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19:12 EST 24th November 2017 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Most Expensive Wars American History" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 15,000+

The clinical epidemiology of sickle cell anemia in Africa.

Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is the commonest severe monogenic disorders of humans. The disease has been highly characterized in high-income countries but not in sub-Saharan Africa where SCA is most prevalent. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all children 0-13 years admitted from within a defined study area to Kilifi County Hospital in Kenya over a five-year period. Children were genotyped for SCA retrospectively and incidence rates calculated with reference to population data. Overall, 576 of 18,87...


Visualization of the bone marrow biopsy needle track.

Current state and future of Paediatric Allergology in Europe: A road map.

The history of pediatric allergology (PA) in Europe is relatively youthful, dating back to 1984, when a small group of pediatricians founded the European Working Group on Pediatric Allergy and Immunology - later giving rise to ESPACI (European Society on Pediatric Allergology and Clinical Immunology). In 1990, the first dedicated journal, Pediatric Allergy and Immunology (PAI), was founded. There are striking differences across Europe, and even within European countries, in relation to the training pathways...


Bendamustine plus rituximab for indolent B-cell lymphoma of renal significance.

Treatment of indolent B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas (iNHL) of renal significance is challenging given the need for deep and prolonged hematological response to restore and control renal function overtime, yet to be balanced with the risk of adverse drug-related events. This prospective single-center study included 20 patients with iNHL of renal significance (tubulointerstitial presentation [n=8], glomerulopathy with or without monoclonal Ig deposits [n=12]) who received a steroid-sparing regimen of rituximab...

Congenital limb deficiencies and major associated anomalies in Alberta for the years 1980-2012.

There is a wide range of the proportion of congenital anomalies associated with limb deficiencies reported in the literature. This variation is primarily attributed to methodology and classification differences. The distribution of associated anomalies among cases with congenital limb deficiencies in Alberta born between January 1, 1980 and December 31, 2012 is described. Of the 170 cases identified, most were live born (75.3%), male (61.8%), had longitudinal limb deficiencies (78.8%), and had associated an...

A review of urban impacts on avian life-history evolution: Does city living lead to slower pace of life?

The concept of a pace-of-life syndrome describes inter- and intraspecific variation in several life-history traits along a slow-to-fast pace-of-life continuum, with long lifespans, low reproductive and metabolic rates, and elevated somatic defences at the slow end of the continuum and the opposite traits at the fast end. Pace-of-life can vary in relation to local environmental conditions (e.g. latitude, altitude), and here we propose that this variation may also occur along an anthropogenically modified env...

Novel STRA6 null mutations in the original family described with Matthew-Wood syndrome.

Single suture craniosynostosis: Identification of rare variants in genes associated with syndromic forms.

We report RNA-Sequencing results on a cohort of patients with single suture craniosynostosis and demonstrate significant enrichment of heterozygous, rare, and damaging variants among key craniosynostosis-related genes. Genetic burden analysis identified a significant increase in damaging variants in ATR, EFNA4, ERF, MEGF8, SCARF2, and TGFBR2. Of 391 participants, 15% were found to have damaging and potentially causal variants in 29 genes. We observed transmission in 96% of the affected individuals, and thus...

Biallelic mutations in NALCN: Expanding the genotypic and phenotypic spectra of IHPRF1.

Loss-of function mutations in NALCN on chromosome 13q, a sodium leak channel that maintains baseline neuronal excitability, cause infantile hypotonia with psychomotor retardation and characteristic faces 1 (IHPRF1, OMIM #615419). Here, we document two individuals with early onset hypotonia with poor feeding and intellectual disability who were compatible with a diagnosis of IHPRF1. The two patients had bi-allelic mutations in NALCN through two different genetic mechanisms: Patient 1 had bi-allelic splice si...

Guidelines in CHARGE syndrome and the missing link: Cranial imaging.

"CHARGE syndrome" is a complex syndrome with high and extremely variable comorbidity. As a result, clinicians may struggle to provide accurate and comprehensive care, and this has led to the publication of several clinical surveillance guidelines and recommendations for CHARGE syndrome, based on both single case observations and cohort studies. Here we perform a structured literature review to examine all the existing advice. Our findings provide additional support for the validity of the recently published...

Distinct cerebellar foliation anomalies in a Chd7 haploinsufficient mouse model of CHARGE syndrome.

Mutations in the gene encoding the ATP dependent chromatin-remodeling factor, CHD7 are the major cause of CHARGE (Coloboma, Heart defects, Atresia of the choanae, Retarded growth and development, Genital-urinary anomalies, and Ear defects) syndrome. Neurodevelopmental defects and a range of neurological signs have been identified in individuals with CHARGE syndrome, including developmental delay, lack of coordination, intellectual disability, and autistic traits. We previously identified cerebellar vermis h...

Associative role of HLA-DRB1 SNP genotypes as risk factors for susceptibility and severity of rheumatoid arthritis: A North-east Indian population-based study.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complex, multifactorial, systemic autoimmune disease. Reports are suggestive of the role of HLA especially HLA-DRB1 alterations in RA pathogenesis. Existing data involving different geographical populations on the role of alterations in specific locus of HLA-DRB1 in RA susceptibility and severity are equivocal, with no data available from ethnically distinct North-east Indian population, where RA cases are alarmingly increasing. This study aimed to evaluate the association of ...

Tuba-ovarian auto-amputation caused by ovarian teratoma in an adolescent girl.

