PubMed Journals Articles About "Monoclonal Antibody Therapy And Vaccine Therapy In Treating Patients With Resected Stage III Or Stage IV Melanoma" RSS

13:11 EDT 26th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Monoclonal Antibody Therapy And Vaccine Therapy In Treating Patients With Resected Stage III Or Stage IV Melanoma PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Monoclonal Antibody Therapy And Vaccine Therapy In Treating Patients With Resected Stage III Or Stage IV Melanoma articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Monoclonal Antibody Therapy Vaccine Therapy Treating Patients With" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 45,000+

Fc Glyco- and Fc Protein-Engineering: Design of Antibody Variants with Improved ADCC and CDC Activity.

Monoclonal antibodies are established treatment options in cancer therapy. However, not all patients benefit from antibody therapy. Basic research and findings from clinical trials revealed that certain Fc-mediated effector mechanisms triggered by monoclonal antibodies are essential for efficient antitumor activity. Today, next-generation monoclonal antibodies can be designed displaying tailor-made improved effector functions. The introduction of Fc-engineering technologies offers the potential to fine-tune...

Photodynamic Therapy in the Treatment of Bladder Cancer: Past Challenges and Current Innovations.

There are limited treatment options for patients with recurrent non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. In this report, we will talk about the history of photodynamic therapy; although it showed encouraging therapeutic results, it was largely abandoned due to toxicity or bystander effects on normal cells. Monoclonal antibody-conjugates represent an emerging therapeutic approach for malignancies that improves upon tumor specificity. The use of a monoclonal antibody-photosensitizer conjugate is a more selective m...

Economic Impact and Clinical Outcomes of Omalizumab Add-On Therapy for Patients with Severe Persistent Asthma: A Real-World Study.

Omalizumab is a fully humanized monoclonal antibody indicated as add-on therapy to improve asthma control in patients with severe persistent allergic asthma.

Patient-derived organoids: New co-clinical model to predict treatment response in cancer?

One of the most relevant problems in clinical oncology is to know the response of each patient to the different treatments available, to be able to choose the best therapy, or combination of them, at the opportune moment once the cancer is diagnosed. Twenty years ago, trastuzumab was approved as therapy for breast cancer, an antibody directed specifically against the Her2 receptor that only a group of patients expressed in their tumors. This monoclonal humanized antibody is considered the first targeted the...

Nivolumab or nivolumab plus ipilimumab in patients with relapsed malignant pleural mesothelioma (IFCT-1501 MAPS2): a multicentre, open-label, randomised, non-comparative, phase 2 trial.

There is no recommended therapy for malignant pleural mesothelioma that has progressed after first-line pemetrexed and platinum-based chemotherapy. Disease control has been less than 30% in all previous studies of second-line drugs. Preliminary results have suggested that anti-programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) monoclonal antibody could be efficacious in these patients. We thus aimed to prospectively assess the anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody alone or in combination with anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte protein 4 (CTL...

Monoclonal Antibody Production Against Vimentin by Whole Cell Immunization in a Mouse Model.

Pancreatic carcinoma is the fourth-leading cause of cancer death in the United States and due to its late presentation, only few patients would be candidates for the curative treatment of pancreactomy. Monoclonal antibodies have brought hope to targeted therapy.

Uncialamycin as a novel payload for antibody drug conjugate (ADC) based targeted cancer therapy.

Uncialamycin analogs were evaluated as potential cytotoxic agents in an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) approach to treating human cancer. These analogs were synthesized using Hauser annulations of substituted phthalides as a key step. A highly potent uncialamycin analog 3c with a valine-citrulline dipeptide linker was conjugated to an anti-mesothelin monoclonal antibody (mAb) through lysines to generate a meso-13 conjugate. This conjugate demonstrated subnanomolar potency (IC50 = 0.88 nM, H226 cell lin...

Clinical Inquiries: What's the best secondary treatment for patients who fail initial triple therapy for H pylori?

