Advertisement

Topics

PubMed Journals Articles About "NASA Airborne Mission Returns Africa Study Smoke Clouds" RSS

13:43 EST 24th November 2017 | BioPortfolio

NASA Airborne Mission Returns Africa Study Smoke Clouds PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest NASA Airborne Mission Returns Africa Study Smoke Clouds articles that have been published worldwide.

More Information about "NASA Airborne Mission Returns Africa Study Smoke Clouds" on BioPortfolio

We have published hundreds of NASA Airborne Mission Returns Africa Study Smoke Clouds news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of NASA Airborne Mission Returns Africa Study Smoke Clouds Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about NASA Airborne Mission Returns Africa Study Smoke Clouds for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of NASA Airborne Mission Returns Africa Study Smoke Clouds Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant NASA Airborne Mission Returns Africa Study Smoke Clouds Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "NASA Airborne Mission Returns Africa Study Smoke Clouds" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 59,000+

Validity of self-reported intensity of exposure to second-hand smoke at home against environmental and personal markers.

The objective of this study was to assess the validity of two questions about the perception of intensity of exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) at home using as a reference environmental markers (airborne nicotine and benzene) and biomarkers of exposure (cotinine in saliva and urine). This was a cross-sectional study in a convenience sample of 49 non-smoking volunteers. We found a high correlation between self-reported SHS exposure and airborne nicotine (rsp=0.806, p


Forest understory trees can be segmented accurately within sufficiently dense airborne laser scanning point clouds.

Airborne laser scanning (LiDAR) point clouds over large forested areas can be processed to segment individual trees and subsequently extract tree-level information. Existing segmentation procedures typically detect more than 90% of overstory trees, yet they barely detect 60% of understory trees because of the occlusion effect of higher canopy layers. Although understory trees provide limited financial value, they are an essential component of ecosystem functioning by offering habitat for numerous wildlife s...

A Community Grows around the Geysering World of Enceladus.

The discovery by NASA's Cassini mission at Saturn in 2005 of a large plume of material erupting from the south polar terrain of Enceladus, sourced within a subsurface ocean of salty liquid water laced with organic compounds, has brought together scientists from a diverse range of disciplines over the last decade to evaluate this small moon's potential for extraterrestrial life. The collection of papers published today in Astrobiology, as the mission draws to a close, is the outcome of our most recent meetin...


Wildfire smoke exposure and human health: Significant gaps in research for a growing public health issue.

Understanding the effect of wildfire smoke exposure on human health represents a unique interdisciplinary challenge to the scientific community. Population health studies indicate that wildfire smoke is a risk to human health and increases the healthcare burden of smoke-impacted areas. However, wildfire smoke composition is complex and dynamic, making characterization and modeling difficult. Furthermore, current efforts to study the effect of wildfire smoke are limited by availability of air quality measure...

The Dangers of Electrosurgical Smoke to Operating Room Personnel: A Review.

A 2007 study in the United Kingdom showed that three of 98 surgeons surveyed admitted using dedicated smoke extractors; 72% of respondents believed inadequate precautions were in place to protect staff from the potential dangers of electrosurgical smoke. Surgical smoke contains harmful chemicals (e.g., hydrogen cyanide, acetylene, and butadiene) that can circumvent standard masks used in the operating room (OR). In addition, bacteria and viruses can be transmitted through this smoke. The topic of electrosur...

Sleep Detriments Associated with Quick Returns in Rotating Shift Work: A Diary Study.

We aimed to compared sleep characteristics associated with quick returns (QRs,

Allergy and immunology in Africa: Challenges and unmet needs.

The tremendous increase in allergy in the African continent cannot simply be explained by the change in public hygiene. There are many "prehygiene" communities with sewage-contaminated water supplies, helminth infestations, bare footedness, and poor housing, and still there is a high prevalence of allergic disease. Africans can be exposed to many risk factors facilitating severe asthma and wheezing, including airborne viruses, smoke, indoor dampness, cockroaches, and poor access to health care. Although the...

