PubMed Journals Articles About "Morning Break Adult Measles Death Tech Addicts Fixing" RSS

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Showing "Morning Break Adult Measles Death Tech Addicts Fixing" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 9,800+

Histopathological and Immunohistochemical Characteristics of Measles Exanthema: A Study of a Series of 13 Adult Cases and Review of the Literature.

Despite available vaccination, measles is one of the leading causes of death among young children in developing countries. In clinical practice, the spectrum of differential diagnoses of morbilliform exanthemas associated with fever is wide, and it can be hard to differentiate from other infectious eruptions, especially in adults or in atypical courses in immunocompromised patients. The goal of our study was to identify characteristic histomorphological and immunohistochemical patterns of measles exanthema ...

Measles in pregnancy: a threat for Italian women?

Measles in pregnancy may lead to serious sequelae for newborns and mothers. In Italy assessment of immunity against measles is not recommended as pregnancy screening. This study aimed to assess the immunity against measles in pregnant women from Apulia Region in Southern Italy between 2016 and 2017. Overall, 96.9% of pregnant women were positive for anti-measles IgG, younger women aged 19-29 years had a seroprevalence below 90%. No samples were positive for anti-measles IgM. In conclusion, younger pregnant ...

Estimates of case-fatality ratios of measles in low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic review and modelling analysis.

In the 21st century, increases in immunisation coverage and decreases in under-5 mortality have substantially reduced the global burden of measles mortality. However, the assessment of measles mortality burden is highly dependent on estimates of case-fatality ratios for measles, which can vary according to geography, health systems infrastructure, prevalence of underlying risk factors, and measles endemicity. With imprecise case-fatality ratios, there is continued uncertainty about the burden of measles mor...

Emergence of attenuated measles illness among IgG positive/IgM negative measles cases, Victoria​, Australia 2008-2017.

Waning measles immunity among vaccinated individuals may result in an attenuated illness and is considered less infectious. This study aims to compare the epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory profile of measles cases with waning immunity to other measles cases.

Summary and lessons of the European and Hungarian measles situation.

Measles is one of the most serious preventable infectious diseases, which in our country were among the rare diseases in the last 10 to 20 years. One of the reasons for this is that the Hungarian population born after 1969 was vaccinated in almost 99 percent. The other reason is that in the period prior to vaccination era, the often-occurring measles epidemics left life-long immunity in the affected persons. Thus, natural and artificial immunizations provided extensive herd immunity. However, the ongoing me...

Controlling Measles through Politics and Policy.

Vaccination is one of history's most successful public health interventions. Since 2000, vaccination campaigns against measles, which is highly contagious but preventable through the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, have reduced both the global incidence of the disease and measles deaths by 80 percent. However, progress toward measles elimination has slid backward in several previously well-protected global regions. With more communities below or at risk of falling below the 95 percent immunization rate...

Prognostic value of C3d-fixing, preformed donor-specific antibodies in crossmatch-positive living kidney transplantation.

The occurrence of acute antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR) is higher in flow cytometric crossmatch (FCXM)-positive patients despite desensitization. Accumulating evidence suggests a correlation between the complement-binding ability of donor-specific antibodies (DSAs) and the risk of ABMR. Here, we investigated the correlation between complement C3d-fixing ability of preformed DSA and ABMR risk, the efficacy of a desensitization protocol for patients with C3d-fixing DSA, and the risk of ABMR in 21 DSA- and ...

Vaccination Against Measles, Mumps, and Rubella in the Light of Current Epidemic Threats: Unjustified Postponement.

A worrying increase in the number of measles cases has been noted recently in Poland, which may have to do with a decreasing proportion of children vaccinated against measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) in the second year of life (

Seroepidemiology of measles in Beijing, China: a cross-sectional study.

The aim of this study was to assess the seroprevalence of measles and identify the high risk of measles infection in the general population of Beijing. A total of 2144 subjects aged 0-76 years old were selected using a multi-stage stratified sampling method. Socio-demographic characteristics, vaccination history, and disease history of measles were collected by questionnaire. Serum samples were tested for measles-specific IgG by using commercial ELISA kits. The overall seropositivity rate of measles was 79...

A review of bubble break-up.

The coalescence and break-up of bubbles are important steps in many industrial processes. To date, most of the literature has been focussed on the coalescence process which has been studied using high speed cinematographic techniques. However, bubble break-up is equally important and requires further research. This review essentially details the break-up process and initially summarizes the different types of bubble deformation processes which lead to break-up. Break-up is considered in high and low turbule...

Safety and seropositivity after live attenuated vaccine in adult patients receiving hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Vaccination against vaccine-preventable diseases (VPDs) is highly recommended for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients by several guidelines; however, the safety and seropositivity after live attenuated vaccines remain unclear in adult HSCT recipients. We analyzed titers of antibodies against measles, rubella, mumps, and varicella zoster virus (VZV) from Japanese adult patients who underwent allogeneic HSCT (allo-HSCT) (n = 74), autologous HSCT (auto-HSCT) (n = 39), or chemother...

Compliance with adult measles and pertussis vaccination recommendations : Analysis of data from the national monitoring system KV-Impfsurveillance.

