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Showing "Northwestern researcher examines substance disorders risk youth" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 25,000+

Pilot Study of a Multilevel Mobile Health App for Substance Use, Sexual Risk Behaviors, and Testing for Sexually Transmitted Infections and HIV Among Youth: Randomized Controlled Trial.

Preventing and reducing substance use disorders, sexually transmitted infections (STIs)/HIV, and teen pregnancy, and the associated risk behaviors (ie, substance use and sexual risk behaviors) among youth remain public health priorities in the United States. Equally important is improving the uptake of STI/HIV testing among the youth. Mobile health (mHealth) apps may be a solution to ameliorate these public health concerns; however, few mHealth preventive interventions have demonstrated efficacy in reducing...

Enhancing researcher capacity to engage youth in research: Researchers' engagement experiences, barriers and capacity development priorities.

There is increasing emphasis on engaging youth in research about youth, their needs, experiences and preferences, notably in health services research. By engaging youth as full partners, research becomes more feasible and relevant, and the validity and richness of findings are enhanced. Consequently, researchers need guidance in engaging youth effectively. This study examines the experiences, needs and knowledge gaps of researchers.

Measuring functional impairment: Preliminary psychometric properties of the Columbia Impairment Scale-Youth Version with youth accessing services at an outpatient substance use programme.

Functional impairment is a key aspect of mental disorders, yet it is poorly defined and operationalized, particularly for youth. The Columbia Impairment Scale (CIS) has been indicated as a potentially useful measure to assess functional impairment. This study provides an initial psychometric evaluation of the CIS-Youth (CIS-Y) Version in a sample of youth accessing an outpatient substance use programme.

Sex, drugs, and early emerging risk: Examining the association between sexual debut and substance use across adolescence.

Sexual debut, or first intercourse, predicts problem behaviors such as substance use. This association could reflect a direct effect of debut itself, general developmental trends, or the fact that some youth are more predisposed to a wide array of problem behaviors (e.g., risky sex, substance use). Understanding the association between sexual debut and substance use thus requires methods that can distinguish between these various accounts. In this study the association between sexual debut and substance use...

Sexual risk classes among youth experiencing homelessness: Relation to childhood adversities, current mental symptoms, substance use, and HIV testing.

The aim of this study was to determine whether there are meaningful subgroups with different types of sexual risk behaviors among youth experiencing homelessness and examine the associations between potential classes and other risk variables. A latent class analysis was used to identify classes of youth according to sexual risk behaviors and sexual assault. A two-class solution was found to be the best fit for the data-Lower and Higher Risk groups. The Higher Risk class had significantly higher levels of sy...

Associations between polygenic risk for tobacco and alcohol use and liability to tobacco and alcohol use, and psychiatric disorders in an independent sample of 13,999 Australian adults.

Substance use, substance use disorders (SUDs), and psychiatric disorders commonly co-occur. Genetic risk common to these complex traits is an important explanation; however, little is known about how polygenic risk for tobacco or alcohol use overlaps the genetic risk for the comorbid SUDs and psychiatric disorders.

Health, Homelessness Severity, and Substance Use among Sexual Minority Youth Experiencing Homelessness: A Comparison of Bisexual Versus Gay and Lesbian Youth.

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and questioning (LGBQ) youth are overrepresented among youth experiencing homelessness (YEH), and health disparities among LGBQ youth are well-documented. LGBQ youth are typically aggregated as a single sexual minority group; however, research suggests that bisexual youth may have greater mental health, substance use, and physical health risks relative to their gay and lesbian peers. In a probability sample of LGBQ YEH in Los Angeles County (n = 183), we examined subgroup differenc...

Longitudinal Associations between Susceptibility to Tobacco Use and the Onset of Other Substances among U.S. Youth.

We examined whether tobacco susceptibility at Wave (W) 1 (2013-2014) predicts the onset of tobacco and other substances at W2 (2014-2015) among 5,325 U.S. youth (12-17 years) never substance users at W1 in the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study. Tobacco susceptibility was based on curiosity, use intentions, and response to a best friend's offer to use. Onset of use included past 12-month use of a specific substance or group of substances at W2 among those who had never used any substan...

LGBTQ Youth-Serving Community-Based Organizations: Who Participates and What Difference Does it Make?

LGBTQ youth are at greater risk for compromised health, yet large-scale health promotion programs for LGBTQ young people have been slow to develop. LGBTQ community-based organizations-which provide LGBTQ-focused support and services-have existed for decades, but have not been a focus of the LGBTQ youth health literature. The current study used a contemporary sample of LGBTQ youth (age 15-21; M = 18.81; n = 1045) to examine who participates in LGBTQ community-based organizations, and the association ...

Conduct disorder and antisocial personality disorders: challenges for treatment in adolescence and young adulthood.

Aggressive behaviour is a typical phenomenon in childhood and adolescence. Aggression is one of the frequent reasons for parents to seek child and adolescent psychiatric and psychotherapeutic treatment. Disorders with increased aggressive behaviour, such as conduct or oppositional defiant disorder, carry an increased risk for long-lasting negative impact on well-being, especially when comorbid with substance abuse or affective symptoms. Barriers for treatment are frequently a lack of insight into consequenc...

Characteristics of youth at high risk for bipolar disorder compared to youth with bipolar I or II disorder.

Significant efforts have been undertaken to characterize the phenomenology of the high-risk period for bipolar disorder (BD) through the examination of youth at familial risk (i.e., having a first- or second-degree relative with BD) or clinical high risk for the disorder (i.e., youth with BD Not Otherwise Specified [NOS] or major depressive disorder [MDD]). However, little is known about the phenomenology of youth at both familial and clinical high risk for BD. In this study, we examined the clinical and ps...

