PubMed Journals Articles About "Novartis Canakinumab ACZ885 Reduced Cardiovascular Risk Subgroup CANTOS" RSS

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Showing "Novartis Canakinumab ACZ885 Reduced Cardiovascular Risk Subgroup CANTOS" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 30,000+

Post-ischaemic administration of the murine Canakinumab-surrogate antibody improves outcome in experimental stroke.

The CANTOS trial underscored the efficacy of selective antibody-based interleukin (IL)-1β inhibition with Canakinumab in secondary prevention of cardiovascular events. Despite the success of the trial, incidence of stroke was not reduced likely due to the low number of events and the relatively young age of patients enrolled. Given the established role of IL-1β in stroke, we tested the efficacy of the murine Canakinumab-equivalent antibody in a mouse model of ischaemic stroke. To mimic the clinical scenar...

Efficacy and safety of canakinumab in patients with Still's disease: exposure-response analysis of pooled systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis data by age groups.

To describe the efficacy, safety, and exposure-response relationship of canakinumab in a subgroup of patients with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SJIA) aged ≥16 years, representative of adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) patients, and to compare this subgroup with those of children and young adolescents with SJIA by pooling clinical data collected during the development programme of canakinumab.

Why the CANTOS Is a Game Changer in Cardiovascular Medicine.

Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular comorbidities of juvenile dermatomyositis in US children: an analysis of the National Inpatient Sample.

JDM is associated with multiple potential risk factors for cardiovascular disease, including reduced heart rate variability, systolic/diastolic cardiac dysfunction, abnormal brachial artery reactivity and metabolic syndrome. However, little is known about cardiovascular risk in JDM. We sought to examine the association between JDM and cardiovascular risk factors and disease in US children.

Anti-inflammatory therapy with tumor necrosis factor inhibitors is associated with reduced risk of major adverse cardiovascular events in psoriasis.

Psoriasis is a systemic chronic inflammatory condition associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Data demonstrating that decreased skin inflammation reduces cardiovascular events in psoriasis patients may be generalizable to other chronic inflammatory states with heightened cardiovascular risk.

From clinical observations to molecular mechanisms and back to patients: the successful circuit of the CANTOS study.

Therapeutic agents targeting cardiometabolic risk for preventing and treating atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases.

Targeting atherogenic lipoprotein levels with statins remains the current cornerstone of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ACVD) management. In patients at high ACVD risk who cannot achieve the desired low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol target, the addition of compounds such as ezetimibe and proprotein subtilisin/kexin type-9 (PCSK9) inhibitors incrementally lowers cardiovascular risk. New glucose-lowering drugs such as glucacon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP1R) agonists and sodium-glucose co-tra...

Hemoglobin, Albuminuria, and Kidney Function in Cardiovascular Risk: The ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities) Study.

Reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and elevated urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) individually increase risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We hypothesized that these associations are stronger among people with abnormal (both low and high) hemoglobin levels.

Chronic kidney disease as a cardiovascular risk factor: lessons from kidney donors.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease but is often associated with other risks such as diabetes and hypertension and can be both a cause and an effect of cardiovascular disease. Although epidemiologic data of an independent association of reduced glomerular filtration rate with cardiovascular risk are strong, causative mechanisms are unclear. Living kidney donors provide a useful model for assessing the "pure" effects of reduced kidney function on the cardiovascular ...

Canakinumab for Residual Inflammatory Risk.

Tooth loss and risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke: A dose-response meta analysis of prospective cohort studies.

Conflicting results identifying the association between tooth loss and cardiovascular disease and stroke have been reported. Therefore, a dose-response meta-analysis was performed to clarify and quantitatively assess the correlation between tooth loss and cardiovascular disease and stroke risk. Up to March 2017, seventeen cohort studies were included in current meta-analysis, involving a total of 879084 participants with 43750 incident cases. Our results showed statistically significant increment associatio...

Association of endothelial dysfunction with cardiovascular risk factors and new-onset diabetes mellitus in patients with hypertension.

Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), which is the main endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, plays a critical role in the process of endothelial dysfunction. The authors evaluated the association between high plasma ADMA levels in patients with hypertension and the presence of cardiovascular risk factors and the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and cardiovascular outcomes, including death. The authors evaluated 191 patients with hypertension who were stratified into two groups according ...

Circulating Wnt inhibitory factor 1 levels are associated with development of cardiovascular disease.

Wnt signaling is involved in atherosclerotic plaque formation directly and indirectly by modulating cardiovascular risk factors. We investigated whether circulating concentrations of Wnt inhibitors are associated with cardiovascular events in subjects with intermediate cardiovascular risk.

