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Patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) have an increased risk of ischaemic stroke. We aimed to identify the incidence rate and factors associated with ischaemic stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA) in CHF patients as well as the impact of non-invasive telemedical care (NITC) on acute stroke/TIA.
Dysmenorrhea and stroke are health problems affecting women worldwide in their day-to-day lives; however, there is limited knowledge of the stroke risk in women with dysmenorrhea, and there have been no studies assessing the specific distribution of stroke subtypes. This case-control study assessed stroke subtypes by age and the role of comorbidities in women with dysmenorrhea.
C-reactive protein (CRP) is an inflammatory biomarker used in vascular risk prediction, though with less data in people of color. Blacks have higher stroke incidence and also higher CRP than whites. We studied the association of CRP with ischemic stroke risk in blacks and whites.
The multidisciplinary assessment of health problems after stroke should take into account not only motor, speech disorders, disability, but also postural balance, type and level of mental disorders, degree of working hand dysfunctions, cortical motor neuron functional indicators, and risk factors for recurrent stroke.
Comorbidities, complications and laboratory abnormalities are common in stroke patients. One of the common problems is hyponatremia (serum sodium (Na) level
To compare the risk of all-cause mortality, stroke and bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and valvular heart disease (VHD) treated with vitamin K antagonist (VKA) or factor Xa-inhibitors (FXa-I; rivaroxaban and apixaban).
HIV is associated with an increased risk of stroke, but there are sparse data on risk factors for stroke in people living with HIV in Sub-Saharan African. The goal of this study was to identify HIV-specific stroke characteristics and risk factors among adults in Botswana.
Children with sickle cell anemia (SCA) are at increased risk for stroke. In 2014, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) developed guidelines for stroke prevention in SCA informed by the Stroke Prevention Trial in Sickle Cell Anemia (STOP) and Optimizing Primary Stroke Prevention in Sickle Cell Anemia (STOP II) trials. The guidelines specify the use of transcranial Doppler (TCD) screening and intervention with chronic red cell transfusions (CRCT) in children with SCA who have TCD indication o...
This article focuses on selected large prospective cohort studies that examined the effect of alcohol consumption on the risks of hypertension and cardiovascular disease in Japanese men and women. Regardless of age and sex, alcohol consumption was positively associated with an increased risk of hypertension. There was a J-shaped association between alcohol consumption and the risks of stroke and cardiovascular disease in Japanese men, which was consistent with the findings of the studies conducted by Wester...
To explore the prevalence and risk factors of ischemic stroke in rural areas of Liaoning province. The study was a cross-sectional survey. From September 2017 to May 2018, a total of 10 926 rural residents aged ≥40 years were investigated in Chaoyang county, Lingyuan, Liaoyang county and Donggang city of Liaoning province. The investigation included questionnaire survey, physical examination and laboratory examination.Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the risk fa...
Previous studies suggested increased visit-to-visit variability of total cholesterol (TC) is associated with stroke. This study aimed to investigate the associations of various lipids measurements variability and the risk of stroke and stroke type (ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke).
Studies on the association between serum uric acid levels and the risk of cardiovascular disease have yielded inconsistent results. We investigated the association of serum uric acid levels with cardiovascular disease mortality in a Japanese community. A total of 2633 community-dwelling Japanese people aged ≥40 years without a history of cardiovascular disease were followed up for 19 years. Serum uric acid levels were categorized into quintiles (Q1, lowest; Q5, highest). The hazard ratios for mortality fr...
Systemic cancer and ischemic stroke are common conditions and two of the most frequent causes of death among the elderly. The association between cancer and stroke has been reported worldwide. Stroke causes severe disability for cancer patients, while cancer increases the risk of stroke. Moreover, cancer-related stroke is expected to increase due to advances in cancer treatment and an aging population worldwide. Because cancer and stroke share risk factors (such as smoking and obesity) and treatment of canc...
Low circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) has been associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), but whether this association differs by race is unclear.
Health examination is an important method for early detection of people with different risk of stroke. This study estimates the risk of stroke and identify risk factors for people who underwent health examinations at the Health Examination Center at West China Hospital, Sichuan University from July 2014 to February 2018.A total of 31,464 people were recruited in this study and divided into 3 groups (low risk, moderate risk, and high risk) according to risk of stroke. We explored possible factors associated ...
Both obesity and type 2 diabetes are important risk factors for the development of heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), and both disorders increase the risk of systemic thromboembolic events. Traditionally, the risk of stroke has been explained by the strong association of these disorders with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, adiposity and diabetes are risk factors for systemic thromboembolism, even in the absence of AF, because both can lead to the development of an inflammatory and ...
The association between hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and stroke risk along with its subtypes is rarely reported. We aimed to investigate the association between HbA1c and the risk of incident stroke in patients with type 2 diabetes based on real world data from three healthcare systems.
Stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP) is an important cause of poststroke morbidity and mortality. Several clinical risk scores predict the risk of SAP. In this study, we used the A DS score (age, atrial fibrillation, dysphagia, sex, and stroke severity) to assess the risk of SAP in patients admitted with acute stroke. A high (5-10) and a low (0-4) A DS score was assigned to patients with acute stroke admitted to the neurology ward. Univariate binary logistic regression analysis was performed to find...
In the recent years there is a growing interest in identification of additional genetic factors of stroke. A growing body of evidence supports the role of genetic factors in determining the risk of both hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke. The article considers the main genes associated with susceptibility to stroke and genetic polymorphisms associated with the disease. Genetic factors, modulating inflammation process, coagulation, lipid metabolism, NO formation, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and homeost...
Stroke is a leading cause of death, morbidity and disability worldwide. Infection is a common complication in the acute phase after stroke. Herpes zoster is a common viral disease, in which the most debilitating complication is post-herpetic neuralgia, which can have a very large negative impact on quality of life. The aim of this study was to investigate whether stroke increases the risk of herpes zoster.
Polymorphisms in microRNA genes are related to the risk of ischemic stroke, but the association between miR-34b/c polymorphisms and the risk of ischemic stroke has not been reported.
: Persons with stroke have increased risk for recurrent stroke. Group exercise programs like cardiac rehabilitation might reduce this risk. These programs commonly use the six-minute walk test to measure aerobic capacity. However, failure to assess fall risk may compromise safety for persons with stroke. The study aim was to determine the association between the six-minute walk test and fall risk in persons with stroke. : Cross-sectional analysis measured the association between the six-minute walk test and...
Stroke is the third major cause of mortality in the world. The diagnosis of stroke is a very complex issue considering controllable and uncontrollable factors. These factors include age, sex, blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, heart disease, smoking, and so on, having a considerable influence on the diagnosis of stroke. Hence, designing an intelligent system leading to immediate and effective treatment is essential. In this study, the soft computing method known as fuzzy cognitive mapping was proposed for d...
Data on the sex-specific differences in risk of stroke among patients with H-type hypertension are limited. We aimed to analyze interactions between sex and other risk factors on stroke, including the sex-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) interaction. A retrospective analysis of baseline data from 2040 patients with hypertension and hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) included demographic characteristics, biomarkers, history of chronic diseases and lifestyle factors. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction ...