Advertisement

Topics

PubMed Journals Articles About "Methodological Flaws Found Studies Reporting Adverse Effects Crops" RSS

04:16 EDT 23rd June 2018 | BioPortfolio

Methodological Flaws Found Studies Reporting Adverse Effects Crops PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Methodological Flaws Found Studies Reporting Adverse Effects Crops articles that have been published worldwide.

More Information about "Methodological Flaws Found Studies Reporting Adverse Effects Crops" on BioPortfolio

We have published hundreds of Methodological Flaws Found Studies Reporting Adverse Effects Crops news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Methodological Flaws Found Studies Reporting Adverse Effects Crops Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Methodological Flaws Found Studies Reporting Adverse Effects Crops for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Methodological Flaws Found Studies Reporting Adverse Effects Crops Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Methodological Flaws Found Studies Reporting Adverse Effects Crops Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Methodological Flaws Found Studies Reporting Adverse Effects Crops" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 59,000+

Methodological and reporting quality in laboratory studies of human eating behavior.

The methodological quality and reporting practices of laboratory studies of human eating behavior determine the validity and replicability of nutrition science. The aim of this research was to examine basic methodology and reporting practices in recent representative laboratory studies of human eating behavior. We examined laboratory studies of human eating behavior (N = 140 studies) published during 2016. Basic methodology (e.g., sample size, use of participant blinding) and reporting practices (e.g., ...


Do managed bees have negative effects on wild bees?: A systematic review of the literature.

Managed bees are critical for crop pollination worldwide. As the demand for pollinator-dependent crops increases, so does the use of managed bees. Concern has arisen that managed bees may have unintended negative impacts on native wild bees, which are important pollinators in both agricultural and natural ecosystems. The goal of this study was to synthesize the literature documenting the effects of managed honey bees and bumble bees on wild bees in three areas: (1) competition for floral and nesting resourc...

Reporting guidelines for oncology research: helping to maximise the impact of your research.

Many reports of health research omit important information needed to assess their methodological robustness and clinical relevance. Without clear and complete reporting, it is not possible to identify flaws or biases, reproduce successful interventions, or use the findings in systematic reviews or meta-analyses. The EQUATOR Network (http://www.equator-network.org/) promotes responsible reporting and the use of reporting guidelines to improve the accuracy, completeness, and transparency of health research. E...


For Video Games, Bad News Is Good News: News Reporting of Violent Video Game Studies.

News coverage of video game violence studies has been critiqued for focusing mainly on studies supporting negative effects and failing to report studies that did not find evidence for such effects. These concerns were tested in a sample of 68 published studies using child and adolescent samples. Contrary to our hypotheses, study effect size was not a predictor of either newspaper coverage or publication in journals with a high-impact factor. However, a relationship between poorer study quality and newspaper...

Under-reporting of adverse drug reactions, a problem that also involves medicines subject to additional monitoring. Preliminary data from a single-center experience on novel oral anticoagulants.

Spontaneous reporting system is the most widely used method by pharmacovigilance centers. Its "voluntary nature" represents the main cause of adverse drug reaction (ADR) under-reporting phenomena. The aim of this study was to point out the issue of ADR under-reporting from doctors, particularly serious ADRs and adverse reactions caused by medicinal products subject to additional monitoring, such as novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs).

Systematic review: methodological flaws in racial/ethnic reporting for gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Health care disparities affecting the care of multiple disease groups are of growing concern internationally. Research guidelines, governmental institutions, and scientific journals have attempted to minimize disparities through policies regarding the collection and reporting of racial/ethnic data. One area where shortcomings remain is in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). This systematic review, which adheres to the PRISMA statement, focuses on characterizing existing methodological weaknesses in rese...

A hierarchical anatomical classification schema for prediction of phenotypic side effects.