Atıcı A, Yılmaz E, Karaman A, Apaydın S, Afşarlar ÇE. Tuba-ovarian auto-amputation caused by ovarian teratoma in an adolescent girl. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 90-92. Ovarian auto-amputation is an extremely rare condition commonly encountered in the perinatal period. Spontaneous or secondary torsion of the ovary caused by an ovarian lesion may result in infarction and subsequent auto-amputation of the ovary. This paper demonstrates a case that underwent laparoscopic appendectomy with an incidental calci...

Building creative communities of care: Arts, dementia, and hope in the United States.

This essay explores the history of the cultural community development model in the United States and its potential benefits for transforming the lived experience of dementia. Using her work with the 2011 Penelope Project as a case study, the author identifies core elements of a "Creative Community of Care:" open systems; all activities are accessible; the arts are immersed into the environment of care; projects build on existing assets and rituals; projects evolve over long periods of time; and projects hav...

The Role of Caregivers in Physical Activity for Older Adults With Alzheimer's Disease.

This study examined the determinants of physical activity (PA) for older adults with Alzheimer's disease (AD) to learn more about how to promote PA in this population. Caregivers of older adults with AD (N = 99) provided information related to care recipient's PA, as well as addressed sociodemographics and perceptions about their care recipient's PA. Gender of care recipient was a significant predictor of PA (β = .80, P < .05); men with AD participated in more PA than women with AD. Also, caregiver's outco...

The clinical benefit of hyperthermia in pancreatic cancer: a systematic review.

In pancreatic cancer, which is therapy resistant due to its hypoxic microenvironment, hyperthermia may enhance the effect of radio(chemo)therapy. The aim of this systematic review is to investigate the validity of the hypothesis that hyperthermia added to radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy improves treatment outcome for pancreatic cancer patients.

Vulnerabilities in sequencing and task switching in healthy youth offspring of parents with mood disorders.

Visuospatial processing and task switching are impaired in individuals with mood disorders. It is unknown whether early deficits are present before mood symptom on set or are related to risk for a specific type of mood disorder. To investigate, we compared visual attention and task switching during sequencing among never-disordered youth with parental family histories of bipolar (BD) and major depressive disorders (MDD) and healthy controls (HC) with no personal or family history of psychopathology.

Bayesian latent time joint mixed effect models for multicohort longitudinal data.

Characterization of long-term disease dynamics, from disease-free to end-stage, is integral to understanding the course of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's, and ultimately, how best to intervene. Natural history studies typically recruit multiple cohorts at different stages of disease and follow them longitudinally for a relatively short period of time. We propose a latent time joint mixed effects model to characterize long-term disease dynamics using this short-term data. Mark...

High-ACE Low Wage Workers: Occupational Health Nursing Research and Praxis Through a Trauma-Informed Lens.

Individuals with a history of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) disproportionately have poor mental and physical health outcomes. These experiences affect individuals across the life span extending beyond health with deleterious impact on work-related outcomes. Low-wage workers are particularly at risk. Social service and health organizations are becoming aware of the extent to which the populations they serve have been affected by these experiences. Employment support programs may serve high-ACE individ...

A preliminary study of natural history of mild traumatic brain injury by using multidimensional approach.

Spectrum of post-traumatic symptoms is frequent among mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) patients. They account for symptoms in 30-80 per cent of patients during 3-4 months and 20-30 per cent of patients six months post-injury. There are no studies from India in this area. The present longitudinal study was conducted to evaluate the natural recovery of post-traumatic symptoms in mTBI patients.

Skeletal open-bite treatment with zygomatic anchorage for a child with mental retardation: A new modality.

Anterior open bite (AOB) is one of the most difficult malocclusions to treat and maintain in orthodontics. Malocclusion occurs more frequently in children with disabilities than in healthy children. Surgical correction of severe AOB often requires maxillary impaction to reduce the anterior facial height. The zygomatic buttress area could be a valuable anchorage site to achieve intrusion of maxillary posterior teeth. A 16-year-old boy with mental retardation showing signs of persistence of infantile behavior...

Effect of secondary penicillin prophylaxis on valvular changes in patients with rheumatic heart disease in Far North Queensland.

To determine the effect of secondary penicillin prophylaxis (SPP) on echocardiographic diagnosed valvular changes in patients with rheumatic heart disease (RHD) or history of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) in the Townsville Health district.

The impact of rewilding, species introductions and climate change on the structure and function of the Yukon boreal forest ecosystem.

Community and ecosystem changes are happening in the pristine boreal forest ecosystem of the Yukon for two reasons. First, climate change is affecting the abiotic environment (temperature, rainfall, growing season) and driving changes in plant productivity and predator-prey interactions. Secondly, simultaneously change is occurring because of mammal species reintroductions and rewilding. The key ecological question is the impact these faunal changes will have on trophic dynamics. Primary productivity in the...

Factors shaping life history traits of two proovigenic parasitoids.

What shapes the relative investment in reproduction vs. survival of organisms is one of the key questions in life history. Proovigenic insects mature all their eggs prior to emergence and are short lived, providing a unique opportunity to quantify their lifetime investments in the different functions. We investigated the initial eggloads and longevity of two proovigenic parasitoid wasps (Anagrus erythroneurae and Anagrus daanei, (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) that develop within leafhopper eggs in both agricultur...

Hemorrhage and intestinal obstruction secondary to a Meckel's diverticulum: a case report.

We present one case of a 17-year-old male with ten-year history of anemia complaining of recurrent bloody stools, abdominal pain and fatigue for 3 months.The gastroscopy, colonoscopy, the-first-time double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) through the anus and capsule endoscopy were performed with negative results. 99mTc-pertechnetate scan showed a round-like high radioactive concentration at the ileocecum. Double-balloon enteroscopy through the anus was performed again by a more-experienced endoscopic physician, t...


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