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PubMed Journals Articles About "Northern Trust Corporation" RSS

20:12 EST 16th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Northern Trust Corporation PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Northern Trust Corporation articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Northern Trust Corporation" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,100+

The impact of trust decision-making on outcome processing: Evidence from brain potentials and neural oscillations.

It may be beneficial, although risky, to decide to trust others during social interactions in daily life. The current study explored the time course of the effect of trust decisions on outcome evaluation processing using electroencephalographic (EEG) techniques. Twenty-two healthy young adults made trust or distrust decisions regarding a message they received from a stranger in a card game. The results showed that at the early stage of outcome processing, feedback-related negativity (FRN) was more negative ...


Adult attachment and trust in romantic relationships.

Two theoretical perspectives guide much of the research on adult romantic relationships: attachment theory and interdependence theory. Each of these theoretical perspectives acknowledges the importance of trust, or perceptions of partners' dependability and faith in the future of the relationship. Whereas attachment theory conceptualizes trust as a component of individual differences in attachment representations, interdependence theoretical approaches conceptualize trust as a unique construct that develops...

If You Can't Trust a Bulboventricular Foramen, Whom Can You Trust?


Trust the Internet or Trust Your Physician: Public Perception of Brain Death Isn't a No Brainer.

Changes in public trust in physicians: empirical evidence from China.

Studies examining the trends in public trust in physicians have provided a considerable amount of valuable policy implications for policymakers compared with cross-sectional studies on this topic in many countries. This study investigated changes in public trust in physicians in China based on two cross-sectional national surveys conducted in 2011 and 2016 and identified the determinants of these changes. The results indicated 83.4% of respondents in 2011 reported trust or strong trust in physicians in Chin...

Honor among thieves: The interaction of team and member deviance on trust in the team.

In this article, we examine member trust in deviant teams. We contend that a member's trust in his or her deviant team depends on the member's own deviant actions; although all members will judge the actions of their deviant teams as rational evidence that they should not be trusted, deviant members, but not honest members, can hold on to trust in their teams because of a sense of connection to the team. We tested our predictions in a field study of 562 members across 111 teams and 24 organizations as well ...

Varieties of trust in preschoolers' learning and practical decisions.

Keeping commitments to others can be difficult, and we know that people sometimes fail to keep them. How does a speaker's ability to keep commitments affect children's practical decisions to trust and their epistemic decisions to learn? An amassing body of research documents children's trust in testimonial learning decisions, which can be moved in the face of epistemic and moral evidence about an agent. However, other bases for trust go largely unexplored in this literature, such as interpersonal reasons to...

Ethnic diversity, poverty and social trust in Germany: Evidence from a behavioral measure of trust.

Several scholars have concluded that ethnic diversity has negative consequences for social trust. However, recent research has called into question whether ethnic diversity per se has detrimental effects, or whether lower levels of trust in diverse communities simply reflect a higher concentration of less trusting groups, such as poor people, minorities, or immigrants. Drawing upon a nationally representative sample of the German population (GSOEP), we make two contributions to this debate. First, we examin...

Trust as a mechanism of system justification.

People are motivated to hold favorable attitudes about the systems on which they depend, so they justify (i.e., rationalize, defend and bolster) forms of social and economic inequality, even if the inequality is disadvantageous to them. This paper examines how this system-justifying motivation is reflected in behaviors involving interpersonal trust. In a series of three experiments using the trust game I manipulate income inequality by providing participants with higher (advantaged position) or lower (disad...

Children's Selective Trust in Promises.

There has been extensive research into the development of selective trust in testimony, but little is known about the development of selective trust in promises. The present research investigates children's (N = 264) selective trust in others' promises to help. In Study 1, 6-year-olds selectively trusted speakers who had previously kept a promise. In Study 2, 5-year-olds displayed selective trust for speakers who had previously kept a prosocial promise (promise to help). In Study 3, 5-year-olds trusted a ...

Body trust as a moderator of the association between exercise dependence and suicidality.

Exercise dependence and interoceptive deficits, particularly low body trust, have been associated with suicidality. This study tested whether low body trust predicted current suicidal ideation and past suicide attempts in individuals exhibiting symptoms of exercise dependence.

Effect of the treatment-before-deposit policy on trust in physicians and perceived service quality among patients in 12 hospitals in China.

This study examined effects of the treatment-before-deposit policy on Chinese patients' trust in physicians and perceived service quality. This study included 3313 patients recruited from 12 hospitals in China. The research team used cross-sectional survey to examine Chinese patients' experience with the treatment-before-deposit policy, perceived service quality, and trust in their physicians. Using mediation analysis, we estimated direct and indirect effects of the treatment-before-deposit policy on patien...

Trust-based altruism facing new contexts: The Vyegwa-Gika pygmies from Burundi.

The community of Pygmies settled in Vyegwa-Gika provides an exceptional case study to test the role of trust in the evolution of altruism. The Vyegwa-Gika Pygmies were forced to migrate from rainforests to the savanna, changing quickly their environment, culture, and socio-economic situation. Despite the high level of poverty they suffer in this new settlement, we found evidence of strong altruistic attitudes toward trustees when playing an economic game. In addition, Vyegwa-Gika Pygmies keep small personal...

Trust, sense of community, and civic engagement: Lessons from Australia.