Prediction of adverse drug reactions is an important problem in drug discovery endeavors which can be addressed with data-driven strategies. SIDER is one of the most reliable and frequently used datasets for identification of key features as well as building machine learning models for side effects prediction. The inherently unbalanced nature of this data presents with a difficult multi-label multi-class problem towards prediction of drug side effects. We highlight the intrinsic issue with SIDER data and me...

Statistical reporting inconsistencies in experimental philosophy.

Experimental philosophy (x-phi) is a young field of research in the intersection of philosophy and psychology. It aims to make progress on philosophical questions by using experimental methods traditionally associated with the psychological and behavioral sciences, such as null hypothesis significance testing (NHST). Motivated by recent discussions about a methodological crisis in the behavioral sciences, questions have been raised about the methodological standards of x-phi. Here, we focus on one aspect of...

Quality of reporting web-based and non-web-based survey studies: What authors, reviewers and consumers should consider.

Several influential aspects of survey research have been under-investigated and there is a lack of guidance on reporting survey studies, especially web-based projects. In this review, we aim to investigate the reporting practices and quality of both web- and non-web-based survey studies to enhance the quality of reporting medical evidence that is derived from survey studies and to maximize the efficiency of its consumption.

Review of animal studies on the cardiovascular effects of caffeine.

To address the safety of caffeine levels in energy drinks, we previously conducted a detailed evaluation of epidemiology studies in humans consuming coffee/caffeine, in which we assessed multiple health effects (unpublished). To further evaluate the effects of caffeine on the cardiovascular system, we turned to animal studies, which often use pure caffeine (not coffee), frequently at higher doses than those typical of human exposure. We identified key scientific studies and reviews in which effects of coffe...

Exploring sociodemographic and economic factors that promote adverse drug reactions reporting by patients.

Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are recognized as a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, and an important cost factor to health systems. Patient reporting of ADRs has emerged as an important topic in recent years but reporting rates are still low in many countries.

Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting in Institutions Across Six Chinese Provinces: A Cross-sectional Study.

Although China's adverse drug reaction (ADR) reporting and monitoring has developed rapidly, many challenges remain. This study assessed ADR monitoring and reporting in China and identified monitoring problems.

Patient Reporting of Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs): Survey of Public Awareness and Predictors of Confidence to Report.

Many countries incorporate direct patient reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) into their pharmacovigilance systems as patients provide a different insight into drug safety compared to health care professionals. This study aimed to examine public awareness about ADR reporting in Malaysia and patients' confidence in reporting ADRs.

Evidence of citation bias in the pesticide ecotoxicology literature.

As scientists, we are tasked with letting evidence guide our conclusions. In the world of pesticides this takes on added importance as the data can influence ecological and human health outcomes and regulations, and even the manner in which we grow food. Yet, there seems to be a reticence to engage with the totality of the pesticide ecotoxicology literature, especially papers that report few or no effects or low risk to non-target organisms. We suspected that these studies would have fewer citations than st...

Methodological Characteristics and Future Directions for Plyometric Jump Training Research: A Scoping Review.

Recently, there has been a proliferation of published articles on the effect of plyometric jump training, including several review articles and meta-analyses. However, these types of research articles are generally of narrow scope. Furthermore, methodological limitations among studies (e.g., a lack of active/passive control groups) prevent the generalization of results, and these factors need to be addressed by researchers. On that basis, the aims of this scoping review were to (1) characterize the main ele...

General discussion of data quality challenges in social media metrics: Extensive comparison of four major altmetric data aggregators.

The data collection and reporting approaches of four major altmetric data aggregators are studied. The main aim of this study is to understand how differences in social media tracking and data collection methodologies can have effects on the analytical use of altmetric data. For this purpose, discrepancies in the metrics across aggregators have been studied in order to understand how the methodological choices adopted by these aggregators can explain the discrepancies found. Our results show that different ...

Key pharmacovigilance stakeholders' experiences of direct patient reporting of adverse drug reactions and their prospects of future development in the European Union.

