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Showing "Measures Progress More Rapidly Women Than" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 13,000+

Improving Quality Measurement: Design Principles for Quality Measures.

The use of quality measures to adjust health care payments and to rank providers is growing rapidly, but there are many problems with the quality measures that are currently being used. This article discusses some of these problems and then lays out some principles and procedures that should be used in the development and combination of quality measures. Many of the problems with existing quality measures would have been avoided had these principles been applied as they were developed.

Coverage of HIV testing among pregnant women in Nigeria: progress, challenges and opportunities.

This study assessed the progress, opportunities and challenges in scaling up of HIV testing for pregnant women in Nigeria.

The association between DXA-derived body fat measures and breast cancer risk among postmenopausal women in the Women's Health Initiative.

Most studies demonstrating an association between excess adiposity and postmenopausal breast cancer have used anthropometric measures, particularly body mass index (BMI). However, more direct body fat measures may more accurately determine the relationship between body fat distribution and breast cancer risk.

Detecting connectivity in EEG: A comparative study of data-driven effective connectivity measures.

In this paper, we perform the first comparison of a large variety of effective connectivity measures in detecting causal effects among observed interacting systems based on their statistical significance. Well-known measures estimating direction and strength of interdependence between time series are compared: information theoretic measures, model-based multivariate measures in the time and frequency domains, and phase-based measures. The performance of measures is tested on simulated data from three system...

Estimating progress towards meeting women's contraceptive needs in 185 countries: A Bayesian hierarchical modelling study.

Expanding access to contraception and ensuring that need for family planning is satisfied are essential for achieving universal access to reproductive healthcare services, as called for in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Monitoring progress towards these outcomes is well established for women of reproductive age (15-49 years) who are married or in a union (MWRA). For those who are not, limited data and variability in data sources and indicator definitions make monitoring challenging. To our kno...

Factors Influencing the Use of Anemia Preventing Measures among Antenatal Clinic Attendees in the Kintampo North Municipality, Ghana.

Anemia in pregnancy is a key public health problem worldwide. It results from a wide variety of causes. The World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended specific measures to help prevent anemia during pregnancy, which countries are required to integrate into their antenatal care. This study was designed to determine the factors influencing the use of anaemia preventing measures among antenatal clinic attendees in the Kintampo North Municipality, Ghana. A cross sectional study was conducted among pregnant...

Measurement properties of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) for women with genitourinary syndrome of menopause: a systematic review.

Genitourinary syndrome of menopause affects up to 50% of postmenopausal women and has negative impacts on the women's quality of life. In this systematic review, we aimed to identify and assess the measurement properties of all existing patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) specific for genitourinary symptoms that were developed and/or validated for measuring patient-reported outcomes in postmenopausal women.

Progress and prospects for developing human immature oocytes in vitro.

Ovarian cryopreservation rapidly developed from basic science to clinical application and can now be used to preserve the fertility of girls and young women at high risk of sterility. Primordial follicles can be cryopreserved in ovarian cortex for long-term storage and subsequently autografted back at an orthotopic or heterotopic site to restore fertility. However, autografting carries a risk of re-introducing cancer cells in patients with blood-born leukaemias or cancers with a high risk of ovarian metasta...

An observational analysis of meal patterns in overweight and obese pregnancy: exploring meal pattern behaviours and the association with maternal and fotal health measures.

Nutrient intakes are known to be poorer among pregnant women with raised body mass index (BMI) than those with a healthy BMI. While meal patterns have the potential to influence obstetric, metabolic and anthropometric measures for mother and infant, limited data exists regarding meal patterns among pregnant women with raised BMI.

Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Different Measures of Adiposity, and Cardiovascular Disease Mortality Risk in Women.

Associations among cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), different adiposity exposures, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in women are not well defined. A total of 19,838 women completed a baseline examination between 1971 and 2013. Measures included body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height (W:HT) ratio, skinfold-derived percent body fat (% Fat), and CRF estimated from a maximal treadmill test. CRF categories were low (quintile 1), moderate (quintiles 2-3), and high (quintiles 4...

Neglected bodily senses in women living with vertebral fracture: a focus group study.

Older women are at particular risk of osteoporosis. Among women with osteoporosis, fractures of the vertebra (vertebral fracture) are common, hard to detect and associated with risk of further fracture. Identifying vertebral fracture in a timely manner allows instigation of preventive measures to reduce the risk of further fracture. Although detection of vertebral fracture requires spinal radiograph, many women do not receive referral. To begin development of a screening tool to identify women in need of re...

Negative impact of gestational diabetes mellitus on progress of pelvic floor muscle electromyography activity: Cohort study.

Pelvic floor muscles are involved in postural stability, in maintenance intra-abdominal pressure, and on mechanical support for pelvic organ. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus' (GDM) pregnancies complicated by fetal macrosomia, large placenta and polyhydramnios contribute for abrupt and intense increase in maternal intra-abdominal pressure. Our objective was analyze the impact of GDM on pelvic floor muscle (PFM) electromyography (EMG) activity progress from 24-30 to 36-38 weeks of gestation. We conducted a pros...

