PubMed Journals Articles About "Many Teens Develop Nutritional Deficiencies Years After Bariatric" RSS

03:15 EST 14th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Many teens develop nutritional deficiencies years after bariatric" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 18,000+

Nutritional Deficiencies, Bariatric Surgery, and Serum Homocysteine Level: Review of Current Literature.

Obesity is currently one of the biggest global health problems. In the case of severe obesity, bariatric surgeries are considered to be the most important method of treatment. The 2 most commonly performed bariatric surgery procedures include Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy. However, these methods are not free from complications, and the most common ones (moderately long or long term) are micronutrient deficiencies. The deficiency of vitamins B6, B12, and folic acid as cofactors of the folat...

Analysis of vitamin levels and deficiencies in bariatric surgery patients: a single-institutional analysis.

Bariatric surgery patients are at risk for vitamin deficiencies.

Letter to the Editor Concerning Nutritional Deficiencies, Bariatric Surgery, and Serum Homocysteine Level: Review of Current Literature.

Clinical Practice Guidelines for Childbearing Female Candidates for Bariatric Surgery, Pregnancy, and Post-partum Management After Bariatric Surgery.

Emerging evidence suggests that bariatric surgery improves pregnancy outcomes of women with obesity by reducing the rates of gestational diabetes, pregnancy-induced hypertension, and macrosomia. However, it is associated with an increased risk of a small-for-gestational-age fetus and prematurity. Based on the work of a multidisciplinary task force, we propose clinical practice recommendations for pregnancy management following bariatric surgery. They are derived from a comprehensive review of the literature...

Severe malnutrition after bariatric surgery and clinic manifestations of infection.

This report describes the post-bariatric-surgery evolution of an obese patient who had low adherence to the diet and micronutrient supplementation. Four years after two bariatric surgeries, the patient was admitted due to transient loss of consciousness, slow thinking, anasarca, severe hypoalbuminemia, in addition to vitamin and mineral deficiencies. She had subcutaneous foot abscess but did not present fever. Received antibiotics, vitamins A, D, B12, thiamine, calcium, and parenteral nutrition. After hospi...

In Teens with Severe Obesity, Can Bariatric Surgery Wait until Adulthood?

Employment Outcomes 2 Years After Bariatric Surgery: Relationship to Quality of Life and Psychosocial Predictors.

Bariatric surgery is the most effective long-term treatment for severe obesity. In addition to sustained weight loss, bariatric surgery can result in improvements in mental and physical health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and, consequently, work capacity. The purpose of our study was to evaluate changes to employment impairment (EI) and related HRQOL in patients 2 years post-bariatric surgery.

A Case of Ascending Sensory Neuropathy Due to Acute Onset Thiamine Deficiency After Intragastric Balloon Placement.

Endoscopic bariatric therapies (EBTs) are emerging as nonsurgical weight loss interventions that are being used with increasing frequency. Similar to the potential for early and late complications from bariatric surgeries, metabolic derangements and nutritional deficiencies can also be seen after EBTs. In particular, thiamine deficiency is a well-known complication typically presenting with neurological symptoms, commonly Wernicke encephalopathy or dry beriberi. However, such a deficiency developing after p...

Oral Hydration, Food Intake, and Nutritional Status Before and After Bariatric Surgery.

Bariatric surgery is considered to be the most effective treatment of morbid obesity. Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) are the most popular procedures. We evaluated nutritional status, micro- and macronutrient intake, and oral hydration in patients before and regularly during 1 year after RYGBP and SG.

Coping Among Parents of Teens With Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Parents of teens with inflammatory bowel disease must prepare their children for independent disease self-management. This study characterizes the stressors and coping strategies adopted among parents of teens with inflammatory bowel disease. Teens aged 16-22 years with inflammatory bowel disease who were consecutively seen by a pediatric gastroenterologist prior to transition to adult-centered care and their parents completed sociodemographic data, and two validated questionnaires for coping (Coping Health...

Nutritional Deficiencies in Patients after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass and Sleeve Gastrectomy during 12-Month Follow-Up.

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) are the two most frequently performed bariatric operations. These two types of metabolic surgery alter the anatomy and function of digestive tract producing significant weight loss in morbidly obese patients but may lead to malnutrition.

Why urban teens turn to guns: urban teens' own words on gun violence.

Missing from the discussion of youth and gun violence are qualitative data from diverse youth regarding their perspectives on gun violence in their communities and what will help prevent or reduce such violence. The purpose of this exploratory study was therefore to gain a deeper understanding of urban teens' perceptions of gun violence in the context of their daily lives and gather their ideas for reducing or preventing gun violence through meaningful discussions with urban teens.

Onset of pituitary hormone deficiencies in optic nerve hypoplasia: a temporal trend analysis of 32 children at Mayo Clinic.

