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PubMed Journals Articles About "Nanopore Sequencing African Swine Fever Virus" RSS

13:04 EST 25th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Nanopore sequencing African swine fever virus" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 9,000+

African Swine Fever Epidemiology and Control.

African swine fever is a devastating disease that can result in death in almost all infected pigs. The continuing spread of African swine fever from Africa to Europe and recently to the high-pig production countries of China and others in Southeast Asia threatens global pork production and food security. The African swine fever virus is an unusual complex DNA virus and is not related to other viruses. This has presented challenges for vaccine development, and currently none is available. The virus is extrem...


Outbreak of African Swine Fever in South Korea, 2019.

African swine fever, a fatal hemorrhagic disease of swine, was confirmed in domestic pigs for the first time in South Korea in September 2019. The causative virus belonged to the p72 genotype II and had an additional tandem-repeat sequence in the intergenic region (IGR) between the I73R and I329L.

Antiviral agents against African swine fever virus.

African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a significant transboundary virus that continues to spread outside Africa in Europe and most recently to China, Vietnam and Cambodia. Pigs infected with highly virulent ASFV develop a hemorrhagic fever like illness with high lethality reaching up to 100%. There are no vaccines or antiviral drugs available for the prevention or treatment of ASFV infections. We here review molecules that have been reported to inhibit ASFV replication, either as direct-acting antivirals or h...


African Swine Fever Virus replication events and cell nucleus: new insights and perspectives.

African swine fever (ASF) is currently matter for major concerns in global swine industry as it is highly contagious and causes acute fatal haemorrhagic fever in domestic pigs and wild boar. The absence of effective vaccines and treatments pushes ASF control to relay on strict sanitary and stamping out measures with costly socio-economic impacts. The current epidemic scenario of fast spreading throughout Asiatic countries impels further studies on prevention and combat strategies against ASF. Herein we revi...

Development of a Real-Time Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Assay and Visual LAMP Assay for Detection of African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV).

African swine fever (ASF) is a fatal disease caused by a virus in domestic pigs. In this study, a real-time loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay and visual LAMP assay were developed for the detection of African swine fever virus (ASFV). LAMP primers targeting the p10 gene of ASFV were designed, the LAMP reaction system was optimized with plasmid pUC57 containing the p10 gene sequence, and the specificities of the real-time LAMP and the visual assays were tested with the DNA or cDNA of pseudor...

Mechanisms of African swine fever virus pathogenesis and immune evasion inferred from gene expression changes in infected swine macrophages.

African swine fever (ASF) is a swine disease caused by a large, structurally complex, double-stranded DNA virus, African swine fever virus (ASFV). In domestic pigs, acute infection by highly virulent ASF viruses causes hemorrhagic fever and death. Previous work has suggested that ASFV pathogenesis is primarily mediated by host cytokines produced by infected monocytes and macrophages. To better understand molecular mechanisms mediating virus pathogenesis and immune evasion, we used transcriptome analysis to ...

Cryo-EM cools down swine fever.

African swine fever virus (ASFV) is among the most complex DNA viruses known. Outbreaks have killed millions of swine around the world, and there is currently no vaccine. Three recent papers report the cryo-EM structure of the complete ASFV virion, comprising a viral particle of multiple layers, and resolve the major outer-capsid protein p72 to higher resolution. Progress in these reports provides a further understanding of the structure-function relationships of large viruses and should aid in ASFV vaccine...

Presence and survival of African swine fever virus in leeches.

This research is focused on the study of African swine fever virus (ASFV) survival in the leech Hirudo medicinalis. To detect the infection route of the virus in leeches, two introduction methods were used: blood-feeding from infected swine hosts and exposure to ASFV-contaminated water (leeches cultivated with ASFV). This study found that the survival of ASFV in leeches was much longer than that in leech-free medium. The persistent presence of the virus in leeches and leech excretion was detected in both gr...

Genetic and Antigenic Diversity of African Swine Fever Virus.

African swine fever virus ( ASFV) is the only known DNA arbovirus, and the ability to replicate efficiently in both insect and mammalian cells is encoded in its viral genome. Despite having a relatively low overall genomic mutation rate, ASFV demonstrates genetic diversity in certain genes and complexity in gene content in other genomic regions, indicating that ASFV may exploit multiple mechanisms for diversification and acquire new phenotype characteristics. ASFV antigenic diversity is reflected in the abi...

Generation of swine movement network and analysis of efficient mitigation strategies for African swine fever virus.

Animal movement networks are essential in understanding and containing the spread of infectious diseases in farming industries. Due to its confidential nature, movement data for the US swine farming population is not readily available. Hence, we propose a method to generate such networks from limited data available in the public domain. As a potentially devastating candidate, we simulate the spread of African swine fever virus (ASFV) in our generated network and analyze how the network structure affects the...

African swine fever virus in Asia: Its rapid spread and potential threat to unaffected countries.

Risk of African swine fever virus introduction into the United States through smuggling of pork in air passenger luggage.

African swine fever causes substantial economic losses in the swine industry in affected countries. Traditionally confined to Africa with only occasional incursions into other regions, ASF began spreading into Caucasian countries and Eastern Europe in 2007, followed by Western Europe and Asia in 2018. Such a dramatic change in the global epidemiology of ASF has resulted in concerns that the disease may continue to spread into disease-free regions such as the US. In this study, we estimated the risk of intro...

African swine fever (ASF) diagnosis, an essential tool in the epidemiological investigation.

Since there is no vaccine available, prevention, control, and eradication of African swine fever (ASF) is based on the implementation of appropriated surveillance and strict sanitary measures. Success of surveillance activities depends on the availability of the most appropriate diagnostic tests. Although a number of good validated ASF diagnostic techniques are available, the interpretation of the ASF diagnostic results can be complex. The reasons lie in the complexity of the epidemiology with different sce...

Epitope mapping of African swine fever virus (ASFV) structural protein, p54.

In the absence of a vaccine for African swine fever virus (ASFV), diagnostic tools are critical for early detection and implementation of control measures. Along with other immunogenic proteins, p54 is a good serological target for conducting ASF detection and surveillance. In this study, a panel of 12 mouse monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) was prepared against a baculovirus-expressed p54(60-178) polypeptide. Further screening showed that five mAbs were positive for reactivity against ASFV-infected cells and re...

Recombinant pseudorabies virus expressing E2 of classical swine fever virus (CSFV) protects against both virulent pseudorabies virus and CSFV.

Both classical swine fever (CSF) and pseudorabies are highly contagious, economically significant diseases of swine in China. Although vaccination with the C-strain against classical swine fever virus (CSFV) is widely carried out and severe outbreaks of CSF seldom occur in China, CSF is sporadic in many pig herds and novel sub-subgenotypes of CSFV endlessly emerge. Thus, new measures are needed to eradicate CSFV from Chinese farms. The emergence of a pseudorabies virus (PRV) variant also posed a new challen...

Development of a novel quantitative real-time PCR assay with lyophilized powder reagent to detect African swine fever virus in blood samples of domestic pigs in China.

African swine fever (ASF) is a devastating disease, which is causing huge economic losses in China. Therefore, it is urgent to provide a rapid, highly specific and sensitive diagnostic method for the detection of African swine fever virus (ASFV), the ASF infectious agent. In this study, a novel quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assay with lyophilized powder reagents (LPR), targeting the major structural protein p72 gene, was established for the detection of ASFV. This assay had many ad...

Comparative vector competence of the Afrotropical soft tick Ornithodoros moubata and Palearctic species, O. erraticus and O. verrucosus, for African swine fever virus strains circulating in Eurasia.

African swine fever (ASF) is a lethal hemorrhagic disease in domestic pigs and wild suids caused by African swine fever virus (ASFV), which threatens the swine industry globally. In its native African enzootic foci, ASFV is naturally circulating between soft ticks of the genus Ornithodoros, especially in the O. moubata group, and wild reservoir suids, such as warthogs (Phacochoerus spp.) that are bitten by infected soft ticks inhabiting their burrows. While the ability of some Afrotropical soft ticks to tra...

Human infection with a novel reassortant Eurasian-avian lineage swine H1N1 virus in northern China.

