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PubMed Journals Articles About "Male Circumcision And Comfort Theory" RSS

07:30 EST 28th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Male Circumcision Comfort Theory" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 7,300+

Masculine gender norms, male circumcision, and men's engagement with health care in the Dominican Republic.

Overall, adult men are less likely to seek and receive health care than women, but male circumcision for HIV prevention has been successful in engaging men in health services. The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between masculine norms and health care-seeking among men participating in a voluntary male medical circumcision (VMMC) programme in the Dominican Republic (DR). We employed a mixed methods approach integrating survey data collected 6-12 months post-circumcision ( = 293) and...


Voluntary medical male circumcision for HIV prevention among adolescents in Kenya: Unintended consequences of pursuing service-delivery targets.

Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) provides significant reductions in the risk of female-to-male HIV transmission. Since 2007, VMMC has been a key component of the United States President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief's (PEPFAR) strategy to mitigate the HIV epidemic in countries with high HIV prevalence and low circumcision rates. To ensure intended effects, PEPFAR sets ambitious annual circumcision targets and provides funding to implementation partners to deliver local VMMC services. In Kenya t...

Use of topical versus injectable anaesthesia for ShangRing circumcisions in men and boys in Kenya: Results from a randomized controlled trial.

The ShangRing is a disposable, collar clamp circumcision device pre-qualified for use in men and boys 13 years and above. It has been shown to be faster than conventional circumcision with comparable adverse event (AE) rates and high client satisfaction. Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) has been shown to dramatically reduce the risk of HIV acquisition in males. However, the fear of pain during circumcision is an important barrier to uptake. Use of topical anesthesia thus presents an opportunity to...


The relationship between management practices and the efficiency and quality of voluntary medical male circumcision services in four African countries.

Given constrained funding for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) programs across Sub-Saharan Africa, delivering services efficiently is paramount. Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) is a key intervention that can substantially reduce heterosexual transmission-the primary mode of transmission across the continent. There is limited research, however, on what factors may contribute to the efficient and high-quality execution of such programs.

The prevalence of vesicoureteral reflux in infants with first urinary tract infection following circumcision is similar to infants with UTI not following circumcision.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common serious bacterial infections in early infancy. Ritual circumcision in neonates may increase the risk of UTI within 2 weeks of the procedure. The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence and risk factors for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) among young infants with first UTI following circumcision, and compare it with the prevalence of VUR among young infants with first UTI not related to circumcision.

Economic compensation interventions to increase uptake of voluntary medical male circumcision for HIV prevention: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Economic compensation interventions may help support higher voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) coverage in priority sub-Saharan African countries. To inform World Health Organization guidelines, we conducted a systematic review of economic compensation interventions to increase VMMC uptake.

Rollout of ShangRing circumcision with active surveillance for adverse events and monitoring for uptake in Kenya.

Since 2011, Kenya has been evaluating ShangRing device for use in its voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) program according to World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. Compared to conventional surgical circumcision, the ShangRing procedure is shorter, does not require suturing and gives better cosmetic outcomes. After a pilot evaluation of ShangRing in 2011, Kenya conducted an active surveillance for adverse events associated with its use from 2016-2018 to further assess its safety, uptake and to ...

Neonatal plastibell circumcision: does the thread type matter? a prospective randomized study.

Plastibell is one of the most common disposable devices used for circumcision. The study aims to determine whether changing the thread type from cotton to polypropylene to tie around the Plastibell in neonatal circumcision would result in faster separation of the ring.

Feasibility of 5-aminolevulinic acid mediated photodynamic therapy for male genital lichen sclerosus.

In this report, 5-aminolevulinic acid mediated topical photodynamictherapy (ALA-PDT) was firstly used to treat 3 male patients (26 - 39 years old) who suffered from male genital lichen sclerosus (MGLSc) and all had the history of circumcision. Repeated ALA-PDT treatments were performed on these patients and achieved various degrees of improvement in signs and symptoms, especially in the sclerosis and subjective symptoms. Three patients showed 30% to 70% of reduction of lesion size after treatments. The side...

Circumcision Rates after the Release of Preputial Adhesions

Aim We aim to determine if the release of preputial adhesions (RPA) successfully managed symptoms related to physiological phimosis and prevented the need for circumcision. Methods We performed a retrospective review and analysed data on RPA procedures performed between January 2005 and December 2017. Results 534 RPA’s were performed. Median age at RPA was 52.7 months (range: 3-197 months). Mean follow-up was 108 months (range: 4.7 to 152.4 months). 44 children and 1 child subsequently required a circumci...

Consent Challenges and Psychosocial Distress in the Scale-up of Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision Among Adolescents in Western Kenya.

In priority sub-Saharan African countries, on the ground observations suggest that the success of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) programs should not be based solely on numbers of males circumcised. We identify gaps in the consent process and poor psychosocial outcomes among a key target group: male adolescents. We assessed compliance with consent and assent requirements for VMMC in western Kenya among males aged 15-19 (N = 1939). We also examined differences in quality of life, depression, a...

A comparison of the postoperative analgesic effectiveness of low dose caudal epidural block and US-guided dorsal penile nerve block with in-plane technique in circumcision.

