PubMed Journals Articles About "Nifedipine Seen Risky Pregnant Women With Heart Conditions" RSS

17:43 EST 11th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Nifedipine Seen Risky Pregnant Women With Heart Conditions" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 22,000+

Role of Extracellular Calcium and Calcium Sensitization in the Anti-Contractile Effect of Perivascular Adipose Tissue in Pregnant Rat Aorta.

Previous studies have shown that the anti-contractile effect of the perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) is attenuated in pregnancy. In the present investigation, we have examined the possibility that this loss of anti-contractile effect could be due to changes in calcium mobilization. PVAT exerted anti-contractile effect against 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)-induced contractions of aorta segments from pregnant and non-pregnant rats and this anti-contractile effect was attenuated in segments from pregnant rats. ...

Urinary Excretion of Silicon in Men, Non-pregnant Women, and Pregnant Women: a Cross-sectional Study.

Silicon is a trace element found mainly in plant-based food and proposed to be beneficial for bone health. Urinary excretion of Si has been shown to be a surrogate measure of its uptake in the gastrointestinal tract. The objective of this study was to describe and compare the levels of urinary Si excretion, and consequently Si uptake, in Swedish men, non-pregnant women, and pregnant women. No formal assessment of dietary Si intake was carried out in this study. This cross-sectional study included 89 men, 42...

Standardized outcomes in reproductive cardiovascular care: The STORCC initiative.

Validated protocols for diagnostic testing and management of pregnant women with cardiovascular disease (CVD) do not exist. Our objective was to establish a prospective standardized protocol for the clinical evaluation of pregnant women with CVD.

Flecainide is a safe and effective treatment for pre-excited atrial fibrillation rapidly conducted to the ventricle in pregnant women: a case series.

Pregnancy is associated with an increased incidence of cardiac arrhythmias likely due to hormonal, haemodynamic, and autonomic changes. Yet, there is little data available regarding the efficacy and safety of anti-arrhythmic agents to prevent pre-excited atrial fibrillation (AF) in pregnant women.

Alcohol use and binge drinking among U.S. men, pregnant and non-pregnant women ages 18-44: 2002-2017.

Drinking during pregnancy dropped sharply in the U.S. in the 1980s. More recent time trends in adult drinking and binge drinking in men, non-pregnant and pregnant women have not been directly compared.

Stress and Depressive Symptoms among Demographically Diverse American Pregnant Women.

Pregnancy is a sensitive period of life where mental health is of utmost importance to the mother's and child's well-being peripartum and beyond. To better prevent and treat common mental health conditions such as depressive symptoms and perceived stress (defined in this study to encompass psychological and physiological (heart rate variability (HRV)) dimensions), it is crucial to examine and report differences in mental health outcomes among demographically diverse pregnant women. Therefore, the purpose of...

Screening for Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Adults: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement.

Among the general adult population, women (across all ages) have the highest prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria, although rates increase with age among both men and women. Asymptomatic bacteriuria is present in an estimated 1% to 6% of premenopausal women and an estimated 2% to 10% of pregnant women and is associated with pyelonephritis, one of the most common nonobstetric reasons for hospitalization in pregnant women. Among pregnant persons, pyelonephritis is associated with perinatal complications inc...

Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy and its associated factors among third trimester Malaysian pregnant women.

Despite perennial sunshine, vitamin D deficiency is prevalent among Malaysians especially pregnant women. This study determines the vitamin D status and its associated factors among third trimester pregnant women attending government health clinics in Selangor and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Safety and efficacy of Option B+ ART in Malawi: few severe maternal toxicity events or infant HIV infections among pregnant women initiating tenofovir/lamivudine/efavirenz.

Malawi's Option B+ universal antiretroviral therapy (ART) program for pregnant and breastfeeding women does not include routine laboratory monitoring. We report safety outcomes of pregnant women who initiated ART through Option B+.

Travel During Pregnancy: A Study of Postpartum Women in Madison, Wisconsin.

While travel during pregnancy is increasingly common, both the act of traveling and the destination itself may pose risks to pregnant women. Thus, it is relevant to ask pregnant women about travel for individual care and to assess how often pregnant women travel. Based upon our prior study, we hypothesized that domestic travel would be common, with approximately 30% of pregnant women traveling, and that international travel also would be common, with approximately 5% of the population traveling. We also hyp...

Comprehensive evaluation of irisin levels in fetomaternal circulation of pregnant women with obesity or gestational diabetes mellitus.

To evaluate maternal and cord blood irisin levels in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and in obese pregnant women without GDM.

Kinematic and spatiotemporal gait characteristics in pregnant women with pelvic girdle pain, asymptomatic pregnant and non-pregnant women.

Walking difficulties are common among pregnant women with pelvic girdle pain. This cross-sectional study investigated the influence of pelvic girdle pain, pregnancy and speed on spatiotemporal and trunk, pelvic and hip kinematics during gait in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy.

Acquired heart disease in pregnancy - need for a greater focus.

Cardiovascular conditions are now the leading cause of maternal death in both the US (Petersen EE et al MMWR Morb Mortality Wkly Rep 2019; 68:762-765) and the UK (Knight M et al Saving Lives, Improving Mothers' Care 2019, NPEU:Oxford). The majority of women die from acquired heart conditions, and more than half of women who die are not known to have cardiac disease prior to pregnancy. In the US, deaths from cardiomyopathy cause a proportionately higher number of pregnancy-related deaths amongst black women ...