Influenza A virus infections occur in different species, causing mild to severe respiratory symptoms that lead to a heavy disease burden. Eurasian avian-like swine influenza A(H1N1) viruses (EAS-H1N1) are predominant in pigs and occasionally infect humans. An influenza A(H1N1) virus was isolated from a boy who was suffering from fever and headache and designated as A/Tianjin-baodi/1606/2018(H1N1). Full-genome sequencing and phylogenetic analysis revealed that A/Tianjin-baodi/1606/2018(H1N1) is a novel reass...

Evaluation of a portable nanopore-based sequencer for detection of viruses in water.

The newly emerged nanopore sequencing technology such as MinION allows for real-time detection of long DNA/ RNA fragments on a portable device, yet few have examined its performance for environmental viromes. Here we seeded one RNA virus (bacteriophage MS2) and one DNA virus (bacteriophage PhiX174) into 10 L well water at three levels ranging from 1 to 21100 plaque-forming units (PFU)/mL. Two pipelines were established to maximize the number of sequencing reads of DNA and RNA viruses using MinION. With de...

African swine fever emerging in China: Distribution characteristics and high-risk areas.

African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious disease that currently has no specific treatment or vaccine. In August 2018, ASF entered China causing great economic losses. In this study, data on 98 ASF cases in China from August 1, 2018 to January 1, 2019 were collected and analyzed. Spatio-temporal cluster and directional distribution analysis were performed to characterize the distribution of ASF cases. High risk areas for ASF outbreaks in China were identified using the presence-only maximum entropy (...

Symptomatic and asymptomatic cases of African Swine Fever in Tanzania.

African swine fever (ASF) is an acute, highly contagious and deadly viral hemorrhagic disease of domestic pigs caused by African swine fever virus (ASFV). In ASF endemic countries, there is an increasing number of reports on circulating ASFV strains with different levels of virulence causing a broad range of clinical symptoms in susceptible animals. Tanzania, where ASFV is endemic since 2001, recorded several outbreaks including symptomatic and asymptomatic cases between 2015 and 2017.We collected thirty-fi...

Lassa fever diagnostics: past, present, and future.

Lassa fever is a unique viral hemorrhagic fever that is endemic in parts of West Africa, primarily Sierra Leone, Guinea, Liberia, and Nigeria. The disease is caused by the Lassa virus, an Old World arenavirus that has as primary reservoir host the multimammate rodent Mastomys nataliensis, which lives in association with humans. Recent estimates suggest LF causes two million cases and 5000-10000 deaths annually, mainly in West Africa. Clinical diagnosis and laboratory confirmation have always been major chal...

Comparative in silico study of congocidine congeners as potential inhibitors of African swine fever virus.

African swine fever virus (ASFV) infection is fatal in domesticated pigs, with a mortality rate approaching 100%. This may result in economic losses and threats to food security. Currently, there are no approved vaccines or antiviral therapies for ASFV. Therefore, in this study, we evaluated congocidine congeners and a tris-benzimidazole as potential inhibitors of ASFV transcription using an in silico approach. We applied redocking of congocidine and docking of its congeners and a tris-benzimidazole to a re...

Host cell protein PSMB10 interacts with viral NS3 protein and inhibits the growth of classical swine fever virus.

Classical swine fever (CSF) is a major infectious disease of pigs caused by classical swine fever virus (CSFV). NS3 is one of the non-structural proteins of CSFV and plays an important role in the infection process. However, the NS3-interacting cellular proteins involved in viral replication are poorly documented. In this study, proteasome subunit beta 10 (PSMB10) was identified as a novel NS3-interacting partner using yeast two-hybrid screening of a porcine peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) cDNA lib...

Locally Acquired Human Infection with Swine-Origin Influenza A(H3N2) Variant Virus, Australia, 2018.

In 2018, a 15-year-old female adolescent in Australia was infected with swine influenza A(H3N2) variant virus. The virus contained hemagglutinin and neuraminidase genes derived from 1990s-like human seasonal viruses and internal protein genes from influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus, highlighting the potential risk that swine influenza A virus poses to human health in Australia.


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