PubMed Journals Articles About "Micronutrient Sprinkles In A Daycare Center" RSS

18:42 EST 18th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Micronutrient Sprinkles Daycare Center" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,800+

The effect of affordable daycare on women's mental health: Evidence from a cluster randomized trial in rural India.

Access to affordable daycare might improve population mental health. However, evidence is sparse and restricted to middle- and high-income country settings. We conducted a cluster-randomized controlled trial in one low-income setting, rural Rajasthan, India. Communities lacking daycare facilities were identified (n = 160) and randomly selected for assistance in setting up a community-based daycare program (n = 80) or not (n = 80). Women eligible for the daycare program living in these communitie...

Impact of Daycare Center Attendance on Children's Development.

The number of preschool places outside the family for young children has considerably increased in recent years in Germany. The study investigates how attendance of a preschool affects children's development taking sociodemographic factors into account.

Dietary Micronutrient Intake of Participants in a "Partners Together in Health" Cardiac Rehabilitation Intervention.

Current guidelines for cardiovascular health emphasize a "dietary pattern" approach that could be expected to increase intakes of micronutrients in addition to altering the macronutrient profile. However, the effect of interventions such as cardiac rehabilitation on the micronutrient quality of the diet has not been evaluated. Therefore, the goal of this study was to investigate changes in micronutrient intake of cardiac rehabilitation participants over time.

Multi-criteria Mapping of Stakeholders' Viewpoints in Five Southeast Asian Countries on Strategies to Reduce Micronutrient Deficiencies Among Children and Women of Reproductive Age: Findings from the SMILING Project.

Despite scientific evidence on the potential impact or importance of specific interventions to improve micronutrient status of vulnerable groups, political commitment and extensive support from national stakeholders is paramount to support introduction and implementation of these interventions at national level. In order to develop efficient nutritional strategies to improve the micronutrient status of children

Effect of baseline micronutrient and inflammation status on CD4 recovery post-cART initiation in the multinational PEARLS trial.

Nutritional deficiency and inflammation may impact CD4+ T cell recovery during combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), particularly in resource-limited settings where malnutrition is prevalent. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of micronutrient and inflammation biomarkers to CD4 recovery after cART initiation.

Clinically Relevant Herb-Micronutrient Interactions: When Botanicals, Minerals, and Vitamins Collide.

The ability of certain foods to impair or augment the absorption of various vitamins and minerals has been recognized for many years. However, the contribution of botanical dietary supplements (BDSs) to altered micronutrient disposition has received little attention. Almost half of the US population uses some type of dietary supplement on a regular basis, with vitamin and mineral supplements constituting the majority of these products. BDS usage has also risen considerably over the last 2 decades, and a num...

Analytical capabilities of BCR protocol to estimate the mobility of nutrients and toxic elements from mineral fertilizer.

The Community Bureau of Reference (BCR) sequential extraction was applied to investigate the mobility of potentially toxic elements (As, Cd, Cr, and Pb) and nutrients (P, Ca, Mg, Cu, Fe, Mn, and Zn) in a multi-nutrient mineral fertilizer based on phosphate rocks supplemented with 10% (w w-1) of a micronutrient mixture (raw material used as a micronutrient source). For both samples As and Cd are more mobile, while Cr remained in the solid residue. A higher mobility of Pb was observed in micronutrient mixture...

Household demand persistence for child micronutrient supplementation.

Addressing early-life micronutrient deficiencies can improve short- and long-term outcomes. In most contexts, private supply chains will be key to effective and efficient preventative supplementation. With established vendors, we conducted a 60-week market trial for a food-based micronutrient supplement in rural Burkina Faso with randomized price and non-price treatments. Repeat purchases - critical for effective supplementation - are extremely price sensitive. Loyalty cards boost demand more than price dis...

Iron-containing micronutrient powders modify the effect of oral antibiotics on the infant gut microbiome and increase post-antibiotic diarrhoea risk: a controlled study in Kenya.

Many African infants receiving iron fortificants also receive antibiotics. Antibiotic efficacy against enteropathogens may be modified by high colonic iron concentrations. In this study, we evaluated the effect of antibiotics on the infant gut microbiome and diarrhoea when given with or without iron-containing micronutrient powders (MNPs).

Comparative study of quality of life of elderly nursing home residents and those attneding a day Center.

The aim of this study was to compare the QOL of the elderly living in nursing homes and those who attend the Day Center (Centro Dia) at the the Asilo Vila Vicentina in the city of Bauru/SP. The sample consisted of 48 subjects, 21 men, 5 from the Day Center and 16 nursing home residents, and 27 women, 16 from the Day Center and 11 nursing homes residents, who answered the following questionnaires: socio-demographic characteristics, WHOQOL-Old, and WHOQOL-Bref. The responses were submitted to descriptive and ...

Micronutrient Fortification at Child-Care Centers Reduces Anemia in Young Children.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of NutriSUS micronutrient fortification, in infants aged 12-36 months, for the prophylaxis and treatment of iron deficiency anemia. In this cluster-randomized clinical trial study, we evaluated infants aged 12-36 months. Length of intervention was 12 weeks. Children were cluster randomized to either NutriSUS micronutrient fortification (Group A) or control (Group B). Primary outcome variables were change in hemoglobin concentration and anemia preval...

Carotenoid and tocochromanol profiles during kernel development make consumption of biofortified "fresh" maize an option to improve micronutrient nutrition.

Biofortification is a strategy to contribute reducing micronutrient malnutrition. The aim of this study was to investigate whether consumption of biofortified fresh maize can supply nutritionally meaningful amounts of provitamin A carotenoids (PVA), zinc, lysine and tryptophan. The accumulation patterns for PVA and tocochromanols compounds in developing grain of 23 PVA hybrids was studied and it was nutritionally meaningful amounts of those compounds were found in grain by milk stage, when fresh maize is ea...