Automated volumetric breast density measures: differential change between breasts in women with and without breast cancer.

Given that breast cancer and normal dense fibroglandular tissue have similar radiographic attenuation, we examine whether automated volumetric density measures identify a differential change between breasts in women with cancer and compare to healthy controls.

Sex Differences in Blood Pressure Trajectories Over the Life Course.

If we assume that women and men exhibit variations of the same fundamental vascular physiology, then conventional analyses of subclinical measures would suggest that women catch up to men by midlife in the extent of potentially important vascular disease. Alternatively, under the assumption that vascular physiology may fundamentally differ between women and men, a sex-specific analysis of existing data could offer new insights and augment our understanding of sex differences in cardiovascular diseases.

Validation of the Italian version of the PSP Quality of Life questionnaire.

Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is a rare rapidly progressive, neurodegenerative disease characterized by falls and ocular movement disturbances. The use of health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) measures allows assessing changes in health status induced by therapeutic interventions or disease progress in neurodegenerative diseases. The PSP-QoL is a 45-item, self-administered questionnaire designed to evaluate HR-QoL in PSP.

Radical hysterectomy for operable early cervical cancer in HIV-positive and HIV-negative women in western Kenya.

HIV-infected women are eight times more likely to have invasive, rapidly progressing cervical cancer compared to women who are HIV-uninfected.[1] Early stage cervical cancer can be successfully treated by radical hysterectomy.[2] There is a paucity of research on the complications of cervical cancer treatments in HIV-infected women.[3, 4] The present study highlights the complications of radical hysterectomy in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected women in western Kenya.

Comparing Outcomes of Women-Only and Mixed-Gender Intensive Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Treatment for Female Veterans.

Although most female veterans treated in specialized intensive Veterans Health Administration (VHA) posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) programs receive services in settings in which over 95% of participants are men, two programs include only women. Whether outcomes for women with PTSD are superior in women-only programs has not been evaluated. National program evaluation data on 1,357 women veterans from 57 sites were collected at program entry and 4 months after discharge. With adjustment for differences...

Women Training in Cardiology and Its Subspecialties in the United States: A Decade of Little Progress in Representation.

Evidence Base Update for Brief, Free, and Accessible Youth Mental Health Measures.

Evidence-based assessment (EBA) is foundational to high-quality mental health care for youth and is a critical component of evidence-based practice delivery, yet is underused in the community. Administration time and measure cost are barriers to use; thus, identifying and disseminating brief, free, and accessible measures are critical. This Evidence Base Update evaluates the empirical literature for brief, free, and accessible measures with psychometric support to inform research and practice with youth. A ...

Measurement invariance of the SATAQ-4 in Black and White undergraduate women.

The Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4 (SATAQ-4) is a widely used measure of sociocultural factors affecting body image. Despite evidence sociocultural appearance ideals and pressures might differ between White and Black women, the SATAQ-4's invariance has not been formally evaluated. The current study examined its measurement invariance across White and Black college women. Women (N = 730; 68.5 % White, 31.5 % Black), recruited from a large, public university in the United States co...

The Use of Sex-Specific Factors in the Assessment of Women's Cardiovascular Risk.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among women in the United States. As compared with men, women are less likely to be diagnosed appropriately, receive preventive care, or be treated aggressively for CVD. Sex differences between men and women have allowed for the identification of CVD risk factors and risk markers that are unique to women. The 2018 American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology Multi-Society cholesterol guideline and 2019 American College of Cardiology/Ame...

Objective measures of physical performance associated with depression and/or anxiety in midlife Singaporean women.

The aim of this study was to identify correlates of depression and anxiety in midlife Asian women, with a special focus on the potential role of objectively measured physical performance.

Twenty years of quantitative instrumental measures of swallowing in children: a systematic review.

Early identification and intervention has shown better health outcomes for children with dysphagia. Instrumental swallowing assessments are vital and have been a focus of dysphagia research in the last two decades. This systematic review explores published quantitative instrumental measures of swallowing in children. Five subject-related databases were searched to identify original scientific articles published in English, using instrumental quantitative measures of swallowing to study swallowing/feeding me...

Flecainide is a safe and effective treatment for pre-excited atrial fibrillation rapidly conducted to the ventricle in pregnant women: a case series.

Pregnancy is associated with an increased incidence of cardiac arrhythmias likely due to hormonal, haemodynamic, and autonomic changes. Yet, there is little data available regarding the efficacy and safety of anti-arrhythmic agents to prevent pre-excited atrial fibrillation (AF) in pregnant women.

Using Motivational Interviewing to Increase PrEP Uptake Among Black Women at Risk for HIV: an Open Pilot Trial of MI-PrEP.

Black women in the USA are at the highest risk among women for HIV. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) prevents HIV transmission, but uptake among Black women remains low. An open pilot trial was conducted on MI-PrEP, a brief culturally tailored intervention incorporating motivational interviewing (MI) strategies to improve PrEP uptake and motivation. MI-PrEP is the first behavioral intervention developed to promote PrEP uptake among women in the USA. In Miami, FL, ten Black women who met eligibility criteria ...

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