PubMed Journals Articles About "Neuropsychological Tests Alzheimer Disease" RSS

21:29 EDT 5th April 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Neuropsychological Tests Alzheimer Disease" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 26,000+

Inter-method and anatomical correlates of episodic memory tests in the Alzheimer's Disease spectrum.

Episodic memory impairments have been described as initial clinical findings in the Alzheimer's Disease (AD) spectrum, which could be associated with the presence of early hippocampal dysfunction. However, correlates between performances in neuropsychological tests and hippocampal volumes in AD were inconclusive in the literature. Divergent methods to assess episodic memory have been depicted as a major source of heterogeneity across studies.

Neuropsychological and neurophysiological characterization of mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease in Down syndrome.

Down syndrome (DS) has been considered a unique model for the investigation of Alzheimer's disease (AD) but intermediate stages in the continuum are poorly defined. Considering this, we investigated the neurophysiological (i.e., magnetoencephalography [MEG]) and neuropsychological patterns of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD in middle-aged adults with DS. The sample was composed of four groups: Control-DS (n = 14, mean age 44.64 ± 3.30 years), MCI-DS (n = 14, 51.64 ± 3.95 years), AD-DS (n = 13,...

The Role of Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test in Predicting 18FFlorbetaben PET Results in Mild Cognitive Impairment and Mild Dementia.

Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test (FCSRT) is a reliable cognitive marker for Alzheimer's disease (AD), and the identification of neuropsychological tests sensitive to the early signs of AD pathology is crucial both in research and clinical practice.

Atypical Repetition in Daily Conversation on Different Days for Detecting Alzheimer Disease: Evaluation of Phone-Call Data From Regular Monitoring Service.

Identifying signs of Alzheimer disease (AD) through longitudinal and passive monitoring techniques has become increasingly important. Previous studies have succeeded in quantifying language dysfunctions and identifying AD from speech data collected during neuropsychological tests. However, whether and how we can quantify language dysfunction in daily conversation remains unexplored.

Cognitive Functions as Predictors of Alzheimer's Disease Biomarker Status in the European Prevention of Alzheimer's Dementia Cohort.

Alterations in Alzheimer's disease (AD) biomarkers have been observed decades before the onset of dementia. Cognitive dysfunction, while central to the clinical diagnosis of AD, has long been considered as a late-stage phenomenon. This assumption is currently challenged and signals on some cognitive tests are now being observed within the preclinical stage. As part of the European Prevention of Alzheimer's Dementia (EPAD) project, a battery of cognitive tests has been proposed (the EPAD Neuropsychological E...

Alzheimer's/Vascular Spectrum Dementia: Classification in Addition to Diagnosis.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD) are the two most common types of dementia. Although the combination of these disorders, called 'mixed' dementia, is recognized, the prevailing clinical and research perspective continues to consider AD and VaD as independent disorders. A review of recent neuropathological and neuropsychological literature reveals that these two disorders frequently co-occur and so-called 'pure' AD or VaD is comparatively rare. In addition, recent research shows that vascu...

"Choosing Wisely": Apolipoprotein E Genetic Testing for the Diagnosis of Alzheimer's Disease in Dementia Clinics.

Apolipoprotein E (APOE) ɛ4 allele carriers have an increased risk of late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, in the "Choosing Wisely" campaign for avoiding unnecessary medical tests, treatments, and procedures, APOE genetic testing is not recommended as a predictive test for AD.

Combining neuropsychological tests to improve the assessment of arithmetic difficulties in children with ADHD.

To compare the ways of evaluating arithmetic skills in Brazilian children with ADHD by combining three validated neuropsychological tests and determining whether they are sensitive to the methylphenidate treatment.

Interaction between APOE4 and herpes simplex virus type 1 in Alzheimer's disease.

Numerous results suggest the implication of infectious agents in the onset of Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Three-year changes of cortical F-FDG in amnestic vs. non-amnestic sporadic early-onset Alzheimer's disease.

To examine and compare longitudinal changes of cortical glucose metabolism in amnestic and non-amnestic sporadic forms of early-onset Alzheimer's disease and assess potential associations with neuropsychological performance over a 3-year period time.

Plasma Amyloid Concentration in Alzheimer's Disease: Performance of a High-Throughput Amyloid Assay in Distinguishing Alzheimer's Disease Cases from Controls.

Collection of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for measurement of amyloid-β (Aβ) species is a gold standard in Alzheimer's disease (AD) diagnosis, but has risks. Thus, establishing a low-risk blood Aβ test with high AD sensitivity and specificity is of outmost interest.

Complexity in neuropsychological assessments of cognitive impairment: A network analysis approach.

In a neuropsychological assessment, each test aims at measuring a single cognitive function. However, test performance depends on an interconnected system of cognitive functions and individual characteristics. For a better understanding of cognitive deficits, it is fundamental to recognize this complexity and study the relationships between test performances. This study aims to evaluate complexity in neuropsychological assessment through network analysis (NA) in 165 healthy older adults, 191 patients with A...

Cerebrospinal fluid amyloid levels are associated with delayed memory retention in cognitively normal biomarker-negative older adults.

Alzheimer's disease is defined by abnormal levels of amyloid and tau biomarkers. Even cognitively normal older adults with clinically relevant amyloid and tau levels perform worse on memory tests. However, it is unclear if the relationship between biomarker level and memory extends below clinical thresholds. We hypothesized that even subclinical biomarker levels are associated with memory when measured with neuropsychological tests designed to detect dysfunction in preclinical disease states. In a group of ...

miR-16-5p and miR-19b-3p prevent amyloid β-induced injury by targeting BACE1 in SH-SY5Y cells.

Alzheimer's disease is the most common neurodegenerative disease, characterized by accumulation of amyloid β peptides. MicroRNAs have been identified as significant regulators and therapeutic targets of Alzheimer's disease. However, the roles of miR-16-5p and miR-19b-3p and their mechanisms in Alzheimer's disease progression remain largely unknown.

Case study of an Iranian-American neuropsychological assessment in the surgical setting: role of language and tests.

There is a growing need to conduct a neuropsychological assessment with bilingual Middle Eastern populations, particularly those who speak the Persian language (Farsi). Although validated neuropsychological and language tests have emerged in Iran, there remains a shortage of appropriate psychometric tests in the U.S. that have been validated for use with the Iranian-American population. This often leads to an assortment of using U.S. tests in English, U.S. tests translated into Farsi, and Iranian tests in F...

A pilot study of exenatide actions in Alzheimer's disease.

Strong preclinical evidence suggests that exenatide, a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist used for treating type 2 diabetes, is neuroprotective and disease- modifying in Alzheimer's disease (AD).

"Like He's a Kid": Relationality, Family Caregiving, and Alzheimer's Disease.

Spousal caregivers draw upon understandings of shifting relationality to maintain a familial understanding of their spouse with Alzheimer's disease. Working through what it means to think of an adult with Alzheimer's disease "like a child," I trace how spouses negotiate their shifting relationships across the course of Alzheimer's. While regarding adults as childlike can be perceived as dehumanizing infantilization, for families living with Alzheimer's disease, conceiving of one's spouse as like a child can...

Cognitive Decline and Alzheimer's Disease in Old Age: A Sex-Specific "Cytokinome Signature".

Elevated peripheral levels of different cytokines and chemokines in subjects with Alzheimer's disease (AD), as compared with healthy controls (HC), have emphasized the role of inflammation in such a disease. Considering the cross-talking between the central nervous system and the periphery, the inflammatory analytes may provide utility as biomarkers to identify AD at earlier stages.

An investigation of affective theory of mind ability and its relation to neuropsychological functions in Alzheimer's disease.

Although cognitive theory of mind (ToM) has been largely studied within neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's disease (AD), studies focusing on affective ToM are relatively limited, yielding inconsistent findings. The current study aimed at investigating affective ToM abilities within different stages of AD (mild AD dementia [ADD], mild cognitive impairment [MCI], and subjective cognitive impairment [SCI]), together with its relationship with neuropsychological functioning. Eighty-one participan...

Real-world evidence in Alzheimer's disease: The ROADMAP Data Cube.

The ROADMAP project aimed to provide an integrated overview of European real-world data on Alzheimer's disease (AD) across the disease spectrum.

Low-Frequency Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation of the Right Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex Enhances Recognition Memory in Alzheimer's Disease.

The lack of effective pharmacological or behavioral interventions for memory impairments associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) emphasizes the need for the investigation of approaches based on neuromodulation.

Balance and Mobility Performance Along the Alzheimer's Disease Spectrum.

Balance impairments are common in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia.

Knock-on effect of periodontitis to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease?

Alzheimer's disease has chronic inflammatory components, which can be enhanced by systemic immune activation resulting in inflammation or vice versa. There is growing evidence that chronic periodontitis drives systemic inflammation and finally Alzheimer's disease. Thus, a link might exist between oral pathogens and Alzheimer's disease. This may be of special significance as there is an age-related incidence of chronic periodontitis.

Genome-wide association analysis of dementia and its clinical endophenotypes reveal novel loci associated with Alzheimer's disease and three causality networks: The GR@ACE project.

Large variability among Alzheimer's disease (AD) cases might impact genetic discoveries and complicate dissection of underlying biological pathways.

Differences in service utilization at an urban tribal health organization before and after Alzheimer's disease or related dementia diagnosis: A cohort study.

The prevalence, mortality, and healthcare impact of Alaska Native and American Indian (ANAI) people with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) are unknown.

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