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PubMed Journals Articles About "Medicine Personal Care Products Lead Pollutants Waterways" RSS

18:31 EDT 15th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Medicine personal care products lead pollutants waterways" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 34,000+

Emerging Pollutants - Part II: Treatment.

Recently, emerging pollutants (EPs) have been frequently detected in urban sewage, surface water, drinking water and other water bodies. EPs mainly usually include pharmaceuticals and personal care products, endocrine disrupting chemicals, antibiotic resistance genes, persistent organic pollutants, disinfection by-products and other industrial chemicals. The potential threat of EPs to ecosystems and human health has attracted worldwide attention. Therefore, how to treat EPs in various water bodies has becom...


First nationwide investigation and environmental risk assessment of 72 pharmaceuticals and personal care products from Sri Lankan surface waterways.

Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) are known as an emerging class of water contaminants due to their potential adverse effects on aquatic ecosystems. In this study, we conducted the first nationwide survey to understand the distribution and environmental risk of 72 PPCPs in surface waterways of Sri Lanka. Forty-one out of 72 targeted compounds were detected with total concentrations ranging between 5.49 and 993 ng/L in surface waterways in Sri Lanka. The highest level of PPCP contamination...

Probabilistic exposure assessment of aggregate rates of dermal exposure of Japanese women and children to parabens in personal care products.

Parabens (p-hydroxybenzoic acids) are commonly used as preservatives in personal care products. Although the rate of exposure to a single product may be small, it is possible for an individual to have marked exposure to parabens through the use of multiple personal care products (aggregate exposure). To assess the risks associated with aggregate exposure to parabens, we estimated the dermal exposure rate distributions of four major parabens (methylparaben, MP; ethylparaben, EP; propylparaben, PP; butylparab...


Removal of pharmaceuticals and personal care products using constructed wetlands: effective plant-bacteria synergism may enhance degradation efficiency.

Post-industrial era has witnessed significant advancements at unprecedented rates in the field of medicine and cosmetics, which has led to affluent use of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs). However, this has exacerbated the influx of various pollutants in the environment affecting living organisms through multiple routes. Thousands of PPCPs of various classes-prescription and non-prescription drugs-are discharged directly into the environment. In this review, we have surveyed literature inv...

Renewable sources: Applications in personal care formulations.

A global tendency for products considered environmentally sustainable, and ecologically obtained led the industry related to personal care formulations to fund the research and the development of personal care/cosmetics containing ingredients from natural resources. Furthermore, consumers are aware of environmental and sustainability issueans, thus not harming the environment represents a key consideration when developing a new cosmetic ingredient. In this study we review some examples of active ingredients...

Dual purpose microalgae-based biorefinery for treating pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) residues and biodiesel production.

Microalgal biotechnologies have emerged with high potential for removal of various organic pollutants, such as pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs), from waste streams. In the present study, the removal mechanisms for three typical PPCPs and the lipid performance of Chlamydomonas sp. Tai-03 were thoroughly investigated. Bisphenol A (BPA) and Tetracycline (TCY) achieved complete removal while only ~20% Sulfamethoxazole (SMX) could be removed, even at low concentrations of 1 mg L. The mechani...

Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products can be Transformed by Anaerobic Microbiomes in the Environment and in Waste Treatment Processes.

Pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCP) are emerging environmental contaminants that can be transformed by anaerobic microorganisms in anoxic environments. This study examined two consortia, enriched under methanogenic and sulfate-rich conditions, that demethylate the phenylmethyl ether anti-inflammatory drug naproxen to 6-O-desmethylnaproxen. Both enriched consortia were also able to demethylate a range of phenylmethyl ether compounds of plant-based origin or used as pharmaceutical or personal car...

Emerging pollutants in the urban water cycle in Latin America: A review of the current literature.

Emerging pollutants (EP) are increasingly studied and characterized worldwide to improve the understanding of their environmental and toxicological impacts and their occurrence and behaviors in different environmental systems. Latin America has been subject to both environmental and toxicological impacts due to EP. To better understand these impacts, studies concerning pollutants have increased for the last ten years. The current study presents a critical review on the occurrence of different emerging pollu...

Strychnine: Old Remedy, Silent Killer.

Toxin ingestion is a significant public health issue for children, accounting for hundreds of visits per day to emergency departments. The most common substances are household cleaning products, personal care products, and medications. This article describes an ingestion of a rare substance called strychnine, which is a plant-based odorless powder that was previously used as a nonspecific stimulant. This toxicity can mimic other ingestions, thus delaying diagnosis, so an increased awareness of the common sy...

Caring for aged people: The influence of personal resilience and workplace climate on 'doing good' and 'feeling good'.

This study examines the impact of personal resilience on the well-being of care workers and how perceptions of the quality of care provided and the social climate in the organization influences this relationship. We examine quality of patient care as both a mediating and outcome variable to better understand if 'doing good' (quality of care) leads to 'feeling good' (personal well-being).

Personal continuity versus specialisation of care approaches in mental healthcare: experiences of patients and clinicians-results of the qualitative study in five European countries.

The current debate on organisation of the mental health care raises a question whether to prioritise specialisation of clinical teams or personal continuity of care. The article explores the experiences of patients and clinicians regarding specialisation (SC) and personal continuity (PCC) of care in five European countries.

Occurrence of PPCPs in a Brazilian water reservoir and their removal efficiency by ecological filtration.

The presence of PPCPs (Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products) in water sources and drinking water has concerned researchers in recent times. This study was carried out to evaluate the occurrence of 6 PPCPs (namely paracetamol, diclofenac, naproxen, ibuprofen, benzophenone-3 and methylparaben) in the Lobo reservoir, their degradation products, and how efficiently they were removed by 22 ecological filters, considering individual and mixture of compounds. There were 3 spiking events of PPCPs (2 μg L...

