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PubMed Journals Articles About "Nonbrowning Apple From Concept Produce Shelves" RSS

01:25 EST 16th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Nonbrowning Apple From Concept Produce Shelves PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Nonbrowning Apple From Concept Produce Shelves articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Nonbrowning Apple From Concept Produce Shelves" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 4,900+

Genomic Analysis, Sequence Diversity, and Occurrence of Apple necrotic mosaic virus, a Novel Ilarvirus Associated with Mosaic Disease of Apple Trees in China.

China accounts for over 50% of apple production worldwide. Very recently, a novel ilarvirus, Apple necrotic mosaic virus (ApNMV), was isolated from apple trees showing mosaic symptoms in Japan. This study compared different types of mosaic symptoms observed in apple trees in China under field conditions. Complete nucleotide sequences were obtained for six isolates of ApNMV. The genomic components varied in size from 3,378 to 3,380 nt (RNA1), 2,778 to 2,786 nt (RNA2), and 1,909 to 1,955 nt (RNA3), respective...


Peltaster gemmifer: A new species in the sooty blotch and flyspeck species complex from the United States.

Sooty blotch and flyspeck (SBFS) fungi infect the cuticle of fruit, including apple fruit, and produce pigmented colonies. A new member of this fungal complex in the genus Peltaster is described on the basis of molecular and morphological evidence. The SBFS complex is a diverse group of ectophytic fungi that reside primarily within the order Capnodiales. Sooty blotch and flyspeck isolates from apple orchards in the central United States were subjected to parsimony and Bayesian analyses based on the internal...

Pseudomonads contribute to regulation of Pratylenchus penetrans (Nematoda) populations on apple.

Inoculation with antagonistic soil microorganisms has shown potential to suppress replant disease of apple in orchard soils. Pseudomonas spp. may have potential to reduce Pratylenchus penetrans populations on apple. Pseudomonas spp. were isolated from the rhizosphere of sweet cherry, screened for antagonistic characteristics, and two highly antagonistic Pseudomonas isolates, P10-32 and P10-42, were evaluated for growth promotion of apple seedlings, suppression of P. penetrans populations, and root colonizat...


Apple rootstocks of different nitrogen tolerance affect the rhizosphere bacterial community composition.

To select apple rootstocks that are tolerant to low nitrogen and reveal the relationship between the rhizosphere bacterial communities and the low nitrogen tolerance of the apple rootstock.

Basal channels drive active surface hydrology and transverse ice shelf fracture.

Ice shelves control sea-level rise through frictional resistance, which slows the seaward flow of grounded glacial ice. Evidence from around Antarctica indicates that ice shelves are thinning and weakening, primarily driven by warm ocean water entering into the shelf cavities. We have identified a mechanism for ice shelf destabilization where basal channels underneath the shelves cause ice thinning that drives fracture perpendicular to flow. These channels also result in ice surface deformation, which diver...

Ubuntu-the Essence of Caring and Being: A Concept Analysis.

What is the South-African concept of caring? In Africa, the principle of Ubuntu introduces the concept of belonging and caring. The purpose of this concept analysis was thus to analyze the concept of Ubuntu. The 8 steps of a concept analysis by Walker and Avant were used.

Apple SUMO E3 ligase MdSIZ1 is involved in the response to phosphate deficiency.

In plants, SIZ1 regulates abiotic and biotic stress responses by promoting the SUMOylation of proteins. The apple MdSIZ1 protein has conserved domains similar to those of Arabidopsis AtSIZ1. Real-time fluorescent quantitative analysis showed that MdSIZ1 gene expression was induced by phosphate-deficient conditions. In addition, the level of SUMOylation was also significantly increased under these conditions. The MYB transcription factor MdPHR1 might be a target for the SUMO protein, which is a phosphorus st...

Effect of chewing an apple on dental plaque removal and on salivary bacterial viability.

Studies on dental plaque removal by chewing an apple are scarce and dated, with conflicting findings. This study aimed to determine whether chewing an apple produced mechanical removal of dental plaque or had any effect on salivary bacterial viability.

Development of an organotypic stem cell model for the study of human embryonic palatal fusion.

