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Low Dose Peginterferon-α 2a For Chronic Hepatitis C, Genotypes 2 Or 3, In HIV-coinfected Patients PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Low Dose Peginterferon-α 2a For Chronic Hepatitis C, Genotypes 2 Or 3, In HIV-coinfected Patients articles that have been published worldwide.
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It has yet to be firmly established whether host IFNL3 (IL28B) genotype influences interferon responsiveness in patients with chronic hepatitis B. We investigated associations between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IFNL3 region and response to peginterferon alfa-2a in 701 patients enrolled in three large, randomized, international studies.
Approximately one-third of patients have durable responses after finite (48-week) treatment with peginterferon alfa-2a. The ability to identify patients likely to respond would be particularly useful in resource-limited settings.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between interleukin-21 (IL-21) and interleukin-21 receptor (IL-21R) polymorphisms and the response to peginterferon alfa (PEG-IFN α) therapy in HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients.A total of 143 HBeAg-positive CHB patients treated for 48 weeks with PEG-IFN α and followed up for 24 weeks post-treatment were retrospectively evaluated. Genotypes analysis was performed for IL-21 polymorphisms rs907715, rs2221903, and IL-21R polymorphisms rs3...
A large proportion of patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in China do not respond to entecavir (ETV) treatment. It remains unclear whether the Killer immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) genotypes and haplotypes were associated with the advantage of seroconversion in phepatitis B e-Antigen (HBeAg) positive CHB patients treated with ETV.
Given the B helper function of follicular T helper (Tfh) cells and peripheral T helper (Tph) cells, we researched the roles of circulating PD-1CXCR5CD4 T cells and PD-1CXCR5CD4 T cells in the decrease in hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) levels and hepatitis B virus (HBV) clearance in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). In the present study, the frequencies of PD-1CXCR5CD4 T cells and PD-1CXCR5CD4 T cells measured by flow cytometry were significantly higher in patients with CHB than that in healthy c...
There are contradictory data about the influence that hepatitis C virus (HCV) has on immune activation and inflammation in patients coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and HCV.
With an estimated 15 million infected persons in Europe, hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is still one of the leading causes of chronic liver disease and associated mortality. The HBV infection prevalence in the general population depends on the region and ranges from 0.01% in Scandinavia to 10.3% in Kyrgyzstan. The prevalence of the 10 HBV genotypes (A-J) varies among different parts of the world, with genotypes A and D being most prevalent in Europe. Other HBV genotypes are mainly imported into Europe fr...
Hepatitis D virus (HDV) infection may accompany acute or chronic hepatitis B virus infection. While HDV infection in the United States is thought to be uncommon, there are limited data regarding frequency of testing, and prevalence of HDV antibody and HDV RNA. We evaluated the use of HDV antibody testing using electronic medical record (EMR) data. Among 1007 HBsAg positive patients, only 121 ha d been tested for HDV antibody. Testing was performed primarily by gastroenterologists/hepatologists and limit...
Two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs12979860 (C/T) and rs8099917 (T/G), near the interleukin 28B (IL28B, also known as IFN lambda-3, IFNL3) gene, have a strong association with both spontaneous and treatment-induced hepatitis C virus (HCV) clearance. IL28B polymorphisms have shown a marked differential distribution with regional and ethnic variation. The study aimed to investigate the distribution of IL28B rs12979860 and rs8099917 genotypes in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) in Tianjin, Chi...
Elbasvir-grazoprevir is indicated for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes 1 and 4.
Dual sofosbuvir/daclatasvir (SOF/DCV) therapy is currently recommended by The European Association for Study of Liver (EASL) as an option for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) in adults for all genotypes; however it is still not considered for patients younger than 18 years old. We aimed to test safety and efficacy of SOF/DCV in adolescent patients 12 to 17 years old with chronic HCV, genotype 4 infection.
We aimed to identify HBc amino acid differences between subgroups of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients.
Only a few studies have addressed liver stiffness dynamics after hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment in patients with HIV/HCV coinfection. The aim was to evaluate the variation in liver stiffness and in serum liver fibrosis scores in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients before and after treatment with direct-acting antivirals (DAAs).
HEV infection can lead to chronic hepatitis in immunosuppressed patients; extrahepatic manifestations are rarely seen. Here, we report a 13-year-old renal transplant patient with chronic hepatitis E and renal involvement. Ribavirin therapy led to temporary virus clearance and amelioration of kidney function. However, ribavirin therapy caused severe hyporegenerative anemia, which has so far only been reported in patients treated with a combination of ribavirin and interferon alpha.
The seroclearance of hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen (HBsAg) is regarded as a functional cure of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) although it occurs rarely. Recently, several genome-wide association studies (GWASs) revealed various genetic alterations related to the clinical course of HBV infection. However, all of these studies focused on the progression of HBV infection to chronicity and had limited application because of the heterogeneity of HBV genotypes. In the present study, we aimed to determine sus...
Varicella-zoster virus and hepatitis B virus reactivations have been reported after starting interferon-free direct acting antiviral agent (DAA) combinations. HIV/HCV-coinfected patients could be a high-risk group for the reactivation of latent infections. Because of these, we report the occurrence of severe infections after starting DAA regimens in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients. Individuals included in the HEPAVIR-DAA (NCT02057003) cohort were selected if they had received all-oral DAA combinations. A retros...
According to death certificates, approximately 1800 persons die from hepatitis B annually in the United States (US); however, this figure may underestimate the true mortality from chronic hepatitis B (CHB).
Systemic corticosteroid is used for different medical conditions and may cause hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation.
The epidemiology of acute hepatitis A and E has been changing over the last 2 decades. The impact of concomitant chronic hepatitis B (CHB) on clinical outcomes remains unclear. We aimed to evaluate the morbidity and mortality of patients with acute hepatitis A or E with and without underlying CHB.
Mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC) is found in 40-60% of patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Direct-acting antiviral (DAA) regimens considerably improve clinical outcome of HCV infection with sustained virological response rates (SVR) above 90%. We aimed to evaluate the impact of DAA therapy on cryoglobulin clearance and on MC related symptoms in patients with HCV-associated MC.
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3 resistance-associated substitutions (RASs) reduce HCV susceptibility to protease inhibitors. Little is known about NS3 RASs in viral isolates from the liver of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients infected with HCV genotype-1a (G1a).
Spontaneous viral clearance of the chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients is a rare event. We aimed to identify the clinical, therapeutic, demographic, and laboratory features associated with spontaneous HCV clearance in 16 HIV-infected patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC, the largest case series, to our knowledge).
Serum hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) level has been developed as an important marker to predict treatment outcome recent years. The authors aimed to identify the correlation between quantitative HBsAg and hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA level in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients and explore whether quantitative HBsAg can be used as a surrogate marker of serum HBV DNA for CHB patients. 173 patients were included in this study. Patients were divided into two groups: Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) positive an...
Eltrombopag is a thrombopoietic growth factor that is approved for the treatment of thrombocytopenia in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients. We aimed to describe eltrombopag population pharmacokinetics in hepatitis C patients. Bayesian statistical approach will be applied to screen for patients' characteristics associated with eltrombopag pharmacokinetic parameters.
To assess chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients' knowledge about hepatitis B and their experience of discrimination with regard to study, work, and daily life.