A pilot of a mindfulness based stress reduction intervention for female caregivers of youth who are experiencing substance use disorders.

Families play a critical role in supporting adolescents with substance use disorders. Little research has been done to investigate interventions targeting the significant stress of caring for an adolescent with problematic substance use and its subsequent impact on self-compassion in families. The aim of this pilot study was to trial an 8-week Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program as a post treatment aftercare intervention among female caregivers of youth with substance use disorders. Forty-thre...

Do men who have sex with men who report alcohol and illicit drug use before/during sex (chemsex) present moderate/high risk for substance use disorders?

We evaluated the prevalence of sexualized drug use (Chemsex) and its association with moderate/high risk for substance use disorders and HIV sexual risk behavior among men who have sex with men (MSM).

Differential typologies of current substance use among Black and White high-school adolescents: A latent class analysis.

Black and White adolescents demonstrate different prototypical profiles (i.e., typologies) of substance use, with Blacks demonstrating lower risk for concurrent use of two or more substances. Despite knowledge of these differences, typologies of adolescent substance use identified by person-centered methods, such as latent class analysis, have not characterized profiles by racial group. The current study examined typologies of substance use among Black and White youth separately using person-centered method...

The utility and impact of the addiction comprehensive health enhancement support system (ACHESS) on substance abuse treatment adherence among youth in an intensive outpatient program.

Youth experiencing substance use disorders often are susceptible to relapse because traditional support systems can be expensive, geographically dispersed, operated on limited schedules and lacking in peer support. The continuity of care offered via the digital Addiction Comprehensive Health Enhancement Support System (ACHESS) system holds promise in preventing relapse because of its portability and capability to foster virtually anytime/anywhere, cost-effective access to supportive interventions. The aim o...

Substance use disorders before, at and after first episode psychosis hospitalizations in a young national Swedish cohort.

Comorbidity between Substance use disorders (SUD) and psychotic disorders is common but the temporal relation of the first episodes of SUD and psychosis and how it affects the disorders has not been extensively investigated.

Beyond the Bud: Emerging Methods of Cannabis Consumption for Youth.

Cannabis continues to be the most widely used illicit substance among youth, as many teens view the risks of cannabis consumption to be low. With cannabis laws becoming lax and dispensaries becoming more prevalent throughout the United States, highly concentrated Δ-9-tetrahydrocannibinol (THC) is becoming readily available. This article examines the available literature on consumption of concentrated THC, focusing on potential consequences of concentrate use among youth. Various methods for consuming conce...

The role of substance use disorders in experiencing a repeat opioid overdose, and substance use treatment patterns among patients with a non-fatal opioid overdose.

A non-fatal opioid overdose (NFOO) increases the risk of another overdose and identifies high-risk patients. We estimated the risk of repeat opioid overdose for patients with and without substance use disorder (SUD) diagnoses and the change in substance use treatment utilization rates associated with the first NFOO.

Not just substance use: the critical gap in nutritional interventions for pregnant women with opioid use disorders.

Pregnancy is a time when optimization of nutrition is critically important, yet pregnant women with substance use disorders face unique nutritional challenges. The aim of this short communication is to summarize existing knowledge about nutritional interventions used in substance use disorders for pregnant and parenting women with opioid use disorder (OUD) and substance use disorders and to inform program development by maternity care and treatment providers.

Contingency Management: Using Incentives to Improve Outcomes for Adolescent Substance Use Disorders.

Multiple interventions for treating adolescents with substance use disorders have demonstrated efficacy, but most teens do not show an enduring positive response to these treatments. Contingency management (CM)-based strategies provide a promising alternative, and clinical research focused on the development and testing of innovative CM models continues to grow. This article provides information on the principles that underlie CM interventions, key metrics that define their development and implementation, a...

A comparison of frequency of alcohol and marijuana use using short message service surveying and survey questionnaires among homeless youth.

: There are several benefits to using short message service surveying (SMS) to gather data on substance use from homeless youth, including capturing data "in the moment" and verifying the timing of one behavior relative to another. Though SMS is a valuable data collection tool with highly mobile populations that otherwise are difficult to longitudinally sample, the reliability of SMS compared with surveys is largely unknown with homeless youth. Examining the reliability of SMS is important because these dat...

Transition of Substance-Induced, Brief, and Atypical Psychoses to Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Some people who experience substance-induced psychosis later develop an enduring psychotic disorder such as schizophrenia. This study examines the proportion of people with substance-induced psychoses who transition to schizophrenia, compares this to other brief and atypical psychoses, and examines moderators of this risk. A search of MEDLINE, PsychINFO, and Embase identified 50 eligible studies, providing 79 estimates of transition to schizophrenia among 40 783 people, including 25 studies providing 43 sub...

Physicians' norms and attitudes towards substance use in colleague physicians: A cross-sectional survey in the Netherlands.

Substance use disorders (SUD) in physicians often remain concealed for a long time. Peer monitoring and open discussions with colleagues are essential for identifying SUD. However, physicians often feel uncomfortable discussing substance use with a colleague. We explored physicians' attitudes and norms about substance use (disorders) and their (intended) approach upon a presumption of substance use in a colleague.

Caring for patients with co-occurring mental health & substance use disorders.

Consider substance abuse if Tx for mood or anxiety disorders is ineffective. Don't defer treating a mental health issue until a substance use disorder is resolved.

Mortality of treatment-seeking men and women with alcohol, opioid or other substance use disorders - A register-based follow-up study.

Alcohol (AUD), opioid (OUD) and other substance use disorders (SUD) are associated with an increased risk of premature death. The aim of this register-based follow-up study was to compare the risk of death between individuals who had sought treatment for AUDs, OUDs and other SUDs in Finland.

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