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PubMed Journals Articles About "Nature Reach Narrow Work Broad Impact" RSS

14:47 EST 7th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

Nature Reach Narrow Work Broad Impact PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Nature Reach Narrow Work Broad Impact articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Nature reach narrow work broad impact" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 28,000+

Impact of narrow spectrum Penicillin V on the oral and fecal resistome in a young child treated for otitis media.

Antibiotic overuse has led to a global emergence of resistant bacteria, and children are among the frequent users. Most studies with broad-spectrum antibiotics show severe impact on the resistome development of patients. Although narrow-spectrum antibiotics are believed to have less side-effects, their impact on the microbiome and resistome is mostly unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of the narrow-spectrum antibiotic phenoxymethylpenicillin (Penicillin V) on the microbiome and res...


Selective Antibiotic Susceptibility Reporting and Broad-Spectrum Intravenous Antibiotic Use: a Multicenter Ecological Study.

Recent estimates of inpatient antibiotic use in the US report that broad-spectrum antibiotic use has increased significantly. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of a selective antibiotic susceptibility reporting intervention on broad-spectrum intravenous antibiotic use in seven hospitals of a health system. This was a retrospective pre- and post-interventional ecological study. Standardized selective antibiotic susceptibility reporting rules were developed and implemented between January 2...

Probing the path for achieving broad temperature plateau of figure of merit in thermoelectric nanocomposite materials.

The efficiency of thermoelectric device depends directly on average figure of merit(zT) of material. High average zT requires a broad temperature plateau with high zT but state of art thermoelectric materials, due to strong temperature dependence of transport properties, show peaked zT over narrow temperature range. In this work, using Boltzmann Transport theory, we systematically investigate the underlying physics and propose a strategy for attaining broad temperature plateau of zT through proper engineeri...


One-pot synthesized Bi2Te3/graphene for self-powered photoelectrochemical type photodetector.

Bismuth telluride (Bi2Te3) as a typical of topological insulator, which possesses narrow band gap and exhibited fascinating performance on photodetector filed. In this work, we have fabricated Bi2Te3/graphene heterostructure via a facile one-pot hydrothermal method. The as-prepared composites used as electrode materials of photoelectrochemical (PEC) type photodetector. From the results of photoelectrochemical tests, we can obviously find Bi2Te3/graphene heterostructure have a remarkable improvement on photo...

Efficacy of combining PRP and MMP inhibitors in treating moderately damaged tendons ex vivo.

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and broad-spectrum matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors (MMPIs) have been used as therapeutic options for tendinopathy. However, mixed results have been reported regarding their efficacy. We posited that the combination of these two treatment strategies would be more beneficial for healing tendons than each treatment alone. Rat tail tendons were harvested and cultured without mechanical stress for 0, 4, or 10 days. Single and combination treatment with PRP and MMPIs with either bro...

Morphogenetic and constructional differences of the carapace of aquatic and terrestrial turtles and their evolutionary significance.

The postembryonic development of the turtle carapace was studied in the aquatic Еmys orbicularis and the terrestrial Тestudo graeca. Differences in the structure of the bony shell in aquatic and terrestrial turtles were shown to be associated with varying degrees of development of epidermal derivatives, namely, the thickness of the scutes and the depth of horny furrows. Sinking of the horny furrows into the dermis causes local changes in the structure of the collagen matrix, which might precondition the a...

Health informatics and health equity: improving our reach and impact.

Health informatics studies the use of information technology to improve human health. As informaticists, we seek to reduce the gaps between current healthcare practices and our societal goals for better health and healthcare quality, safety, or cost. It is time to recognize health equity as one of these societal goals-a point underscored by this Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association Special Focus Issue, "Health Informatics and Health Equity: Improving our Reach and Impact." This Special Is...

#EUROmicroMOOC: using Twitter to share trends in Microbiology worldwide.