Circumcision can be performed under sedo-analgesia, general anesthesia, or regional anesthesia. It may cause serious postoperative pain and patients often require additional analgesia. Dorsal penile nerve block (DPNB) and caudal epidural block are commonly used regional anesthesia methods to provide effective postoperative pain control in circumcision.

Generation of integration free human iPSC line SORMi002-A from neonatal foreskin fibroblasts.

Circumcision is a common surgical procedure usually performed on neonates worldwide. Skin removed after circumcision is abundant and often discarded. Neonatal foreskin fibroblasts (NFFs) can be easily isolated from it for application in biomedical research including induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) generation. In this study NFFs were reprogrammed to iPSCs using non-integrating episomal reprogramming plasmids. The iPSCs generated express pluripotency markers. They form embryoid bodies and differentiate i...

Universal Testing, Expanded Treatment, and Incidence of HIV Infection in Botswana.

The feasibility of reducing the population-level incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection by increasing community coverage of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and male circumcision is unknown.

A rare presentation of penile keloids after traditional circumcision: Case report.

Only few cases of penile keloids have been reported in the literature. There have been no published reports on penile keloids following traditional circumcision in Africa.

Male Partner Linkage to Clinic-based Services for Sexually Transmitted infections and HIV.

Home-based HIV testing and education has increased HIV test uptake and access to health services among men. We studied how a home-based antenatal intervention influenced male partner utilization of clinic-based HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) services, linkage to HIV care and medical circumcision.

Construct and criterion validity of the Comfort Assessment Breast Cancer Instrument.

To examine the validity of the Comfort Assessment Breast Cancer Instrument (CABCI) and compare the results of CABCI with that of salivary cortisol examination.

Reducing Provider Workload While Preserving Patient Safety: A Randomized Control Trial Using 2-Way Texting for Postoperative Follow-up in Zimbabwe's Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision Program.

Voluntary medical male circumcisions (MCs) are safe: the majority of men heal without complication. However, guidelines require multiple follow-up visits. In Zimbabwe, where there is high mobile phone ownership, severe health care worker shortages, and rapid MC scale up intersect, we tested a 2-way texting (2wT) intervention to reduce provider workload while safeguarding patient safety.

Substance P Level in Tears as a Potential Biomarker for Contact Lens Discomfort.

: To analyze the effects of contact lens (CL) wear, time of the day, and CL discomfort (CLD) on clinical signs, tear inflammatory mediators and substance P. : Thirty symptomatic and 30 asymptomatic CL wearers attended two visits (morning and afternoon) on two days (non-CL and CL wearing days). Comfort, meniscus area, noninvasive breakup time (NIBUT), tear collection, hyperemia, lid parallel conjunctival folds, fluorescein staining, and sensitivity were performed. The tear levels of 23 inflammatory mediators...

Squamous cell carcinoma of the penis: a clinicopathological study from a population with late circumcision.

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the penis has been subject to only a few studies in populations where late childhood circumcision is performed. To asses clinicopathological features and human papillomavirus (HPV) status of penile SCC in men with late circumcision, eight institutions in the country volunteered to collaborate and 15 cases of penile SCC were collected from their pathology archives. The presence and genotype of HPV were determined in addition to clinicopathological features of the tumors. Find...

Differences Between Mothers' and Fathers' Perception of Their Adolescents' Pain Before and After Parent Training Through The Comfort Ability Pain Management Program.

To evaluate differences in how mothers and fathers perceive and respond to their adolescents' chronic pain before and after The Comfort Ability Program (CAP), a 1-day cognitive-behavioral intervention, and to compare outcomes between mother-father dyads and mothers who attended the intervention alone.

Concealed Penis after Circumcision: Is It Beneficial in Lowering Uropathogenic Colonization in Penile Skin and Preventing Recurrence of Febrile Urinary Tract Infections?

  To  discuss  whether  concealed  penis  after  circumcision  lowers  perimeatal  urethral  and  glanular  sulcus  uropathogenic  bacterial  colonization  in  healthy  boys  with  no  urinary  tract  problems  and  prevents  attacks  of  febrile  urinary  tract  infections  in  non-healthy  boys  with  defined  urinary  tract  abnormalities. Materials and Methods:  This  case-control  study  was  conducted  in  Ibn-i  Sina  Hospital  and  retrospectively...

Considerations in preparing a multicenter study: Lessons learned from the Epilepsy Monitoring Unit Comfort Questionnaire (EMUCQ) validation feasibility study.

It is recommended to perform a pilot testing before conducting a validation study of a novel questionnaire. Pilot studies may serve different purposes. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a multicenter validation study, to recruit additional study centers, and to undertake orientating descriptive item analysis of the 44-item Epilepsy Monitoring Unit (EMU) Comfort Questionnaire (EMUCQ).

The Comfort of the Ordinary - On Dying as We've Lived.

Infertility and the Military Male.

Male infertility is a condition that affects approximately 50% of infertile couples and about 30% of those couples have only male factor infertility identified. There has been speculation that male military service members may have an even greater lifetime prevalence of infertility as compared to the general population, but very few scientific publications focus on male factor infertility in the military population specifically. This review will discuss many of the unique considerations regarding male infer...


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