In the European Union (EU), legislation allows patients to directly report adverse drug reactions (ADRs) to competent authorities. Five years after its implementation, patient reporting is not equal in all countries. This study aimed to explore key stakeholders' perceptions of patient reporting in four EU countries.

Reporting Recommendations for Tumor Marker Prognostic Studies (REMARK): An Abridged Explanation and Elaboration.

The Reporting Recommendations for Tumor Marker Prognostic Studies (REMARK) were developed to address widespread deficiencies in the reporting of such studies. The REMARK checklist consists of 20 items to report for published tumor marker prognostic studies. A detailed paper was published explaining the rationale behind checklist items, providing positive examples and giving empirical evidence of the quality of reporting. REMARK provides a comprehensive overview to educate on good reporting and provide a val...

Cannabinoids for nausea and vomiting related to chemotherapy: Overview of systematic reviews.

Nausea and vomiting are common and distressing adverse events of chemotherapy. This review focuses on the findings and quality of systematic reviews (SRs) of cannabinoids for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). Review of SRs, a systematic literature search, was conducted in several electronic databases and included SRs evaluating cannabinoids for CINV in cancer patients. Methodological quality and quality of reporting were evaluated by AMSTAR and PRISMA, respectively. Initial search retrieved 2...

Adverse effects of organophosphorus pesticides on the liver: a brief summary of four decades of research.

Organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) are widely used volatile pesticides that have harmful effects on the liver in acute and chronic exposures. This review article summarises and discusses a wide collection of studies published over the last 40 years reporting on the effects of OPs on the liver, in an attempt to propose general mechanisms of OP hepatotoxicity and possible treatment. Several key biological processes have been reported as involved in OP-induced hepatotoxicity such as disturbances in the antioxid...

The influence of REM sleep and SWS on emotional memory consolidation in participants reporting depressive symptoms.

Negative emotional memory bias is thought to play a causal role in the onset and maintenance of major depressive disorder. Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep has been shown to selectively consolidate negative emotional memories in healthy participants, and is greater in quantity and density in depressed patients. Slow-Wave Sleep (SWS) is typically associated with the consolidation of non-emotional memories. However, the effects of REM sleep and SWS on emotional memory consolidation have not been investigated in...

Eliciting adverse effects data from participants in clinical trials.

Analysis of drug safety in clinical trials involves assessing adverse events (AEs) individually or by aggregate statistical synthesis to provide evidence of likely adverse drug reactions (ADR). While some AEs may be ascertained from physical examinations or tests, there is great reliance on reports from participants to detect subjective symptoms, where he/she is often the only source of information. There is no consensus on how these reports should be elicited, although it is known that questioning methods ...

Assessing dutasteride-associated sexual dysfunction using the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS).

Incidences of sexual dysfunction due to the use of 5 α-reductase inhibitors have been suggested. Despite low sexual dysfunction reported in clinical trials, an analysis of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database revealed a significant disproportionality in the reporting of sexual dysfunction with the use of finasteride. Therefore, it is likely that a similar relationship with dutasteride may exist.

Adjunct Aripiprazole Reduces Prolactin and Prolactin-Related Adverse Effects in Premenopausal Women With Psychosis: Results From the DAAMSEL Clinical Trial.

Prolactin-related adverse effects contribute to nonadherence and adverse health consequences, particularly in women with severe mental illness. Treating these adverse effects may improve treatment acceptability, adherence, and long-term outcomes.

Cerebral autoregulation in cardiopulmonary bypass surgery: a systematic review.

Cardiopulmonary bypass surgery is associated with a high incidence of neurological complications, including stroke, delirium and cognitive impairment. The development of strategies to reduce the incidence of such neurological events has been hampered by the lack of a clear understanding of their pathophysiology. Cerebral autoregulation (CA), which describes the ability of the brain to maintain a stable cerebral blood flow over a wide range of cerebral perfusion pressures despite changes in blood pressure, i...


Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement