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PubMed Journals Articles About "Nanocapsules Market Applications Drug Delivery Cosmetics Food Enhancement" RSS

22:40 EDT 19th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Nanocapsules Market Applications Drug Delivery Cosmetics Food Enhancement PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Nanocapsules Market Applications Drug Delivery Cosmetics Food Enhancement articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Nanocapsules Market Applications drug delivery cosmetics food enhancement" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 23,000+

Topical delivery of ebselen encapsulated in biopolymeric nanocapsules: drug repurposing enhanced antifungal activity.

Ebselen (Eb) is an example of a repurposed drug with poor aqueous solubility which requires sophisticated delivery system such as nanoencapsulation in nanocapsules for topical application.


3D printed drug delivery and testing systems - a passing fad or the future?

The US Food and Drug Administration approval of the first 3D printed tablet in 2015 has ignited growing interest in 3D printing, or additive manufacturing (AM), for drug delivery and testing systems. Beyond just a novel method for rapid prototyping, AM provides key advantages over traditional manufacturing of drug delivery and testing systems. These includes the ability to fabricate complex geometries to achieve variable drug release kinetics; ease of personalising pharmacotherapy for patient and lowering t...

Nano-scale drug delivery systems for antiarrhythmic agents.

Arrhythmia means the heart is beating too fast, too slow, or with an irregular pattern. Due to the side effects and low bioavailability of many antiarrhythmic drugs, nano-encapsulation has been widely used for their targeted delivery. Lipid nanocapsules, nano liposomes, nano niosomes, solid lipid nanoparticles and polymeric nanoparticles are common nano-carriers used for this purpose. The aim of this article is to summarize some of nano systems used for the specific delivery of antiarrhythmic agents to targ...


Acyclovir lipid nanocapsules gel for oromucosal delivery: A preclinical evidence of efficacy in the chicken pouch membrane model.

The study aimed to develop a patient-friendly acyclovir gel with improved efficacy in viral mouth infections, in response to patients' need for an intraoral acyclovir product. Acyclovir was loaded in lipid nanocapsules in gel form, and formulae were evaluated for oromucosal delivery. Lipid nanocapsules were prepared by the phase inversion method. Formulae were optimized to achieve maximum acyclovir entrapment and minimum acyclovir precipitation. Colloidal properties, and pharmaceutical performance indicator...

Tailoring Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications: From Drug Delivery to Cancer Immunotherapy.

In the past two decades, porous silicon (PSi) has attracted increasing attention for its potential biomedical applications. With its controllable geometry, tunable nanoporous structure, large pore volume/high specific surface area, and versatile surface chemistry, PSi shows significant advantages over conventional drug carriers. Here, an overview of recent progress in the use of PSi in drug delivery and cancer immunotherapy is presented. First, an overview of the fabrication of PSi with various geometric st...

Intracellular Transport of Silver and Gold Nanoparticles and Biological Responses: An Update.

Medicine, food, and cosmetics represent the new promising applications for silver (Ag) and gold (Au) nanoparticles (NPs). AgNPs are most commonly used in food and cosmetics; conversely, the main applications of gold NPs (AuNPs) are in the medical field. Thus, in view of the risk of accidentally or non-intended uptake of NPs deriving from the use of cosmetics, drugs, and food, the study of NPs⁻cell interactions represents a key question that puzzles researchers in both the nanomedicine and nanotoxicology f...

Role of self-emulsifying drug delivery systems in optimizing the oral delivery of hydrophilic macromolecules and reducing interindividual variability.

Self-emulsifying drug delivery systems (SEDDS) have been widely employed to improve the oral bioavailability of poorly soluble drugs. In the past few years, SEDDS were extensively investigated to overcome various barriers encountered in the oral delivery of hydrophilic macromolecules (e.g., protein/peptide therapeutics and plasmid DNA (pDNA)), as well as in lowering the effect of food on drugs' bioavailability. However, the main mechanism(s) by which SEDDS could achieve such promising effects remains not fu...

Recent Advances in Drug Development and Regulatory Science in China.

As the second largest pharmaceutical market with a great potential for future growth, China has drawn much attention from the global pharmaceutical community. With an increasing government investment in biomedical research, the domestic biopharmaceutical (biotechnological) companies in China are turning their attention to the development of innovative medicines and targeting the global market. To introduce innovative products to Chinese patients sooner, to improve the efficiency of its review and approval p...

