PubMed Journals Articles About "Merkel Tries Bridge Climate Coalition Talks Heat" RSS

04:52 EST 12th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Merkel tries bridge climate coalition talks heat" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 3,200+

Climate change and occupational heat stress risks and adaptation strategies of mining workers: Perspectives of supervisors and other stakeholders in Ghana.

Increasing air temperatures as a result of climate change are worsening the impact of heat exposure on working populations, including mining workers, who are at risk of suffering heat-related illnesses, injury and death. However, inadequate awareness of climate change-related occupational heat stress risks and adaptation strategies have been shown to render occupational heat stress management ineffective. A concurrent mixed-methods approach was used to assess the perceptions of climate change and occupation...

Effects of climate change-related heat stress on labor productivity in South Korea.

This study assessed the potential impact of heat stress on labor productivity in South Korea; as such, stress is expected to increase due to climate change. To quantify the future loss of labor productivity, we used the relationship between the wet-bulb globe temperature and work-rest cycles with representative concentration pathways (RCPs) 4.5 and 8.5 as the climate change scenarios. If only climate factors are considered, then future labor productivity is expected to decline in most regions from the middl...

Air-quality-related health impacts from climate change and from adaptation of cooling demand for buildings in the eastern United States: An interdisciplinary modeling study.

Climate change negatively impacts human health through heat stress and exposure to worsened air pollution, amongst other pathways. Indoor use of air conditioning can be an effective strategy to reduce heat exposure. However, increased air conditioning use increases emissions of air pollutants from power plants, in turn worsening air quality and human health impacts. We used an interdisciplinary linked model system to quantify the impacts of heat-driven adaptation through building cooling demand on air-quali...

Cold-related mortality vs heat-related mortality in a changing climate: A case study in Vilnius (Lithuania).

Direct health effects of extreme temperatures are a significant environmental health problem in Lithuania, and could worsen further under climate change. This paper attempts to describe the change in environmental temperature conditions that the urban population of Vilnius could experience under climate change, and the effects such change could have on excess heat-related and cold-related mortality in two future periods within the 21st century.

Heat-related mortality trends under recent climate warming in Spain: A 36-year observational study.

Anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions have increased summer temperatures in Spain by nearly one degree Celsius on average between 1980 and 2015. However, little is known about the extent to which the association between heat and human mortality has been modified. We here investigate whether the observed warming has been associated with an upward trend in excess mortality attributable to heat or, on the contrary, a decrease in the vulnerability to heat has contributed to a reduction of the mortality burden.

Sex differences in mortality after heat waves: are elderly women at higher risk?

Climate change leads to more frequent, intense and longer-lasting heat waves which can have severe health outcomes. The elderly are a high-risk population for heat-related mortality and some studies suggested that elderly women are more affected by extreme heat than men. This study aimed to review the presence of sex-specific results in studies performed on mortality in elderly (> 65 years old) after heat waves in Europe.

Environmental parameters to assessing of heat stress in dairy cattle-a review.

Considering the significant influence of high ambient temperature and heat waves on the well-being and productivity of dairy cows, it is to be expected that, in the course of the next few decades, climate conditions for raising cattle will deteriorate. Research has shown that heat stress causes many negative consequences in terms of physiological and behavioural disturbances and significant losses in milk production. The effort to reduce the risk of the occurrence of heat stress among dairy cows also involv...

Escalating heat-stress mortality risk due to global warming in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA).

Climate change will substantially exacerbate extreme temperature and heatwaves. The impacts will be more intense across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), a region mostly characterized by hot and arid climate, already intolerable for human beings in many parts. In this study, daily climate data from 17 fine-resolution Regional Climate Models (RCMs) are acquired to calculate wet-bulb temperature and investigate the mortality risk for people aged over 65 years caused by excessive heat stress across th...

A systematic review of non-productivity-related animal-based indicators of heat stress resilience in dairy cattle.

Projected temperature rise in the upcoming years due to climate change has increased interest in studying the effects of heat stress in dairy cows. Environmental indices are commonly used for detecting heat stress, but have been used mainly in studies focused on the productivity-related effects of heat stress. The welfare approach involves identifying physiological and behavioural measurements so as to start heat stress mitigation protocols before the appearance of impending severe health or production issu...

A Comparison of the Histopathologic Growth Patterns Between Non-Merkel Cell Small Round Blue Cell Tumors and Merkel Cell Carcinoma.

Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare neuroendocrine cutaneous malignancy that shares cytologic, histopathologic, and immunohistochemical features with other small round blue cell (SRBC) tumors. Although the trabecular pattern is anecdotally associated with MCC, objective data are lacking.

Spatially explicit estimation of heat stress-related impacts of climate change on the milk production of dairy cows in the United Kingdom.

Dairy farming is one the most important sectors of United Kingdom (UK) agriculture. It faces major challenges due to climate change, which will have direct impacts on dairy cows as a result of heat stress. In the absence of adaptations, this could potentially lead to considerable milk loss. Using an 11-member climate projection ensemble, as well as an ensemble of 18 milk loss estimation methods, temporal changes in milk production of UK dairy cows were estimated for the 21st century at a 25 km resolution in...

Analysis of cutaneous Merkel Cell Carcinoma outcomes after different surgical interventions.

Current guidelines recommend local excision margin (EM) with 1 to 2cm on primary merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) site.

The expression of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase and paired box gene 5 in Merkel cell carcinomas and its relation to the presence of Merkel cell polyomavirus DNA.

Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) tumor samples frequently express B-lymphoid lineage markers. However, the reasons for expression of specific B-lymphoid lineage markers are still unclear. We studied in a large pool of tissue microarray MCC samples, validate in a larger cohort the expression of TdT and Pax-5, which are two B-lymphoid lineage markers.

Merkel Cell Polyomavirus is uncommon in New Zealand Merkel Cell Carcinomas.

Merkel Cell Carcinoma (MCC) is a rare skin tumour with an incidence of 0.88 per 100,000 people in New Zealand (NZ), one of the highest in the world and almost on par with close neighbours Australia . Current local diagnostic guidelines do not require analysis of the oncogenic Merkel Cell Polyoma Virus (MCPyV), therefore it has never been questioned whether the NZ-MCC MCPyV rate is similar to North American and European studies (40-89%) or indeed lower, as reported in Australian cohorts (18-24%) in which a U...

Seismic isolation retrofitting solution for an existing steel cable-stayed bridge.

This paper investigated the seismic retrofitting of an existing cable-stayed bridge through the use of a seismic isolation system. The bridge is situated in a high seismic zone. During the Saguenay earthquake 1988, one of the anchorage plates of the bridge supports failed. Herein, several configurations of seismic isolation system were considered to identify an appropriate solution for the seismic retrofitting of the bridge in both the longitudinal and transverse directions. A three-dimensional model of the...

Clarifying the Connections Between Green Space, Urban Climate, and Heat-Related Mortality.

A case report of recurrent Merkel cell carcinoma with synchronous metastases to the heart and stomach.

Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is an aggressive, rare neuroendocrine skin cancer. MCC metastasis to the heart is exceedingly rare and gastric metastases from MCC have rarely been reported.

Systematic review of sentinel lymph node biopsy in Merkel cell carcinoma of the head and neck.

Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare and aggressive cutaneous neuroendocrine tumor arising on the head and neck in 40%-50% of patients. Between 20% and 40% will harbor subclinical nodal metastasis.

Heat exposure during outdoor activities in the US varies significantly by city, demography, and activity.

Environmental heat is a growing public health concern in cities. Urbanization and global climate change threaten to exacerbate heat as an already significant environmental cause of human morbidity and mortality. Despite increasing risk, very little is known regarding determinants of outdoor urban heat exposure. To provide additional evidence for building community and national-scale resilience to extreme heat, we assess how US outdoor urban heat exposure varies by city, demography, and activity. We estimate...

The impact of heat and impaired kidney function on productivity of Guatemalan sugarcane workers.

Climate change has implications for human health and productivity. Models suggest that heat extremes affect worker health, reduce labor capacity, and commodity supply. Chronic health conditions are on the rise internationally. However there is a paucity of direct empirical evidence relating increasing temperatures to both agricultural worker health and productivity.

Heat stress induced alternative splicing in catfish as determined by transcriptome analysis.

Heat tolerance is increasingly becoming an important trait for aquaculture species with a changing climate. Transcriptional studies on responses to heat stress have been conducted in catfish, one of the most important economic aquaculture species around the world. The molecular mechanisms underlying heat tolerance is still poorly understood, especially at the post-transcriptional level including regulation of alternative splicing. In this study, existing RNA-Seq datasets were utilized to characterize the ch...

What is cold-related mortality? A multi-disciplinary perspective to inform climate change impact assessments.

There is a growing discussion regarding the mortality burdens of hot and cold weather and how the balance between these may alter as a result of climate change. Net effects of climate change are often presented, and in some settings these may suggest that reductions in cold-related mortality will outweigh increases in heat-related mortality. However, key to these discussions is that the magnitude of temperature-related mortality is wholly sensitive to the placement of the temperature threshold above or belo...

A comprehensive analysis of the Korean fir (Abies koreana) genes expressed under heat stress using transcriptome analysis.

Korean fir (Abies koreana), a rare species endemic to South Korea, is sensitive to climate change. Here, we used next-generation massively parallel sequencing technology and de novo transcriptome assembly to gain a comprehensive overview of the Korean fir transcriptome under heat stress. Sequencing control and heat-treated samples of Korean fir, we obtained more than 194,872,650 clean reads from each sample. After de novo assembly and quantitative assessment, 42,056 unigenes were generated with an average l...

Climate change and skin disease.

Despite commanding essentially universal scientific consensus, climate change remains a divisive and poorly understood topic in the United States. Familiarity with this subject is not just for climate scientists. The impact of climate change on human morbidity and mortality may be considerable; thus, physicians also should be knowledgeable in this realm. Climate change science can seem opaque and inferential, creating fertile ground for political polemics and undoubtedly contributing to confusion among the ...

Multidimensional, quantitative assessment of PD-1/PD-L1 expression in patients with Merkel cell carcinoma and association with response to pembrolizumab.

We recently reported a 56% objective response rate in patients with advanced Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) receiving pembrolizumab. However, a biomarker predicting clinical response was not identified.

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