Investigating exposure to endocrine disruptors via hair analysis of pregnant women.

The aim of this study was the monitoring of the levels of parabens (PBs) and triclosan (TCS) in head hair samples of women collected during the first months of their pregnancy. Personal details concerning somatometric and demographic characteristics, dietary habits, use of personal care products and the medical and obstetrical history of the pregnant women as well as infants' somatometric characteristics and health condition were recorded through relevant questionnaires. Ninety five hair samples were collec...

Prioritizing selected PPCPs on the basis of environmental and toxicogenetic concerns: A toxicity estimation to confirmation approach.

Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs), the pollutants of emerging concerns, present potential risks to the ecological environment. This study focused on the prioritization of widely used selected PPCPs belonging to two categories:personal care products (PCPs) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). We predicted the toxicogenetic endpoints of PPCPs and then confirmed them using experimental approaches. Our results revealed a significant similarity in the findings obtained through bot...

Conscience reconsidered: The moral work of navigating participation in abortion care on labor and delivery.

How do caregivers make decisions about participating in morally contested care, such as abortion? Debates about conscience in the delivery of health care generally assume that participation decisions stem from religious beliefs and moral values. Few studies have examined this question in the context of everyday practice. Drawing on 50 interviews with the staff of a labor and delivery unit offering abortion care-including nurses, maternal-fetal medicine specialists, obstetrics and gynecology residents, and a...

Problems of counterfeiting medical products in Ukraine.

Introduction: The provision of medical products of adequate quality should be considered as constituent element of the human right to life, inextricably linked with the right to health care protection and medical care. However, the Ukrainian market of counterfeit medical products affects the guaranteeing of the right to health care protection and medical care in Ukraine. The current situation necessitates a study of the legal regulation of counterfeiting of medical products in Ukraine and an increase in its...

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) and metal contamination of air and surfaces exposed to combustion emissions during emergency fire suppression: Implications for firefighters' exposures.

This study examined occupational exposures of Ottawa firefighters to combustion by-products and selected metals. We measured exposures to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), antimony, cadmium, and lead using (1) personal air samplers worn by firefighters during emergency fire suppression; (2) wipe samples from skin, personal clothing, and personal protective equipment (PPE) collected before and after emergency firefighting (n = 29); and (3) air samples collected in three fire stations vehicle bays,...

Persistent and emerging pollutants assessment on aquaculture oysters (Crassostrea gigas) from NW Portuguese coast (Ria De Aveiro).

The study aim was to determine a range of relevant persistent and emerging pollutants in oysters produced in an aquaculture facility located in an important production area, to assure their safety for human consumption. Pollutants, including 16 PAHs, 3 butyltins (BTs), 29 flame retardants (FRs, including organophosphate and halogenated FRs), 35 pesticides (including 9 pyrethroid insecticides) and 13 personal care products (PCPs, including musks and UV filters), were determined in oysters' tissues collected ...

Screening analysis of organic micro-pollutants in road dusts from some areas in northern Vietnam: A preliminary investigation on contamination status, potential sources, human exposure, and ecological risk.

Road dust samples collected from some representative areas in northern Vietnam were examined to determine the occurrence of multiple classes of organic micro-pollutants. Of 942 target compounds screened, 105 organic pollutants originating from different sources such as traffic, household, agricultural, and industrial activities, were detected at least once in our samples. Concentrations of total organic pollutants in the road dusts ranged from 7.8 to 170 μg g, with a median value of 28 μg g. Overa...

Criteria for Critical Care Infants and Children: PICU Admission, Discharge, and Triage Practice Statement and Levels of Care Guidance.

To update the American Academy of Pediatrics and Society of Critical Care Medicine's 2004 Guidelines and levels of care for PICU.

Indoor Endotoxin Exposure and Ambient Air Pollutants Interact on Asthma Outcomes.

Not required.

Assessment of dermal exposures for synthetic musks from personal care products in Taiwan.

Over the past decades, synthetic musks have been widely used as fragrances for enhancing scent and covering odor in many personal care products (PCPs). The presence of synthetic musk is of potential concern since health effects, such as photo-allergic reactions and neurotoxicity due to the exposures have been observed. To assess the associate health risks from possible exposures of synthetic musks in Taiwan, headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) coupled with gas chromatography/tandem mass spectrom...

Children's exposure to phthalates and non-phthalate plasticizers in the home: The TESIE study.

Phthalates and their potential replacements, including non-phthalate plasticizers, are ubiquitous in home environments due to their presence in building materials, plastics, and personal care products. As a result, exposure to these compounds is universal. However, the primary pathways of exposure and understanding which products in the home are associated most strongly with particular exposures are unclear.

Complementary medicine products information-seeking by pregnant and breastfeeding women in Australia.

Complementary medicine product use in pregnancy and lactation is common but little is known about women's health literacy and information-seeking regarding this. The objectives of this study were to identify and explore pregnant or breastfeeding women's sources of, and rationale for seeking complementary medicine products information, the types of information sought, and how women felt their health care practitioners can help them receive information that meets their needs.

Porous Aromatic Framework Modified Electrospun Fiber Membrane as a Highly Efficient and Reusable Adsorbent for Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products Removal.

Water contamination by emerging organic pollutants such as pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) is becoming more and more serious. Porous aromatic frameworks (PAFs) are considered as promising adsorbents to remove the PPCPs. In order to overcome the limitation of PAFs in their powder forms for large-scale applications, herein we proposed a strategy to covalently anchor PAFs onto electrospun polymer fiber membranes. Polyaniline (PANI) played the role of aromatic seed layer, which was coated on ...


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