Experimental study on fire smoke control using water mist curtain in channel.

The hazards of the spread of fire smoke in a channel have been recognized. This paper relates to the potential use of a water mist curtain (WMC) for preventing the spread of fire smoke, focusing particularly on smoke control at the early stage of a fire, with the aim of reducing the harm of fire smoke and allowing time for people to escape. Fatal factors for occupant evacuation in a fire, such as carbon monoxide concentration, smoke temperature, and visibility, were measured in the section controlled by the...

Automatic Registration of TLS-TLS and TLS-MLS Point Clouds Using a Genetic Algorithm.

Registration of point clouds is a fundamental issue in Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) remote sensing because point clouds scanned from multiple scan stations or by different platforms need to be transformed to a uniform coordinate reference frame. This paper proposes an efficient registration method based on genetic algorithm (GA) for automatic alignment of two terrestrial LiDAR scanning (TLS) point clouds (TLS-TLS point clouds) and alignment between TLS and mobile LiDAR scanning (MLS) point clouds (TL...

Changes in secondhand smoke exposure after smoke-free legislation (Spain, 2006-2011).

In 2011, the Spanish partial smoke-free legislation was extended to affect all enclosed settings, including hospitality venues and selected outdoor areas. This study evaluated the change in self-reported exposure to secondhand smoke among the adult, non-smoking population.

Evaluation of air samplers and filter materials for collection and recovery of airborne norovirus.

The aim of this study was to identify the most efficient sampling method for quantitative PCR-based detection of airborne human norovirus (NoV).

Measuring mental workload with the NASA-TLX needs to examine each dimension rather than relying on the global score: An example with driving.

The distinction between several components of mental workload is often made in the ergonomics literature. However, measurements used are often established from a global score, notably with several questionnaires that originally reflect several dimensions. The present study tested the effect of driving situation complexity, experience and subjective levels of tension and alertness on each dimension of the NASA-TLX questionnaire of workload, in order to highlight the potential influence of intrinsic, extraneo...

A Mission-oriented Approach to Cancer in Europe: A Joint Mission/Vision 2030.

Driver's Mental Workload Prediction Model Based on Physiological Indices.

Developing an early warning model to predict the driver's mental workload (MWL) is critical and helpful, especially for new or less experienced drivers. The present study aims to investigate the correlation between new driver's MWL and their work performance, regarding the number of errors. Additionally, the Group method of data handling (GMDH) is used to establish the driver's MWL predictive model based on subjective rating (NASA task load index (NASA-TLX)) and six physiological indices. The results indica...

Active microorganisms thrive among extremely diverse communities in cloud water.

Clouds are key components in Earth's functioning. In addition of acting as obstacles to light radiations and chemical reactors, they are possible atmospheric oases for airborne microorganisms, providing water, nutrients and paths to the ground. Microbial activity was previously detected in clouds, but the microbial community that is active in situ remains unknown. Here, microbial communities in cloud water collected at puy de Dôme Mountain's meteorological station (1465 m altitude, France) were fixed upon ...

A fast and robust interpolation filter for airborne lidar point clouds.

A fast and robust interpolation filter based on finite difference TPS has been proposed in this paper. The proposed method employs discrete cosine transform to efficiently solve the linear system of TPS equations in case of gridded data, and by a pre-defined weight function with respect to simulation residuals to reduce the effect of outliers and misclassified non-ground points on the accuracy of reference ground surface construction. Fifteen groups of benchmark datasets, provided by the International Socie...

Equity in international health research collaborations in Africa: Perceptions and expectations of African researchers.

Africa is currently host to a number of international genomics research and biobanking consortia, each with a mandate to advance genomics research and biobanking in Africa. Whilst most of these consortia promise to transform the way international health research is done in Africa, few have articulated exactly how they propose to go about this. In this paper, we report on a qualitative interviewing study in which we involved 17 genomics researchers in Africa. We describe their perceptions and expectations of...

