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Medical Chart Review Survey Administration Infection PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Medical Chart Review Survey Administration Infection articles that have been published worldwide.
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A standardized definition for serious opioid overdose has not been clearly established for disease surveillance or assessing the impact of risk mitigation strategies. The purpose of this study was to use medical chart review to clinically validate a claims-based algorithm to identify serious opioid overdose events.
We developed an algorithm for identifying U.S. veterans with a history of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), using the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) electronic medical record (EMR) system. This work was motivated by the need to create a valid EMR-based phenotype to identify thousands of cases and controls for a genome-wide association study of PTSD in veterans. We used manual chart review (n = 500) as the gold standard. For both the algorithm and chart review, three classifications were possible: l...
Infection after orthopaedic oncology surgery is a relatively frequent complication. Infection rate ranges in the literature between 3.7% and 19.9%, increasing up to 47% after pelvic resection and reconstruction. It represents a challenging topic when occurring in oncologic patients because of the delay of systemic and local treatments, influencing prognosis. Infection is a major concern in terms of both prevention and treatment. The aim of our review was to analyze data reported in the literature about stra...
Chronic osteomyelitis is a difficult to treat infection of the bone, which requires a combined medical and surgical approach and often persists intermittently for years, with relapses and failures. The optimal type, route of administration, and duration of antibiotic treatment remain controversial, and the emergence of multi-drug resistant organisms poses major therapeutic challenges. Identification of the causative agent and subsequent targeted antibiotic treatment has a major impact on patients' outcome. ...
National survey to evaluate the uptake of LISA (Less Invasive Surfactant Administration) in neonatal units across England.
Medicolegal liability is an issue of concern for all physicians, including pathologists. Identification of the key clinical issues that tend to lead to medical malpractice litigation, as well as the settlement values for such claims, can be useful for prospective risk management. This review analyzes medical malpractice claims filed in state and federal courts as published in legal databases. Additionally, this review also analyzes the reported settlement values for such claims.
Few data have been published so far on the epidemiological aspects of HDV infection in immigrant populations and even poorer is the information on the virological, phylogenetic and clinical aspects of this infection in these populations. This review article, aimed primarily at physicians caring for immigrants, summarizes the information available on HDV infection and analyses data on this topic concerning the immigrant populations.
This systematic review focuses on 5 key elements that may improve the decision-making process in spondylodiscitis: the infective agent, segmental instability, abscess development, neurological compromise and focus of infection.
Competencies can guide outcomes assessment in veterinary medical education by providing a core set of specific abilities expected of new veterinary graduates. A competency-guided evaluation of Colorado State University's (CSU) equine veterinary curriculum was undertaken via an alumni survey. Published competencies for equine veterinary graduates were used to develop the survey, which was distributed to large animal alumni from CSU's Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program. The results of the survey indicated ...
Bloodstream infections (BSI) are a major complication of hemodialysis. The risk of infection among hemodialysis patients is usually associated with the dialysis procedure itself, specifically the means of vascular access.
This review aimed to summarize research progress regarding congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection-related nervous system diseases and their mechanisms.
Mass drug administration (MDA) of 20 mg/kg (maximum 1 g in adults) azithromycin for ocular (CT) infection is a key component of the WHO trachoma elimination strategy. However, this dose may be suboptimal in infection and may encourage emergence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) to azithromycin.
Retrospective chart review of patients who underwent anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) using low-dose recombinant human bone morphogenic protein (rhBMP)-2.
Retrospective chart review of prospectively collected data.
Oxytocin (OT) subserves various physiological, behavioral, and cognitive processes. This paired with the ability to administer OT with minimal and inconsistent side effects has spurred research to explore its therapeutic potential. Findings from single-dose studies indicate that OT administration may be beneficial, at least under certain circumstances. The state of the field, however, is less clear regarding effects from chronic OT administration, which more closely resembles long-term treatment. To address...
Despite advances in cervical cancer screening, a significant number of women in the United States have not received adequate screening. Studies have suggested that approximately half of the women who developed cervical cancer were not adequately screened. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Case Investigation of Cervical Cancer (CICC) Study took a unique approach to reconstruct the time before a woman's cervical cancer diagnosis and understand the facilitators and barriers to screening and ...
Within the HiGHmed Project there are three medical use cases. The use cases include the scopes cardiology, oncology and infection. They serve to specify the requirements for the development and implementation of a local and federated platform, with the result that data from medical care and research should be retrievable, reusable and interchangeable. The Use Case Infection Control aims to establish an early detection of transmission events as well as clusters and outbreaks of various pathogens. Therefore t...
Pulmonary emboli (PEs) occur in medical and postoperative total joint arthroplasty (TJA) patients. These are different patient populations, yet both undergo identical diagnosis and treatment regardless of PEs size and quantity. To date, there has been no analysis of the location, size, and quantity of emboli that occur postoperatively in TJA compared with general medical patients. We hypothesized TJA patients would have different size and distribution of PEs per event compared with medical patients. A retro...
Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection (HIV) remains a public health concern in Cameroon that requires regular surveillance for informed policy-making to guide programmatic interventions. Using data from the 2016 HIV national sentinel survey in Cameroon, we ascertained HIV prevalence and factors associated with risk of infection among pregnant women.
There is evidence that patients are admitted to the hospital with low-acuity medical issues, though delineation of the underlying factors has not been comprehensively explored. This scoping review will provide an overview of the existing literature regarding factors outside of acute medical illness that influence hospitalisation of adults. The review will also seek to provide a review of common language and definitions used in the research on this phenomenon.
Infection control strategies are implemented in all neonatal intensive care units (NICUs); however, the details of the strategies seem to differ among institutions. The purpose of this survey was to investigate the current implementation status of infection control strategies in NICUs in Japan and identify and recommend appropriate strategies for the prevention of outbreaks in neonatal units.
Periprosthetic knee infection (PKI) remains one of the most challenging complications after total knee replacement, especially if caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) or extensively drug-resistant (XDR) organisms. Multiple treatment options are available, such as long-term antibiotic suppression, surgical debridement with retention of the prosthesis, definitive resection arthroplasty, arthrodesis, one-stage or two-stage revision procedures, amputation. We present a rare case of a PKI caused by a XDR Klebsiel...
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention updated recommendations for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine in 2016. National and statewide statistics indicate that HPV vaccination in the adolescent population is well below the administration rates for other vaccines. Because cancers associated with HPV infection are vaccine preventable, low administration rates are a cause for concern.
The Effect of Prolonged Postoperative Antibiotic Administration on the Rate of Infection in Patients Undergoing Posterior Spinal Surgery Requiring a Closed-Suction Drain: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Closed-suction drains are frequently used following posterior spinal surgery. The optimal timing of antibiotic discontinuation in this population may influence infection risk, but there is a paucity of evidence. The aim of this study was to determine whether postoperative antibiotic administration for 72 hours (24 hours after drain removal as drains were removed on the second postoperative day) decreases the incidence of surgical site infection compared with postoperative antibiotic administration for 24 ho...
Medical radionuclides are widely used in nuclear medicine practices today. Their production, handling and administration have different impacts on the environment and society due to the radioactive waste generated. Over recent years authors have taken an interest in the monitoring and safe disposal of this radiopharmaceutical waste, mainly in environmental and biological samples, and consequently a variety of radioanalytical methods for these matrices have been developed. The present review aims to outline ...