The Standing Committee on Vaccination recommends adult measles and pertussis vaccination. The measles vaccine has been recommended since 2010 to adults born after 1970 with less than two doses in childhood, and an acellular pertussis vaccine (ap) since 2009 to be administered to all adults, with the next recommended decennial tetanus (T) and diphtheria (d) booster as a Tdap combination vaccine.We aim to determine the annual uptake of the measles vaccine (vaccination incidence) and its proportion in pedia...

Cell-permeable p38 MAP kinase protects adult hippocampal neurons from cell death.

p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase (p38) is a member of the MAP kinase family. Previous reports using p38 chemical inhibitors have suggested that its activation contributes to hippocampal neuronal cell death rather than cell survival. In this study, we used both a cell-permeable p38 protein containing the HIV protein transduction domain (PTD) and cultured adult hippocampal neurons, which were differentiated from cultured adult hippocampal neural stem/progenitor cells (NPCs), to evaluate the direct f...

Measles Pneumonitis.

Measles represents an acute febrile illness, potentially fatal and highly contagious through the respiratory mode of transmission. Fever combined with one of the following: cough, coryza, conjunctivitis are the first manifestations of the disease. Koplik's spots may also appear on the buccal mucosa providing an opportunity to set the diagnosis even before the appearance of rash. Rash typically appears 3-4 days after the onset of fever, initially on the face and behind the ears and its appearance is associat...

Outbreak of measles among persons with secondary vaccine failure, China, 2018.

Although the incidence of measles has been dramatically reduced by the highly effective measles vaccine, cases of measles and outbreaks continue to occur in vaccinated population because of immunization failure. We report on an outbreak in which two cases had previous evidence of measles immunity and then one of them transmitted measles infection to an unvaccinated contact. The cases and contacts exposed during the outbreak were investigated. Clinical information and epidemiological information were obtaine...

Cost-effectiveness of measles treatment: a systematic review.

Measles is still common in many developing countries, and its outbreaks have been on the rise since 2009 even though the disease is almost entirely preventable through safe and effective vaccination. This paper aims to provide evidence about the systematic review of the cost-effectiveness of measles treatment in different regions worldwide.

Sero-epidemiological study in prediction of the risk groups for measles outbreaks in Vojvodina, Serbia.

Age-stratified serologic surveys provide insight into the gaps of measles-specific immunity as well as estimates of the age-specific seroprevalence. The aim of this study was to describe the measles sero-epidemiology in Vojvodina before the occurrence of outbreak in 2017/18 and to discuss preventive measures for potential future epidemics.

Does Food Allergy Require Any Change in Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccination?

To determine the allergic reactions that develop after Measles and Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) vaccination, and whether any delay in the timing of vaccination occurs in children with food allergy.

Induction and kinetics of complement-fixing antibodies against Plasmodium vivax MSP3α and relationship with IgG subclasses and IgM.

Complement-fixing antibodies are important mediators of protection against Plasmodium falciparum malaria. However, complement-fixing antibodies remain uncharacterised for P. vivax malaria. Plasmodium vivax merozoite Surface Protein-3α (PvMSP3α) is a target of acquired immunity and a potential vaccine candidate.

Developmental Biology in Cyanobacteria.

Filamentous, heterocyst-forming cyanobacteria are phototrophic multicellular organisms in which N-fixing heterocysts and CO-fixing vegetative cells exchange regulators and nutrients [...].

Measles transmission in an international airport - Taiwan, March-April 2018.

During March-April 2018, an infectious measles index case traveling from Thailand led to two successive generations of measles transmissions in Taiwan, with 21 cases confirmed. Median patient age was 30.5 years (range, 22-47 years); six (27%) had documented receipt of one (n = 3) or more (n = 3) previous measles-containing vaccine doses at age ≥12 months. Epidemiological investigation and sequence analysis found that most (n = 16, 76%) measles transmissions occurred in airport and flight setti...

Approaching measles elimination in Switzerland: changing epidemiology 2007-2018.

Switzerland is aiming to eliminate measles, in line with the objectives of the World Health Organization (WHO). Physicians, laboratories and public health authorities have made great efforts to reach this goal. A continually increasing measles vaccination coverage and other preventive measures have made an impact: no major measles outbreak has been recorded since 2011. In order to evaluate progress towards elimination, measles epidemiology of a previous epidemic period (2007–2011) was compared with th...

Task-related functional connectivity of anterior cingutate in opiate drug addicts during physical detoxification: a task fMRI study.

To explore the brain areas which have abnormal functional connectivity with anterior cingutate in opiate drug dependence during physical detoxification using a task-related functional magnetic resonance imaging(fMRI), and to find out the role of anterior cingutate dysfunction in the relapse of opiate drug addicts during physical detoxification. From January to December 2016, eighteen participants of opiate drug addicts during physical detoxification who completed in Drug Rehabilitation Center of Anhui Prov...

Reducing measles mortality in India.

A large-scale campaign to promote measles vaccinations has substantially reduced the number of children dying from the disease in India.

N-fixing black locust intercropping improves ecosystem nutrition at the vulnerable semi-arid Loess Plateau region, China.

The Loess Plateau in northwestern China constitutes one of the most vulnerable semi-arid regions in the world due to long-term decline in forest cover, soil nutrient depletion by agricultural use, and attendant soil erosion. Here, we characterize the significance of N-fixing Robinia pseudoacacia L. and non-N-fixing Juglans regia L. for improving nutrient availability and water retention in soil by comparing a range of biological and physicochemical features in monoculture and mixed plantations of both speci...

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