Treating patients with infection who have failed clarithromycin-based triple therapy with either levofloxacin-based triple therapy (with amoxicillin and a proton pump inhibitor [PPI]) or a bismuth-based quadruple therapy produces cure rates of 75% to 81%. Ten-day regimens produce higher cure rates than 7-day regimens. Repeating the initial clarithromycin-based triple therapy cures fewer than half of patients (strength of recommendation [SOR]: A, meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials [RCTs]).

Low irradiance compared with conventional photodynamic therapy in the treatment of actinic keratoses.

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an effective therapy treating photodamaged areas with multiple actinic keratoses (AK). Still pain during therapy is one of the most challenging obstacles for patients. This retrospective study compares pain and efficiency intra-individual in patients using conventional PDT (c-PDT) compared to a low irradiance PDT protocol (li-PDT) with a reduced irradiance to 25% of c-PDT.

Pharmacokinetics and important drug-drug interactions to remember when treating advanced chronic kidney disease patients with hepatitis C direct acting anti-viral therapy.

Hepatitis C direct acting antiviral (DAA) therapy has evolved so that infected patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) can now anticipate the opportunity for sustained virologic response equivalent to that of the broader population of patients with hepatitis C. This has revolutionized the field of transplantation as it relates to renal transplant candidates with hepatitis C and the use of grafts from hepatitis C virus (HCV) viremic donors. In treating this population of patients, special conside...

Identifying Patients for Nonstatin Therapy.

Statins are first-line therapy for reducing atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk. Some patients remain at high ASCVD risk despite maximizing statin therapy. Ezetimibe and proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have been shown to reduce ASCVD events in randomized trials and may be of benefit in selected high-risk patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) or familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). Number-needed-to-treat (NNT) to prevent one ASCVD event c...

Passively transferred M2e-specific monoclonal antibody reduces influenza A virus transmission in mice.

Influenza represents a global public health threat. Currently available influenza vaccines are effective against strain-matched influenza A and B viruses but do not protect against novel pandemic viruses. Vaccine candidates that target conserved B or T cell epitopes of influenza viruses could circumvent this shortcoming. The conserved extracellular domain of matrix protein 2 (M2e) of influenza A is an example of such a broadly protective vaccine candidate. Protection by M2e-based vaccine candidates largely ...

Tolerability of Isoniazid Preventive Therapy in an HIV-Infected Cohort of Paediatric and Adolescent Patients on Antiretroviral Therapy from a Resource-Limited Setting: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Treating patients with latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) to prevent development of active disease is an essential strategy for eliminating TB. There are concerns regarding the use of isoniazid due to the potential for hepatotoxicity. This study was conducted to determine the incidence of adverse hepatic events after isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) commencement in a cohort of HIV-infected paediatric and adolescent patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART).

Immunotherapy in acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndromes: The dawn of a new era?

Immunotherapy has revolutionized therapy in both solid and liquid malignancies. The ability to cure acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) with an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) is proof of concept for the application of immunotherapy in AML and MDS. However, outside of HSCT, only the anti-CD33 antibody drug conjugate gemtuzumab ozogamicin is currently approved as an antibody-targeted therapy for AML. Several avenues of immunotherapeutic drugs are currently in...

Ramucirumab as a second line therapy for advanced HCC: a significant achievement or a wasted opportunity for personalised therapy?

The second line treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has recently become an exciting area of interest since new emerging options have demonstrated survival benefits versus placebo. Unfortunately, predictive biomarkers are unavailable for these treatments. Ramucirumab, a monoclonal antibody against VEGFR-2, has demonstrated overall survival superiority against placebo as a second line therapy for patients with AFP > 400 ng/ml in the recent REACH-2 trial. This review will provide the current updat...

Eradication Efficacy of Modified Dual Therapy Compared with Bismuth-Containing Quadruple Therapy as a First-Line Treatment of Helicobacter pylori.

This study assessed the effectiveness, adverse events, patient adherence, and costs of modified dual therapy compared with bismuth-containing quadruple therapy for treating Helicobacter pylori infection in Chinese patients. We also sought to determine whether modified dual therapy could be used as an alternative first-line treatment for H. pylori infection.