Twitter is one of the most popular social media networks that, in recent years, has been increasingly used by researchers as a platform to share science and discuss ongoing work. Despite its popularity, Twitter is not commonly used as a medium to teach science. Here, we summarize the results of #EUROmicroMOOC: the first worldwide Microbiology Massive Open Online Course taught in English using Twitter. Content analytics indicated that more than 3 million users saw posts with the hashtag #EUROmicroMOOC, which...

A cross-country time and motion study to measure the impact of electronic medication management systems on the work of hospital pharmacists in Australia and England.

Qualitative studies have provided important insights into how hospital pharmacists' work changes when electronic medication management (EMM) systems are introduced. Quantitative studies of work practice change are rare. Despite the use of EMM systems internationally, there are no cross-country comparative studies of their impact on health professionals' work. We aimed to quantify and compare the type and magnitude of changes in hospital pharmacists' work pre- and post-EMM implementation in two countries.

A comparison of simple movement behaviors across three different devices.

Reaching trajectories have provided a unique tool to observe changes in internal cognitive decisions. Furthermore, technological advances have made devices for measuring reach movements more accessible and researchers have recognized that various populations including children, elderly populations, and non-human primates can easily execute simple movements as responses. As a result, devices such as a three-dimensional (3D) reach tracker, a stylus, or a computer-mouse have been increasingly utilized to study...

The effect of age and perturbation time on online control during rapid pointing.

Visual and proprioceptive information is used differently at different phases of a reach. The time at which a target perturbation occurs during a reach therefore has a significant impact on how an individual can compensate for this perturbation though online control. With healthy ageing, there are notable changes to both sensory and motor control that impact motor performance. However, how the online control process changes with age is not yet fully understood. We used a target perturbation paradigm and man...

Reference Values of Functional and Lateral Reach Test Among the Young Saudi Population: Their Psychometric Properties and Correlation with Anthropometric Parameters.

BACKGROUND Due to lack of normal reference values of forward and lateral reach tests for Saudi young adults, this study aimed to formulate normative values of the forward reach test and lateral reach test and to assess the correlation between the demographic variables and the reach test results. MATERIAL AND METHODS We randomly assigned 240 normal young Saudi adults ages 20-23 years to assess reach test scores in forward and lateral directions. All the subjects had been measured for distance reached in forw...

The Broad-Spectrum Impact of Hidradenitis Suppurativa on Quality of Life: A Comparison with Psoriasis.

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic skin disease with a heavy impact on patients' quality of life (QoL). The aim of this study was to evaluate in detail the QoL impact of HS comparing it with other skin conditions, and in particular with psoriasis.

Enhanced early immune response of leptospiral outer membrane protein LipL32 stimulated by narrow band mid-infrared exposure.

Previous studies revealed significant impact on cancer cell by mid-infrared (MIR) radiation. However, the effects of narrow band MIR on immune reaction and infectious disease are still unknown. In this study, an enhanced innate immune response was observed through the interaction between Leptospiral outer membrane protein (LipL32) and toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2). Thereafter, human kidney proximal tubular cells (HK-2 cells) initiated a serial reaction of enhanced MCP-1 production. The 6 μm narrow bandwidt...

Increasing task precision demands reveals that the reach and grasp remain subject to different perception-action constraints in 12-month-old human infants.

The reach and grasp follow different developmental trajectories, but are often considered to have achieved nearly adult-like precision and integration by 12 months of age. This study used frame-by-frame video analysis to investigate whether increasing precision demands, by placing small reaching targets on a narrow pedestal rather than on a flat table, would influence the reach and grasp movements of 12-month-old infants in a complementary or differential fashion. The results reveal that placing the target ...

Shift work as a factor increasing the risk of civilization diseases - what's new in the old issue?

People are more and more often taking up shift work, which in the long run may have harmful health effects. Whether a person working in a shift system gets sick is influenced by many external factors (rotation and type of changes and work performed, socio-psychological factors) and endogenous (sex, age, health and physiological status, individual, internal biological clock - chronotype, physiological tolerance work at night). Many authors in their work prove that work in a rotational rotation system affects...

Photocatalytic water splitting by N-TiO on MgO (111) with exceptional quantum efficiencies at elevated temperatures.

Photocatalytic water splitting is attracting enormous interest for the storage of solar energy but no practical method has yet been identified. In the past decades, various systems have been developed but most of them suffer from low activities, a narrow range of absorption and poor quantum efficiencies (Q.E.) due to fast recombination of charge carriers. Here we report a dramatic suppression of electron-hole pair recombination on the surface of N-doped TiO based nanocatalysts under enhanced concentrations ...

Few-layer WS modified BiOBr nanosheets with enhanced broad-spectrum photocatalytic activity towards various pollutants removal.

Herein, an efficient broad-spectrum WS/BiOBr heterostructure with ultrathin nanosheet was successfully prepared by one-pot hydrothermal route. The self-assembled flower-like WS/BiOBr nanostructure was formed by few-layer WS and BiOBr nanosheets. The optimized heterojunction presented broad-spectrum high-efficiency photocatalytic activity towards the removal of various pollutants under visible-light irradiation, including organic dyes, antibiotics and phenols. This efficiency was linked to high light harvest...

Engaging with research impact assessment for an environmental science case study.

Impact assessment is embedded in many national and international research rating systems. Most applications use the Research Impact Pathway to track inputs, activities, outputs and outcomes of an invention or initiative to assess impact beyond scholarly contributions to an academic research field (i.e., benefits to environment, society, economy and culture). Existing approaches emphasise easy to attribute 'hard' impacts, and fail to include a range of 'soft' impacts that are less easy to attribute, yet are ...

Defining hard-to-reach populations for vaccination.

Extending the benefits of vaccination to everyone who is eligible requires an understanding of which populations current vaccination efforts have struggled to reach. A clear definition of "hard-to-reach" populations - also known as high-risk or marginalized populations, or reaching the last mile - is essential for estimating the size of target groups, sharing lessons learned based on consistent definitions, and allocating resources appropriately. A literature review was conducted to determine what formal de...

In memoriam of Marvin Zuckerman: His impact on Spanish Psychology.

The work of recently deceased Marvin Zuckerman is well-known in Psychology. Zuckerman is mainly known around the world for describing the nature of the Sensation Seeking personality trait (with a strong biological basis related to physiology, endocrinology, brain biochemistry and genetics), and its practical usefulness in explaining many human behaviors, especially high-risk behaviors.

Clinical utility and effectiveness of a training program in the application of a new classification of narrow band imaging for vocal cord leukoplakia: a multicenter study.

To analyze the application of a new narrow band imaging (NBI) classification in the diagnosis of vocal cord leukoplakia by laryngologists with different levels of laryngoscopic experience and to explore the impact of NBI training programs on laryngologists' identification of benign and malignant leukoplakia.

Monocytes work harder under pressure.

Shift Work and Leukocyte Count Changes among Workers in Bangkok.

Previous epidemiological evidence for the association of shift work exposure and increased leukocyte count is cross-sectional in nature, thus limiting cause-effect inference. We therefore used a longitudinal design to: (i) compare leukocyte counts at baseline between shift and day workers and (ii) examine the time trend of leukocyte counts over the follow-up period for these workers.

Impact of polyethylene glycol polymers on the physicochemical properties and mucoadhesivity of itraconazole nanoparticles.

Itraconazole (ITR) is a broad-spectrum antifungal drug with a very low solubility. In this work, the application of a heat induced evaporative antisolvent nanoprecipitation process yielded disordered nanoparticles (NPs) of ITR. The inclusion of different types of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) allowed PEGylation of NPs by adsorption to be achieved. The NP dispersions were composed of monodispersed particles in a nanometric size range (


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