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NACDS Foundation Supports Project Lifeline Efforts Opioid Crisis PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest NACDS Foundation Supports Project Lifeline Efforts Opioid Crisis articles that have been published worldwide.
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The increasing contamination of the drug supply with illicitly manufactured fentanyl and related analogs in North America has resulted in the most severe drug-overdose crisis in history. Available pharmacotherapy options for the treatment of opioid use disorder have had limited success in curbing the current crisis, and a growing body of evidence highlights the need for innovative interventions that target underlying social-structural drivers of opioid use disorder. Re-emerging clinical research suggests th...
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth are more than twice as likely to attempt suicide than their peers. Although LGBT-specific crisis services have been developed, little is known about the need for these services beyond that of general lifeline services.
Amidst a surging national crisis of opioid use, concern has been expressed about its impact on veterans, but no study has presented a population-based comparison of opioid use disorder (OUD) among veterans and non-veterans. We analyzed national epidemiologic data to compare rates, correlates and impacts of the opioid crisis on male veterans and non-veterans.
The incidence of opioid-related overdoses is increasing at an alarming pace, largely driven by the increased use of fentanyl and its analogues. The need for sound and reliable sources of data on opioid use is crucial in order to make decisions on implementing efficient interventions, and develop appropriate policies and guidelines to mitigate the burden of opioid use. This article highlights initiatives undertaken by federal partners to address the opioid crisis in Canada. The need for novel surveillance ap...
Given the current opioid crisis in Canada, there is interest in the role of opioid toxicity in suicide deaths, particularly in whether any observed patterns are similar to those of unintentional deaths. The present analysis examined characteristics of opioid-toxicity suicide, and its role in relation to other suicide methods, from 2000 to 2016 in Alberta. It does not appear that the opioid crisis has resulted in a disproportionately higher number of suicides in Alberta. Individuals who die from unintentiona...
As the opioid crisis continues to worsen in the United States, nurses must take on a central role of intervention, which includes use of the opioid agonist medication, buprenorphine. The current article addresses the need to understand opioid use disorder as a chronic condition and increase access to treatment with pharmacotherapies, particularly buprenorphine, in outpatient settings. The pharmacological activity of buprenorphine is discussed, as well as the reasons for its underutilization, specifically st...
The role of prescription opioids in the opioid crisis has been well established. How the prevalence of prescription opioids relates to opioid hospitalizations has been understudied. Hospitalizations due to opioids are a distinct indicator of opioid misuse, have cost implications for health care systems, and may be an entry point into substance use treatment.
The United States is experiencing an opioid overdose crisis. Research suggests prolonged postoperative opioid use, a common complication following surgery, is associated with opioid misuse, which, in turn, is the greatest risk factor of heroin misuse. The objective of this review is to evaluate how postoperative opioid exposure relates to prolonged use and to identify factors that predict prolonged postoperative opioid use.
The current opioid crisis in the United States has emerged from higher demand for and prescribing of opioids as chronic pain medication. This led to massive diversion of prescription opioids into illicit markets. A peculiar tragedy is that many health professionals prescribed opioids in a misguided response to legitimate concerns that pain was under-recognized and undertreated. The crisis grew not only from over-prescribing, but also from other sources, including a lack of research into non-opioid pain mana...
Stakeholders have implemented a multitude of system-level policies to address the U.S. opioid overdose epidemic. Because opioid prescribing partly fueled the crisis and because prescribing of medications for opioid addiction treatment is a key prevention strategy, it is critical to understand prescriber perceptions of policies in these domains. This article reviews prescriber awareness and opinions of the following system-level policies: opioid prescribing guidelines, prescription drug monitoring programs (...
The nature of Canada's opioid crisis necessitates additional data sources that can provide a more comprehensive picture of the epidemic, in order to provide public health officials and decision-makers with a robust evidence base. Paramedic data provide a conduit into the community where overdoses occur. Prehospital events and circumstances surrounding opioid-related overdoses provide unique opportunities to collect evidence that can contribute to prevention, harm reduction and health promotion efforts. Usin...
Risk of opioid use disorder, overdose, and death from prescription opioids increases as dosage, duration, and use of extended-release and long-acting formulations increase. States are well suited to respond to the opioid crisis through legislation, regulations, enforcement, surveillance, and other interventions.
Cancer-related pain is a common symptom that is often treated with opioids. However, legislation aimed at containing the opioid crisis, coupled with public fears about opioid risks, may contribute to opioid stigma in cancer patients. To our knowledge, no prior research has examined opioid stigma and stigma-related behavior in this population.
There is extensive literature regarding nicotine-opioid functional interactions. The possibility that use of nicotine products during adolescence might increase the risk of substance abuse such as morphine later in adulthood is particularly relevant to the current opioid crisis.
Opioids have incredible power to make lives better, as well as destroy them. After the latest US opioid overuse crisis reported by the United Nations (UN) in 2017, several other countries started observing their own opioid consumption tendencies in order to better understand current practices, predict future changes, and protect their nations if necessary. The report presented by the UN showed the use of opioid in the US as being the highest of any country in the world, and more than fifty percent higher th...
Recent supply-side efforts enacted to curb the opioid epidemic have had both positive (i.e., prescription opioid abuse is on the decline) and negative outcomes (i.e., shifts to other drugs). Given methamphetamine is notably increasing in use across the United States, we sought to understand whether use of methamphetamine has increased among opioid users and whether there is an association between these two epidemics.
Presented is a case report of a young man dependent on fentanyl who did not receive opioid agonist therapy (OAT) during incarceration. Highlighted are the barriers to accessing OAT in custody, which exacerbates problems with drug-seeking behavior, diversion, and recidivism. Discussed are the implications for correctional healthcare, including the benefits of utilizing telehealth services to maximize accessibility to OAT in correctional institutions that will not only enhance the quality of patient care but ...
The United States is in the midst of an unprecedented public health crisis, with annual morbidity and mortality data related to opioid use consistently increasing and appearing more worrisome. To mitigate such consequences, it is critical that those with opioid use disorders are provided with and have access to evidence-based treatment modalities.
Older adults with opioid use disorder (OUD) are a medically complex population. The current study evaluated trends in older adults seeking treatment for OUD, with a focus on primary heroin versus prescription opioid use. This study also compared older adults with OUD to the younger OUD population on demographics and drug use behaviors.
The opioid epidemic is a significant public health crisis, and this problem is particularly prevalent among individuals with chronic pain. Accordingly, there is an urgent need for interventions to mitigate the risk for opioid misuse and opioid use disorder among people with pain. Given that mental health problems, specifically anxiety, are common among people who misuse opioids, it is important to examine factors that link mental health problems with opioid misuse to ultimately inform the development of nov...
Unintentional opioid overdose death rates have increased nearly 500% in Connecticut from 1999 to 2016, resulting in a major public health crisis. Two primary types of opioids have been implicated in these fatalities - illicit and pharmaceutical. The objective of this study is to describe the epidemiology of fatal unintentional opioid overdoses by type.
Youth can be valuable partners in community health improvement efforts. Latino youth from Lawrence, MA were engaged in research and health promotion over an 11-month period. Utilizing their knowledge of the community, youth assessed local parks and carried out evidence-based health promotion efforts to communicate community resources to encourage physical activity, nurture community ownership of parks, and advocate for park improvements. Health promotion efforts can engage youth in strategies to address cri...