Renal cell carcinoma risk associated with lower intake of micronutrients.

Kidney cancer incidence in African Americans (AA) is higher than among European Americans (EA); reasons for this disparity are not fully known. Dietary micronutrients may have a protective effect on renal cell carcinoma (RCC) development by inhibiting oxidative DNA damage and tumor growth. We evaluated whether any micronutrient associations differed by race in the US Kidney Cancer Study. 1142 EA and AA RCC cases and 1154 frequency-matched controls were enrolled in a population-based case-control study betwe...

A novel allele for inducible Cre expression in germinal center B cells.

The germinal center reaction is essential for efficient humoral immunity, but it can also give rise to B cell lymphomas. Cre/loxP-mediated conditional gene knock-out or knock-in can be used for the genetic manipulation of germinal center B cells in vivo. Here we present a novel allele, Cγ1-CreERT2, that allows for timed activation of Cre recombinase in a small fraction of germinal center B cells. This allele will be useful to study normal and malignant germinal center B cell development in vivo. This artic...

Plasma metabolomics of children with aberrant serum lipids and inadequate micronutrient intake.

Blood lipids have served as key biomarkers for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, yet emerging evidence indicates metabolite profiling might reveal a larger repertoire of small molecules that reflect altered metabolism, and which may be associated with early disease risk. Inadequate micronutrient status may also drive or exacerbate CVD risk factors that emerge during childhood. This study aimed to understand relationships between serum lipid levels, the plasma metabolome, and micronutrient status in 38 chil...

Autophagy is essential for optimal Fe translocation to seeds in Arabidopsis.

Micronutrient deficiencies affect a large part of the world population. They are mostly due to the consumption of grains with insufficient content of Fe or Zn. Both de novo uptake by roots and recycling from leaves may provide seeds with nutrients. Autophagy, which is a conserved mechanism for nutrient recycling in eukaryotes, was shown to be involved in nitrogen remobilization to seeds. Here, we have investigated the role of this mechanism in micronutrient translocation to seeds. We found that several Arab...

Micronutrient Status: Potential Modifiers-Drugs and Chronic Disease.

Changes in growth, anemia and iron deficiency among children aged 6-23 months in two districts in Nepal that were part of the post-pilot, scale-up of an integrated infant and young child feeding and micronutrient powder intervention.

There is limited research on integrated infant and young child feeding (IYCF) and micronutrient powders (MNP) programs operating at scale, despite widespread implementation. This study uses cross-sectional baseline (n=2,542) and endline (n=2,578) surveys representative of children 6-23 months in two districts in Nepal that were part of a post-pilot, scale-up of a IYCF-MNP program. Multivariable log-binomial regression models were used to estimate prevalence ratios (PR) for stunting (LAZ

Calorimetric Dark Matter Detection with Galactic Center Gas Clouds.

We demonstrate that dark matter heating of gas clouds, hundreds of parsecs from the Milky Way Galactic Center, provides a powerful new test of dark matter interactions. To illustrate, we set a new bound on nucleon scattering for 10-100 MeV mass dark matter. We also constrain millicharged dark matter models, including those proposed to match the recent EDGES 21 cm absorption anomaly. For Galactic Center gas clouds, the Galactic fields' magnetic deflection of electromagnetically charged dark matter is miti...

Head and Neck Cancer in World Trade Center Responders: A Case Series.

To report on cases of head and neck cancer (HNC) among World Trade Center (WTC) responders participating in the WTC Health Program and seen at Rutgers WTC Center of Clinical Excellence.

Real-time Imaging Revealed Exoelectrogens from Wastewater Are Selected at the Center of Gradient Electric Field.

Exoelectrogens acclimated from the environment are the key of energy recovery from waste in bioelectrochemical systems. However, it is still unknown how these bacteria were selectively enriched on the electrode. Here we confirmed for the first time that the electric field (EF) intensity selected exoelectrogens from wastewater using an integrated Electro-visual system with gradient EF. Under operating conditions (I = 3×10-3A), the EF intensity on the working electrode ranged from 6.00 V/cm in the center to ...

Zinc Supported Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposite; A Synergism to Micronutrient Release and A Smart Distributor to Promote the Growth of Onion Seeds in Arid Conditions.

In the current scenario, nanotechnological applications in the agriculture sector showing potential impacts on the improvement of plant growth in terms of protection and safety are at a very nascent stage. The present study deals with the synergistic role of zinc (Zn) and multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) synthesized as ZnO/MWCNTs nanocomposite, a prospective applicant to modulate the micronutrient supply and enhance the growth of onion seeds thereby replacing harmful, unsafe chemical fertilizers. To th...

Legume biofortification is an underexploited strategy for combatting hidden hunger.

Legumes are the world's primary source of dietary protein and are particularly important for those in developing economies. However, the biofortification potential of legumes remains underexploited. Legumes offer a diversity of micronutrients and amino acids, exceeding or complementing the profiles of cereals. As such, the enhancement of legume nutritional composition presents an appealing target for addressing the "hidden hunger" of global micronutrient malnutrition. Affecting ~2 billion people, micronutri...

Orthopedics in the Age of Accountable Care Organizations and Population Health: From Profit-Center to Cost-Center.

Nutrition status, bone mass density, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.

The association between selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) use and bone mass density (BMD) has been debated. Inadequate diet, which may occur in depressed individuals prescribed SSRIs is also associated with decreased BMD. This study seeks to determine if SSRI use in adults is associated with lower than average BMD while controlling for nutrition related variables. Further, it investigates whether there are potential interactions between micronutrients and SSRI use on BMD. Adults, 655 with an SSR...

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