ovule-to-flower switch by interfering with SlIMA activity in tomato.

The INHIBITOR OF MERISTEM ACTIVITY in tomato (SlIMA) and MINI ZINC FINGER 2 in Arabidopsis (AtMIF2), two members of the MINI ZINC FINGER family (MIF), are involved in the regulation of flower and ovule development. MIF proteins possess a unique non-canonical zinc-finger domain that confers the capacity to interact with other protein partners. The characterization of SlIMA and AtMIF2 gain- and loss-of-function transgenic lines in Solanum lycopersicum and Arabidopsis thaliana respectively, allowed the demonst...

Identification and validation of l-asparaginase as a potential metabolic target against Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) has emerged as a major health challenge, necessitating the search for new molecular targets. A secretory amidohydrolase, l-asparaginase of Mtb (MtA), originally implicated in nitrogen assimilation and neutralization of acidic microenvironment inside human alveolar macrophages, has been proposed as a crucial metabolic enzyme. To investigate whether this enzyme could serve as a potential drug target, it was studied for structural details and active site-spe...


Pacifier use modifies the association between breastfeeding and malocclusion: a cross-sectional study.

This study aimed to evaluate the influence of breastfeeding and pacifier use on the occlusal status of preschool children. A cross-sectional study was conducted with children (n = 489) aged 2-5 years in private and public schools in Pelotas, South Brazil. Mothers answered a questionnaire on demographic, socioeconomic and behavioral variables, including breastfeeding and non-nutritive sucking habits. Malocclusion was classified as normal/mild and moderate/severe, according to WHO criteria. The association be...

Description of Child and Adolescent Beverage and Anthropometric Measures According to Adolescent Beverage Patterns.

Our objective is to retrospectively describe longitudinal beverage intakes and anthropometric measures according to adolescent beverage patterns. Data were collected from Iowa Fluoride Study participants ( = 369) using beverage questionnaires at ages 2⁻17 years. Weight and height were measured at ages 5, 9, 13 and 17 years. Cluster analyses were used to identify age 13- to 17-year beverage patterns. Treating age and beverage cluster as explanatory factors, sex-specific generalized linear mixed models were...

Partially hydrolyzed formula in non-exclusively breastfed infants: A systematic review and expert consensus.

Guidance and evidence supporting routine use of partially hydrolyzed formula (pHF) versus intact cows' milk protein (CMP) formula are limited in non-exclusively breastfed infants. The aim of this review was to better clarify issues of routine use of pHF in non-exclusively breastfed infants who are not at risk for allergic disease by using a systematic review and Delphi Panel consensus.

Does breastfeeding prevent metabolic disease, or does metabolic disease prevent breastfeeding?

In this issue, Velle-Forbord et al test the hypothesis that breastfeeding does not improve maternal health per se, but rather, longer breastfeeding is a marker of better maternal health before pregnancy. The authors leverage the HUNT longitudinal cohort study, a registry in Nord-Trøndelag county, Norway, a country where there is broad institutional support for breastfeeding, including free prenatal care, free breastfeeding counseling, and one year of paid maternity leave. Breastfeeding rates are high: In ...

Assessing dietary intakes from household budget surveys: A national analysis in Bangladesh.

Accurate national information on dietary intakes, including heterogeneity among individuals, is critical to inform health implications and policy priorities. In low- and middle-income countries, household expenditure surveys constitute the major source of food data, but with uncertain validity for individual-level intakes.

Mitigating the Psychological Harm from Actinide Intakes.

Investigations into possible actinide intakes, as well as the intakes themselves, may result in significant psychological harm that should be mitigated by the internal dosimetrist. Many aspects of this psychological impact are unique to actinide intakes and have not been discussed in the literature. This paper discusses some of these unique considerations and describes how the Internal Dosimetry Team at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has, with input and guidance from LANL psychologists, tried to addr...

The relationship between early pregnancy dietary intakes and subsequent birthweight and neonatal adiposity.

Maternal nutrition intakes may influence neonatal birthweight and adiposity; however, inconsistencies within the literature exist. The relationships between maternal dietary intakes in early pregnancy and both birthweight and neonatal adiposity requires elucidation. This study examined the relationship between early pregnancy dietary intakes and subsequent birthweight and neonatal adiposity.

The relationship between early pregnancy dietary intakes and subsequent birthweight and neonatal adiposity.

Maternal nutrition intakes may influence neonatal birthweight and adiposity; however, inconsistencies within the literature exist. The relationships between maternal dietary intakes in early pregnancy and both birthweight and neonatal adiposity requires elucidation. This study examined the relationship between early pregnancy dietary intakes and subsequent birthweight and neonatal adiposity.

Intensity and frequency of nitrogen addition alter soil chemical properties depending on mowing management in a temperate steppe.

Anthropogenic nitrogen (N) enrichment can significantly alter soil chemical properties in various ecosystems. Previous manipulative N experiments mainly focused on the intensity of N addition on soil properties by changing N input rates. It remains unclear, however, whether frequency of N addition can affect soil chemical properties. We examined the effects of frequency (2 versus 12 applications yr) and rate (ranging from 0 to 50 g N m yr) of N addition on soil chemical properties of pH, base cations, s...

Novel natural non-nucleoside inhibitors of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase identified by shape- and structure-based virtual screening techniques.

In this work we report a parallel application of both docking- and shape-based virtual screening (VS) methods, followed by Molecular Dynamics simulations (MDs), for discovering new compounds able to inhibit the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase (RT) RNA-dependent DNA polymerase activity. Specifically, we screened more than 143000 natural compounds commercially available in the ZINC database against the best five RT crystallographic models, taking into account the five approve...

Higher Longitudinal Milk Intakes Are Associated with Increased Height in a Birth Cohort Followed for 17 Years.

