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PubMed Journals Articles About "Night Vision Bird Friendly Offshore Wind Power" RSS

08:15 EDT 18th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Night Vision Bird Friendly Offshore Wind Power PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Night Vision Bird Friendly Offshore Wind Power articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Night vision bird friendly offshore wind power" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 5,200+

Maritime Spatial Planning supported by systematic site selection: Applying Marxan for offshore wind power in the western Baltic Sea.

The development of offshore wind energy and other competing interests in sea space are a major incentive for designating marine and coastal areas for specific human activities. Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) considers human activities at sea in a more integrated way by analysing and designating spatial and temporal distributions of human activities based on ecological, economic and social targets. However, specific tools supporting spatial decisions at sea incorporating all relevant sectors are rarely adop...


Complex behaviour in complex terrain. Modelling bird migration in a high resolution wind field across mountainous terrain to simulate observed patterns.

Crossing of large ecological barriers, such as mountains, is in terms of energy considered to be a demanding and critical step during bird migration. Besides forming a geographical barrier, mountains have a profound impact on the resulting wind flow. We use a novel framework of mathematical models to investigate the influences of wind and topography on nocturnal passerine bird behaviour, and to assess the energy costs for different flight strategies for crossing the Jura Mountains. The mathematical models i...

Night Blindness, Bitot's Spot & Vitamin A Deficiency.

A 19-year-old male, presented with gritting sensation in both the eyes and decrease vision during the night for one month. Eyes examination revealed whitish, foamy lesions on the temporal side of the ocular conjunctiva. The patient was treated with oral vitamin A 200,000 IU on day 0, 1, and at two weeks. Vitamin A deficiency is rampant in developing countries like India. It is more prevalent in children, and most common cause is malnutrition. Clinical symptoms and signs range from mild eye discomfort, nig...


Application of the hybrid ANFIS models for long term wind power density prediction with extrapolation capability.

In this paper, the suitability and performance of ANFIS (adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system), ANFIS-PSO (particle swarm optimization), ANFIS-GA (genetic algorithm) and ANFIS-DE (differential evolution) has been investigated for the prediction of monthly and weekly wind power density (WPD) of four different locations named Mersing, Kuala Terengganu, Pulau Langkawi and Bayan Lepas all in Malaysia. For this aim, standalone ANFIS, ANFIS-PSO, ANFIS-GA and ANFIS-DE prediction algorithm are developed in MATLAB ...

Collision and displacement vulnerability to offshore wind energy infrastructure among marine birds of the Pacific Outer Continental Shelf.

Marine birds are vulnerable to collision with and displacement by offshore wind energy infrastructure (OWEI). Here we present the first assessment of marine bird vulnerability to potential OWEI in the California Current System portion of the U.S. Pacific Outer Continental Shelf (POCS). Using population size, demography, life history, flight heights, and avoidance behavior for 62 seabird and 19 marine water bird species that occur in the POCS, we present and apply equations to calculate Population Vulnerabil...

Night work and risk of common mental disorders: analyzing observational data as a non-randomized pseudo trial.

Objectives The aim of this study was to examine the status of night work as a risk factor for common mental disorders (CMD). Methods A cohort study with three data waves was conducted on populations of social and healthcare employees for a duration of eight years (total N=46 010). Data were analyzed as a non-randomized pseudo trial to examine (i) whether moving from non-night work to night work is associated with the development of CMD, (ii) the extent to which moving back to non-night work biases this asso...

Response to Noise Emitted by Wind Farms in People Living in Nearby Areas.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the perception and annoyance of noise from wind turbines in populated areas of Poland. A questionnaire inquiry was carried out among 517 subjects, aged 18⁻88, living within 204⁻1726 m from the nearest wind turbine. For areas where respondents lived, A-weighted sound pressure levels (SPLs) were calculated as the sum of the contributions from the wind power plants in the specific area. It has been shown that the wind turbine noise at the calculated A-weighted SPL of 3...

An Ultra-Low-Friction Triboelectric-Electromagnetic Hybrid Nanogenerator for Rotation Energy Harvesting and Self-Powered Wind Speed Sensor.

Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) are attracting more and more attention since it can convert various mechanical energies into electric energy. However, in traditional TENGs for harvesting rotation energy, most of the contacts between two triboelectric materials are rigid-to-rigid contact with very large friction force, which limits their practical application. Here, we report an ultra-low-friction triboelectric-electromagnetic hybrid nanogenerator (NG). A freestanding mode TENG and a rotating electromag...

Transient response of the Northwestern Iberian upwelling regime.

The hydrography and dynamics of NW Iberian margin were explored for July 2009, based on a set of in situ and remote sensing observations. Zonal sections of standard CTD casts, towed CTD (SeaSoar), Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers (ADCP) and Lagrangian surveys were made to characterize cycles of upwelling and relaxation in this region. Two periods of northerly winds, bounded by relaxation periods, were responsible for the formation of an upwelling front extending to the shelf edge. An equatorward flow was ...

Long-term exposure to wind turbine noise at night and risk for diabetes: A nationwide cohort study.

Focus on renewable energy sources and reduced unit costs has led to increased number of wind turbines (WTs). WT noise (WTN) is reported to be highly annoying at levels from 30 to 35 dB and up, whereas for traffic noise people report to be highly annoyed from 40 to 45 dB and up. This has raised concerns as to whether WTN may increase risk for major diseases, as exposure to traffic noise has consistently been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. We identified all Danish d...

Using residential proximity to wind turbines as an alternative exposure measure to investigate the association between wind turbines and human health.

This analysis uses data from the Community Noise and Health Study developed by Statistics Canada to investigate the association between residential proximity to wind turbines and health-related outcomes in a dataset that also provides objective measures of wind turbine noise. The findings indicate that residential proximity to wind turbines is correlated with annoyance and health-related quality of life measures. These associations differ in some respects from associations with noise measurements. Results c...

Wind-up in lamina I spinoparabrachial neurons: a role for reverberatory circuits.

Wind-up is a frequency-dependent increase in the response of spinal cord neurons, which is thought to underlie temporal summation of nociceptive input. However, whether spinoparabrachial neurons, which likely contribute to the affective component of pain, undergo wind-up was unknown. Here, we addressed this question and investigated the underlying neural circuit. We show that one-fifth of lamina I spinoparabrachial (SPB) neurons undergo wind-up, and provide evidence that wind-up in these cells is mediated i...

Occupational traumatic injuries among offshore seafood processors in Alaska, 2010-2015.

The U.S. Coast Guard and Federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration have identified the Alaskan offshore seafood processing industry as high-risk. This study used Coast Guard injury reports to describe patterns of traumatic injury among offshore seafood processors, as well as identify modifiable hazards.

Derivation and application of a composite annoyance reaction construct based on multiple wind turbine features.

Noise emissions from wind turbines are one of multiple wind turbine features capable of generating annoyance that ranges in magnitude from not at all annoyed to extremely annoyed. No analysis to date can simultaneously reflect the change in all magnitudes of annoyance toward multiple wind turbine features. The primary objective in this study was to use principal component analysis (PCA) to provide a single construct for overall annoyance to wind turbines based on reactions to noise, blinking lights, shadow ...

Mitigating the negative impacts of tall wind turbines on bats: Vertical activity profiles and relationships to wind speed.

Wind turbines represent a source of hazard for bats, especially through collision with rotor blades. With increasing technical development, tall turbines (rotor-swept zone 50-150 m above ground level) are becoming widespread, yet we lack quantitative information about species active at these heights, which impedes proposing targeted mitigation recommendations for bat-friendly turbine operation. We investigated vertical activity profiles of a bat assemblage, and their relationships to wind speed, within a ma...

Dispersion and removal characteristics of tritium originated from nuclear power plants in the atmosphere.

The activities of tritium in water-vapor (n = 649) and precipitation (n = 2404) samples were measured from 1998 to 2015 around the Wolsong nuclear power plant (NPP) site where four pressurized heavy water reactors and two pressurized water reactors operated. The activity concentrations of tritium in the water-vapor and precipitation samples were in the ranges of 2.2-2200 Bq/L and 0.3-1090 Bq/L, respectively. The concentrations of tritium in the water-vapor in spring were approximately 7 times higher...

