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PubMed Journals Articles About "Management Of Early Onset Neonatal Septicaemia: Selection Of Optimal Antibacterial Regimen For Empiric Treatment" RSS

05:17 EDT 17th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Management Of Early Onset Neonatal Septicaemia: Selection Of Optimal Antibacterial Regimen For Empiric Treatment PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Management Of Early Onset Neonatal Septicaemia: Selection Of Optimal Antibacterial Regimen For Empiric Treatment articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Management Early Onset Neonatal Septicaemia Selection Optimal Antibacterial" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 28,000+

Surveillance for incidence and etiology of early-onset neonatal sepsis in Soweto, South Africa.

Globally, over 400,000 neonatal deaths in 2015 were attributed to sepsis, however, the incidence and etiologies of these infections are largely unknown in low-middle income countries. We aimed to determine incidence and etiology of community-acquired early-onset (


Adenitis-cellulitis syndrome, an infrequent form of presentation of the late-onset neonatal septicemia: Report of two cases.

Septicemia is the main cause of neonatal mortality. The early-onset neonatal sepsis is usually related to maternal factor risks including recto-vaginal colonization. In the late-onset neonatal septicemia it is more difficult to establish the etiology because the majority of the cases are nosocomial or community related. The Streptococcus agalactiae (beta-hemolytic Streptococcus) is the most frequent germ associated with neonatal sepsis in developed countries. The late-onset form usually occurs with septic s...

Use of an Early Onset-Sepsis Calculator to Decrease Unnecessary NICU Admissions and Increase Exclusive Breastfeeding.

To evaluate the effects of use of the Kaiser Neonatal Early-Onset Sepsis Calculator (NEOSC) on NICU admissions, laboratory testing, antibiotic exposure, and exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) rates in full-term neonates exposed to chorioamnionitis.


Assessment and Management of Procedural Pain During the Entire Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Hospitalization.

Despite strong evidence that repeated pain exposure in neonates is associated with adverse outcomes, pain assessment and management continues to be less than optimal in most neonatal intensive care units (NICUs).

Prophylaxis Against Early-onset Group B Streptococcus Infections in Pregnant Women Who Are Allergic to Penicillin.

Group B Streptococcus (GBS) infection remains a significant cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Adoption of screening for maternal genital tract colonization and intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis has significantly reduced early-onset neonatal GBS infections. For women with an allergy to penicillin, recommended agents for prophylaxis have been well-outlined, but compliance with guideline recommendations is poor. There have been ongoing efforts in vaccine development, but no vaccination currently is a...

Group B streptococcal screening, intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis, and neonatal early-onset infection rates in an Australian local health district: 2006-2016.

Intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) to reduce the likelihood of neonatal early-onset group B streptococcal infection (EOGBS) has coincided with major reductions in incidence. While the decline has been largely ascribed to IAP following either universal screening or a risk-based approach to identify mothers whose babies may most benefit from IAP, there is lack of high quality evidence to support this view.

Assessment of oxidative damage and enzymatic antioxidant system activity on the umbilical cord blood and saliva from preterm newborns with risk factors for early-onset neonatal sepsis.

To determine the concentration of the Lipid Peroxidation Marker: Malondialdehyde (MDA), and Antioxidant Markers: Superoxide Dismutase (SOD), Glutathione Peroxidase (GPX), Catalase (CAL) in umbilical cord blood and in unstimulated saliva in the first 24 and 48 hours of life in the PTNB of mothers with and without risk factors for early-onset neonatal sepsis.

Obtaining Optimal Long-Term Outcomes from Liver Transplantation for Hepatocellular Cancer.

Liver transplantation is the definitive treatment for patients with end-stage liver disease. Liver transplantation is also the optimal treatment for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), especially in the setting of chronic liver disease. Unfortunately, due to the worldwide shortage of organs, this treatment is not available for all patients with HCC. Strict selection criteria have been developed in order to obtain optimal results. A surgical perspective of the preoperative selection, perioperative ...

Association of cord serum albumin with neonatal hyperbilirubinemia among term appropriate-for-gestational-age neonates.

Neonatal jaundice affects nearly 60% of term and 80% of preterm neonates during the first week of life. Although early discharge of healthy term newborns is a common practice, neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (NH) is the most common cause for readmission during the early neonatal period.

DERMATOSES IN THE EARLY NEONATAL PERIOD: THEIR ASSOCIATION WITH NEONATAL, OBSTETRIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES.

To evaluate the prevalence of neonatal dermatoses in the early neonatal period and to associate them with neonatal, demographic and obstetric variables.

Group B Streptococcus early-onset disease and observation of well-appearing newborns.

International guidelines lack a substantial consensus regarding management of asymptomatic full-term and late preterm neonates at risk for early-onset disease (EOS). Large cohorts of newborns are suitable to increase the understanding of the safety and efficacy of a given strategy.

The transplacental passage of commonly used intrapartum antibiotics and its impact on the newborn management: A narrative review.

