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Low Dose Peginterferon-α 2a For Chronic Hepatitis C, Genotypes 2 Or 3, In HIV-coinfected Patients PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Low Dose Peginterferon-α 2a For Chronic Hepatitis C, Genotypes 2 Or 3, In HIV-coinfected Patients articles that have been published worldwide.
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Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) infection of humans was first reported in 1977, and now it is now estimated that 15-20 million people are infected worldwide. Infection with HDV can be an acute or chronic process that occurs only in patients with an HBV infection. Chronic HDV infection commonly results in the most rapidly progressive form of viral hepatitis; it is the chronic viral infection that is most likely to lead to cirrhosis, and it is associated with an increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma. HDV inf...
It has yet to be firmly established whether host IFNL3 (IL28B) genotype influences interferon responsiveness in patients with chronic hepatitis B. We investigated associations between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IFNL3 region and response to peginterferon alfa-2a in 701 patients enrolled in three large, randomized, international studies.
Approximately one-third of patients have durable responses after finite (48-week) treatment with peginterferon alfa-2a. The ability to identify patients likely to respond would be particularly useful in resource-limited settings.
A large proportion of patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in China do not respond to entecavir (ETV) treatment. It remains unclear whether the Killer immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) genotypes and haplotypes were associated with the advantage of seroconversion in phepatitis B e-Antigen (HBeAg) positive CHB patients treated with ETV.
Given the B helper function of follicular T helper (Tfh) cells and peripheral T helper (Tph) cells, we researched the roles of circulating PD-1CXCR5CD4 T cells and PD-1CXCR5CD4 T cells in the decrease in hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) levels and hepatitis B virus (HBV) clearance in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). In the present study, the frequencies of PD-1CXCR5CD4 T cells and PD-1CXCR5CD4 T cells measured by flow cytometry were significantly higher in patients with CHB than that in healthy c...
There are contradictory data about the influence that hepatitis C virus (HCV) has on immune activation and inflammation in patients coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and HCV.
With an estimated 15 million infected persons in Europe, hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is still one of the leading causes of chronic liver disease and associated mortality. The HBV infection prevalence in the general population depends on the region and ranges from 0.01% in Scandinavia to 10.3% in Kyrgyzstan. The prevalence of the 10 HBV genotypes (A-J) varies among different parts of the world, with genotypes A and D being most prevalent in Europe. Other HBV genotypes are mainly imported into Europe fr...
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotyping is an important part of pre-treatment diagnostic algorithms as it guides the choice of therapeutic regimens. The aim of this study was to analyse the distribution of HCV genotypes in patients with chronic hepatitis C from Croatia in the period 2008-2015.
We aimed to identify HBc amino acid differences between subgroups of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients.
Only a few studies have addressed liver stiffness dynamics after hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment in patients with HIV/HCV coinfection. The aim was to evaluate the variation in liver stiffness and in serum liver fibrosis scores in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients before and after treatment with direct-acting antivirals (DAAs).
The seroclearance of hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen (HBsAg) is regarded as a functional cure of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) although it occurs rarely. Recently, several genome-wide association studies (GWASs) revealed various genetic alterations related to the clinical course of HBV infection. However, all of these studies focused on the progression of HBV infection to chronicity and had limited application because of the heterogeneity of HBV genotypes. In the present study, we aimed to determine sus...
Varicella-zoster virus and hepatitis B virus reactivations have been reported after starting interferon-free direct acting antiviral agent (DAA) combinations. HIV/HCV-coinfected patients could be a high-risk group for the reactivation of latent infections. Because of these, we report the occurrence of severe infections after starting DAA regimens in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients. Individuals included in the HEPAVIR-DAA (NCT02057003) cohort were selected if they had received all-oral DAA combinations. A retros...
According to death certificates, approximately 1800 persons die from hepatitis B annually in the United States (US); however, this figure may underestimate the true mortality from chronic hepatitis B (CHB).
Systemic corticosteroid is used for different medical conditions and may cause hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation.
The improvement in liver histology is an important aim in the management of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Previous studies suggest that antiviral treatment could reduce the progression of hepatic fibrosis, especially in patients with sustained virological response (SVR). However, most studies were limited by short-term evaluations and the liver stiffness was assessed by non-invasive methods. In our study, we performed a paired liver biopsy study aimed at analyzing the long-term histological changes in ...
The epidemiology of acute hepatitis A and E has been changing over the last 2 decades. The impact of concomitant chronic hepatitis B (CHB) on clinical outcomes remains unclear. We aimed to evaluate the morbidity and mortality of patients with acute hepatitis A or E with and without underlying CHB.
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is divided into seven genotypes and 67 subtypes. HCV genotype studies reflect the viral transmission patterns as well as human migration routes. In a clinical setting, HCV genotype is a baseline predictor for the sustained virological response (SVR) in chronic hepatitis C patients treated with peginterferon or some direct acting antivirals (DAAs). The Versant HCV genotype 2.0 assay has been globally used for HCV genotyping over a decade. Areas covered: The assay is based on reverse h...
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3 resistance-associated substitutions (RASs) reduce HCV susceptibility to protease inhibitors. Little is known about NS3 RASs in viral isolates from the liver of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients infected with HCV genotype-1a (G1a).
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) has traditionally been associated with an acute, self-limiting hepatitis and is not known to have any chronic sequelae. HEV genotype 1 and 2, which are human pathogens, have been associated with this self-limiting presentation, in both sporadic and epidemic settings. HEV genotype 3, which is zoonotically transmitted, is increasingly being reported as a cause of chronic infection in immunocompromised patients. These include patients with solid organ transplants, patients receiving che...
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) are both worldwide health concerns with similar routes of transmission and no curative treatment to date. Coinfection is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. We aim to provide epidemiological data about HIV-HBV coinfected patients and asses if management of patients following European recommendation (EACS) was achieved in a large AIDS Reference Center in Belgium.
Spontaneous viral clearance of the chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients is a rare event. We aimed to identify the clinical, therapeutic, demographic, and laboratory features associated with spontaneous HCV clearance in 16 HIV-infected patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC, the largest case series, to our knowledge).
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is not only an important cause of chronic liver disease, but extrahepatic manifestations are common and include chronic kidney disease (CKD). HCV is classically associated with cryoglobulinemic glomerulonephritis in the context of mixed cryoglobulinemia syndrome, but other glomerular diseases also occur and may be significantly under-recognized. HCV may cause glomerular disease by immune complex deposition; however, other potential mechanisms by which HCV promotes CKD inclu...
Eltrombopag is a thrombopoietic growth factor that is approved for the treatment of thrombocytopenia in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients. We aimed to describe eltrombopag population pharmacokinetics in hepatitis C patients. Bayesian statistical approach will be applied to screen for patients' characteristics associated with eltrombopag pharmacokinetic parameters.
Hepatitis G virus (HGV) infection appears to be common in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of HCV/HGV in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) in Pakistan and to look for possible associations with various clinical and histopathological changes in HCV/HGV coinfection and HCV infection.
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with extrahepatic manifestations such as metabolic abnormalities. The association between chronic hepatitis C (CHC) and uric acid levels has rarely been investigated. We aimed to evaluate the levels of serum uric acid in CHC patients.