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PubMed Journals Articles About "News Transgender Women Take Hormones Risk Heart Disease" RSS

00:19 EDT 24th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "News Transgender Women Take Hormones Risk Heart Disease" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 43,000+

ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 212: Pregnancy and Heart Disease.

Maternal heart disease has emerged as a major threat to safe motherhood and women's long-term cardiovascular health. In the United States, disease and dysfunction of the heart and vascular system as "cardiovascular disease" is now the leading cause of death in pregnant women and women in the postpartum period () accounting for 4.23 deaths per 100,000 live births, a rate almost twice that of the United Kingdom (). The most recent data indicate that cardiovascular diseases constitute 26.5% of U.S. pregnancy-r...


ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 212 Summary: Pregnancy and Heart Disease.

Maternal heart disease has emerged as a major threat to safe motherhood and women's long-term cardiovascular health. In the United States, disease and dysfunction of the heart and vascular system as "cardiovascular disease" is now the leading cause of death in pregnant women and women in the postpartum period () accounting for 4.23 deaths per 100,000 live births, a rate almost twice that of the United Kingdom (). The most recent data indicate that cardiovascular diseases constitute 26.5% of U.S. pregnancy-r...

The risk of cardiovascular disease in women with a history of miscarriage and/or stillbirth.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the main cause of morbidity and mortality in women worldwide. Apart from the well-established risk factors, some adverse pregnancy outcomes have been found to be associated with increased risk of CVD in women. We reviewed the literature on the risk of CVD in women with a history of pregnancy loss (miscarriage and/or stillbirth). Electronic databases including MEDLINE and CINAHL were searched for English language articles published from 2000 to July 2016. Following the ap...


The Occurrence of Acute Cardiovascular Events in Transgender Individuals Receiving Hormone Therapy: Results from a Large Cohort Study.

In hypogonadal/postmenopausal individuals, hormone therapy has been associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular events (CVEs). A steeply growing population that often receives exogenous hormones is transgender individuals. Although transgender individuals hypothetically have an increased risk of CVEs, there is little known about the occurrence of CVEs in this population. Therefore, we determined the incidences of acute/spontaneous strokes (ischemic/hemorrhagic, transient ischemic attack, or subarac...

Optimizing HIV prevention and care for transgender adults.

: Transgender women have recently been acknowledged as a unique and important risk group in HIV research and care. Although transgender men also face specific problems related to HIV infection, less is known about the risk behaviours and HIV prevalence of this important population. This article highlights key issues relating to the epidemiology, prevention, treatment and management of complications of HIV infection in transgender adults living with HIV, and explores future areas for HIV-related research, wi...

Does sex hormone treatment reverse the sex-dependent stress regulation? A longitudinal study on hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity in transgender individuals.

Studies in mammals indicate a role for sex hormones in the regulation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis reactivity. However, in humans, experimental paradigms investigating long-term exposure to sex hormones are sparse, limiting the understanding of the influence of sex hormones on HPA-axis activity. Gender-affirming hormone therapy (GAHT) in transgender persons enables to study the physiological role of sex steroids partially uncoupled from the distinct genetic background of men and women.

The impact of thyroid hormone dysfunction on ischemic heart disease.

Thyroid hormones have a central role in cardiovascular homeostasis. In myocardium, these hormones stimulate both diastolic myocardial relaxation and systolic myocardial contraction, have a pro-angiogenic effect and an important role in extracellular matrix maintenance. Thyroid hormones modulate cardiac mitochondrial function. Dysfunction of thyroid axis impair myocardial bioenergetic status. Both overt and subclinical hypothyroidism are associated with a higher incidence of coronary events and an increased ...

No correlation between serum testosterone levels and state-level anger intensity in transgender people: Results from the European Network for the Investigation of Gender Incongruence.

Anger is a state of emotions ranging from irritation to intense rage. Aggression implies externalizing anger through destructive/punitive behaviour. The World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH) Standards of Care, Edition 7 (SOC7) guidelines warn about aggression in transgender men (TM) on testosterone treatment. We aimed to assess whether anger intensity increases in TM and decreases in transgender women (TW) after initiation of gender affirming hormone therapy and to identify predictor...

Serum Sex Hormones and the Risk of Fracture across the Menopausal Transition: Study of Women's Health Across the Nation.

Sex steroid hormones have been linked to fractures in older women.

Occupational Physical Activity and Coronary Heart Disease in Women's Health Initiative Observational Study.

Women comprise nearly half of the labor force in our society, but the impact of the occupational psychical activity on women's heart health in later life was unclear. We conducted a case-cohort study to assess the association of occupational physical activity, alone and jointly with leisure-time physical activity, and risk of coronary heart disease (CHD).

Heart rate reserve is a long-term risk predictor in women undergoing myocardial perfusion imaging.

Although women with cardiovascular disease experience relatively worse outcomes as compared to men, substantial knowledge gaps remain regarding the unique female determinants of cardiovascular risk. Heart rate (HR) responses to vasodilator stress mirror autonomic activity and may carry important long-term prognostic information in women.

Will Teens Go Red? Low Cardiovascular Disease Awareness Among Young Women.