Background The objective of this study was to evaluate the age at onset and frequency of individual pituitary hormone deficiencies (PHDs) in optic nerve hypoplasia (ONH). Methods We performed a retrospective chart review of patients ≤21 years of age evaluated between 1996 and 2014. Patients were included if they had: (1) ONH diagnosed by an ophthalmologist and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), (2) documentation of pituitary hormone function on at least two separate occasions and (3) at least one PHD do...

The Effect of Bariatric Surgery on Peripheral Polyneuropathy: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Neurological complications such as peripheral neuropathies are the most common complications among patients with morbid obesity following bariatric surgery. Reduction in nutrient intake especially thiamin may develop polyneuropathy, while neuropathic symptoms improved in patients with diabetes independent of glycemic control after bariatric surgery. The aim of the present review is to investigate the effect of bariatric surgery on peripheral neuropathy. Electronic literature search was done via scientific s...

A successful nutritional therapy for postprandial hypoglycemia after bariatric surgery.

Nutritional assessment in adults with cystic fibrosis.

Clinical experience with patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) suggests a nutritional risk in this population. In addition to the lung pathology, a main pathophysiologic concern is the viscous mucus blocking pancreatic ducts, leading to reduced production of pancreatic enzymes. Therefore, maldigestion and consequently malabsorption (particularly fat and fat-soluble vitamins) occur, resulting in steatorrhea, vitamin deficiencies, and subsequently manifest malnutrition. The aim of this study was to investigate t...

Pregnancy after bariatric surgery: Consensus recommendations for periconception, antenatal and postnatal care.

The objective of the study is to provide evidence-based guidance on nutritional management and optimal care for pregnancy after bariatric surgery. A consensus meeting of international and multidisciplinary experts was held to identify relevant research questions in relation to pregnancy after bariatric surgery. A systematic search of available literature was performed, and the ADAPTE protocol for guideline development followed. All available evidence was graded and further discussed during group meetings to...

Long-Term Impact of Bariatric Surgery on Renal Outcomes at a Community-Based Publicly Funded Bariatric Program: The Regina Bariatric Study.

Obesity is recognized as an independent risk factor for chronic kidney disease through multiple direct and indirect biological pathways. Bariatric surgery is a proven, effective method for sustained weight loss. However, there is a relative paucity of data on the impact of bariatric surgery on renal outcomes.

When should we think to primary immune deficiency in adult patients ?

Primary immune deficiencies (PIDs) include rare and heterogeneous syndromes due to genetic abnormalities involving the immune system. In the registry of the French National Reference Center for Primary Immune Deficiencies (CEREDIH), the median age of clinical onset is 2 years, but 25% of patients develop the first symptoms after 15 years. A diagnosis of PID should be considered in the presence of an unusual association of infections, autoimmune pathologies, granulomatous disease, polyclonal lymphoproliferat...

Nutritional Status Trends in Brazilian Preschoolers: A Cohort Study.

Determining trends in the nutritional status of children may guide care prevention beyond this age in an effort to reduce the prevalence and incidence of overweight and/or obese children. The objective of this study is to evaluate the evolution of the nutritional status of preschool children in two moments, with an interval of 2 years. This is a cohort study of a random probabilistic sample of preschool children attending public schools within an urban area of high human development index city, in the hint...

Adolescents in Scotland: Challenges and Opportunities for Sexual Risk Reduction.

Sexually transmitted infections, HIV, and unplanned pregnancy challenge the health of Scottish teens. We conducted focus groups with teens (ages 16-19 years) recruited from an urban youth cafe in Edinburgh and assessed sexual risk-taking and protective behaviors. A trained facilitator, using a semi-structured interview guide, led the groups. We taped and transcribed data verbatim for coding and theming. The teens revealed similar concerns despite differences in gender and/or sexual histories. Despite school...

Influence of school ambience on the nutritional statusof preschoolers of Macaé, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

This study evaluated school ambience and the nutritional status of preschoolers in the Macaé city public system. This is a cross-sectional study with secondary anthropometric data collected between 2012 and 2014. In all, 962 children, aged 2.1 to 6.6 years from four schools were analyzed as per the World Health Organization recommendation. Ambience was assessed qualitatively by direct observation. Logistic regression verified the probability of different nutritional deviations among schools. The prevalence...

Medico-legal claims in bariatric surgery in France between 2010 and 2015.

The practice of bariatric surgery has multiplied 3.5 times in France in the last ten years. The purpose of the study is to analyze medico-legal claims in this area in order to identify lessons to improve patient care.

Training in Bariatric Surgery: a National Survey of German Bariatric Surgeons.

Skill in bariatric surgery has been associated with postoperative outcome. Appropriate surgical training is of paramount importance. In order to continuously improve training strategies, it is necessary to assess current practices.

Post-thyroidectomy Hypocalcemia in Patients With History of Bariatric Operations: Current Evidence and Management Options.

Both bariatric and thyroid surgeries promote calcium and vitamin D deficiency. The correlation, however, of hypocalcemia after thyroidectomy in patients with previous bariatric surgery has been poorly described. This review aimed to investigate the relationship between history of bariatric operations and post-thyroidectomy hypocalcemia, as well as suggested management options.

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