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PubMed Journals Articles About "News Views Researchers Report Observation Long Distance Spin" RSS

14:57 EST 11th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

News Views Researchers Report Observation Long Distance Spin PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest News Views Researchers Report Observation Long Distance Spin articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "News Views Researchers report observation long distance spin" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 27,000+

Coherent Spin Amplification Using a Beam Splitter.

We report spin amplification using a capacitive beam splitter in n-type GaAs where the spin polarization is monitored via a transverse electron focusing measurement. It is shown that partially spin-polarized current injected by the emitter can be precisely controlled, and the spin polarization associated with it can be amplified by the beam splitter, such that a considerably high spin polarization of around 50% can be obtained. Additionally, the spin remains coherent as shown by the observation of quantum i...


Odd and Even Modes of Neutron Spin Resonance in the Bilayer Iron-Based Superconductor CaKFe_{4}As_{4}.

We report an inelastic neutron scattering study on the spin resonance in the bilayer iron-based superconductor CaKFe_{4}As_{4}. In contrast to its quasi-two-dimensional electron structure, three strongly L-dependent modes of spin resonance are found below T_{c}=35  K. The mode energies are below and linearly scale with the total superconducting gaps summed on the nesting hole and electron pockets, essentially in agreement with the results in cuprate and heavy fermion superconductors. This observation su...

Observation of Spin-Valley-Coupling-Induced Large Spin-Lifetime Anisotropy in Bilayer Graphene.

We report the first observation of a large spin-lifetime anisotropy in bilayer graphene (BLG) fully encapsulated between hexagonal boron nitride. We characterize the out-of-plane (τ_{⊥}) and in-plane (τ_{∥}) spin lifetimes by oblique Hanle spin precession. At 75 K and the charge neutrality point (CNP), we observe a strong anisotropy of τ_{⊥}/τ_{∥}=8±2. This value is comparable to graphene-transition-metal-dichalcogenide heterostructures, whereas our high-quality BLG provides with τ_{⊥} up t...


Magnetic Ground State Stabilized by Three-Site Interactions: Fe/Rh(111).

We report the direct observation of a theoretically predicted magnetic ground state in a monolayer Fe on Rh(111), which is referred to as an up-up-down-down (↑↑↓↓) double-row-wise antiferromagnetic spin structure, using spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy. This exotic phase, which exists in three orientational domains, is revealed by experiments with magnetic probe tips performed in external magnetic fields. It is shown that a hitherto unconsidered four-spin-three-site beyond-Heisenberg int...

Publisher Correction: Evolution of human malaria.

In the version of this News & Views originally published, the caption of Fig. 1 failed to acknowledge that the figure was adapted from Fig. 1 of E. J. Scully, U. Kanjee & M. T. Duraisingh Curr. Opin. Microbiol. 40, 21-31; 2017. This omission failed to recognize the scholarly work of Erik J. Scully, Usheer Kanjee and Manoj T. Duraisingh in generating the original version of the figure. Figure 1 has now been replaced in the News & Views with a new figure and caption (see below) describing the status of genome...

Qualitative Views on the Polyradical Character of Long Acenes.

.. Spin-symmetry breakings appear in the DFT treatment of polyacenes, beyond a certain length, the critical length depending on the exchange-correlation potential. This phenomenon may be attributed to an instability with respect to HOMO-LUMO mixing, which suggests a diradical character of long acenes. However, the increase of the S2 operator with acene length questions this simple view. It is shown that this increase cannot be attributed to spin polarization of the inner MOs, and that a second symmetry brea...

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News and Views about Carotenoids: Red-hot and True.

Pushing the limit of NMR-based distance measurements - retrieving dipolar couplings to spins with extensively large quadrupolar frequencies.

Dipolar recoupling under magic-angle spinning allows to measure accurate inter-nuclear distances provided that the two interacting spins can be efficiently and uniformly excited. Alexander (Lex) Vega has shown that adiabatic transfers of populations in quadrupolar spins during the application of constant-wave (cw) radio-frequency pulses lead to efficient and quantifiable dipolar recoupling curves. Accurate distance determination within and beyond the adiabatic regime using cw pulses is limited by the size o...

Weak anti-localization of two-dimensional holes in germanium beyond the diffusive regime.

Gate-controllable spin-orbit coupling is often one requisite for spintronic devices. For practical spin field-effect transistors, another essential requirement is ballistic spin transport, where the spin precession length is shorter than the mean free path such that the gate-controlled spin precession is not randomized by disorder. In this letter, we report the observation of a gate-induced crossover from weak localization to weak anti-localization in the magneto-resistance of a high-mobility two-dimensiona...

Spin and Orbital Rotation of Plasmonic Dimer Driven by Circularly Polarized Light.

The plasmon-enhanced spin and orbital rotation of Au dimer, two optically bound nanoparticles (NPs), induced by a circularly polarized (CP) light (plane wave or Gaussian beam) were studied theoretically. Through the optomechanical performances of optical forces and torques, the longitudinal/transverse spin-orbit coupling (SOC) of twisted electromagnetic fields was investigated. The optical forces show that for the long-range interaction, there exist some stable-equilibrium orbits for rotation, where the sta...

Very long-lived photogenerated high-spin phase of a multistable spin-crossover molecular material.

The spin-crossover compound [Fe(n-Bu-im)(tren)](PF) shows an unusual long relaxation time of 20 h after light-induced excited spin state trapping (LIESST) when irradiating at 80 K. This is more than 40 times longer than when irradiating at 10 K. Optical absorption spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction using synchrotron radiation were used to characterize and compare the LIESST behavior of this compound after irradiation at around 10 K and 80 K. Rearrangement of the butyl chains of the ligands occurring during ...

Observation of a Time Quasicrystal and Its Transition to a Superfluid Time Crystal.

We report experimental realization of a quantum time quasicrystal and its transformation to a quantum time crystal. We study Bose-Einstein condensation of magnons, associated with coherent spin precession, created in a flexible trap in superfluid ^{3}He-B. Under a periodic drive with an oscillating magnetic field, the coherent spin precession is stabilized at a frequency smaller than that of the drive, demonstrating spontaneous breaking of discrete time translation symmetry. The induced precession frequency...

Ferromagnetism in magnesium chloride monolayer with an unusually large spin-up gap.

The primary research target of the rapidly evolving spintronic industry is to design highly efficient novel materials that consume very low power and operate with high speed. Main group based ferromagnetic half-metallic materials are very promising due to their long spin-relaxation time. In recent years, the discovery of superconducting state with high critical temperature in a magnesium based system (MgB2) invigorated researchers due to its simple crystal structure and intriguing results, leading to its us...

Spin polarized semimagnetic exciton-polariton condensate in magnetic field.

Owing to their integer spin, exciton-polaritons in microcavities can be used for observation of non-equilibrium Bose-Einstein condensation in solid state. However, spin-related phenomena of such condensates are difficult to explore due to the relatively small Zeeman effect of standard semiconductor microcavity systems and the strong tendency to sustain an equal population of two spin components, which precludes the observation of condensates with a well defined spin projection along the axis of the system. ...

Efficient injection and detection of out-of-plane spins via the anomalous spin Hall effect in permalloy nanowires.

We report a novel mechanism for the electrical injection and detection of out-of-plane spin accumulation via the anomalous spin Hall effect (ASHE), where the direction of the spin accumulation can be controlled by manipulating the magnetization of the ferromagnet. This mechanism is distinct from the spin Hall effect (SHE), where the spin accumulation is created along a fixed direction parallel to an interface. We demonstrate this unique property of the ASHE in nanowires made of permalloy (Py), to inject and...

Residential Location and Psychological Distance in Americans' Risk Views and Behavioral Intentions Regarding Zika Virus.

