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PubMed Journals Articles About "Nonbrowning Apple From Concept Produce Shelves" RSS

20:58 EDT 22nd September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Nonbrowning Apple From Concept Produce Shelves PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Nonbrowning Apple From Concept Produce Shelves articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Nonbrowning Apple From Concept Produce Shelves" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 4,900+

Genomic Analysis, Sequence Diversity, and Occurrence of Apple necrotic mosaic virus, a Novel Ilarvirus Associated with Mosaic Disease of Apple Trees in China.

China accounts for over 50% of apple production worldwide. Very recently, a novel ilarvirus, Apple necrotic mosaic virus (ApNMV), was isolated from apple trees showing mosaic symptoms in Japan. This study compared different types of mosaic symptoms observed in apple trees in China under field conditions. Complete nucleotide sequences were obtained for six isolates of ApNMV. The genomic components varied in size from 3,378 to 3,380 nt (RNA1), 2,778 to 2,786 nt (RNA2), and 1,909 to 1,955 nt (RNA3), respective...


Peltaster gemmifer: A new species in the sooty blotch and flyspeck species complex from the United States.

Sooty blotch and flyspeck (SBFS) fungi infect the cuticle of fruit, including apple fruit, and produce pigmented colonies. A new member of this fungal complex in the genus Peltaster is described on the basis of molecular and morphological evidence. The SBFS complex is a diverse group of ectophytic fungi that reside primarily within the order Capnodiales. Sooty blotch and flyspeck isolates from apple orchards in the central United States were subjected to parsimony and Bayesian analyses based on the internal...

Pseudomonads contribute to regulation of Pratylenchus penetrans (Nematoda) populations on apple.

Inoculation with antagonistic soil microorganisms has shown potential to suppress replant disease of apple in orchard soils. Pseudomonas spp. may have potential to reduce Pratylenchus penetrans populations on apple. Pseudomonas spp. were isolated from the rhizosphere of sweet cherry, screened for antagonistic characteristics, and two highly antagonistic Pseudomonas isolates, P10-32 and P10-42, were evaluated for growth promotion of apple seedlings, suppression of P. penetrans populations, and root colonizat...


Basal channels drive active surface hydrology and transverse ice shelf fracture.

Ice shelves control sea-level rise through frictional resistance, which slows the seaward flow of grounded glacial ice. Evidence from around Antarctica indicates that ice shelves are thinning and weakening, primarily driven by warm ocean water entering into the shelf cavities. We have identified a mechanism for ice shelf destabilization where basal channels underneath the shelves cause ice thinning that drives fracture perpendicular to flow. These channels also result in ice surface deformation, which diver...

Mineral oil residues in soil and apple under temperate conditions of Kashmir, India.

The study was undertaken to ascertain the persistence of Orchol-13, a mineral oil used against insect pests of horticultural fruit crops in soil and apple following the dormant and summer applications of 2 and 0.75% respectively. Soil samples were collected during dormant, while as both soil and apple samples were collected during summer season. Samples were collected at 0, 1, 3, and 5 days post treatment in both the seasons. Average recoveries of paraffinic constituents (which constitute about 60% of mine...

A Genome-Wide Association Study of Apple Quality and Scab Resistance.

The apple ( × Borkh.) is an economically and culturally important crop grown worldwide. Growers of this long-lived perennial must produce fruit of adequate quality while also combatting abiotic and biotic stress. Traditional apple breeding can take up to 20 yr from initial cross to commercial release, but genomics-assisted breeding can help accelerate this process. To advance genomics-assisted breeding in apple, we performed genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and genomic prediction in a collection of 1...

Effect of chewing an apple on dental plaque removal and on salivary bacterial viability.

Studies on dental plaque removal by chewing an apple are scarce and dated, with conflicting findings. This study aimed to determine whether chewing an apple produced mechanical removal of dental plaque or had any effect on salivary bacterial viability.

Overexpression of a Novel Apple NAC Transcription Factor Gene, MdNAC1, Confers the Dwarf Phenotype in Transgenic Apple (Malus domestica).

Plant height is an important trait for fruit trees. The dwarf characteristic is commonly associated with highly efficient fruit production, a major objective when breeding for apple (). We studied the function of , a novel NAC transcription factor (TF) gene in apple related to plant dwarfing. Localized primarily to the nucleus, MdNAC1 has transcriptional activity in yeast cells. Overexpression of the gene results in a dwarf phenotype in transgenic apple plants. Their reduction in size is manifested by short...