A novel humanized anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody potentiates therapy in oral squamous cell carcinoma.

Currently, immune checkpoint inhibitors have been shown to extend the survival of many cancer patients. However, few studies have focused on immune checkpoint inhibition for the treatment of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Here, by screening at an early stage, we obtained a strain of anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody (mAb) that targets programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) does not contain the C and C fragment. In this study, the role of our novel mAb was tested in the treatment of OSCC in vitro and...

Author Correction: A human monoclonal antibody prevents malaria infection by targeting a new site of vulnerability on the parasite.

In the version of this article originally published, data were incorrectly ascribed to monoclonal antibody CIS34 because of a labeling error. The data were generated with monoclonal antibody CIS04. Full details can be found in the correction notice.

New Systemic Therapies for Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Since the approval of sorafenib for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in 2007, many drugs have failed in the first and second-line setting. Fortunately, during the recent 2 years, between 2017 and 2018, four drugs (regorafenib, lenvatinib, cabozantinib, and ramucirumab) were found to be effective and tolerable for patients with HCC as the first- or second-line therapy. Regorafenib, a multi-kinase inhibitor, has a similar structure to sorafenib, and was shown to improve the survival of pa...

Efficacy and safety of monoclonal antibody therapies for relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis: A network meta-analysis.

Several monoclonal antibodies have been licensed for relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). It is still unclear which treatment regimen should be recommended due to the lack of head-to-head randomized controlled trials (RCTs). This study aims to investigate the relative efficacy and safety of existing monoclonal antibody therapies in treating RRMS.

Successful Treatment of Pemphigus Vulgaris With Ofatumumab

Rituximab is a chimeric anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody that is very effective in treating patients with pemphigus vulgaris. Though infrequent, the development of human anti-chimeric antibodies in patients receiving rituximab results in loss of efficacy. Ofatumumab is a second-generation fully-human anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody currently used to treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia. We report a case of a patient with pemphigus vulgaris successfully treated with ofatumumab after developing human anti-chimeric a...

Investigating a chimeric anti-mouse PDGFRα antibody as a radiosensitizer in primary mouse sarcomas.

Olaratumab (LY3012207/IMC-3G3/Lartruvo™) is a fully human monoclonal antibody specific for platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRα). Phase Ib/II trial results of olaratumab plus doxorubicin in adult patients with advanced soft tissue sarcoma (STS) supported accelerated FDA approval of this regimen. Radiation therapy (RT) is frequently used for high-risk localized STS. However, olaratumab has not been tested with concurrent RT. Here, we evaluate the chimeric anti-mouse PDGFRα antibody 1E10F...

FKB327: An Adalimumab Biosimilar.

FKB327 (Hulio) is a biosimilar of the reference monoclonal anti-TNFα antibody adalimumab, and is approved in the EU for use in the same indications as reference adalimumab. FKB327 has similar physicochemical and pharmacodynamic properties to those of reference adalimumab, and pharmacokinetic equivalence was shown in healthy volunteers and patients with moderate-to-severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA) despite methotrexate therapy. FKB327 demonstrated equivalent clinical efficacy to that of reference adalimumab ...

How is the audit of therapy intensity influencing rehabilitation in inpatient stroke units in the UK? An ethnographic study.

Occupational therapy, physiotherapy and speech and language therapy are central to rehabilitation after a stroke. The UK has introduced an audited performance target: that 45 min of each therapy should be provided to patients deemed appropriate. We sought to understand how this has influenced delivery of stroke unit therapy.

Modeling therapy resistance via the EGFR signaling pathway.

Mutations in KRAS are often associated with resistance to EGFR-targeting antibody therapy. Using comprehensive systems analyses, GNB5 has been identified as a potential target to overcome therapy resistance targeting the EGFR signaling pathways, whereby the AKT signaling pathway (PI3K) rather than the ERK signaling pathway (RAS) might be dominantly affected. Personalized mathematical modeling and simulations of this signaling pathway/network and respective perturbations are of great utility to customize the...

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