Cleft palate (CP) is a common birth defect, occurring in an estimated 1 in 1,000 births worldwide. The secondary palate is formed by paired palatal shelves, consisting of a mesenchymal core with an outer layer of epithelial cells that grow toward each other, attach, and fuse. One of the mechanisms that can cause CP is failure of fusion, that is, failure to remove the epithelial seam between the palatal shelves to allow the mesenchyme confluence. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) plays an important role in palat...

Activation of disease resistance against by downregulating the expression of in apple.

In plants, the vesicle fusion process plays a vital role in pathogen defence. However, the importance of the vesicle fusion process in apple ring rot has not been studied. Here, we isolated and characterised the apple syntaxin gene . Silencing the gene in transgenic apple calli increased tolerance to infection; this increased tolerance was correlated with salicylic acid (SA) synthesis-related and signalling-related gene transcription. In contrast, overexpressing in apple calli resulted in the opposite ph...

Upgrading Pectin Production from Apple Pomace by Acetic Acid Extraction.

Pectin, as one of the most widely used functional polysaccharide, can be abundantly extracted from apple pomace which is the main by-product of apple juice industry. In the case of 110 min, 10% (w/w) acetic acid (AA), and 100 °C, extraction yield of pectin reached 19.6%. Compared with mineral acid-extracted pectin, the yield, molecular weight, galacturonic acid content, and DE of the AA-extracted pectin were higher while neutral sugars were lower. Furthermore, the AA-extracted pectin solution demonstrate...

Apple Replant Disease: Causes and Mitigation Strategies.

After replanting apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) on the same site severe growth suppressions, and a decline in yield and fruit quality are observed in all apple producing areas worldwide. The causes of this complex phenomenon, called apple replant disease (ARD), are only poorly understood up to now which is in part due to inconsistencies in terms and methodologies. Therefore we suggest the following definition for ARD: ARD describes a harmfully disturbed physiological and morphological reaction of apple plan...

Analysis of the dissipation kinetics of thiophanate-methyl and its metabolite carbendazim in apple leaves using a modified QuEChERS-UPLC-MS/MS method.

As one of the main fungicides for the apple leaf disease control, thiophanate-methyl (TM) mainly exerts the fungicidal activity in the form of its metabolite carbendazim (MBC), whose dissipation kinetics is very distinct from its parent but was paid little attention. The aim of this work was to investigate the dissipation kinetics of TM and its active metabolite MBC in apple leaves using a modified QuEChERS-UPLC-MS/MS method. Results showed TM and MBC could be quickly extracted by this modified QuEChERS pro...

Proteomic and metabolomic study of Wax apple (Syzygium samarangense) fruit during ripening process.

Wax apple is one of the underutilized fruits that is considered a good source of fibres, vitamins minerals as well as antioxidants. In this study, a comparative analysis of the developments of wax fruit ripening at the proteomic and metabolomic level was reported. Two-dimensional electrophoresis coupled with MALDI-TOF/TOF was used to compare the proteome profile from three developmental stages named immature, young and mature fruits. In general, the protein expression profile, as well as the identified prot...

Changes in the sucrose metabolism in apple fruit following postharvest acibenzolar-S-methyl treatment.

Apple (cv. Ralls) fruit were treated with 0.1 g L acibenzolar-S-methyl (ASM) for 10 min to evaluate the changes of enzyme activities and gene expression in the sucrose metabolism during storage at 20 C with 30-40 % relative humidity.

Genome-wide identification and expression analysis of brassinosteroid biosynthesis and metabolism genes regulating apple tree shoot and lateral root growth.

In plants, brassinosteroid biosynthesis and metabolism genes affect endogenous brassinosteroid metabolic processes as well as stem and root growth. However, there is little information available regarding these genes in apple. In this study, 22 brassinosteroid biosynthesis and metabolism genes were identified in apple (Malus domestica). These genes were named according to their chromosomal locations and the Arabidopsis thaliana homologs. Their conserved characteristic domains, evolutionary relationships, sy...

Validation of Dried Blood Spot Cards to Determine Apple Phenolic Metabolites in Human Blood and Plasma After an Acute Intake of Red-Fleshed Apple Snack.

The application of dried blood spot (DBS) cards for the study in human blood of dietary polyphenol bioavailability has been poorly studied.

