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Showing "Newly developed nomograms provide accurate predictions patients with" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 55,000+

External validation of two web-based postoperative nomograms predicting the probability of early biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy: a retrospective cohort study.

The present study aimed to validate and compare the predictive accuracies of the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) and Johns Hopkins University (JHU) web-based postoperative nomograms for predicting early biochemical recurrence (BCR) after radical prostatectomy (RP) and to analyze clinicopathological factors to predict early BCR after RP using our dataset. The c-index was 0.72 (95% confidence (CI): 0.61-0.83) for the MSKCC nomogram and 0.71 (95% CI: 0.61-0.81) for the and JHU nomogram, demonstr...

Development and validation of web-based nomograms to precisely predict conditional risk of site-specific recurrence for patients with completely resected non-small cell lung cancer: a multi-institutional study.

There is currently no consensus regarding the optimal postoperative follow-up strategy for completely resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. We aimed to develop web-based nomograms to precisely predict site-specific postoperative recurrence of NSCLC patients and to guide individual surveillance strategies including when to follow-up and what diagnostic tests to perform.

Inflammatory lung edema correlates with echocardiographic estimation of capillary wedge pressure in newly diagnosed septic patients.

Lung ultrasound is an accurate and accessible tool to quantify lung edema. Furthermore, left ventricle filling pressures (LVFP) can be assessed with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) by the E/e' ratio (E/e'). The present study aimed to assess the correlation between E/e' and lung edema quantified by a simplified lung ultrasound score (LUS) in newly admitted septic patients.

Novel risk stratification nomograms for counseling patients on the need for prostate biopsy.

Model-Fusion-Based Online Glucose Concentration Predictions in People with Type 1 Diabetes.

Accurate predictions of glucose concentrations are necessary to develop an artificial pancreas (AP) system for people with type 1 diabetes (T1D). In this work, a novel glucose forecasting paradigm based on a model fusion strategy is developed to accurately characterize the variability and transient dynamics of glycemic measurements. To this end, four different adaptive filters and a fusion mechanism are proposed for use in the online prediction of future glucose trajectories. The filter fusion mechanism is ...

Novel nomograms for castration-resistant prostate cancer and survival outcome in patients with de novo bone-metastatic prostate cancer.

To develop nomograms predicting the incidence of castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and overall survival (OS) for de novo metastatic prostate cancer (mPCa).

Validity of Predictive Equations for Resting Energy Expenditure Developed for Obese Patients: Impact of Body Composition Method.

Predictive equations have been specifically developed for obese patients to estimate resting energy expenditure (REE). Body composition (BC) assessment is needed for some of these equations. We assessed the impact of BC methods on the accuracy of specific predictive equations developed in obese patients. REE was measured (mREE) by indirect calorimetry and BC assessed by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). mREE, percentages of prediction accuracy (±10% of mREE)...

Novel quantitative assessment system of liver steatosis using a newly developed attenuation measurement method.

The present study has developed and evaluated the effectiveness of a new echo attenuation measurement function combined with an ultrasonic diagnostic system for the accurate diagnosis of liver steatosis.

The impact of focused training on abnormality detection and provision of accurate preliminary clinical evaluation in newly qualified radiographers.

Preliminary clinical evaluation (PCE) can be a useful initial assessment of traumatic abnormalities by frontline radiographers; new graduates are expected to have the skills and knowledge required to provide this initial interpretation. This study evaluates the abnormality detection performance and accuracy of PCE commenting in newly qualified radiographers.

Development and Validation of Nomograms Predicting Overall and Cancer-Specific Survival of Spinal Chondrosarcoma Patients.

Retrospective analysis.

Whom to Biopsy: Prediagnostic Risk Stratification with Biomarkers, Nomograms, and Risk Calculators.

This article describes markers used for prostate biopsy decisions, including prostrate-specific antigen (PSA), free PSA, the prostate health index, 4Kscore, PCA3, and ConfirmMDx. It also summarizes the use of nomograms combining multiple variables for prostate cancer detection.

mirDIP 4.1-integrative database of human microRNA target predictions.

MicroRNAs are important regulators of gene expression, achieved by binding to the gene to be regulated. Even with modern high-throughput technologies, it is laborious and expensive to detect all possible microRNA targets. For this reason, several computational microRNA-target prediction tools have been developed, each with its own strengths and limitations. Integration of different tools has been a successful approach to minimize the shortcomings of individual databases. Here, we present mirDIP v4.1, provid...

Current Predictive Indices and Nomograms To Enable Personalization of Radiation Therapy for Patients With Secondary Malignant Neoplasms of the Central Nervous System: A Review.

The proper treatment of brain metastases continues to be a challenge for oncologists given the variability of individual patients' prognoses and the variety of treatment options available to address brain metasteses. There have been efforts since the 1990s to develop prognostic indices and nomograms to help clinicians determine the best approach for individuals with secondary malignant neoplasms of the central nervous system. A literature search was performed to identify the existing prognostic tools publis...

Evaluation of the TBET Model for Potential Improvement of Southern P Indices.

Due to a shortage of available phosphorus (P)-loss datasets, simulated data from an accurate quantitative P transport model could be used to evaluate a P Index. The objective of this study was to compare predictions from the Texas Best Management Practice Evaluation Tool (TBET) against measured P-loss data to determine whether the model could be used to improve P Indices in the southern region. Measured P-loss data from field-scale study sites in Arkansas, Georgia, and North Carolina were used to assess the...

Dielectric Screening Meets Optimally Tuned Density Functionals.

A short overview of recent attempts at merging two independently developed methods is presented. These are the optimal tuning of a range-separated hybrid (OT-RSH) functional, developed to provide an accurate first-principles description of the electronic structure and optical properties of gas-phase molecules, and the polarizable continuum model (PCM), developed to provide an approximate but computationally tractable description of a solvent in terms of an effective dielectric medium. After a brief overview...

Epidemiology and risk factors for invasive fungal infections during induction chemotherapy for newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia: A retrospective cohort study.

This study investigated the epidemiology and risk factors associated with invasive fungal infections (IFIs) during induction chemotherapy in a cohort of Taiwanese patients with newly-diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML). IFIs are a significant complication in the management of immunocompromised cancer patients; such infections are associated with a high incidence of morbidity and mortality, particularly in many South-Asian countries, where IFI rates are increasing. We retrospectively analyzed IFI incidenc...

Comparison of tadalafil pharmacokinetics after administration of a new orodispersible film versus a film-coated tablet.

An orodispersible film (ODF) of tadalafil may provide increased convenience for erectile dysfunction (ED) patients as compared to conventional tablet formulations. In this study, we aimed to compare the pharmacokinetic, safety, and tolerability profiles of a newly developed ODF formulation of tadalafil to those of a film-coated tablet (FCT) of tadalafil.

Readmission prediction via deep contextual embedding of clinical concepts.

Hospital readmission costs a lot of money every year. Many hospital readmissions are avoidable, and excessive hospital readmissions could also be harmful to the patients. Accurate prediction of hospital readmission can effectively help reduce the readmission risk. However, the complex relationship between readmission and potential risk factors makes readmission prediction a difficult task. The main goal of this paper is to explore deep learning models to distill such complex relationships and make accurate ...

Harnessing uncertainty to approximate mechanistic models of interspecific interactions.

Because the Lotka-Volterra competitive equations posit no specific competitive mechanisms, they are exceedingly general, and can theoretically approximate any underlying mechanism of competition near equilibrium. In practice, however, these models rarely generate accurate predictions in diverse communities. We propose that this difference between theory and practice may be caused by how uncertainty propagates through Lotka-Volterra systems. In approximating mechanistic relationships with Lotka-Volterra mode...

Application of newly developed Fluoro-QC software for image quality evaluation in cardiac X-ray systems.

A quality assurance (QA) program is a valuable tool for the continuous production of optimal quality images. The aim of this paper is to assess a newly developed automatic computer software for image quality (IR) evaluation in fluoroscopy X-ray systems.

A novel soft tissue prediction methodology for orthognathic surgery based on probabilistic finite element modelling.

Repositioning of the maxilla in orthognathic surgery is carried out for functional and aesthetic purposes. Pre-surgical planning tools can predict 3D facial appearance by computing the response of the soft tissue to the changes to the underlying skeleton. The clinical use of commercial prediction software remains controversial, likely due to the deterministic nature of these computational predictions. A novel probabilistic finite element model (FEM) for the prediction of postoperative facial soft tissues is...

Personalizing Survival Predictions in Advanced Colorectal Cancer: The ARCAD Nomogram Project.

Estimating prognosis on the basis of clinicopathologic factors can inform clinical practice and improve risk stratification for clinical trials. We constructed prognostic nomograms for one-year overall survival and six-month progression-free survival in metastatic colorectal carcinoma by using the ARCAD database.

Evaluation of a New Multiplex Real-Time PCR Assay for Detecting Gastroenteritis-Causing Viruses in Stool Samples.

Diarrhea has been the second leading cause of death among children under the age of five, and the rapid and accurate pathogen diagnosis in patients with diarrhea is crucial for reducing morbidity and mortality. A newly developed one-step multiplex real-time PCR assay, the Allplex GI-Virus Assay, was evaluated for its ability to detect six diarrhea-causing viruses (rotavirus, norovirus genogroup I (GI) and genogroup II (GII), enteric adenovirus, astrovirus, and sapovirus) in stool samples.

Basic Evaluation of the Newly Developed "Lias Auto P-FDP" Assay and the Influence of Plasmin-α2 Plasmin Inhibitor Complex Values on Discrepancy in the Comparison with "Lias Auto D-Dimer Neo" Assay.

Laboratory determination of fibrin/fibrinogen degradation products (FDP) levels, along with that of the D-dimer, is important for assessing the fibrinolytic situation. Recently, we developed a new FDP reagent "Lias Auto P-FDP", which can detect various FDP fragments. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the basic performance of the newly developed Lias Auto P-FDP and compare it with Lias Auto D-Dimer Neo assay.

Age-related nomograms for antral follicle count and anti-Mullerian hormone for subfertile Chinese women in Singapore.

Antral follicle count (AFC) and anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) are known as the most reliable markers of a woman's ovarian reserve and are related to age. There is currently no specific local age-related centile charts for AFC and AMH. Therefore, we aim to examine the relationship between AFC and AMH with age and construct age-related nomograms among a subfertile Asian population.

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