Radiopharmaceutical enhancement by drug delivery systems: A review.

Drug delivery systems are entities designed to alter the biological behaviour of the pharmaceutical active ingredients that they carry in order to afford more beneficial biodistribution and safety profiles. Many problems currently faced by the field of nuclear medicine (e.g. developing new theranostic agents, utilizing multimodal imaging platforms and providing targeted delivery) can be facilitated by applying drug delivery systems to radiopharmaceuticals that have been proven successful in other medical fi...

Combined use of nanocarriers and physical methods for percutaneous penetration enhancement.

Dermal and transdermal drug delivery (due to its non-invasiveness, avoidance of the first-pass metabolism, controlling the rate of drug input over a prolonged time, etc.) have gained significant acceptance. Several methods are employed to overcome the permeability barrier of the skin, improving drug penetration into/through skin. Among chemical penetration enhancement methods, nanocarriers have been extensively studied. When applied alone, nanocarriers mostly deliver drugs to skin and can be used to treat s...

Bioinspired and biomimetic systems for advanced drug and gene delivery.

Natural nanocarriers found in biological frameworks have motivated the scientists to fabricate new structures that help to build characteristic systems mimicking the natural processes. Furthermore, these bioinspired and biomimetic systems improve biocompatibility during drug and gene delivery applications. The success of such a drug delivery system depends on parameters like shape, surface, texture, movement, and preparation methods. To date, various bioinspired and biomimetic drug delivery systems are avai...

Therapeutic Applications and Pharmacoeconomics of Microneedle Technology.

Microneedle (MN) arrays contain a backing plate with multiple microscopic projections to puncture the skin and can be used to deliver drug in a minimally invasive way. Advantages of MNs are numerous including administration of large molecules, avoiding first pass metabolism, ease of administration, lack of pain, site specific drug targeting and dose reduction due to increased absorption efficacy. The growth in the transdermal market has been fueled by an increasing number of chronic disease patients and a d...

Assessing market competition and vendors' size and scope on AlphaBay.

Since 2011, drug market participants have traded illegal drugs through cryptomarkets, a user-friendly infrastructure in which drug market participants can conduct business transactions. This study assesses market competition and the size and scope of drug vendors' activities on one of the largest cryptomarkets, AlphaBay, in order to better understand the challenges that drug vendors face when selling on this venue.

Albumin-covered lipid nanocapsules exhibit enhanced uptake performance by breast-tumor cells.

Liquid lipid nanocapsules (LLN) represent a promising new generation of drug-delivery systems. They can carry hydrophobic drugs in their oily core, but the composition and structure of the surrounding protective shell determine their capacity to survive in the circulatory system and to achieve their goal: penetrate tumor cells. Here, we present a study of LLN covered by the protein human serum albumin (HSA) and loaded with curcumin as a hydrophobic model drug. A cross-linking procedure was performed to furt...

Investigation of Carrageenan Aerogel Microparticles as a Potential Drug Carrier.

Carrageenan is an anionic polysaccharide offering many advantages to be used in drug delivery applications. These include availability, thermo-stability, low toxicity, and encapsulating properties. Combination of these properties with aerogel properties like large surface area and porosity make them an ideal candidate for drug adsorption and delivery applications. Emulsion-gelation technique was used to prepare carrageenan gel microparticles with supercritical CO for drying and loading purposes. Ibuprofen h...

Mitochondria Targeting Non-isocyanate-based Polyurethane Nanocapsules for Enzyme-Triggered Drug Release.

Surface engineering of nanocarriers allows fine tuning of their interactions with biological organisms, potentially forming the basis of devices for the monitoring of intracellular events or for intracellular drug delivery. In this context, biodegradable nanocarriers or nanocapsules capable of carrying bioactive molecules or drugs into the mitochondrial matrix could offer new capabilities in treating mitochondrial diseases. Nanocapsules with a polymeric backbone that undergoes programmed rupture in respons...

Bioaccessible trace metals in lip cosmetics and their health risks to female consumers.