Neonates exposed to intra-amniotic infection are at increased risk of early-onset sepsis. Administration of antibiotics to the mother may offer some protection, however a comprehensive description of the determinants influencing their transplacental passage and delivery to the fetus has not been performed. While penicillin G, ampicillin, cefazolin and gentamicin reach therapeutic levels in the fetal serum rapidly following maternal administration, the transfer of second-line intrapartum antimicrobials, such...

Acute Funisitis Correlates With the Risk of Early-Onset Sepsis in Term Newborns Assessed Using the Kaiser Sepsis Calculator.

The risk of neonatal early-onset sepsis (EOS) is traditionally assessed on maternal signs of clinical chorioamnionitis. Recently, an online EOS risk calculator was developed by Kaiser Permanente using maternal and neonatal clinical parameters. We were interested in whether an increased Kaiser sepsis risk score correlates with histologic acute chorioamnionitis or acute funisitis.

Association of Center-Specific Patient Volumes and Early Respiratory Management Practices with Death and Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia in Preterm Infants.

To describe variability in admission volumes and approach to early respiratory support between neonatal intensive care units in the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network and to evaluate whether these center-specific factors are associated with death and bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

Updated Recommendations Of Rcog On Prevention Of Early Onset Neonatal Group B Streptococcus Infection.

Anomalous aortic origin of coronary arteries: Early results on clinical management from an international multicenter study.

Anomalous aortic origin of coronary arteries (AAOCA) is a rare abnormality, whose optimal management is still undefined. We describe early outcomes in patients treated with different management strategies.

Abdominal ultrasound should become part of standard care for early diagnosis and management of necrotising enterocolitis: a narrative review.

Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is a leading cause of death and disability in preterm newborns. Early diagnosis through non-invasive investigations is a crucial strategy that can significantly improve outcomes. Hence, this review gives particular attention to the emerging role of abdominal ultrasound (AUS) in the early diagnosis of NEC, its performance against abdominal radiograph and the benefits of AUS use in daily practice. AUS has been used in the diagnosis and management of NEC for a couple of decades....

Pediatric liver transplantation for neonatal-onset Niemann-Pick disease type C: Japanese multicenter experience.

Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is a rare autosomal recessive inherited disease characterized by lysosomal accumulation of free cholesterol in macrophages within multiple organs. Infantile-onset NPC often presents with jaundice and hepatosplenomegaly from birth, but these symptoms usually improve during early childhood, and it rarely progresses to liver failure. We report three cases from different hospitals in Japan; the patients developed neonatal-onset NPC, and liver transplantation (LT) was performed ...

Multimodal Management and Triple Nerve Transfer for Optimal Recovery of Shoulder Function Following Neonatal Brachial Plexus Palsy: A Case Report.

Neonatal brachial plexus palsy is a complex disorder that requires evaluation of the primary nerve injury and associated sequelae. There is no standardized approach to management, and many treatment options are available. We present a case of Erb palsy with a unique multidisciplinary approach to nonsurgical and surgical management. Inherent in the case is the complexity of decision-making, and we review the literature on treatment options and the rationale for the approach, which resulted in near normal fun...

Neurodevelopmental outcomes at five years after early-onset fetal growth restriction: Analyses in a Dutch subgroup participating in a European management trial.

The objective of this study is to explore developmental outcomes at five years after early-onset fetal growth restriction (FGR).

Procalcitonin versus C-reactive protein: review of kinetics and performance for diagnosis of neonatal sepsis.

Procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) are commonly used biomarkers, but their diagnostic advantage for neonatal early-onset (EOS) or late-onset (LOS) sepsis is controversial. In a comprehensive literature review we found significant heterogeneity between studies in sample timing, cut-off values, consideration of blood culture results for sepsis classification, and definition of EOS versus LOS. We identified 39 studies directly comparing PCT with CRP, but only four in very low birth weight (VLBW)...

Growing identification of genetic aetiologies for neonatal-onset epilepsies: lessons from the Neonatal Seizure Registry.

Early-Onset Neonatal Sepsis and Antibiotic Use in Northeast Thailand.

 Antibiotics are commonly prescribed in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) for suspected sepsis because of the nonspecific clinical symptoms of sepsis. The overuse of antibiotic is associated with adverse outcomes. This study aimed to determine the rate of early-onset sepsis (EOS) and antibiotic use in neonates admitted to three NICUs in Northeast Thailand STUDY DESIGN:  This is a descriptive study using the data collected in the South East Asia-Using Research for Change in Hospital-acquired Infectio...

The relationship between early pregnancy dietary intakes and subsequent birthweight and neonatal adiposity.

Maternal nutrition intakes may influence neonatal birthweight and adiposity; however, inconsistencies within the literature exist. The relationships between maternal dietary intakes in early pregnancy and both birthweight and neonatal adiposity requires elucidation. This study examined the relationship between early pregnancy dietary intakes and subsequent birthweight and neonatal adiposity.

The relationship between early pregnancy dietary intakes and subsequent birthweight and neonatal adiposity.

Maternal nutrition intakes may influence neonatal birthweight and adiposity; however, inconsistencies within the literature exist. The relationships between maternal dietary intakes in early pregnancy and both birthweight and neonatal adiposity requires elucidation. This study examined the relationship between early pregnancy dietary intakes and subsequent birthweight and neonatal adiposity.


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