How sulphur dioxide and storage temperature contribute to patulin degradation in homemade apple juice.

Mycotoxin patulin is one of the quality indicators for apple juice. Like other mycotoxins, it raises consumer health concerns. The issue of low quality is particularly relevant for apples provided by small producers, whose quality control may not be standardised. As sulphur dioxide (SO2) is common in fruit preservation against fungi, the aim of this study was to determine how efficient it is in degrading patulin in apple juices stored in real-life conditions. This included refrigerated (4 °C) and non-refri...

A CIPK protein kinase targets sucrose transporter MdSUT2.2 at Ser for phosphorylation to enhance salt tolerance.

Soil salinity is one of the major abiotic stressors that negatively affect crop growth and yield. Salt stress can regulate antioxidants and the accumulation of osmoprotectants. In the study, a sucrose transporter MdSUT2.2 was identified in apple. Overexpression of MdSUT2.2 gene increased salt tolerance in the transgenic apple, compared with the WT control 'Gala'. In addition, it was found that protein MdSUT2.2 was phosphorylated at Ser site in response to salt. A DUAL membrane yeast hybridization system thr...

BTB protein MdBT2 inhibits anthocyanin and proanthocyanidin biosynthesis by triggering MdMYB9 degradation in apple.

MdMYB9 is a positive regulator in the biosynthesis of anthocyanin and proanthocyanidin in apple. However, its posttranslational regulation is unclear. Here, we demonstrated that the BTB protein MdBT2 had a negative role in the biosynthesis of anthocyanin and proanthocyanidin. MdBT2 interacted with MdMYB9 and negatively regulated the abundance of MdMYB9 protein through the 26S proteasome system. The degradation of MdMYB9 by MdBT2 reduced the expression of MdMYB9-mediated anthocyanin and proanthocyanidin-rela...

Ultrasound-assisted vacuum impregnation on the fortification of fresh-cut apple with calcium and black carrot phenolics.

This study evaluated the simultaneous effect of ultrasound on vacuum impregnation process to enhance infusion of calcium lactate and black carrot phenolics into ready to eat apple tissues. A vacuum - ultrasonic equipment was developed for this purpose and effects of different ultrasound powers (96-198 W) at 35 kHz and stage of ultrasound application at vacuum and restoration periods were investigated. The simultaneous application of 130 W ultrasound during vacuum impregnation did not rupture cellular ...

Dietary Culture: A Concept Analysis.

The concept of dietary culture is undefined in the nursing literature. This is problematic due to the significant influence of culture on group eating patterns, which impact cardiovascular health. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death, globally. The purpose of this concept analysis was to define the concept of dietary culture to increase the understanding of the relationship between diet, culture, and cardiovascular health. Walker and Avant's method was employed. This analysis of dietary cult...

Metabolic engineering of Clostridium acetobutylicum for the production of butyl butyrate.

Butyl butyrate is widely used as a fragrance additive for foods and beverages. The first step in the currently used process is the production of precursors, including butanol and butyrate, from petroleum using chemical catalysts, followed by the conversion of precursors to butyl butyrate by immobilized lipase. In this work, we engineered Clostridium acetobutylicum for the selective, one-step production of butyl butyrate from glucose. C. acetobutylicum ATCC 824, possessing a strong carbon flux that yields bu...

Yeast species diversity in apple juice for cider production evidenced by culture-based method.

Identification of yeasts isolated from apple juices of two cider houses (one located in a plain area and one in an alpine area) was carried out by culture-based method. Wallerstein Laboratory Nutrient Agar was used as medium for isolation and preliminary yeasts identification. A total of 20 species of yeasts belonging to ten different genera were identified using both BLAST algorithm for pairwise sequence comparison and phylogenetic approaches. A wide variety of non-Saccharomyces species was found. Interest...

Standardized extract of wild apple fruit in alkyl-polyglucoside-based cosmetic cream - estimation of stability, safety, antioxidant activity and efficiency.

The aim of this study was in vitro and in vivo characterization of cosmetic cream with 6% of wild apple fruit water extract, containing 3.5% of alpha-hydroxyacids-AHAs and polyphenolic compounds, stabilized by biodegradable alkyl-polyglucoside emulsifiers.


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