Bioequivalence of Canakinumab Injected Subcutaneously via an Autoinjector Device or a Prefilled Safety Syringe Device in Healthy Subjects.

Canakinumab, a high-affinity human anti-interleukin-1β monoclonal antibody, is being used for the treatment of a broad spectrum of inflammatory diseases. This phase 1 study compared the relative bioavailability of a single dose of subcutaneous canakinumab either self-administered with an autoinjector (AI) or administered by a health care professional (HCP) with a prefilled safety syringe (SS) in healthy subjects. The study enrolled 80 subjects randomized 1:1 to receive 150 mg/mL of a liquid formulation of...

EXPRESS: Targeting Inflammation and Immunity in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension - any easier after the CANTOS proof-of-concept that anti-inflammation cuts cardiovascular events?

Efficacy of primary prevention for atherosclerosis-induced diseases in patients with high cardiovascular risk in Russia and other European countries (Part 1).

Evaluation of the effectiveness of risk management in persons with high cardiovascular risk is an important element in reducing the death rate of the population from cardiovascular diseases (CVD).

Inflammation and coronary artery disease: from pathophysiology to Canakinumab Anti-Inflammatory Thrombosis Outcomes Study (CANTOS).

The worldwide prevalence of cardiovascular disease in general and atherosclerotic coronary artery disease in particular is a health and economic concern of unparalleled proportion. Despite a long history of astute observations beginning in 1575 made by Fallopius, followed by those of von Rokatansky, Virchow, Osler, and Ross, and incremental knowledge of the pathobiology of atherosclerosis to include varying stages of inflammation, response to internally and externally mediated vascular injury, and impaired ...

Favourable hypotensive effect after standardised tomato extract treatment in hypertensive subjects at high estimated cardiovascular risk - a randomised controlled trial.

Cardiovascular (CV) diseases remain a leading global cause of death. Lowering blood pressure (BP) reduces the risk of CV complications, especially stroke and acute coronary events, and it delays the progression of kidney disease. Adequate non-pharmacological treatment improves the effectiveness of the antihypertensive therapy. A Mediterranean diet with high content of vegetables (rich in tomatoes) is associated with a reduced CV risk.

Trends in cardiovascular risk factor and disease prevalence in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery.

Cardiovascular risk factors are prevalent in the population undergoing non-cardiac surgery. Changes in perioperative cardiovascular risk factor profiles over time are unknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate national trends in cardiovascular risk factors and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) among patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery.

Association between leptin and IL-6 concentrations with cardiovascular risk in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

Pro-inflammatory cytokines such as leptin and IL-6 play an important role in the development of cardiovascular risk. Determine the relationship between leptin and IL-6 concentrations with cardiovascular risk in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. We determined IL-6 and leptin levels in 77 patients with the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis. The cardiovascular risk was calculated using the modified Framingham scale. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 22 considering a significant p 

Sex-Specific Associations of Risk-Based Alcohol Drinking Level with Cardiovascular Risk Factors and the 10-Year Cardiovascular Disease Risk Scores.

To assess sex-specific associations between risk-based alcohol drinking levels and the 10-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk scores and cardiovascular (CV) risk factors.

Brachial artery diameter as a marker for cardiovascular risk assessment: FMD-J study.

Baseline brachial artery (BBA) diameter has been reported to be a potential confounding factor of flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationships between BBA diameter and cardiovascular risk factors and compare the diagnostic accuracy of BBA diameter in subjects without cardiovascular risk factors and patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) with that of FMD.

Phase angle measured by electrical bioimpedance and global cardiovascular risk in older adults.

Population aging is a worldwide phenomenon associated with physiological and metabolic changes that contribute to the increased prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease. The phase angle (PA) is a variable calculated by bioelectrical impedance analysis, interpreted as a direct measure of cell stability. The objective of the present study was to investigate the correlation of PA with the anthropometric measures, metabolic profile and the cardiovascular risk estimated by the Global Cardiovascular ...

Cardiovascular disease risk factors in chronic kidney disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global health burden and is independently associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk. Assessment of cardiovascular risk in the general population using prognostic models based on routinely collected risk factors is embedded in clinical practice. In CKD, prognostic models may misrepresent risk due to the interplay of traditional atherosclerotic and non-traditional risk factors. This systematic review's aim was to identify routinely collected risk factors for inclu...

Treatment gaps and potential cardiovascular risk reduction from expanded statin use in the US and England.

The updated national guidelines for cardiovascular risk assessment and lipid modification in the UK and US expand the indications for statin therapy in primary prevention to adults with moderate risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) but many adults at high CVD risk remain untreated in both countries. We set out to identify treatment gaps in English and American adults at moderate and high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and to estimate the number of CVD events that would be prevented from expanding sta...

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