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Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multiorgan autoimmune disease characterized by IgG-autoantibodies to nuclear antigens that can deposit in the kidney and trigger lupus nephritis. Neutrophils accumulate in the kidneys of patients with proliferative LUPUS NEPHRITIS and neutrophil products and a subset of granulocytes, called low-density granulocytes (LDG) may contribute to lupus nephritis pathogenesis. Here, we will discuss recent studies implicating neutrophils in the pathogenesis of human SLE nephrit...
to verify the sensitivity and specificity of the criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus, proposed by the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) and compare it to the ACR lupus criteria, in a pediatric population.
Lupus nephritis is one of the most serious and common complications of systemic lupus erythematosus. It has an unpredictable course, and the type, severity, and activity of renal lesions cannot be assessed only by clinical and laboratory findings. The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between the expression of CD34 and the histopathological findings of lupus nephritis.
Sometimes new ideas come from old places. Complement's central role in lupus pathogenesis has been known for years, and a reduction in C3 and C4 levels is one of the strongest biomarkers for increased lupus disease activity. However, every rheumatologist knows that some patients with no symptoms of active lupus will present with low complement levels, whereas some patients with aggressive disease have levels that never budge from the "normal" range. How can we better utilize the biomarkers associated with t...
Lupus nephritis (LN) is a severe manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus, an autoimmune disease that results in multiple organ injuries. LN is challenging to manage because it mimics the clinical presentations of other diseases. This article highlights recommendations for the management of lupus erythematosus to improve quality of life. In addition, it provides NPs with evidence-based guidelines for managing patients with LN for positive health outcomes.
Lupus nephritis (LN) frequently progresses to end-stage renal disease. Finding a biomarker for LN and a predictor for the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is important for patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
Children with discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) are at risk for disfigurement and progression to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Consensus is lacking regarding optimal care of children with DLE.
Conduction disturbances other than heart block related to neonatal lupus are rarely explored and reported in children with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
Pulmonary involvement is relatively frequent in adult and juvenile patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), but its occurrence in newborns with Neonatal Lupus Erythematosus (NLE) is exceedingly rare.
We present the case of a 66-year-old woman with a history of systemic lupus erythematosus, who presented with tender nodules on the forearms. The patient reported an 8-year history of pink bumps on the extensor surfaces of the forearms bilaterally that would arise episodically for a few weeks and subsequently resolve with no intervention. Her systemic lupus erythematosus was under good control with oral prednisone 10 mg daily, and the development of these lesions was not associated with concomitant flares o...
Shallow foundation is a common foundation type that is usually used for small to medium size structures. The bearing ability and the failure mechanism of shallow foundation are the fundamental concerns for geotechnical engineers, and the demand for new insights into the relevant issue is still increasing. This paper presents an acoustic emission (AE) characterization of the failure process of shallow foundation, with the aim of revealing the fundamental information on AE signals associated with shallow foun...
Atherosclerotic vascular events (AVEs) are a major cause of mortality and morbidity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We aimed to determine the impact of early recognition and therapy for both classic risk factors for AVE and for SLE on the burden of AVEs in lupus in recent decades.
To assess the impact of achieving Lupus Low Disease Activity State (LLDAS-50) on damage accrual and mortality in an inception cohort of patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE).
Histopathologic overlap between lupus erythematosus and certain types of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) is well documented. CD123+ plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDCs) are typically increased in lupus erythematosus, but have not been well studied in CTCL. We aimed to compare CD123 immunostaining and histopathologic features in these conditions.
Fatigue is a well-established symptom in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), but has not been well-characterized in other skin-limited autoimmune diseases such as cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE), amyopathic dermatomyositis (ADM), or autoimmune blistering diseases (AIBD).
Foundation species define ecosystems, control the biological diversity of associated species, modulate critical ecosystem processes, and often have important cultural values and resonance. This review summarizes current understanding of the characteristics and traits of foundation species and how to distinguish them from other "important" species in ecological systems (e.g., keystone, dominant, and core species); illustrates how analysis of the structure and function of ecological networks can be improved a...
The aim of this study was to investigate serum S100B and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) patients, with and without neuropsychiatric (NP) manifestation activity.
Skewed cytokine production characterizes T cells in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). Among Th17 cells that are expanded in lupus, a subset (Th1/17) retains the ability to produce IFNγ. We aimed to analyze Th17 and Th1/17 cells in patients with SLE. Patients with active disease displayed increased percentages of circulating Τh17 and Th1/17 cells. Stimulated T cells from patients with lupus secreted significantly more IL-17 compared to healthy donors. Also, T cells from patients with active SLE released ...
Psychological and sociodemographic factors contribute to disability in systemic lupus erythematosus. Yet the pathways by which these factors influence disability remain unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate a model examining socioeconomic status (SES), perceived stress, and depressive symptoms as determinants of lupus-related disability.
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic and potentially fatal autoimmune disorder characterized by the production of auto-antibodies that cause widespread tissue damage. Validate Antichromatin antibodies as a biomarker of renal involvement in SLE and how their titers correlate with systemic lupus activity measure (SLAM) index among a sample of Egyptian systemic lupus patients. The study was conducted on 60 patients diagnosed according to ACR criteria for diagnoses of SLE (Group I) and 25 age matched...
וֹndoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) plays a role in immune regulation. Increased IDO activity was reported in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We investigated the effects of the tolerogenic peptide hCDR1, shown to ameliorate lupus manifestations, on IDO gene expression. mRNA was prepared from splenocytes of hCDR1- treated SLE-afflicted (NZBxNZW)F1 mice, from blood samples of lupus patients, collected before and after their in vivo treatment with hCDR1 and from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) o...
Involvement of the kidneys by lupus nephritis (LN) is one of the most severe clinical manifestations seen in individuals with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). LN is more frequent and severe in pediatric patients and has been associated with higher morbidity and mortality rates. This narrative review aimed to describe the general aspects of LN and its particularities when affecting children and adolescents, while focusing on the disease's etiopathogenesis, clinical manifestations, renal tissue alterations...
We greatly appreciate Drs. Wang-Dong Xu, Lin-Chong Su, and An-Fang Huang for their interests to our work reporting the beneficial effects of the deficiency of Lgals9 in pristine-induced lupus model of BALB/c mice. They have questions on the discrepancy of results among ours and previously published publications, reporting the protective effects of the administration of recombinant galectin-9 into MRL/lpr lupus-prone mice and BXSB/MpJ and NZB/W F1 mice(3). This article is protected by copyright. All rights ...