PubMed Journals Articles About "Novartis Canakinumab ACZ885 Reduced Cardiovascular Risk Subgroup CANTOS" RSS

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Showing "Novartis Canakinumab ACZ885 Reduced Cardiovascular Risk Subgroup CANTOS" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 30,000+

Modulation of the interleukin-6 signalling pathway and incidence rates of atherosclerotic events and all-cause mortality: analyses from the Canakinumab Anti-Inflammatory Thrombosis Outcomes Study (CANTOS).

Canakinumab, a monoclonal antibody targeting interleukin (IL)-1β, reduces rates of recurrent cardiovascular events without lowering lipids. It is uncertain, however, to what extent these beneficial cardiovascular outcomes are mediated through interleukin-6 (IL-6) signalling, an issue with substantial pathophysiologic consequences and therapeutic implications.

Post-ischaemic administration of the murine Canakinumab-surrogate antibody improves outcome in experimental stroke.

The CANTOS trial underscored the efficacy of selective antibody-based interleukin (IL)-1β inhibition with Canakinumab in secondary prevention of cardiovascular events. Despite the success of the trial, incidence of stroke was not reduced likely due to the low number of events and the relatively young age of patients enrolled. Given the established role of IL-1β in stroke, we tested the efficacy of the murine Canakinumab-equivalent antibody in a mouse model of ischaemic stroke. To mimic the clinical scenar...

Efficacy and safety of canakinumab in patients with Still's disease: exposure-response analysis of pooled systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis data by age groups.

To describe the efficacy, safety, and exposure-response relationship of canakinumab in a subgroup of patients with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SJIA) aged ≥16 years, representative of adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) patients, and to compare this subgroup with those of children and young adolescents with SJIA by pooling clinical data collected during the development programme of canakinumab.

Anti-inflammatory therapy with tumor necrosis factor inhibitors is associated with reduced risk of major adverse cardiovascular events in psoriasis.

Psoriasis is a systemic chronic inflammatory condition associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Data demonstrating that decreased skin inflammation reduces cardiovascular events in psoriasis patients may be generalizable to other chronic inflammatory states with heightened cardiovascular risk.

Risk Factors, Mortality, and Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes.

Patients with diabetes are at higher risk for death and cardiovascular outcomes than the general population. We investigated whether the excess risk of death and cardiovascular events among patients with type 2 diabetes could be reduced or eliminated.

Therapeutic agents targeting cardiometabolic risk for preventing and treating atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases.

Targeting atherogenic lipoprotein levels with statins remains the current cornerstone of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ACVD) management. In patients at high ACVD risk who cannot achieve the desired low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol target, the addition of compounds such as ezetimibe and proprotein subtilisin/kexin type-9 (PCSK9) inhibitors incrementally lowers cardiovascular risk. New glucose-lowering drugs such as glucacon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP1R) agonists and sodium-glucose co-tra...

Chronic kidney disease as a cardiovascular risk factor: lessons from kidney donors.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease but is often associated with other risks such as diabetes and hypertension and can be both a cause and an effect of cardiovascular disease. Although epidemiologic data of an independent association of reduced glomerular filtration rate with cardiovascular risk are strong, causative mechanisms are unclear. Living kidney donors provide a useful model for assessing the "pure" effects of reduced kidney function on the cardiovascular ...

Microbiota-Host Crosstalk: A Bridge Between Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Diet, and Cardiovascular Disease.

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and is also a major cause of disability worldwide. Indeed, even in well-treated patients for hypertension or dyslipidemia, there is still a high cardiovascular risk called residual risk. It is of utmost importance to identify the pathway leading from risk factors to cardiovascular disease to further improve stroke and myocardial infarction prevention. In this review, we presented some of experimental and epidemiological evidences suggesting that microbiot...

Tooth loss and risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke: A dose-response meta analysis of prospective cohort studies.

Conflicting results identifying the association between tooth loss and cardiovascular disease and stroke have been reported. Therefore, a dose-response meta-analysis was performed to clarify and quantitatively assess the correlation between tooth loss and cardiovascular disease and stroke risk. Up to March 2017, seventeen cohort studies were included in current meta-analysis, involving a total of 879084 participants with 43750 incident cases. Our results showed statistically significant increment associatio...

Association of endothelial dysfunction with cardiovascular risk factors and new-onset diabetes mellitus in patients with hypertension.

Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), which is the main endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, plays a critical role in the process of endothelial dysfunction. The authors evaluated the association between high plasma ADMA levels in patients with hypertension and the presence of cardiovascular risk factors and the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and cardiovascular outcomes, including death. The authors evaluated 191 patients with hypertension who were stratified into two groups according ...

Interactions between dyslipidemia and the immune system and their relevance as putative therapeutic targets in atherosclerosis.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) continues to be a leading cause of death worldwide with atherosclerosis being the major underlying pathology. The interplay between lipids and immune cells is believed to be a driving force in the chronic inflammation of the arterial wall during atherogenesis. Atherosclerosis is initiated as lipid particles accumulate and become trapped in vessel walls. The subsequent immune response, involving both adaptive and immune cells, progresses plaque development, which may be exacerbat...

Circulating Wnt inhibitory factor 1 levels are associated with development of cardiovascular disease.

Wnt signaling is involved in atherosclerotic plaque formation directly and indirectly by modulating cardiovascular risk factors. We investigated whether circulating concentrations of Wnt inhibitors are associated with cardiovascular events in subjects with intermediate cardiovascular risk.