Two 2017 experiments with a U.S. national opportunity sample tested effects of location, psychological distance (PD), and exposure to location-related information on Americans' Zika risk views and behavioral intentions. Location-distance from mosquito transmission of the virus in Florida and Texas; residence within states with 100+ Zika infections; residence within potential mosquito vector ranges-had small, inconsistent effects. Hazard proximity weakly enhanced personal risk judgments and concern about Zik...

Direct Observation of Incoherent Cherenkov Diffraction Radiation in the Visible Range.

We report on the observation of incoherent Cherenkov radiation emitted by a 5.3 GeV positron beam circulating in the Cornell electron-positron storage ring as the beam passes in the close vicinity of the surface of a fused silica radiator (i.e., at a distance larger than 0.8 mm). The shape of the radiator was designed in order to send the Cherenkov photons towards the detector, consisting of a compact optical system equipped with an intensified camera. The optical system allows both the measurements of 2D...

High Sensitivity In-Cell EPR Distance Measurements on Proteins Using an Optimized Gd(III) Spin Label.

Distance measurements by electron-electron double resonance (DEER) carried out on spin-labeled proteins delivered into cells provide new insights into the conformational states of proteins in their native environment. Such measurements depend on spin labels that exhibit high redox stability and high DEER sensitivity. Here we present a new Gd(III)-based spin label, BrPSPy-DO3A-Gd(III), which was derived from an earlier label, BrPSPy-DO3MA-Gd(III), by removing the methyl group from the methyl acetate pending ...

Spin Structure of K Valleys in Single-Layer WS_{2} on Au(111).

The spin structure of the valence and conduction bands at the K[over ¯] and K[over ¯]^{'} valleys of single-layer WS_{2} on Au(111) is determined by spin- and angle-resolved photoemission and inverse photoemission. The bands confining the direct band gap of 1.98 eV are out-of-plane spin polarized with spin-dependent energy splittings of 417 meV in the valence band and 16 meV in the conduction band. The sequence of the spin-split bands is the same in the valence and in the conduction bands and opposite ...

Meeting report: International Symposium on Long-distance Signaling in Plants.

Measuring the Hubble Constant with Neutron Star Black Hole Mergers.

The detection of GW170817 and the identification of its host galaxy have allowed for the first standard-siren measurement of the Hubble constant, with an uncertainty of ∼14%. As more detections of binary neutron stars with redshift measurement are made, the uncertainty will shrink. The dominating factors will be the number of joint detections and the uncertainty on the luminosity distance of each event. Neutron star black hole mergers are also promising sources for advanced LIGO and Virgo. If the black ho...

Spin-Hall effect in the scattering of structured light from plasmonic nanowire.

Spin-orbit interactions are subwavelength phenomena that can potentially lead to numerous device-related applications in nanophotonics. Here, we report the spin-Hall effect in the forward scattering of Hermite-Gaussian (HG) and Gaussian beams from a plasmonic nanowire. Asymmetric scattered radiation distribution was observed for circularly polarized beams. Asymmetry in the scattered radiation distribution changes the sign when the polarization handedness inverts. We found a significant enhancement in the sp...

Imaging the Zigzag Wigner Crystal in Confinement-Tunable Quantum Wires.

The existence of Wigner crystallization, one of the most significant hallmarks of strong electron correlations, has to date only been definitively observed in two-dimensional systems. In one-dimensional (1D) quantum wires Wigner crystals correspond to regularly spaced electrons; however, weakening the confinement and allowing the electrons to relax in a second dimension is predicted to lead to the formation of a new ground state constituting a zigzag chain with nontrivial spin phases and properties. Here we...

Towards the Absolute Spin-Valve Effect in Superconducting Tunnel Junctions.

A superconductor with a spin-split excitation spectrum behaves as an ideal ferromagnetic spin-injector in a tunneling junction. It was theoretical predicted that the combination of two such spin-split superconductors with independently tunable magnetizations, may be used as an ideal absolute spin-valve. Here we report on the first switchable superconducting spin-valve based on two EuS/Al bilayers coupled through an aluminum oxide tunnel barrier. The spin-valve shows a relative resistance change between the ...


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