Activation of disease resistance against by downregulating the expression of in apple.

In plants, the vesicle fusion process plays a vital role in pathogen defence. However, the importance of the vesicle fusion process in apple ring rot has not been studied. Here, we isolated and characterised the apple syntaxin gene . Silencing the gene in transgenic apple calli increased tolerance to infection; this increased tolerance was correlated with salicylic acid (SA) synthesis-related and signalling-related gene transcription. In contrast, overexpressing in apple calli resulted in the opposite ph...

Upgrading Pectin Production from Apple Pomace by Acetic Acid Extraction.

Pectin, as one of the most widely used functional polysaccharide, can be abundantly extracted from apple pomace which is the main by-product of apple juice industry. In the case of 110 min, 10% (w/w) acetic acid (AA), and 100 °C, extraction yield of pectin reached 19.6%. Compared with mineral acid-extracted pectin, the yield, molecular weight, galacturonic acid content, and DE of the AA-extracted pectin were higher while neutral sugars were lower. Furthermore, the AA-extracted pectin solution demonstrate...

Apple Replant Disease: Causes and Mitigation Strategies.

After replanting apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) on the same site severe growth suppressions, and a decline in yield and fruit quality are observed in all apple producing areas worldwide. The causes of this complex phenomenon, called apple replant disease (ARD), are only poorly understood up to now which is in part due to inconsistencies in terms and methodologies. Therefore we suggest the following definition for ARD: ARD describes a harmfully disturbed physiological and morphological reaction of apple plan...

Proteomic and metabolomic study of Wax apple (Syzygium samarangense) fruit during ripening process.

Wax apple is one of the underutilized fruits that is considered a good source of fibres, vitamins minerals as well as antioxidants. In this study, a comparative analysis of the developments of wax fruit ripening at the proteomic and metabolomic level was reported. Two-dimensional electrophoresis coupled with MALDI-TOF/TOF was used to compare the proteome profile from three developmental stages named immature, young and mature fruits. In general, the protein expression profile, as well as the identified prot...

Changes in the sucrose metabolism in apple fruit following postharvest acibenzolar-S-methyl treatment.

Apple (cv. Ralls) fruit were treated with 0.1 g L acibenzolar-S-methyl (ASM) for 10 min to evaluate the changes of enzyme activities and gene expression in the sucrose metabolism during storage at 20 C with 30-40 % relative humidity.

Evaluation of Rhodosporidium fluviale as biocontrol agent against Botrytis cinerea on apple fruit.

The aim of the present work was to evaluate the ability of the native yeast Rhodosporidium fluviale to control Botrytis cinerea on apple fruit and to study the possible mechanisms of action with the goal of improving the control of gray mold. For this, the influence of application time of the yeast was studied simulating preventive and curative effects. Also, the effect of nonviable cells of the yeast in the biocontrol was assessed. According to the results obtained, the following mechanisms of action of Rh...

Apple hammerhead viroid-like RNA is a bona fide viroid: autonomous replication and structural features support its inclusion as a new member in the genus Pelamoviroid.

Apple hammerhead viroid-like RNA (AHVd RNA) has been reported in different apple cultivars and geographic regions and, considering the presence of hammerhead ribozymes in both polarity strands, suspected to be either a viroid of the family Avsunviroidae or a viroid-like satellite RNA. Here we report that dimeric head-to-tail in vitro transcripts of a 433-nt reference variant of AHVd RNA from cultivar "Pacific Gala" are infectious when mechanically inoculated to apple, thus showing that this RNA is a bona fi...

Development and reprotuction of Spodoptera eridania on natural hosts and artificial diet.

The development and reproductive potential of Spodoptera eridania (Stoll, 1782) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) was compared on natural and artificial diets. Its biology was determined under laboratory conditions, providing an artificial diet, leaves of white clover and the peach cultivar 'Chimarrita' and fruits and leaves of the apple cultivar 'Gala'. Larvae of S. eridania could not complete their biological cycle when fed on apple fruits or peach leaves. The artificial diet provided the shortest development time...

Genome-wide identification and expression analysis of brassinosteroid biosynthesis and metabolism genes regulating apple tree shoot and lateral root growth.

In plants, brassinosteroid biosynthesis and metabolism genes affect endogenous brassinosteroid metabolic processes as well as stem and root growth. However, there is little information available regarding these genes in apple. In this study, 22 brassinosteroid biosynthesis and metabolism genes were identified in apple (Malus domestica). These genes were named according to their chromosomal locations and the Arabidopsis thaliana homologs. Their conserved characteristic domains, evolutionary relationships, sy...

