PubMed Journals Articles About "Monoclonal Antibody A1G4 Plus BCG In Treating Patients With Cancer" RSS

19:11 EST 15th February 2019 | BioPortfolio

Monoclonal Antibody A1G4 Plus BCG In Treating Patients With Cancer PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Monoclonal Antibody A1G4 Plus BCG In Treating Patients With Cancer articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Monoclonal Antibody A1G4 Plus Treating Patients With Cancer" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 47,000+

Inhibition of CTHRC-1 by its specific monoclonal antibody attenuates cervical cancer cell metastasis.

Although combination of surgery and chemo-radiotherapy could cure 80-95% of patients with early cervical cancer, there is still no satisfactory therapeutic strategies for locally advanced and metastatic cervical cancer patients. Our previous study has already investigated that CTHRC-1 is highly expressed not only in the local tissue but also in circulating serum of patients with cervical cancer and played important function on metastasis of cervical cancer cells. In present study, we aimed to see whether ci...

Author Correction: A human monoclonal antibody prevents malaria infection by targeting a new site of vulnerability on the parasite.

In the version of this article originally published, data were incorrectly ascribed to monoclonal antibody CIS34 because of a labeling error. The data were generated with monoclonal antibody CIS04. Full details can be found in the correction notice.

Fc Glyco- and Fc Protein-Engineering: Design of Antibody Variants with Improved ADCC and CDC Activity.

Monoclonal antibodies are established treatment options in cancer therapy. However, not all patients benefit from antibody therapy. Basic research and findings from clinical trials revealed that certain Fc-mediated effector mechanisms triggered by monoclonal antibodies are essential for efficient antitumor activity. Today, next-generation monoclonal antibodies can be designed displaying tailor-made improved effector functions. The introduction of Fc-engineering technologies offers the potential to fine-tune...

A strategy for generating cancer-specific monoclonal antibodies to aberrant O-glycoproteins: identification of a novel dysadherin-Tn antibody.

Successful application of potent antibody-based T-cell engaging immunotherapeutic strategies is currently limited mainly to hematological cancers. One major reason is the lack of well-characterized antigens on solid tumors with sufficient cancer specific expression. Aberrantly O-glycosylated proteins contain promising cancer-specific O-glycopeptide epitopes suitable for immunotherapeutic applications, but currently only few examples of such antibody epitopes have been identified. We previously showed that c...

Photodynamic Therapy in the Treatment of Bladder Cancer: Past Challenges and Current Innovations.

There are limited treatment options for patients with recurrent non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. In this report, we will talk about the history of photodynamic therapy; although it showed encouraging therapeutic results, it was largely abandoned due to toxicity or bystander effects on normal cells. Monoclonal antibody-conjugates represent an emerging therapeutic approach for malignancies that improves upon tumor specificity. The use of a monoclonal antibody-photosensitizer conjugate is a more selective m...

Safety and Tolerability of Antibody-Drug Conjugates in Cancer.

Antibody-drug conjugates are monoclonal antibodies attached to biologically active drugs through chemical linkers that deliver and release cytotoxic agents at the tumor site, reducing the likelihood of systemic exposure and therefore toxicity. Currently, there are about 110 ongoing studies implementing antibody-drug conjugates in the treatment of multiple human malignancies. Antibody-drug conjugates carry a feature of the specificity of a monoclonal antibody and the anti-neoplastic potential of a cytotoxin....

Efficacy and safety of monoclonal antibody therapies for relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis: A network meta-analysis.

Several monoclonal antibodies have been licensed for relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). It is still unclear which treatment regimen should be recommended due to the lack of head-to-head randomized controlled trials (RCTs). This study aims to investigate the relative efficacy and safety of existing monoclonal antibody therapies in treating RRMS.

Successful Treatment of Pemphigus Vulgaris With Ofatumumab

Rituximab is a chimeric anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody that is very effective in treating patients with pemphigus vulgaris. Though infrequent, the development of human anti-chimeric antibodies in patients receiving rituximab results in loss of efficacy. Ofatumumab is a second-generation fully-human anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody currently used to treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia. We report a case of a patient with pemphigus vulgaris successfully treated with ofatumumab after developing human anti-chimeric a...

