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02:00 EST 9th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Nature paper reports discovery bacteria killing toxin that" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 21,000+

Magainin-modified polydopamine nanoparticles for photothermal killing of bacteria at low temperature.

Photothermal therapy (PTT) is a promising method to kill bacteria because of the broad-spectrum of antibacterial activity and the ability of spatiotemporal regulation. In the previously reported systems, light induced high temperature (˜70 °C) was essential for effectively killing of bacteria, which, however, would also damage nearby nontarget cells or tissues. Here we report photothermal nanoparticles (NPs) for more targeting and killing bacteria at a relative low temperature. Polydopamine (PDA) was ch...


Biofilm-associated toxin and extracellular protease cooperatively suppress competitors in Bacillus subtilis biofilms.

In nature, most bacteria live in biofilms where they compete with their siblings and other species for space and nutrients. Some bacteria produce antibiotics in biofilms; however, since the diffusion of antibiotics is generally hindered in biofilms by extracellular polymeric substances, i.e., the biofilm matrix, their function remains unclear. The Bacillus subtilis yitPOM operon is a paralog of the sdpABC operon, which produces the secreted peptide toxin SDP. Unlike sdpABC, yitPOM is induced in biofilms by ...

Author Correction: Elevated faecal 12,13-diHOME concentration in neonates at high risk for asthma is produced by gut bacteria and impedes immune tolerance.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.


Expression of Bacillus thuringiensis toxin Cyt2Ba in the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana increases its virulence towards Aedes mosquitoes.

The entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana has been widely used to kill mosquito larvae and adults in the laboratory and field. However, its slow action of killing has hampered its widespread application. In our study, the B. bassiana fungus was genetically modified to express the Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxin Cyt2Ba to improve its efficacy in killing mosquitoes.

Publisher Correction: Discovery and genetic characterization of diverse smacoviruses in Zambian non-human primates.

A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.

Efficient inter-species conjugative transfer of a CRISPR nuclease for targeted bacterial killing.

The selective regulation of bacteria in complex microbial populations is key to controlling pathogenic bacteria. CRISPR nucleases can be programmed to kill bacteria, but require an efficient and broad-host range delivery system to be effective. Here, using an Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica co-culture system, we show that plasmids based on the IncP RK2 conjugative system can be used as delivery vectors for a TevSpCas9 dual nuclease. Notably, a cis-acting plasmid that encodes the conjugation and CRI...

Exploiting yoeB-yefM toxin-antitoxin system of Streptococcus pneumoniae on the selective killing of miR-21 overexpressing breast cancer cell line (MCF-7).

Toxin-antitoxin (TA) systems are two-component genetic modules widespread in bacterial and archaeal genomes, in which the toxin module is rendered inactive under resting conditions by its antitoxin counterpart. Under stress conditions, however, the antitoxin is degraded, freeing the toxin to exert its lethal effects. Although not evolved to function in eukaryotes, some studies have established the lethal activity of these bacterial toxins by inducing apoptosis in mammalian cells, an effect that can be neutr...

Aggregation-Induced Emission-based Ionic Liquids for Bacterial Killing, Imaging, Cell Labeling, and Bacterial Detection in Blood Cells.

A series of aggregation-induced emission (AIE)-based imidazolium-type ionic liquids (ILs) were designed and synthesized for bacterial killing and imaging, cell labeling, and bacterial detection in blood cells. The AIE-based ILs showed antibacterial activities against both Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The carbon chain length of substitution at the N3 position of the imidazolium cations highly affects the antibacterial properties of ILs. Owing to their AIE characteristics, the ILs could selecti...

Increase in detection of in Canada: 2006-2019.

Increasingly, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF) has been used to provide rapid, inexpensive and precise identification of bacteria, including species. Only three species are able to produce diphtheria toxin (DT), and strains recovered may be either toxin-producing or non-toxin-producing. It appears the more precise bacterial identification provided by MALDI-TOF systems has led to an increase in requests submitted to the National Microbiology Laborator...

A genetic selection reveals functional metastable structures embedded in a toxin-encoding mRNA.

Post-transcriptional regulation plays important roles to finely tune gene expression in bacteria. In particular, regulation of type I toxin-antitoxin (TA) systems is achieved through sophisticated mechanisms involving toxin mRNA folding. Here, we set up a genetic approach to decipher the molecular underpinnings behind the regulation of a type I TA in . We used the lethality induced by chromosomal inactivation of the antitoxin to select mutations that suppress toxicity. We found that single point mutations a...

Candidalysin: discovery and function in Candida albicans infections.

Candidalysin is a cytolytic peptide toxin secreted by the invasive form of the human pathogenic fungus, Candida albicans. Candidalysin is critical for mucosal and systemic infections and is a key driver of host cell activation, neutrophil recruitment and Type 17 immunity. Candidalysin is regarded as the first true classical virulence factor of C. albicans but also triggers protective immune responses. This review will discuss how candidalysin was discovered, the mechanisms by which this peptide toxin contri...

Employing virtual screening and molecular dynamics simulations for identifying hits against the active cholera toxin.

Cholera is a major global threat, affecting millions each year. The ADP ribosyltransferase activity of the active cholera toxin catalyses the massive loss of water and electrolytes during cholera infections. The active toxin heterodimer comprises the A1 subunit from Vibrio cholerae and ARF (ADP Ribosylation Factor) from the human host. Although the active toxin is a potential target for drug discovery against cholera, it has been scarcely targeted to date. The A1-ARF interface contains a potential druggable...

Multifunctional nanoagents for ultrasensitive imaging and photoactive killing of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria.