This article examines the association between trust, sense of community, and civic engagement, with a particular focus on the socioeconomic characteristics of individuals, using data from the Household, Income, and Labor Dynamics in Australia Survey. Through the use of panel logit and binary panel data models, we draw three core observations. First, there is evidence that trust is associated with civic engagement in Australia, particularly in the case of volunteering. Trust is a prerequisite for women to pa...

Public Acceptance of Fully Automated Driving: Effects of Social Trust and Risk/Benefit Perceptions.

Automated driving (AD) is one of the most significant technical advances in the transportation industry. Its safety, economic, and environmental benefits cannot be realized if it is not used. To explain, predict, and increase its acceptance, we need to understand how people perceive and why they accept or reject AD technology. Drawing upon the trust heuristic, we tested a psychological model to explain three acceptance measures of fully AD (FAD): general acceptance, willingness to pay (WTP), and behavioral ...

International variations in trust in health care systems.

Public trust in health care systems has been measured in many countries, but there have been few studies of the intercountry variability in trust, or the degree to which such variability is because of population or structural characteristics. We used data from the health care survey conducted by the International Social Survey Program from 2011 to 2013 in 31 countries to assess whether intercountry variability was significantly greater than intracountry variability using general linear models in which count...

Apologies repair children's trust: The mediating role of emotions.

The current study examined whether emotions mediate the relationship between apologies and repaired trust following a transgression. Children (9- and 11-year-olds; N = 180) completed a two-round trust game where if they invested tokens in their counterpart, the tokens tripled in value and the counterpart would decide how many tokens to return. Based on participants' condition, either half of the tokens were returned, none of the tokens were returned, or none were returned followed by an apology. Childre...

The neural correlates of trustworthiness evaluation of faces and brands: Implications for behavioral and consumer neuroscience.

When we buy a product of a brand, we trust the brand to provide good quality and reliability. Therefore, trust plays a major role in consumer behavior. It is unclear, however, how trust in brands is processed in the brain and whether it is processed differently from interpersonal trust. In this study, we used fMRI to investigate the neural correlates of interpersonal and brand trust by comparing the brain activation patterns during explicit trustworthiness judgments of faces and brands. Our results showed t...

Examining factors affecting patients trust in online healthcare services in China: The moderating role of the purpose of use.

With the development of Web 2.0 technologies, an increasing number of websites are providing online healthcare services, and they have potential to alleviate problems of overloaded medical resources in China. However, some patients are reluctant to trust and continue using online healthcare services, partly due to the immature development of healthcare websites. Previous research has argued that online trust is significantly associated with the risk or benefit perceived by users. This study aims to extend p...

Examining macroeconomic determinants of trust in parliament: A dynamic multilevel framework.

The extensive literature on political trust has long suggested a link between macroeconomic conditions and public trust in political institutions. However, empirical evidence regarding this relationship remains ambiguous. Conflicting results appear to be related to differences in research design: while cross-sectional studies tend not to find evidence of a link between macroeconomic variables and trust in political institutions, most longitudinal studies do. In this paper, using recent advances in multileve...

A novel trust-scoring system using trustability co-efficient of variation for identification of secure agent platforms.

Mobile Agent systems are prevalent in Distributed Environment due to the autonomy and adaptability in diversified situations. Mobile Agents are capable of movement from one platform to another and hence it is a need to ensure the safety of the Mobile Agent during the phase of transit. Since Mobile Agents are capable of deciding their itinerary dynamically, a decision support system which helps to ensure the trustworthiness of a platform would complement the decision. A Trust Scoring System is therefore prop...

To trust, or not to trust? Individual differences in physiological reactivity predict trust under acute stress.

The stress response represents an evolutionarily ancient array of biological responses to challenge or threat that facilitate survival by promoting adaptive behaviors. 'Adaptive' in the evolutionary sense, however, does not easily translate to explain stress' effect on human decisions. Much research demonstrates that acute stress alters decision-making, but outcomes are obscured by a range of methodological factors. Further, less is known about how stress affects decision-making in social contexts in which ...

Relationship Between Internet Health Information and Patient Compliance Based on Trust: Empirical Study.

The internet has become a major mean for acquiring health information; however, Web-based health information is of mixed quality and may markedly affect patients' health-related behavior and decisions. According to the social information processing theory, patients' trust in their physicians may potentially change due to patients' health-information-seeking behavior. Therefore, it is important to identify the relationship between internet health information and patient compliance from the perspective of tru...

Extreme Trust Region Policy Optimization for Active Object Recognition.

In this brief, we develop a deep reinforcement learning method to actively recognize objects by choosing a sequence of actions for an active camera that helps to discriminate between the objects. The method is realized using trust region policy optimization, in which the policy is realized by an extreme learning machine and, therefore, leads to efficient optimization algorithm. The experimental results on the publicly available data set show the advantages of the developed extreme trust region optimization ...

Identification of Approaches to Improve Patient Trust in Health Systems: A Group Concept Mapping Study.

Higher levels of institutional trust have been associated with increased preventive healthcare use, greater adherence to treatment plans, and improved overall self-rated health status. However, little attention has been paid to understanding approaches to improve patient institutional trust. This study used group concept mapping to elicit patient perspectives on ways to improve patient trust. Eighteen insured individuals living in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, participated in the concept mapping sessions. ...


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