Anterior Gradient-2 Monoclonal Antibody Inhibits Lung Cancer Growth and Metastasis by Upregulating p53 Pathway and Without Exerting Any Toxicological Effects: A Preclinical Study.

Increased drug resistance and acute side effects on normal organs are the major disadvantages of traditional cancer chemotherapy and radiotherapy. This has increased the focus on targeted therapeutic strategies such as monoclonal antibody-based cancer therapies. The major advantage of antibody-based therapies is the specific inhibition of cancer-related targets, with reduced off-target side effects. Anterior gradient-2 (AGR2) is a prometastatic and proangiogenic tumor marker that is overexpressed in multipl...

Uncialamycin as a novel payload for antibody drug conjugate (ADC) based targeted cancer therapy.

Uncialamycin analogs were evaluated as potential cytotoxic agents in an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) approach to treating human cancer. These analogs were synthesized using Hauser annulations of substituted phthalides as a key step. A highly potent uncialamycin analog 3c with a valine-citrulline dipeptide linker was conjugated to an anti-mesothelin monoclonal antibody (mAb) through lysines to generate a meso-13 conjugate. This conjugate demonstrated subnanomolar potency (IC50 = 0.88 nM, H226 cell lin...

Evaluation of the Insulin-like Growth Factor Receptor Pathway in Patients with Advanced Breast Cancer Treated with Trastuzumab.

Trastuzumab is a monoclonal antibody against HER2-positive breast cancer. Despite improving the natural history of the disease, there is a number of patients who are resistant to it, whereas all patients will eventually develop resistance and disease will progress. Inconsistent preclinical data show that the IGF-R pathway may contribute to either de novo or acquired resistance to trastuzumab.

Nivolumab or nivolumab plus ipilimumab in patients with relapsed malignant pleural mesothelioma (IFCT-1501 MAPS2): a multicentre, open-label, randomised, non-comparative, phase 2 trial.

There is no recommended therapy for malignant pleural mesothelioma that has progressed after first-line pemetrexed and platinum-based chemotherapy. Disease control has been less than 30% in all previous studies of second-line drugs. Preliminary results have suggested that anti-programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) monoclonal antibody could be efficacious in these patients. We thus aimed to prospectively assess the anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody alone or in combination with anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte protein 4 (CTL...

Skin toxicity with anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody in cancer patients: a meta-analysis of 65 randomized controlled trials.

We performed a meta-analysis to fully investigate the skin toxicities of anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody (EGFR-MoAbs) in cancer patients. The relevant studies of the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in cancer patients treated with EGFR-MoAbs were retrieved and the systematic evaluation was conducted. EMBASE, MEDLINE, and PubMed were searched for articles published till November 2017. The relevant RCTs in cancer patients treated with EGFR-MoAbs were retrieved and the systematic evaluation was conducted. 65 ...

Change in the lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio is an early surrogate marker of the efficacy of nivolumab monotherapy in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer.

Nivolumab, an anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) monoclonal antibody, has been shown to yield a durable response and significant prolongation of the survival in some patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, identification of patients who are likely to respond to nivolumab remains difficult at present.

Patient-derived organoids: New co-clinical model to predict treatment response in cancer?

One of the most relevant problems in clinical oncology is to know the response of each patient to the different treatments available, to be able to choose the best therapy, or combination of them, at the opportune moment once the cancer is diagnosed. Twenty years ago, trastuzumab was approved as therapy for breast cancer, an antibody directed specifically against the Her2 receptor that only a group of patients expressed in their tumors. This monoclonal humanized antibody is considered the first targeted the...

Obinutuzumab, a new anti-CD20 antibody, and chlorambucil are active and effective in anti-MAG antibody polyneuropathy.

Rituximab, a chimeric anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody (mAb), has been used in polyneuropathy associated with anti-MAG antibody polyneuropathy with controversial results. Herein, we report on two patients with anti-MAG antibody neuropathy and concurrent chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), who dramatically responded to obinutuzumab, a novel glycoengineered humanized anti-CD20 mAb.

Antibody-Drug Conjugates for the Therapy of Thoracic Malignancies.

