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Nebulized 5% Hypertonic Saline For The Treatment Of Bronchiolitis PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Nebulized 5% Hypertonic Saline For The Treatment Of Bronchiolitis articles that have been published worldwide.
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The optimal fluid therapy in children with DKA is a matter of debate, especially if we take into account its association with cerebral edema, the most important complication. Hypertonic Saline Solution is used in the treatment of cerebral edema, and also has been used for volume resuscitation in children with shock.
Hypertonic saline (HTS) has potent immune and vascular effects. We assessed recipient pretreatment with HTS on allograft function in a porcine model of heart transplantation and hypothesized that HTS infusion would limit endothelial and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction following transplantation.
Significant fluid retention is common after cardiac surgery with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of hypertonic saline-hydroxyethyl starch (HS-HES) solution on fluid accumulation in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG).
Zebrafish is an excellent model that can be utilized as an adjunct to current rodent models for studies of eye diseases because the anatomy and ultrastructural characterization of its cornea show much similarity with the human cornea. Therefore, we developed a behavioral model of corneal nociception using the adult zebrafish (Danio rerio). We analyzed the nociceptive effect of hypertonic saline (0.15-5.0 M sodium chloride [NaCl]) applied to the surface of the right or left cornea, on the animals' gender a...
We investigated acute effects of inhalation of hypertonic saline solution (HSS) and oxygen (O, control exposure) on pulmonary diffusing capacity for nitric oxide (DLNO) and carbon monoxide (DLCO). In a randomized crossover study, 20 healthy, non-smoking subjects were allocated to short-term inhalation of HSS or O Spirometry [(forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV) and forced vital capacity (FVC)] and combined single-breath DLNO-DLCO measurements were performed before and immediately after inhalation of eit...
Hyperosmolar therapy is regarded as the mainstay for treatment of elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) in traumatic brain injury (TBI). This still has been disputed as application of hypertonic saline (HS) or mannitol for treating patients with severe TBI. Thus, this meta-analysis was performed to further compare the advantages and disadvantages of mannitol with HS for treating elevated ICP after TBI. We conducted a systematic search on PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL...
Bronchiolitis is a leading cause of emergency department visits and hospitalization in the first year of life with estimated costs to the healthcare system in the United States of $1.73 billion annually. The highest rates of admission occur in the first 3 to 6 months of life. Traditional therapies such as bronchodilators and antibiotics have repeatedly been shown to be ineffective. Thickened nasal secretions cause decreased oxygenation, difficulty sleeping, poor feeding, and respiratory distress symptoms. B...
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To understand the impact of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) bronchiolitis guidelines on the management of children referred to paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) with bronchiolitis.
Aim: The aim of our study was to evaluate the adherence to the 2014 American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines for bronchiolitis.
The purposes of this study were to determine the benefit of the bronchiolitis ultrasound score (BUS) in predicting hospital admission in children with acute bronchiolitis and to characterize lung sonography findings.
Bronchiolitis sometimes triggers the development of subsequent recurrent wheezing. Treatment with either acetaminophen or ibuprofen during the initial episode may affect the occurrence of subsequent wheezing.
Viral bronchiolitis is one of the most common causes of hospitalisation in young infants. It has previously been shown that many United Kingdom (UK) hospital Trusts were not compliant with many aspects of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) bronchiolitis guideline prior to its publication.
Emerging evidence suggests relations of nasopharyngeal metabolome and microbiota with bronchiolitis severity. However, the influence of host systemic metabolism on disease pathobiology remains unclear. We aimed to examine metabolome profiles and their association with higher severity, defined by use of positive pressure ventilation (PPV), in infants hospitalized for bronchiolitis.
One-fourth of patients with bronchiolitis seen in US emergency departments between 2007 and 2015 received antibiotics; 70% of them had no documented bacterial coinfection. Macrolides were prescribed in 38% of the cases. Antibiotic use did not decrease after national recommendations against routine prescribing. Efforts are needed to reduce unnecessary and inappropriate antibiotic use for bronchiolitis.
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the primary cause of acute lower respiratory infections in children, bronchiolitis in particular. Airborne particulate matter (PM) may influence the children's immune system and foster the spread of RSV infection. We aimed to verify whether PM10 exposure is associated with hospitalization due to RSV bronchiolitis. We selected hospital discharge records (HRD) with ICD-9-CM code 466.11 of infants
A subset of infants are hyper-susceptible to severe/acute viral bronchiolitis (AVB), for reasons incompletely understood.
A better understanding of bronchiolitis heterogeneity may help clarify its relationship with the development of recurrent wheezing and asthma.
The rate of admissions to hospital with bronchiolitis has increased over the past years. The reasons for this are likely to be multifactorial including improved survival of preterm infants.
In infants with acute bronchiolitis, the precision of parental disease severity assessment is unclear. We aimed to determine if parental assessment at the time of hospitalisation predicted the use of supportive care, and subsequently determine the likelihood that the infant with acute bronchiolitis would receive supportive care.
Acute viral bronchiolitis (AB) is one of the most common respiratory diseases in infants. However, diagnostic criteria for AB are heterogeneous and not very well known.
Radiation pneumonitis is one of the most harmful and clinically significant complications of radiotherapy. This study investigated the benefits of nebulized acetylcysteine for lung cancer patients diagnosed with radiation pneumonitis after radiotherapy.
Study's objective was to identify risk factors associated with bronchiolitis severity.