Effects of Primary Cardiovascular Prevention on Vascular Risk in Older Adults.

Primary cardiovascular prevention through simultaneously targeting multiple risk factors may be even more effective than single risk factor modification in older adults. The effects of multicomponent cardiovascular prevention on cardiovascular risk are explored.

Bioequivalence of Canakinumab Injected Subcutaneously via an Autoinjector Device or a Prefilled Safety Syringe Device in Healthy Subjects.

Canakinumab, a high-affinity human anti-interleukin-1β monoclonal antibody, is being used for the treatment of a broad spectrum of inflammatory diseases. This phase 1 study compared the relative bioavailability of a single dose of subcutaneous canakinumab either self-administered with an autoinjector (AI) or administered by a health care professional (HCP) with a prefilled safety syringe (SS) in healthy subjects. The study enrolled 80 subjects randomized 1:1 to receive 150 mg/mL of a liquid formulation of...

Inflammation and coronary artery disease: from pathophysiology to Canakinumab Anti-Inflammatory Thrombosis Outcomes Study (CANTOS).

The worldwide prevalence of cardiovascular disease in general and atherosclerotic coronary artery disease in particular is a health and economic concern of unparalleled proportion. Despite a long history of astute observations beginning in 1575 made by Fallopius, followed by those of von Rokatansky, Virchow, Osler, and Ross, and incremental knowledge of the pathobiology of atherosclerosis to include varying stages of inflammation, response to internally and externally mediated vascular injury, and impaired ...

Sex-Specific Associations of Risk-Based Alcohol Drinking Level with Cardiovascular Risk Factors and the 10-Year Cardiovascular Disease Risk Scores.

To assess sex-specific associations between risk-based alcohol drinking levels and the 10-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk scores and cardiovascular (CV) risk factors.

Could chronic Vardenafil administration influence the cardiovascular risk in men with type 2 diabetes mellitus?

Appropriate algorithms for the prediction of cardiovascular risk are strongly suggested in clinical practice, although still controversial. In type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), the beneficial effect of phosphodiesterase (PDE)-5 inhibitors is demonstrated on endothelial function but not on the estimation of cardiovascular risk.

Cardiovascular disease risk factors in chronic kidney disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global health burden and is independently associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk. Assessment of cardiovascular risk in the general population using prognostic models based on routinely collected risk factors is embedded in clinical practice. In CKD, prognostic models may misrepresent risk due to the interplay of traditional atherosclerotic and non-traditional risk factors. This systematic review's aim was to identify routinely collected risk factors for inclu...

Treatment gaps and potential cardiovascular risk reduction from expanded statin use in the US and England.

The updated national guidelines for cardiovascular risk assessment and lipid modification in the UK and US expand the indications for statin therapy in primary prevention to adults with moderate risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) but many adults at high CVD risk remain untreated in both countries. We set out to identify treatment gaps in English and American adults at moderate and high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and to estimate the number of CVD events that would be prevented from expanding sta...

Cardiovascular safety of GLP-1 receptor agonists for diabetes patients with high cardiovascular risk: a meta-analysis of cardiovascular outcomes trials.

To show long-term cardiovascular safety of the GLP-1 receptor agonists for diabetes patients with cardiovascular risk.

The Art of Cardiovascular Risk Assessment.

The authors would like to submit two corrections on the recently published manuscript, Art of Cardiovascular Risk Assessment. In section 4, the original sentence states: "However, the SCCT does not recommend use of a CAC score in low-risk patients with an ASCVD risk of < 10%." We would like to correct this to "Furthermore, the SCCT recommends consideration of a CAC score in those with a risk score of 5-20% and selectively in those with lower predicted risk who have a family history of premature ASCVD or oth...

The 'lottery' of cardiovascular risk estimation with Internet-based risk calculators.

The cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of disability and premature death around the world. The ongoing publication of systematic and critical literature reviews has contributed to generate a kaleidoscope of guidelines by different scientific organizations. We investigated the accordance among the most popular web-based CVD risk calculators on the Internet. We carried out a simple study, by estimating the risk of CVD using the most popular Internet-based calculators available on the Internet. ...

Investigation of the cardiovascular risk profile in a south Brazilian city: surveys from 2012 to 2016.

The aim of this study was to investigate the cardiovascular risk profile of the participants recruited from stroke awareness campaigns in Santa Maria RS, Brazil, from 2012 to 2016, using the simplified version of the Framingham Risk Score (FRS). Questionnaires were used to evaluate 1,061 participants from 20 to 74 years old. Data on cardiovascular risk factors were obtained. The prevalence of risk factors and mean FRS for men and women were estimated. The FRS for women was 11.8% (moderate risk) and 24.7% fo...

Evaluation of community pharmacists' preparedness for the provision of cardiovascular disease risk assessment and management services: A study with simulated patients in Qatar.

Individuals who suffer from major cardiovascular events every year have one or more risk factors. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk assessment is an important strategy for the early identification of modifiable risk factors and their management. There is substantial evidence that shifting the focus from treatment to primary prevention reduces the burden of CVD.

Sex-specific risk factors for cardiovascular disease in women-making cardiovascular disease real.

Sex-specific differences in pathophysiology, prevalence, and impact of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors may explain the high cardiovascular mortality rates in women.

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