Height is an indicator of nutritional status; linear growth faltering has recognized consequences for cognitive, emotional, and chronic disease risk. Although height is routinely studied in developing countries, less attention is given to height in the United States.

Maternal feeding practices in relation to dietary intakes and BMI in 5 year-olds in a multi-ethnic Asian population.

In Asia, little is known about how maternal feeding practices are associated with dietary intakes and body mass index (BMI) in preschoolers.

Studies of particle size distribution of Non-Exchangeable Organically Bound Tritium activities in the soil around Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant.

The NE-OBT (Non-Exchangeable Organically Bound Tritium) in the soil plays a significant role in tritium migration and transformation. In order to further understand the NE-OBT activity in the soil, the particle size, vertical profile and spatial distribution of the NE-OBT activities in the soil were determined around the Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) in China. The experimental results indicated that the NE-OBT preferred to concentrate in the soil particle sizes of 53-250 μm within the soil depth of 5...

Predictors for misreporting sodium and potassium intakes by overweight and obese participants in a food-based clinical trial: implications for practice.

This study compared self-reported sodium and potassium intakes with urinary biomarkers and identified predictive factors. Secondary analysis of the 3-month intensive phase of the HealthTrack study with control (C), interdisciplinary intervention (I), intervention plus 30 g walnuts/day (IW) arms (n = 149). Dietary data was derived from diet history (DH) interviews and biomarker measures from urine. Urine-derived sodium (all, p = 0.000) and potassium (C: p = 0.011; I: p = 0.000; IW: p = ...

Identification of COX-2 inhibitors via structure-based virtual screening and molecular dynamics simulation.

In an attempt to identify potential COX-2 inhibitors, a multi-step virtual screening strategy was performed on a series of compounds. For this purpose, ZINC database was screened on the basis of 50% structural similarity with celecoxib and indomethacin as the representative of COX-2 and COX-1/COX-2 inhibitors, respectively. Selected molecules were subjected to various filters such as Lipinski's rule of five and also several ADME parameters. Toxicity risk of molecules was approximated via in silico methods. ...

Development of an Item Pool for a Needs-Based Measure of Quality of Life of Carers of a Family Member with Dementia.

This paper describes the development of an item pool for a needs-based self-report outcome measure of the impact of caring for a relative, friend or neighbour with dementia on carer quality of life. The aims are to give a detailed account of the steps involved and describe the resulting item pool.

Breastfeeding, Breast Milk Composition, and Growth Outcomes.

Breastfed infants have a growth pattern that is different from formula-fed infants, which is regarded as the optimal growth pattern. Breastfed infants increase more in weight, length, and BMI during the first 2-3 months of life and then have a slower growth velocity up to 12 months. They also have a higher accumulation of fat during early infancy. Breastfed infants have lower levels of circulating IGF-I and insulin, which could be part of the explanation of their growth pattern. Many studies and meta-analys...

Investigating the effects of design and management factors on DBPs levels in indoor aquatic centres.

Disinfection by-products (DBPs) in indoor swimming pool water and air have long been a critical human health risk concern. This study investigated the effects of several indoor swimming pool design and management factors (e.g. ventilation, water treatment, pool operations, pool type) on the concentrations of DBPs, such as trihalomethanes (THMs) and chloramines, in pool water and air. Two sampling campaigns, A and B, were carried out to measure the concentrations of DBPs under different conditions. In both c...

Oxidation of the plastoquinone pool in chloroplast thylakoid membranes by superoxide anion radicals.

The plastoquinone (PQ)-pool in chloroplast thylakoid membranes is a key electron carrier in the photosynthetic electron transport chain (PETC), and its redox state plays an essential role in the control of plant metabolism. Oxygen reduction in thylakoid membranes produces superoxide anion radicals (O ) which may react with the PQ-pool. Here, using isolated thylakoids, we show for the first time the oxidation of the PQ-pool by O . The xanthine-xanthine oxidase system was used to supply O externally to the ...

Phosphorus retention in corn, spray dried plasma protein, soybean meal, meat and bone meal, and canola meal using a precision-fed rooster assay.

Four experiments were conducted to evaluate the precision-fed rooster assay for determining excreta phosphorus retention values for 5 feed ingredients in which roosters were precision-fed the ingredients and excreta were collected quantitatively for 48 h. The first rooster assay determined the effects of increasing P intakes on excreta P retention values for corn. This assay involved feeding either 20 g of corn or 20 g of corn supplemented with increasing amounts of KH2PO4 to provide total P intakes of 5...

Phosphorus retention in corn, spray dried plasma protein, soybean meal, meat and bone meal, and canola meal using a precision-fed rooster assay.

Four experiments were conducted to evaluate the precision-fed rooster assay for determining excreta phosphorus retention values for 5 feed ingredients in which roosters were precision-fed the ingredients and excreta were collected quantitatively for 48 h. The first rooster assay determined the effects of increasing P intakes on excreta P retention values for corn. This assay involved feeding either 20 g of corn or 20 g of corn supplemented with increasing amounts of KH2PO4 to provide total P intakes of 5...

Learning from Women with a Body Mass Index (Bmi) ≥ 30 kg/m who have Breastfed and/or are Breastfeeding: a Qualitative Interview Study.

Objectives Women with a BMI ≥ 30 kg/m are less likely to initiate and maintain breastfeeding compared to women with a BMI ≤ 30 kg/m. Reasons for this disparity are not understood. Therefore, this qualitative interview study aimed to learn from women with a BMI ≥ 30 kg/m who have breastfed. Methods Eighteen women participated in a semi-structured telephone interview. Participants were required to have had a BMI ≥ 30 kg/m at the start of their pregnancy, and have breastfed and/or b...


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