Awareness, treatment, and control of dyslipidemia in rural South Africa: The HAALSI (Health and Aging in Africa: A Longitudinal Study of an INDEPTH Community in South Africa) study.

Dyslipidemia is a primary driver for chronic cardiovascular conditions and there is no comprehensive literature about its management in South Africa. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of dyslipidemia in rural South Africa and how they are impacted by different behaviors and non-modifiable factors. To fulfill this objective we recruited for this cohort study adults aged ≥40 years residing in the Agincourt sub-district of Mpumalanga Province. Data co...

In Vivo Effects of Long-Term Cigarette Smoke Exposure on Mammary Tissue in Mice.

Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of preventable death worldwide and has been linked to the development and progression of cancer. Many cohort studies have described the link between patients with breast cancer and those with long-term smoking history. Despite the claim of correlation, the mechanism by which cigarette smoke alters normal breast epithelial cells and stroma and contributes to tumor cell growth remains undefined. To investigate whether cigarette smoke promotes ductal epithelial cell hyper...

Malondialdehyde-acetaldehyde protein adducts are found exclusively in the lungs of smokers with alcohol use disorders and are associated with systemic anti-MAA antibodies.

Malondialdehyde (MDA) and acetaldehyde (AA) exist following ethanol metabolism and tobacco pyrolysis. As such, lungs of individuals with alcohol use disorders (AUD) are a target for the effects of combined alcohol and cigarette smoke metabolites. MDA and AA form a stable protein adduct, malondialdehyde-acetaldehyde (MAA) adduct, known to be immunogenic, profibrotic, and proinflammatory. MAA adduct is the dominant epitope in anti-MAA antibody formation. We hypothesized that MAA-adducted protein forms in lung...

Neurosyphilis in Africa: A systematic review.

Neurological involvement is one of the most important clinical manifestations of syphilis and neurological disease occurs in both early and late syphilis. The impact of HIV co-infection on clinical neurosyphilis remains unclear. The highest prevalence of both syphilis and HIV is in Africa. Therefore it might be expected that neurosyphilis would be an important and not uncommon manifestation of syphilis in Africa and frequently occur in association with HIV co-infection; yet few data are available on neurosy...

The impact of tobacco additives on cigarette smoke toxicity: a critical appraisal of tobacco industry studies.

Cigarette production involves a number of substances and materials other than just tobacco, paper and a filter. Tobacco additives include flavorings, enhancers, humectants, sugars, and ammonium compounds. Although companies maintain that tobacco additives do not enhance smoke toxicity and do not make cigarettes more attractive or addictive, these claims are questioned by independent researchers. This study reviewed the studies on the effects of tobacco additives on smoke chemistry and toxicity. Tobacco addi...

Gender differences in first and secondhand smoke exposure, spirometric lung function and cardiometabolic health in the old order Amish: A novel population without female smoking.

Due to their relatively homogeneous lifestyle and living environment, the Amish offer a novel opportunity to study the health associations of tobacco smoke exposure, particularly secondhand smoke. We hypothesized that secondhand smoke exposure is associated with worse pulmonary and cardiometabolic health. We examined cross-sectional data on 3568 Amish study participants, including tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure from family members included in the study. Thirty-four percent of Amish men reported e...

Stylized facts of intraday precious metals.

This paper examines the stylized facts, correlation and interaction between volatility and returns at the 5-minute frequency for gold, silver, platinum and palladium from May 2000 to April 2015. We study the full sample period, as well as three subsamples to determine how high-frequency data of precious metals have developed over time. We find that over the full sample, the number of trades has increased substantially over time for each precious metal, while the bid-ask spread has narrowed over time, indica...

An Electronic Health Record-Based Strategy to Address Child Tobacco Smoke Exposure.

A high proportion of children presenting to pediatric urgent cares are exposed to tobacco smoke. An electronic health record-based clinical decision support system for nurses to facilitate guideline-based tobacco smoke exposure screening and counseling for caregivers who smoke was designed and evaluated.


Quick Search
Advertisement