PubMed Journals Articles About "Medulloblastoma Subset That Requires Less Aggressive Therapy Identified" RSS

08:56 EST 16th February 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Medulloblastoma subset that requires less aggressive therapy identified" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 28,000+

Synergistic activity of BET inhibitor MK-8628 and PLK inhibitor Volasertib in preclinical models of medulloblastoma.

Medulloblastoma is the most prevalent central nervous system tumor in children. Targeted treatment approaches for patients with high-risk medulloblastoma are needed as current treatment regimens are not curative in many cases and cause significant therapy-related morbidity. Medulloblastoma harboring MYC amplification have the most aggressive clinical course and worst outcome. Targeting the BET protein BRD4 has significant anti-tumor effects in preclinical models of MYC-amplified medulloblastoma, however, in...

Identification of CD24 as a marker of Patched1 deleted medulloblastoma-initiating neural progenitor cells.

High morbidity and mortality are common traits of malignant tumours and identification of the cells responsible is a focus of on-going research. Many studies are now reporting the use of antibodies specific to Clusters of Differentiation (CD) cell surface antigens to identify tumour-initiating cell (TIC) populations in neural tumours. Medulloblastoma is one of the most common malignant brain tumours in children and despite a considerable amount of research investigating this tumour, the identity of the TICs...

Targeting DDX3 in Medulloblastoma Using the Small Molecule Inhibitor RK-33.

Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant tumor that arises from the cerebellum of the central nervous system. Clinically, medulloblastomas are treated by surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy, all of which result in toxicity and morbidity. Recent reports have identified that DDX3, a member of the RNA helicase family, is mutated in medulloblastoma. In this study, we demonstrate the role of DDX3 in driving medulloblastoma. With the use of a small molecule inhibitor of DDX3, RK-33, we could inhibit growth a...

Intra-cavity stem cell therapy inhibits tumor progression in a novel murine model of medulloblastoma surgical resection.

Cytotoxic neural stem cells (NSCs) have emerged as a promising treatment for Medulloblastoma (MB), the most common malignant primary pediatric brain tumor. The lack of accurate pre-clinical models incorporating surgical resection and tumor recurrence limits advancement in post-surgical MB treatments. Using cell lines from two of the 5 distinct MB molecular sub-groups, in this study, we developed an image-guided mouse model of MB surgical resection and investigate intra-cavity NSC therapy for post-operative ...

Pilot study of DNA methylation-derived neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and survival in pediatric medulloblastoma.

Methylation-derived neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (mdNLR) has been identified as a potential prognostic biomarker of outcomes in various cancers. We evaluated the prognostic value of blood-derived mdNLR within a retrospective cohort of pediatric medulloblastoma patients.

Evaluation of the local effect of nonsurgical periodontal treatment with and without systemic antibiotic and photodynamic therapy in generalized aggressive periodontitis. A randomized clinical trial.

This study's aim was to evaluate the local effect of clarithromycin associated with antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) in the treatment of generalized aggressive periodontitis.

Ligustrazine Inhibits Growth, Migration and Invasion of Medulloblastoma Daoy Cells by Up-Regulation of miR-211.

Ligustrazine (LSZ) has been identified as an antitumor agent against some types of cancers. Nevertheless, its ability to inhibit growth, migration and invasion of medulloblastoma cells is still unclear. This study aimed to explore the effect of LSZ on Daoy cells.

Anatomo-functional study of the cerebellum in working memory in children treated for medulloblastoma.

Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant cerebral tumor during childhood, arising in the posterior fossa. Children treated for medulloblastoma often experience working memory (WM) deficits, affecting their quality of life and school performance. The aim of the present study undertaken to describe the cerebellar involvement in WM deficits observed in these children.

Aberrant ERBB4-SRC Signaling as a Hallmark of Group 4 Medulloblastoma Revealed by Integrative Phosphoproteomic Profiling.

The current consensus recognizes four main medulloblastoma subgroups (wingless, Sonic hedgehog, group 3 and group 4). While medulloblastoma subgroups have been characterized extensively at the (epi-)genomic and transcriptomic levels, the proteome and phosphoproteome landscape remain to be comprehensively elucidated. Using quantitative (phospho)-proteomics in primary human medulloblastomas, we unravel distinct posttranscriptional regulation leading to highly divergent oncogenic signaling and kinase activity ...

Proteomics, Post-translational Modifications, and Integrative Analyses Reveal Molecular Heterogeneity within Medulloblastoma Subgroups.

There is a pressing need to identify therapeutic targets in tumors with low mutation rates such as the malignant pediatric brain tumor medulloblastoma. To address this challenge, we quantitatively profiled global proteomes and phospho-proteomes of 45 medulloblastoma samples. Integrated analyses revealed that tumors with similar RNA expression vary extensively at the post-transcriptional and post-translational levels. We identified distinct pathways associated with two subsets of SHH tumors, and found post-t...

High miR-182 Levels Associate with Low-Risk Prostate Cancer.

A subset of men with prostate cancer develops aggressive disease. We sought to determine if miR-182, a microRNA with reported oncogenic functions in prostate, associates with biochemical recurrence and aggressive disease. Prostate epithelial miR-182 expression was quantified via in situ hybridization of two prostate tissue microarrays and by laser-capture microdissection of prostate epithelium. MiR-182 was significantly higher in cancer epithelium than adjacent benign epithelium (P < 0.0001). The ratio of c...

Immunogenomic Landscape Contributes to Hyperprogressive Disease after Anti-PD-1 Immunotherapy for Cancer.