Antibody-drug conjugates are a novel class of therapeutic agents incorporating both target-specific monoclonal antibodies and cytotoxic small molecules via a chemical linker. They were first introduced into the clinic for the treatment of advanced hematologic malignancies. The only approved antibody-drug conjugate for solid tumors targets HER2, a validated antigen in breast cancer. Many antibody-drug conjugates are under active investigation for various types of solid tumors. In this article, we review the ...

PDGFRα monoclonal antibody: Assessment of embryo-fetal toxicity and time-dependent placental transfer of a murine surrogate antibody of olaratumab in mice.

Olaratumab (Lartruvo™) is a recombinant human IgG monoclonal antibody that specifically binds PDGFRα. The maternal and in utero embryo-fetal toxicity and toxicokinetics of a human anti-mouse PDGFRα antibody (LSN3338786) were investigated in pregnant mice.

Production of a mouse monoclonal IgM antibody that targets the carbohydrate Thomsen-nouveau cancer antigen resulting in in vivo and in vitro tumor killing.

The construction of a tumor-associated carbohydrate antigen-zwitterionic polysaccharide conjugate, Thomsen-nouveau-polysaccharide A1 (Tn-PS A1, where Tn = D-GalpNAc), has led to the development of a carbohydrate binding monoclonal antibody named Kt-IgM-8. Kt-IgM-8 was produced via hybridoma from Tn-PS A1 hyperimmunized Jackson Laboratory C57BL/6 mice, splenocytes and the murine myeloma cell line Sp2/0Ag14 with subsequent cloning on methyl cellulose semi-solid media. This in-house generated monoclonal an...

Production and characterization of monoclonal antibody against a triple negative breast cancer cell line.

Breast cancer is the most prevalent malignancy among women around the world such that more than 1,400,000 new cases are being diagnosed each year. Despite immense studies over many years on diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer, about 30% of treated patients will relapse and require subsequent therapy. By development of hybridoma technology, murine monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against several human tumor-associated antigens have been produced and characterized in many laboratories. The purpose of these s...

Tezepelumab, an anti-TSLP monoclonal antibody, in the treatment of moderate to severe atopic dermatitis: A randomized phase 2a clinical trial.

Tezepelumab (AMG 157/MEDI9929), a first-in-class monoclonal antibody, targets thymic stromal lymphopoietin, a cytokine implicated in atopic dermatitis (AD) pathogenesis.

Monoclonal Antibody Targeting the Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 Prevents and Reverses Paclitaxel-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy in Mice.

Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a disabling condition accompanying several cancer drugs, including the front-line chemotherapeutic agent paclitaxel. Although CIPN can force dose reduction or even discontinuation of chemotherapy affecting survival in cancer patients, there is no FDA-approved treatment for CIPN. CIPN in mice is characterized by neuropathic pain (e.g., mechanical allodynia) in association with oxidative stress and neuroinflammation in dorsal root ganglia (DRGs), as well as...

Production of a monoclonal antibody against a mannose-binding protein of Acanthamoeba culbertsoni and its localization.

Amoebae from the genus Acanthamoeba are facultative pathogens of humans and other animals. In humans they most frequently infect the eye causing a sight threatening infection known as Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK), and also cause an often fatal encephalitis (GAE). A mannose-binding protein (MBP) has been identified as being important for Acanthamoeba infection especially in AK. This lectin has previously been characterized from Acanthamoeba castellanii as consisting of multiple 130 kDa subunits. MBP express...

Nanoparticles provide long-term stability of bevacizumab preserving its antiangiogenic activity.

Bevacizumab is one of the most common monoclonal antibodies used to treat cancer due to its antiangiogenic role. However, the frequent parenteral administrations are not attractive for the patient adhesion to the therapy. Nanoencapsulation of bevacizumab might be a useful alternative to increase administration intervals, due to controlled release properties. To achieve a long-term bevacizumab stability into PLGA nanoparticles, we developed an optimized and validated lyophilization protocol. The co-encapsula...

RPC4046, a Monoclonal Antibody Against IL13, Reduces Histologic and Endoscopic Activity in Patients With Eosinophilic Esophagitis.

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