PubMed Journals Articles About "Nearly Kids From Gunshot Wounds Each Year" RSS

06:06 EST 17th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Nearly kids from gunshot wounds each year" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 7,800+

Study of Radial Nerve Injury Caused By Gunshot Wounds and Explosive Injuries among Iraqi Soldiers.

Gunshot wounds and blast injuries to the upper limbs produce complex wounds requiring management by multiple surgical specialities.

A Self-Inflicted Gunshot Wound With an Unusual Hand Injury.

Self-inflicted gunshot wounds are a common cause of firearm-related deaths. The appearance and location of the entry wound, other concomitant findings at autopsy, and correlation with the scene and circumstances are critical in determining the manner of death. A case of a 72-year-old man with a self-inflicted gunshot wound with an unusual injury pattern is described. There was a contact range gunshot entry in the right temple, and an exit wound was seen in the left parietal region. There was a re-entry with...

Gunshot Suicide: Cherry-Red Discoloration of the Temporal Muscle Beneath the Exit Wound.

The article describes a case of gunshot suicide to the head in a 51-year-old man. The entrance wound was located in the left temple and exit wound in the right temple. The entrance wound had the characteristics of a hard-contact gunshot wound. The most interesting finding in this case was cherry-red discoloration of the right temporal muscle surrounding the exit wound. This finding could make the determination of the entrance versus exit gunshot wound challenging, especially if the wounds are of atypical ap...

Higher Complication Rates in Self-Inflicted Gunshot Wounds After Microvascular Free Tissue Transfer.

Microvascular free tissue transfer is often employed to reconstruct significant facial defects from ballistic injuries. Herein, we present our comparison of complications between self-inflicted and non-self-inflicted gunshot wounds after microvascular free tissue transfer.

Treatment of Gunshot Wounds to the Spine during the Late 19 Century.

Surgical management of self-inflicted facial gunshot wounds.

Delayed lethal pulmonary air embolism after a gunshot head injury.

We present a case of a young male patient with a fatal pulmonary air embolism following a penetrating gunshot head injury. He suffered from severe head trauma including a laceration of the superior sagittal sinus. Operative neurosurgical intervention did not establish a watertight closure of the wounds. Eight days after the trauma, the patient suddenly collapsed and died after an attempt to mobilise him to the vertical. Forensic autopsy indicated pulmonary air embolism as the cause of death. Retrospectively...

Atypical Suicide by Submachine Gun.

In case of suicide, the presence of multiple entrance wounds is always suspicious. We report the case of a man who committed suicide by shooting himself three times in the chest and the skull with a submachine gun. The weapon seems to have been initially pointed in the precordium area with a lethal lesion of the proximal aorta. Two other projectiles were fired by the weapon and hit the neck and the skull of the deceased. The presence of three entrance wounds despite a first fatal wound could finally be expl...

Epidemiology of gunshot wounds to the hand.

Due to increased gun availability/prevalence in current times, low-velocity firearm injuries have risen dramatically. This study describes the epidemiology of gunshot wounds (GSW) to the hand. We identified all patients (January 2005 - August 2015) who presented to our Level 1 trauma center with GSW's to the hand. Analysis of each record was performed to collect epidemiological variables. Cross-sectional analyses were performed to quantify the results. Following inclusion/exclusion criteria, 97 patients wer...

Comparison of Different Swabs for Sampling Inorganic Gunshot Residue from Gunshot Wounds: Applicability and Reliability for the Determination of Firing Distance.

This study concentrates on samples of bare pork skin, with and without bristles, and dried bovine ribs shot with a semi-automatic pistol to find the best methodology and sampling surface in the search for inorganic gunshot residues (IGSR). Four quadrants of known surface areas were sampled at different distances from the bullet's hole with different swabs: tapes in graphite, Leukosilk® white tape, 3M® transparent tape, and a cotton swab to assess the technique able to collect the highest amounts of IGSR w...

Can cadaverous pollution from environmental lead misguide to false positive results in the histochemical determination of Gunshot Residues? In-depth study using ultra-sensitive ICP-MS analysis on cadaveric skin samples.

In a previous work, we wanted to evaluate if the histochemical determination of lead in Gunshot Residues (GSR) on firearm wounds could be misled due to possible environmental contamination produced by heavy metals and, in particular, by lead. The Sodium Rhodizonate test and its confirmation test with 5% HCl Sodium Rhodizonate resulted to be negative and therefore we wanted to verify if these techniques were sensible enough in order to evaluate this element. We have assessed, on these same samples, a more se...

The urban injury severity score (UISS) better predicts mortality following penetrating gunshot wounds (GSW).

The Injury Severity Score (ISS) and the New ISS (NISS) underscore injury severity after GSW. This study assesses the Urban ISS (UISS), which incorporates all injuries.

Implantable Nanomedical Scaffold Facilitates Healing of Chronic Lower Extremity Wounds.

Chronic, nonhealing wounds are a growing health care problem in the United States, affecting more than 6.5 million patients annually.