Simultaneous imaging and treatment of infections remains a major challenge, with most current approaches being effective against only one specific group of bacteria or not being useful for diagnosis. Here we develop multifunctional nanoagents that can potentially be used for imaging and treatment of infections caused by diverse bacterial pathogens. The nanoagents are made of fluorescent silicon nanoparticles (SiNPs) functionalized with a glucose polymer (e.g., poly[4-O-(α-D-glucopyranosyl)-D-glucopyranose]...

Development of a rapid immunochromatographic strip test for the detection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus toxin B that cause acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease.

Here, two monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) specific to different epitopes on ToxB, a toxin produced by Vibrio parahaemolyticus that causes acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (VP ), were employed to develop a rapid strip test. One MAb was conjugated to colloidal gold to bind to ToxB at the application pad, and another MAb was used to capture colloidal gold MAb-protein complexes at the test line (T) on the nitrocellulose strip. To validate test performance, a downstream control line (C) of goat anti-mouse im...

Cryo-EM structures of the pore-forming A subunit from the Yersinia entomophaga ABC toxin.

ABC toxins are pore-forming virulence factors produced by pathogenic bacteria. YenTcA is the pore-forming and membrane binding A subunit of the ABC toxin YenTc, produced by the insect pathogen Yersinia entomophaga. Here we present cryo-EM structures of YenTcA, purified from the native source. The soluble pre-pore structure, determined at an average resolution of 4.4 Å, reveals a pentameric assembly that in contrast to other characterised ABC toxins is formed by two TcA-like proteins (YenA1 and YenA2) and...

Synthesis of magnetite hybrid nanocomplexes to eliminate bacteria and enhance biofilm disruption.

Bacteria can increase drug resistance by forming bacterial biofilms. Once the biofilm is formed, it becomes difficult to remove or kill the related bacteria completely by antibiotics and other antibacterial agents because these antibacterial agents cannot easily break through the biofilm matrix barrier and reach the internal bacteria. Therefore, we synthesized magnetite hybrid nanocomplexes that can penetrate and disrupt bacterial biofilms. The obtained nanocomposites are composed of multinucleated iron oxi...

Investigation of the Antibacterial Activity of Ag-NPs Conjugated with a Specific Antibody against Staphylococcus aureus after Photoactivation.

This work reports a new method for the use of lasers for the selective killing of bacteria targeted using light-absorbing Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) conjugated with a specific antibody against the Gram-positive bacterium Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus).

Tc Toxin Complexes: Assembly, Membrane Permeation, and Protein Translocation.

Tc toxin complexes are virulence factors of many bacteria, including insect and human pathogens. Tc toxins are composed of three subunits that act together to perforate the host membrane, similar to a syringe, and translocate toxic enzymes into the host cell. The reactions of the toxic enzymes lead to deterioration and ultimately death of the host cell. We review recent high-resolution structural and functional data that explain the mechanism of action of this type of bacterial toxin at an unprecedented lev...

PspA facilitates evasion of pneumococci from bactericidal activity of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs).

Pneumococcal strains are variably resistant to killing by neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). We hypothesize that this variability in resistance is due to heterogeneity in pneumococcal surface protein A (PspA), a structurally diverse virulence factor of Streptococcus pneumoniae. Pneumococcal strains showed variability in induction of NETs and in susceptibility to killing by NETs. The variability in susceptibility to NETs-mediated killing of pneumococcal strains is attributed to PspA, as strains lacking t...

EVIDENCE FOR CENTRAL ANTISPASTIC EFFECT OF BOTULINUM TOXIN TYPE A.

Botulinum toxin type A (BoNT/A) injections into hyperactive muscles enable efficient treatment of spasticity and dystonias, presumably due to its local effects on extrafusal and intrafusal motor fibers. A recent discovery of toxin's retrograde axonal transport to CNS might suggest additional action sites. However, in comparison to cholinergic peripheral terminals, functional consequences of BoNT/A direct central action on abnormally increased muscle tone are presently unknown. To address this question, the ...

Contact-killing of Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Bacteria on PDMS Provided with Immobilized Hyperbranched Antibacterial Coatings.

Here we describe in detail the preparation and application of antibacterial coatings on PDMS (polydimethylsiloxane) and the contact-killing properties against ten bacterial strains. Our aim was to develop a general applicable coating to prevent biomaterial acquired infections, which is the major mode of failure of biomedical implants. In the first step the surface was provided with a hydrophobic hyperbranched coating resin that was covalently attached on PDMS, mediated by an appropriate coupling agent. The ...

Publisher Correction: An electrochemical thermal transistor.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

Plant biotransformation of T2 and HT2 toxin in cultured organs of Triticum durum Desf.

The present study aimed at elucidating the uptake and biotransformation of T2 and HT2 toxins in five cultivars of durum wheat, by means of cultured plant organs. An almost complete absorption of T2 toxin (up to 100 µg) was noticed after 7 days, along with the contemporaneous formation of HT2 in planta, whereas HT2 showed a slower uptake by uninfected plant organs. Untargeted MS-analysis allowed to identify a large spectrum of phase I and phase II metabolites, resulting in 26 T2 and 23 HT2 metabolites plu...

Toxin production spontaneously becomes regulated by local cell density in evolving bacterial populations.

The production of anticompetitor toxins is widespread among bacteria. Because production of such toxins is costly, it is typically regulated. In particular, many toxins are produced only when the local cell density is high. It is unclear which selection pressures shaped the evolution of density-dependent regulation of toxin production. Here, we study the evolution of toxin production, resistance and the response to a cell-density cue in a model of an evolving bacterial population with spatial structure. We ...

Author Correction: Brain leaks and consumer neurotechnology.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.


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