Doppler gradients, valve area and ventricular function in pregnant women with aortic or pulmonary valve disease: Left versus right.

Little is known about the course of echocardiographic parameters used for the evaluation of valvular heart disease (VHD) during pregnancy, hampering interpretation of possible changes (physiological vs. pathophysiological). Therefore we studied the course of these parameters and ventricular function in pregnant women with aortic and pulmonary VHD.

Review of the status and challenges associated with increasing influenza vaccination coverage among pregnant women in China.

Influenza vaccination coverage in pregnant women in China remains low. In this review, we first provide an overview of the evidence for the use of influenza vaccination during pregnancy. Second, we discuss influenza vaccination policy and barriers to increased seasonal influenza vaccination coverage in pregnant women in China. Third, we provide case studies of successes and challenges of programs for increasing seasonal influenza vaccination in pregnant women from other parts of Asia with lessons learned fo...

Trends and Risk Factors of Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Nonsmoker Pregnant Women in Wisconsin, 2011-2016.

Secondhand smoke exposure can lead to serious health effects in vulnerable populations, including pregnant women. Studies report lower birth weight in pregnant women exposed to secondhand smoke.

Iodine-containing food practices of Western Australian pregnant women and ethnicity: An observational study.

The Australian Health Survey 2011 to 2013 indicated that Western Australian women had good iodine status, suggesting adequate consumption of iodine from food, however, little is known about pregnant women in this state. The aim was to investigate the iodine-containing food practices of Western Australian pregnant women.

Including Pregnant Women in Clinical Research: Practical Guidance for Institutional Review Boards.

Scanty evidence exists about the safety and effectiveness of drugs-and of their efficacious dosing-that women may need to treat acute and chronic health issues during their pregnancies. This lack of evidence puts pregnant women and their fetuses at risk of harm from the use or avoidance of drugs during pregnancy. In light of the protectionist approach in regulations governing research with pregnant women and fetuses, trial sponsors, researchers, clinicians, and institutional review boards (IRBs) have been r...

Ability of A Single Negative Ultrasound to Rule Out Deep Vein Thrombosis in Pregnant Women. A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

The diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound (US) for suspected lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in non-pregnant patients has been well validated. However, in pregnant women with suspected DVT and an initial negative US, serial US is generally recommended. We aimed to determine the ability of single negative US to exclude DVT in symptomatic pregnant women.

Eating habits of pregnant Brazilian women: an integrative review of the literature.

The eating habits of pregnant women are influenced by several factors, and it is essential to understand them in order to establish nutritional interventions in prenatal care. The objective of this integrative review was to analyze the bibliographic production on the eating habits of pregnant Brazilian women. A search was conducted in the Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Scientific Electronic Library Online databases (SciELO) using the following key words: "Gestantes" o...

HIV infection is associated with preterm delivery independent of vaginal microbiota in pregnant African women.

During pregnancy, the vaginal microbiota is relative stable. However, African women have more diverse vaginal microbiota than their European counterparts, in addition to high HIV prevalence and risk of adverse birth outcomes. Although HIV is associated with alterations in vaginal microbiota and inflammation in non-pregnant women, these relationships are underexplored in pregnant women. Here, we characterize the vaginal microbiota and immune factors in pregnant African women who were HIV-uninfected (n=314) v...

Real-World Experience of Adding Metformin in Pregnant Women with Type 1 Diabetes in a Chinese Population: A Retrospective Cohort.

Glycemic control in pregnant women with type 1 diabetes (T1D) is challenging with only insulin, and the incidence rate of adverse perinatal outcomes is high. Increasing data have indicated the safety and effect of metformin in pregnancy; however, no relevant data are available in pregnant women with T1D. We aimed to investigate glycemic control and perinatal outcomes in pregnant women with T1D in a Chinese population and explored the role of metformin in these patients.

Current prevalence of and obstetric outcomes in underweight Japanese women.

We compared the current prevalence of and obstetric outcomes in underweight Japanese women with data from 16 years ago. We reviewed the obstetric records of singleton pregnant Japanese women who delivered at our institute at ≥ 22 weeks' gestation from 2000 through 2002 and those from 2016 through 2018. From 2000-2002 to 2016-2018, numbers of pregnant women in their twenties decreased and pregnant women in their forties increased significantly (p < 0.01). There were no significant changes in the prevalence...

Accelerometry Does Not Measure Energy Expenditure.

In the manuscript by Fazzi et al. entitled 'Activity behaviors in lean and morbidly obese pregnant women', physical activity assessed by questionnaire and accelerometry was reported to be lower in pregnant women with morbid obesity compared to pregnant women of normal weight. Total daily energy expenditure however, was higher in women with morbid obesity. Thus, the authors conclude, "energy expenditure might not be the key factor to obesity". This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Frequency and factors associated with Toxoplasma gondii infection in pregnant women and their pets in Ilhéus, Bahia, Brazil.

Toxoplasmosis is an asymptomatic disease that can lead to systemic disease in the fetus of pregnant women with primary infection. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of toxoplasmosis, associated factors, and correlation between the serology of pregnant women and their pets, in the municipality of Ilhéus, Bahia, Brazil.

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