Background The American Heart Association Go Red for Women campaign has improved awareness of cardiovascular disease ( CVD ) among adult women aged 25 years and older. Little is known about awareness among younger women. Methods and Results We assessed awareness of CVD and prevention efforts among 331 young women aged 15 to 24 years using the American Heart Association National Women's Health Study survey. We compared responses from this cohort to the 2012 American Heart Association online survey of 1227 ...

Sex differences in schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and PTSD: Are gonadal hormones the link?

In this review, we describe the sex differences in prevalence, onset, symptom profiles and disease outcome that are evident in schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder. Women with schizophrenia tend to exhibit less disease impairment than men; by contrast, women with post-traumatic stress disorder are more affected than men. The most likely candidates to explain these sex differences are gonadal hormones. This review details the clinical evidence that estradiol and progesterone are...

Secular trends in pregnancy rates, delivery outcomes, and related health care utilization among women with congenital heart disease.

The number of women with congenital heart disease (CHD) of reproductive age is increasing, yet a description of trends in pregnancy and delivery outcomes in this population is lacking.

Association between regional body fat and cardiovascular disease risk among postmenopausal women with normal body mass index.

Central adiposity is associated with increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, even among people with normal body mass index (BMI). We tested the hypothesis that regional body fat deposits (trunk or leg fat) are associated with altered risk of CVD among postmenopausal women with normal BMI.

Variations in Testing for HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections Across Gender Identity Among Transgender Youth.

Transgender youth are at high risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), but their rates of screening are unknown. This study sought to quantify HIV and other STI testing levels and to examine variations in testing levels across three categories of gender identity: transgender men, transgender women, and nonbinary individuals. Between June 2017 and June 2018, 186 transgender youth aged 15-24 years were recruited into a randomized trial of home HIV testing ...

THE SYNDROME «LOW TRIIODOTHYRONINE» AND A COURSE A HEART FAILURE.

The study was aimed at investigation of the effect of the "low triiodothyronin syndrome" (LT3S) on the course of heart failure (HF) developed on the background of post-infarction cardiosclerosis. The biennial study included 157 patients with HF (with a myocardial infarction on the background of coronary heart disease). During hospitalization, a standardized assessment was carried out, hemodynamic parameters, clinical and biochemical blood tests, levels of thyroid hormones (thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH),...

The burden of HIV among female sex workers, men who have sex with men and transgender women in Haiti: results from the 2016 Priorities for Local AIDS Control Efforts (PLACE) study.

Despite the higher risk of HIV among female sex workers (FSWs), men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW), these populations are under-represented in the literature on HIV in Haiti. Here, we present the first nationally representative estimates of HIV prevalence and the first care and treatment cascade for FSWs, MSM and TGW in Haiti. We also examine the social determinants of HIV prevalence in these groups and estimate FSW and MSM population size in Haiti.

The effect of cross-sex hormones on the quality of life, depression and anxiety of transgender individuals: a quantitative systematic review.

The objective of the review was to evaluate the effectiveness of cross-sex hormone use in improving quality of life and the related measures of depression and anxiety in the transgender population versus no use of cross-sex hormones.

Is the impact of conventional risk factors the same in men and women? Plea for a more gender-specific approach.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in women in developed countries. The traditional modifiable risk factors are able to explain the majority of CVD mortality. The aim of this review is to analyze gender-specific aspects of major conventional cardiovascular risk factors and to assess whether they have the same impact on CVD in women. Cigarette smoking remains the single largest preventable cause of cardiovascular morbidity and premature death worldwide. Women smoke less than men; howe...

The Endothelial Mineralocorticoid Receptor: Contributions to Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Disease.

Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death for both men and women. The observation that premenopausal women are protected from cardiovascular disease relative to age-matched men, and that this protection is lost with menopause, has led to extensive study of the role of sex steroid hormones in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. However, the molecular basis for sex differences in cardiovascular disease is still not fully understood, limiting the ability to tailor therapies to male and ...

Attained pregnancy among women with a prosthetic heart valve.

Women with prosthetic heart valves are at higher risk for adverse outcomes during pregnancy. The rates of achieved pregnancy, regardless of the pregnancy outcome, are largely unknown in this group of women.

Follicle-stimulating hormone is associated with lipids in postmenopausal women.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relation between FSH and lipid levels in postmenopausal women from the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study.

Stigma and discrimination related to gender identity and vulnerability to HIV/AIDS among transgender women: a systematic review.

HIV prevalence among transgender women is disproportional when compared to the general population in various countries. Stigma and discrimination based on gender identity have frequently been associated with vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. The objective was to conduct a systematic literature review to analyze the relationship between stigma and discrimination related to gender identity in transgender women and vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. This systematic literature review involved the stages of identification, com...

Heart Age, Cardiovascular Disease Risk, and Disparities by Sex and Race/Ethnicity Among New York City Adults.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality in the United States. The risk for developing CVD is usually calculated and communicated to patients as a percentage. The calculation of heart age-defined as the predicted age of a person's vascular system based on the person's CVD risk factor profile-is an alternative method for expressing CVD risk. We estimated heart age among adults aged 30-74 in New York City and examined disparities in excess heart age by race/ethnicity and sex.


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