The mechanism through which dietary supplementation with heated linseed grain increases n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid concentration in subcutaneous adipose tissue of cashmere kids.

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation with heated linseed on the fatty acid (FA) composition of the plasma, liver, and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SADT) of Albas white cashmere kids, particularly the effect on n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated FA profiles and the mRNA expression of genes related to lipid metabolism in SADT. Sixty 4-month-old castrated male kids (average BW 18.6 ± 0.1 kg) were selected and randomly allocated into three groups in a randomized block des...

Chemical compositional standards for non-lead hunting ammunition and fishing weights.

The chemical composition of non-lead, non-toxic, gunshot used for hunting waterfowl is regulated only in Canada and the USA. No nation regulates the composition of non-lead fishing weights, rifle bullets, and gunshot used for upland game hunting. Compositional criteria for these non-lead products are proposed here, based on established experimental toxicity protocols. Because of the demonstrated acute toxicity of ingested zinc shot to birds, fishing weights and gunshot should never be made of this pure meta...

Negative pressure wound therapy for open traumatic wounds.

Traumatic wounds (wounds caused by injury) range from abrasions and minor skin incisions or tears, to wounds with extensive tissue damage or loss as well as damage to bone and internal organs. Two key types of traumatic wounds considered in this review are those that damage soft tissue only and those that involve a broken bone, that is, open fractures. In some cases these wounds are left open and negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is used as a treatment. This medical device involves the application of a...

SIRT1 activation promotes angiogenesis in diabetic wounds by protecting endothelial cells against oxidative stress.

Chronic wounds are a devastating complication of diabetes and can lead to amputations or even death. Current medical therapies are insufficient to accelerate its repair. The objective of this study was to explore the role of Sirtuin1 (SIRT1) in diabetic wounds.

Volatile Organic Compounds of Malignant Breast Cancer Wounds: Identification and Odors.

During the metabolic processes of malignant wounds, bacteria produce a large amount of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that are responsible for malodors and may have a major impact on the patient's quality of life with a risk of isolation.

A purpose-designed monofilament-fibre pad for debridement of hard-to-reach wounds: experience in clinical practice.

Effective and comfortable debridement is an important part of managing complex wounds. This user test evaluated a monofilament-fibre pad (with handle) (Debrisoft Lolly, Lohmann & Rauscher GmbH & Co. KG) in the debridement of various hard-to-reach wounds.

Percutaneous Transjugular Extraction of Venous Bullet Embolism to the Right Ventricle.

Migration of a bullet to a distant part of the body after a gunshot is rarely observed in the clinical setting furthermore migration to the heart is even rare. There are usually no clear symptoms or signs from migration of a bullet. The case of a 28 years old man with an intracardiac bullet migration, 2 months after a gunshot wound to the right abdomen is presented. We suggest that the bullet migrated along vena cava to the right ventricle. Interventional radiology with a percutaneous transjugular extractio...

Clinical Application of 3-Dimensional Continuous Suturing Technique for Triangular Wounds.

Although there are numerous skin closure methods, there is no special method for suturing triangular skin wounds. The authors have summarized and modified their experience with a 3-dimensional (3D) continuous suturing technique for triangular wounds.

Use of wet-to-moist cleansing with different irrigation solutions to reduce bacterial bioburden in chronic wounds.

The influence of different irrigation solutions, in conjunction with wet-to-moist cleansing, on the reduction of sessile, non-planktonic bacteria which colonise wounds, has not been investigated. In this study, the antibacterial effect of different irrigation solutions, during a 20-minute wet-to-moist cleansing, has been evaluated in chronic wounds.

A Self-Pumping Dressing for Draining Excessive Biofluid around Wounds.

Excessive biofluid around wounds often causes infection and hinders wound healing. However, the intrinsic hydrophilicity of the conventional dressing inevitably retains excessive biofluid at the interface between the dressing and the wound. Herein, a self-pumping dressing is reported, by electrospinning a hydrophobic nanofiber array onto a hydrophilic microfiber network, which can unidirectionally drain excessive biofluid away from wounds and finally accelerate the wound healing process. The hydrophilic mic...

Supplementation of DHA-Gold pre- and/or post-natally to goat kids modifies in vitro methane production and rumen morphology until 6 months old.

This study aimed to investigate the effect of pre- and/or post-natal supplementation of a dry whole cell algae (DHA-Gold) to goat kids, on in vitro methane (CH4) production, animal growth and rumen morphology at the age of 6 months. Furthermore, the in vitro retreatment effect of DHA-Gold was evaluated. Twenty pregnant Saanen goats giving birth to two male kids were used. Half of these does were supplemented (D+) with 18.2 g/day of DHA-Gold in the last three weeks of pregnancy, whereas the other half was no...

Nutritional quality of meals offered to children (kids' meals) at chain restaurants in Japan.

To evaluate the nutritional quality, particularly the fat and salt contents, of meals offered to children (kids' meals) at chain restaurants in Japan.

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