Considerations for upscaling individual effects of wind energy development towards population-level impacts on wildlife.

The expansion of wind energy poses challenges to policy- and decision-makers to address conflicts with wildlife. Conflicts are associated with impacts of existing and planned projects on wildlife, and associated difficulties of prediction where impacts are subject to considerable uncertainty. Many post-construction studies have demonstrated adverse effects on individuals of various bird and bat species. These effects may come in the form of collision-induced mortality or behavioral or physiological changes ...

Night shift work exposure profile and obesity: Baseline results from a Chinese night shift worker cohort.

This study aimed to evaluate the associations between types of night shift work and different indices of obesity using the baseline information from a prospective cohort study of night shift workers in China.

Travel Cost Savings and Practicality for Low-Vision Telerehabilitation.

Veterans with low vision who live in rural communities have limited access to low-vision rehabilitation services, unless they are able to travel several miles to a specialty low-vision clinic. A low-vision optometry telerehabilitation evaluation is a thorough assessment of patient's functional vision. Following each low-vision optometry telerehabilitation evaluation is a low-vision telerehabilitation initial assessment with a blind rehabilitation therapist. Our objective was to estimate the acceptance and p...

The relationship between neuroticism and night eating: exploring the mediating roles of psychological distress and maladaptive coping.

Night Eating Syndrome has been shown to be associated with various negative physical and psychological consequences. This study explored the relationship between neuroticism and night eating, which had not been studied before. We also examined the possible mediating roles of psychological distress and maladaptive coping for the relationship between neuroticism and night eating. A sample of 578 Chinese college students were assessed on several measures: The Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Short Sca...

Impact of Mountain-Valley Wind Circulation on Typical Cases of Air Pollution in Beijing.

The impact of mountain-valley wind circulation on the typical examples of pollution was analyzed through the selected pollution process, combining with the hourly PM concentrations and meteorological data in Haidian, Shangdianzi and Lishuiqiao in Autumn and Winter from 2013 to 2015, and also the data of Tower of atmospheric, wind profile of Haidian and automatic meteorological stations in the same period. The analysis showed that the average wind speed of valley wind was greater than that of the mountain wi...

A Discrete Time West Nile Virus Transmission Model with Optimal Bird- and Vector-Specific Controls.

A discrete-time model describing the west nile virus transmission among the mosquito, wild bird, and domestic bird populations is constructed. The expressions for the basic reproduction number R and the disease-free fixed point of the model are computed. The local stability of the disease-free fixed point is established based on R. Optimal control theory is used to devise the most effective administration profile of mosquito larvicide, mosquito adulticide and domestic bird-protection in controlling the viru...

Fungal contamination of wind instruments: Immunological and clinical consequences for musicians.

Playing a wind instrument is an increasingly reported cause of hypersensitivity pneumonitis. However, current knowledge about contamination of wind instruments by fungi and specific fungal sensitization is scarce. Therefore, we aimed: (i) to assess the current prevalence and type of fungal contamination of wind instruments, (ii) to identify potential risk factors associated with instrument contamination, and (iii) to evaluate the prevalence of sensitization to these fungi among musicians.

Night work and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: a national register-based cohort study.

Objective The aim of this study was to investigate whether night work expressed by number and duration of night shifts, number of consecutive night shifts, and number of quick returns during the first 20 weeks of pregnancy is a risk factor for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP). Methods The study population comprised Danish workers in public administration and hospitals who gave birth between 2007 and 2013. Exposure was assessed objectively through payroll data. Information on the outcome was retriev...

Phase walk analysis of leptokurtic time series.

The Fourier phase information play a key role for the quantified description of nonlinear data. We present a novel tool for time series analysis that identifies nonlinearities by sensitively detecting correlations among the Fourier phases. The method, being called phase walk analysis, is based on well established measures from random walk analysis, which are now applied to the unwrapped Fourier phases of time series. We provide an analytical description of its functionality and demonstrate its capabilities ...


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