PubMed Journals Articles About "NeuroVision Imaging Inc." RSS

00:56 EST 19th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "NeuroVision Imaging" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 7,500+

Amide proton transfer imaging of tumors: theory, clinical applications, pitfalls, and future directions.

Amide proton transfer (APT) imaging is an emerging molecular magnetic resonance imaging technique based on chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST). APT imaging has shown promise in oncologic imaging, especially in the imaging of brain tumors. This review article illustrates the theory of CEST/APT imaging and describes the clinical utility, pitfalls, and potential for future development of APT imaging.

MR Imaging of the Musculoskeletal System Using Ultrahigh Field (7T) MR Imaging.

MR imaging is an indispensable instrument for the diagnosis of musculoskeletal diseases. In vivo MR imaging at 7T offers many advantages, including increased signal-to-noise ratio, higher spatial resolution, improved spectral resolution for spectroscopy, improved sensitivity for X-nucleus imaging, and decreased image acquisition times. There are also however technical challenges of imaging at a higher field strength compared with 1.5 and 3T MR imaging systems. We discuss the many potential opportunities a...

MR Imaging of Joint Infection and Inflammation with Emphasis on Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced MR Imaging.

Contrast-enhanced MR imaging (CE-MR imaging) is recommended for diagnosis and monitoring of infectious and most inflammatory joint diseases. CE-MR imaging clearly differentiates soft and bony tissue from fluid collections and infectious debris. To improve imaging information, a dynamic CE-MR imaging sequence (DCE-MR imaging) sequence can be applied using fast T1-weighted sequential image acquisition during contrast injection. Use of DCE-MR imaging allows robust extraction of quantitative information regardi...

Simplified Luminal Water Imaging for the Detection of Prostate Cancer From Multiecho T MR Images.

Luminal water imaging (LWI) suffers less from imaging artifacts than the diffusion-weighted imaging used in multiparametric MRI of the prostate. LWI obtains multicompartment tissue information from a multiecho T dataset.

Imaging Spectrum of TIPIC Syndrome : Validation of a new Entity with Vessel Wall Imaging.

Acute neck pain can have non-vascular and vascular causes. Some patients present with distinct vascular and perivascular changes on imaging at the site of tenderness. This study aimed to evaluate the imaging findings of transient perivascular inflammation of the carotid artery (TIPIC) syndrome with an emphasis on vessel wall imaging using 3‑Tesla (3-T) high-resolution (HR) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Dynamic whole-body PET imaging: principles, potentials and applications.

In this article, we discuss dynamic whole-body (DWB) positron emission tomography (PET) as an imaging tool with significant clinical potential, in relation to conventional standard uptake value (SUV) imaging.

Review of state-of-art artificial compound eye imaging systems.

Natural compound eye has received much attention in recent years due to remarkable properties, such as large field of view, compact structure, and high sensitivity to moving objects. Many studies have been devoted to mimicking imaging system of the natural compound eye. The paper gives a review of state-of-art artificial compound eye imaging systems. Firstly, we introduce imaging principle of three types of the natural compound eye. Then, we divide current artificial compound eye imaging systems into four c...

Portal vein abnormalities: an imaging review.

The portal vein is the main vascular channel of the liver and is affected by many pathologies. Imaging plays an important role in the detection and characterization of these abnormalities, guiding the surgeon and the interventional radiologist in planning further management. We discuss the imaging appearances of various abnormalities affecting the portal vein and the imaging modalities used in their diagnosis. We also briefly discuss the radiological interventions done in some of these cases.

Advances in Diagnostic and Intraoperative Molecular Imaging of Pancreatic Cancer.

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has a dismal prognosis. To improve outcomes, there is a critical need for improved tools for detection, accurate staging, and resectability assessment. This could improve patient stratification for the most optimal primary treatment modality. Molecular imaging, used in combination with tumor-specific imaging agents, can improve established imaging methods for PDAC. These novel, tumor-specific imaging agents developed to target specific biomarkers have the potential to...

Imaging Collateral Ventilation in Patients With Advanced Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Relative Sensitivity of He and Xe MRI.

3 Technical Efficacy: Stage 2 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2018.

Differentiation of multiple myeloma and metastases: Use of axial diffusion-weighted MR imaging in addition to standard MR imaging at 3T.

Metastasis and multiple myeloma are common malignant bone marrow lesions which may be difficult to distinguish because of similar imaging findings. The purpose of this study was to determine the value of adding diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) to standard MR imaging to differentiate multiple myeloma from metastasis.

Reducing X-ray imaging for proton postmastectomy chest wall patients.

Proton postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) patients are positioned daily using surface imaging with additional x-ray imaging for confirmation. This study aims to investigate whether weekly x-ray imaging with daily surface imaging, as performed for photon treatment, is sufficient to maintain PMRT patient positioning fidelity.

Musculoskeletal Imaging: Current Practice and Future Directions.