Females can be exposed to toxic elements in lip cosmetics following ingestion. The bioaccessibility of Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Cd, Sb and Pb in lip cosmetics (n = 32) were assessed via the dilute HCl extraction method, In Vitro Gastrointestinal protocol (IVG) and the United States Pharmacopeia Methodology (USPM), and then health risks were characterized. The total concentrations of trace metals (TMs) in lip cosmetics were in the range of 15.55-111.97 mg/kg (Mean: 60.99 mg/kg). Cu, Pb and Cr were the th...

A comprehensive review on contact lens for ophthalmic drug delivery.

With the prevalence of electronic devices and an aging population, the number of people affected with eye disease is increasing year by year. In spite of a large number of eye drops on the market, most of them do not perform sufficiently, due to rapid clearance mechanisms and ocular barriers. To enhance drug delivery to the eye, a number of novel formulations for ocular diseases have been investigated over recent decades, aiming to increase drug retention and permeation while also allowing for sustained dru...

Computational modelling of drug delivery to solid tumour: Understanding the interplay between chemotherapeutics and biological system for optimised delivery system.

Drug delivery to solid tumour involves multiple physiological, biochemical and biophysical processes taking place across a wide range of length and time scales. The therapeutic efficacy of anticancer drugs is influenced by the complex interplays among the intrinsic properties of tumours, biophysical aspects of drug transport and cellular uptake. Mathematical and computational modelling allows for a well-controlled study on the individual and combined effects of a wide range of parameters on drug transport a...

The combination of Nanomicelles with Terpenes for Enhancement of Skin Drug Delivery.

The nanomicelles have recently drawn a great deal of attention for drug delivery into the skin. However, these carriers have only deposited in hair follicles and furrows, and drug in the micelles may not therapeutically reach into viable skin layers. The aim of this study was to formulate a combination of nanomicelles with terpenes to overcome this challenge and evaluate their potential for topical drug delivery into the skin. The nanomicelles were characterised with respect to size, size distribution (PDI)...

Nanoencapsulation of lemon essential oil in Chitosan-Hicap system. Part 1: Study on its physical and structural characteristics.

Lemon essential oils (LEOs) as a bioactive compound with health beneficial potential are used as safe additives in foods, medicine and nutritional supplements. However, it is a chemical compound which is sensitive to light, thermal condition and oxidation. To overcome these challenge encapsulation could be an adequate technique to protect them from degradation and evaporation. In this study, nanocapsules based on chitosan (CS) and modified starch (Hicap) with LEOs as an active ingredient was prepared by fre...

US Food and Drug Administration Disruption of Generic Drug Market Increases Hospital Costs.

The purpose of the US Food and Drug Administration's Marketed Unapproved Drugs Initiative is to decrease marketing of older unapproved medications. The administration has recently extended its rulings by including sterile injectable drugs administered in the inpatient environment. The impact of this initiative on the inpatient environment has been minimally studied.

Development of chitosan coated calcium-alginate nanocapsules for oral delivery of liraglutide to diabetic patients.

Chitosan coated calcium-alginate nanocapsules were developed for oral sustained delivery of liraglutide. The effect of coating components including sodium alginate, calcium chloride, and chitosan concentrations on the particle size was studied based on response surface methodology. The beads were characterized by dynamic light scattering, scanning and transmission electron microscopy as well as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. It was shown that the diameter of the formed beads was most dependent on ...

Microfluidics in nanoparticle drug delivery; From synthesis to pre-clinical screening.

Microfluidic technologies employ nano and microscale fabrication techniques to develop highly controllable and reproducible fluidic microenvironments. Utilizing microfluidics, lead compounds can be produced with the controlled physicochemical properties, characterized in a high-throughput fashion, and evaluated in in vitro biomimetic models of human organs; organ-on-a-chip. As a step forward from conventional in vitro culture methods, microfluidics shows promise in effective preclinical testing of nanoparti...

Nanodiamond applications in skin preparations.

The biocompatibility and nontoxicity of nanodiamonds (NDs) in combination with their excellent physical performance have rendered them attractive candidates for biomedical applications. NDs have great potential in drug nanoformulations because of their small size compared with other carbon nanomaterials. They are nontoxic with excellent adsorption properties and can be formulated into skin care products. Even though NDs have shown encouraging potential in skin preparations, only a few studies have reviewed ...


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