A CIPK protein kinase targets sucrose transporter MdSUT2.2 at Ser for phosphorylation to enhance salt tolerance.

Soil salinity is one of the major abiotic stressors that negatively affect crop growth and yield. Salt stress can regulate antioxidants and the accumulation of osmoprotectants. In the study, a sucrose transporter MdSUT2.2 was identified in apple. Overexpression of MdSUT2.2 gene increased salt tolerance in the transgenic apple, compared with the WT control 'Gala'. In addition, it was found that protein MdSUT2.2 was phosphorylated at Ser site in response to salt. A DUAL membrane yeast hybridization system thr...

BTB protein MdBT2 inhibits anthocyanin and proanthocyanidin biosynthesis by triggering MdMYB9 degradation in apple.

MdMYB9 is a positive regulator in the biosynthesis of anthocyanin and proanthocyanidin in apple. However, its posttranslational regulation is unclear. Here, we demonstrated that the BTB protein MdBT2 had a negative role in the biosynthesis of anthocyanin and proanthocyanidin. MdBT2 interacted with MdMYB9 and negatively regulated the abundance of MdMYB9 protein through the 26S proteasome system. The degradation of MdMYB9 by MdBT2 reduced the expression of MdMYB9-mediated anthocyanin and proanthocyanidin-rela...

Ultrasound-assisted vacuum impregnation on the fortification of fresh-cut apple with calcium and black carrot phenolics.

This study evaluated the simultaneous effect of ultrasound on vacuum impregnation process to enhance infusion of calcium lactate and black carrot phenolics into ready to eat apple tissues. A vacuum - ultrasonic equipment was developed for this purpose and effects of different ultrasound powers (96-198 W) at 35 kHz and stage of ultrasound application at vacuum and restoration periods were investigated. The simultaneous application of 130 W ultrasound during vacuum impregnation did not rupture cellular ...

Metabolic engineering of Clostridium acetobutylicum for the production of butyl butyrate.

Butyl butyrate is widely used as a fragrance additive for foods and beverages. The first step in the currently used process is the production of precursors, including butanol and butyrate, from petroleum using chemical catalysts, followed by the conversion of precursors to butyl butyrate by immobilized lipase. In this work, we engineered Clostridium acetobutylicum for the selective, one-step production of butyl butyrate from glucose. C. acetobutylicum ATCC 824, possessing a strong carbon flux that yields bu...

A universal vector concept for a direct genotyping of transgenic organisms and a systematic creation of homozygous lines.

Diploid transgenic organisms are either hemi- or homozygous. Genetic assays are, therefore, required to identify the genotype. Our AGameOfClones vector concept uses two clearly distinguishable transformation markers embedded in interweaved, but incompatible Lox site pairs. Cre-mediated recombination leads to hemizygous individuals that carry only one marker. In the following generation, heterozygous descendants are identified by the presence of both markers and produce homozygous progeny that are selected b...

Weight Loss Associated With Consumption of Apples: A Review.

Apples are known as a major source of polyphenols, dietary fiber, carotenoids, and other nutrients. There are many documents and studies that show fruit polyphenols likely promote anti-obesity effects and exert their beneficial effects via scavenging free radicals, regulating gene expression, and altering signal transduction in target cells and tissues, especially fat tissues.The goal of this review is to presenti the major components of apple and the evidence that indicates its potential to diminution weig...

Yeast species diversity in apple juice for cider production evidenced by culture-based method.

Identification of yeasts isolated from apple juices of two cider houses (one located in a plain area and one in an alpine area) was carried out by culture-based method. Wallerstein Laboratory Nutrient Agar was used as medium for isolation and preliminary yeasts identification. A total of 20 species of yeasts belonging to ten different genera were identified using both BLAST algorithm for pairwise sequence comparison and phylogenetic approaches. A wide variety of non-Saccharomyces species was found. Interest...

Standardized extract of wild apple fruit in alkyl-polyglucoside-based cosmetic cream - estimation of stability, safety, antioxidant activity and efficiency.

The aim of this study was in vitro and in vivo characterization of cosmetic cream with 6% of wild apple fruit water extract, containing 3.5% of alpha-hydroxyacids-AHAs and polyphenolic compounds, stabilized by biodegradable alkyl-polyglucoside emulsifiers.


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