Musculoskeletal (MSK) radiology plays a crucial role in the diagnosis and management of MSK disorders and has rapidly expanded in tandem with advances in technology and improved access to imaging. Although anatomical imaging remains the mainstay of MSK radiology, significant progress has been made in functional and molecular imaging as well as in hybrid imaging with an expanding armament of technologies becoming available or in development. A vast array of research is occurring in MSK imaging, and this revi...

Application of aptamers for in vivo Molecular Imaging and Theranostics.

Nucleic acid aptamers are small three-dimensional structures of oligonucleotides selected to bind to a target of interest with high affinity and specificity. In vitro, aptamers already compete with antibodies to serve as imaging probes, e.g. for microscopy or flow cytometry. However, they are also increasingly used for in vivo molecular imaging. Accordingly, aptamers have been evaluated over the last twenty years in almost every imaging modality, including single photon emission computed tomography, positro...

Exogenous imaging contrast and therapeutic agents for intravascular photoacoustic imaging and image-guided therapy.

Intravascular photoacoustic (IVPA) imaging has been developed in recent years as a viable imaging modality for the assessment of atherosclerotic plaques. Exogenous imaging contrast and therapeutic agents further enhance this imaging modality and provide significant benefits. Imaging contrast agents can significantly increase photoacoustic signal, resulting in enhanced plaque detection and characterization. The ability to use these particles to molecularly target markers of disease progression makes it possi...

Comparison of CT/MRI-CEUS and US-CEUS fusion imaging techniques in the assessment of the thermal ablation of liver tumors.

To compare the applicability of fusion imaging between contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (CT/MRI-CEUS fusion imaging) and fusion imaging between CEUS and ultrasound (US-CEUS fusion imaging) in the assessment of treatment response during liver cancer ablation.

In vivo long-term investigation of tumor bearing mKate2 by an in-house fluorescence molecular imaging system.

Optical imaging is one of the most common, low-cost imaging tools used for investigating the tumor biological behavior in vivo. This study explores the feasibility and sensitivity of a near infrared fluorescent protein mKate2 for a long-term non-invasive tumor imaging in BALB/c nude mice, by using a low-power optical imaging system.

The Canadian Dementia Imaging Protocol: Harmonizing National Cohorts.

Harmonized protocols to collect imaging data must be devised, employed, and maintained in multicentric studies to reduce interscanner variability in subsequent analyses.

Ferumoxytol Can Be Used for Quantitative Magnetic Particle Imaging of Transplanted Stem Cells.

To evaluate, if clinically translatable ferumoxytol nanoparticles can be used for in vivo detection and quantification of stem cell transplants with magnetic particle imaging (MPI).

Radiomics in Pulmonary Lesion Imaging.

Diagnostic imaging has traditionally relied on a limited set of qualitative imaging characteristics for the diagnosis and management of lung cancer. Radiomics-the extraction and analysis of quantitative features from imaging-can identify additional imaging characteristics that cannot be seen by the eye. These features can potentially be used to diagnose cancer, identify mutations, and predict prognosis in an accurate and noninvasive fashion. This article provides insights about trends in radiomics of lung c...

Patient Factor Disparities in Imaging Follow-Up Rates After Incidental Abdominal Findings.

The effect of demographics and societal determinants on imaging follow-up rates is not clear. The purpose of this study was to compare characteristics of patients with imaging findings representing possible cancer who undergo follow-up imaging versus those who do not to better understand factors that contribute to follow-up completion.

Imaging biomarkers in oncology: Basics and application to MRI.

Cancer remains a global killer alongside cardiovascular disease. A better understanding of cancer biology has transformed its management with an increasing emphasis on a personalized approach, so-called "precision cancer medicine." Imaging has a key role to play in the management of cancer patients. Imaging biomarkers that objectively inform on tumor biology, the tumor environment, and tumor changes in response to an intervention complement genomic and molecular diagnostics. In this review we describe the k...

Varying Patterns of CNS Imaging in Influenza A Encephalopathy in Childhood.

The brain imaging findings in children with neurological complications associated with influenza A infections are presented and analyzed and pathological imaging changes including atypical intracerebral hemorrhages in these patients are discussed.

Diagnostic performance of quantitative diffusion tensor imaging for the differentiation of breast lesions at 3 T MRI.

Conventional breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), including dynamic contrast-enhanced MR mammography, may lead to ambiguous diagnosis and unnecessary biopsies.

Molecular imaging of coronary inflammation.

Coronary inflammation is related to atherosclerotic disease and, less frequently, systemic vasculitis. Regardless of the etiology, coronary inflammation is associated with adverse cardiac events. Molecular imaging with F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET/CT) allows in vivo assessment of coronary inflammation and evaluation of response to therapy. The aim of this review is to give an update on the recent development of FDG-PET/CT, discuss the potential roles of coronary inflammation ...

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