Although PD-1-blocking immunotherapies demonstrate significant therapeutic promise, a subset of the patients could develop hyperprogressive disease (HPD) with accelerated tumor growth after anti-PD1 immunotherapy. To elucidate the underlying mechanisms, we compared the mutational and transcriptional landscapes between the pre- and post-therapy tumors of two patients developing HPD after anti-PD-1 immunotherapy. In post-therapy HPD tumors, somatic mutations were found in known cancer genes, including tumor s...

Management of Extrapulmonary Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections.

Extrapulmonary disease occurs in a minority of nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infections. The pattern of disease tends to be multifocal in immunocompromised individuals and localized in the immunocompetent. There is increasing recognition of disseminated infection, as a complication of cardiac surgery, and focal infections due to rapidly growing mycobacteria. Microbiologic diagnosis requires detection of NTM in blood or tissue samples by microscopy, culture, or molecular methods. Management of extrapul...

Disseminated High-grade Glioma in a Long-term Survivor of Medulloblastoma: Implications and Management of Radiation-induced Malignancies.

We describe a gentleman diagnosed with a posterior fossa medulloblastoma in 1998, successfully treated with craniospinal radiation therapy (RT) and posterior fossa RT boost, followed by 12 months of adjuvant chemotherapy. Nineteen years later, at the age of 28, the patient presented with multiple cranial neuropathies and was found to have disseminated high-grade glioma with leptomeningeal dissemination. In addition to the salient features of this case, we provide a brief review of RT-induced malignancies an...

Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Endocarditis from a Diabetic Foot Ulcer .

Diabetic foot infections are a common cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States, and successful treatment often requires an aggressive and prolonged approach. Recent work has elucidated the importance of appropriate therapy for a given severity of diabetic foot infection, and highlighted the ongoing risk such patients have for subsequent invasive life-threatening infection should diabetic foot ulcers fail to heal. The authors describe the case of a man with diabetes who had prolonged, delayed he...

Neurocognitive Dysfunction in Adult Cerebellar Medulloblastoma.

Impaired neurocognitive function (NCF) is a well-established consequence of pediatric medulloblastoma (MB) and its treatments. However, the frequency and features of neurocognitive dysfunction in adult-onset MB patients is largely unknown.

Congenital medulloblastoma: Fetal and postnatal longitudinal observation with quantitative MRI.

Congenital medulloblastoma is extremely rare. MRI appearance of this tumor in the fetal brain has not been described. A case of congenital medulloblastoma initially observed by antenatal MRI with postnatal follow-up and treatment is presented. A pregnant female underwent fetal MRI on the 31st gestational week for routine indications. Midline cerebellar lesion of ≤2 cm in size with minor T hypointensity and T hyperintensity was identified. Additionally, quantitative MRI including apparent diffusion coeff...

Spinal growth patterns following craniospinal irradiation in children with medulloblastoma.

To evaluate the impact on spine growth in children with medulloblastoma using either photon or electron craniospinal irradiation (CSI).

Integrated epigenomic and transcriptomic analysis reveals TP63 as a novel player in clinically aggressive chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) stereotyped subsets #6 and #8 include cases expressing unmutated B cell receptor immunoglobulin (BcR IG) (U-CLL). Subset #6 (IGHV1-69/IGKV3-20) is less aggressive compared to subset #8 (IGHV4-39/IGKV1(D)-39) which has the highest risk for Richter's transformation among all CLL. The underlying reasons for this divergent clinical behavior are not fully elucidated. To gain insight into this issue, here we focused on epigenomic signatures and their links with gene expression, ...

Are molecular subgroups of medulloblastomas really prognostic?

Medulloblastoma is no more a unique disease. Clinical and biologic classification used so far are challenged by molecular classification(s). Following the consensus article that described four molecular groups of medulloblastoma in 2012, several articles in 2017 provided more relevant classifications that may impact on further clinical trial design.

Late Morbidity and Mortality Among Medulloblastoma Survivors Diagnosed Across Three Decades: A Report From the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study.

Treatment of medulloblastoma has evolved from surgery and radiotherapy to contemporary multimodal regimens. However, the impact on long-term health outcomes remains unknown.

Advances in multidisciplinary therapy for meningiomas.

Surgery has long been established as the first-line treatment for the majority of symptomatic and enlarging meningiomas, and evidence for its success is derived from retrospective case series. Despite surgical resection, a subset of meningiomas display aggressive behavior with early recurrences that are difficult to treat. The decision to radically resect meningiomas and involved structures is balanced against the risk for neurological injury in patients. Radiation therapy has largely been used as a complem...

Gingival Recession and Localized Aggressive Periodontitis Among HIV-Infected Children and Adolescents Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy.

Limited information is available on gingival recession or localised aggressive periodontitis among HIV-infected children and adolescents. This study reports on the prevalence of these conditions among children and adolescents receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART).

Continuous and bolus intraventricular topotecan prolong survival in a mouse model of leptomeningeal medulloblastoma.

Leptomeningeal metastasis remains a difficult clinical challenge. Some success has been achieved by direct administration of therapeutics into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) circumventing limitations imposed by the blood brain barrier. Here we investigated continuous infusion versus bolus injection of therapy into the CSF in a preclinical model of human Group 3 medulloblastoma, the molecular subgroup with the highest incidence of leptomeningeal disease. Initial tests of selected Group 3 human medulloblastoma...

Impact of miRNA-mRNA Profiling and Their Correlation on Medulloblastoma Tumorigenesis.

Medulloblastoma (MB) is a clinically challenging, childhood brain tumor with a diverse genetic makeup and differential miRNA profile. Aiming to identify deregulated miRNAs in MB, the miRNA expression profile of human MB samples was compared to that of normal cerebellar tissues. As a result, 8 upregulated and 64 downregulated miRNAs were identified in MB samples. Although various algorithms have been developed to predict the interaction between miRNA-mRNA pairs, the complexity and fidelity of miRNA-mRNA rema...

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