PubMed Journals Articles About "Novartis Launch Innovation Labs Across Globe Including Silicon" RSS

12:46 EST 13th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Novartis Launch Innovation Labs Across Globe Including Silicon" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,100+

Isolation and functional characterization of CsLsi2, a cucumber silicon efflux transporter gene.

Silicon has been proven to exert beneficial effects on plant growth and stress tolerance, and silicon accumulation varies among different plant species. Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) is a widely used dicot model for silicon accumulation, but little is known about the molecular mechanism of its silicon uptake. Previously, we isolated and characterized CsLsi1, a silicon influx transporter gene from cucumber. In this study, we cloned a putative silicon efflux transporter gene, CsLsi2, from cucumber and investigat...

Clinical Outcomes in Children With Orbital Cellulitis and Radiographic Globe Tenting.

Axial displacement of the globe with tenting centered on the optic nerve-globe junction is a predictor of visual loss in adults. The purpose of this study was to determine the visual outcomes of children with orbital cellulitis and globe tenting.

'Pre-launch' finite element analysis of a short-stem total hip arthroplasty system consisting of two implant types.

We applied a previously established and validated numerical model to a novel short-stemmed implant for a 'pre-launch' investigation.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Globe-Tendon Interface for Extraocular Muscles: Is there an "Arc of Contact"? (An American Ophthalmological Society Thesis).

To determine if the "arc of contact" is an accurate approximation of the globe-tendon interface for the biomechanical modeling of extraocular muscle (EOM) force transfer onto the globe.

Age-Related Changes in Globe Position.

To longitudinally evaluate for changes in globe position as part of the natural aging process.

The lamina push test: an alternative to the globe push test for identifying the medial orbit during endoscopic sinus surgery.

Aside from endoscopic and image guidance confirmation, the standard method of identifying the lamina involves the surgeon or an assistant applying gentle pressure on the globe externally. This globe push test requires the surgeon to remove one instrument from the endoscopic field or an assistant to press on the globe, and the test is most useful when either the periorbita or periorbital fat is exposed. We propose an alternative, equally accurate, and more efficient technique dubbed the lamina push test.

Synthesis, Reactivity, Functionalization, and ADMET Properties of Silicon-Containing Nitrogen Heterocycles.

Silicon-containing compounds have been largely ignored in drug design and development, despite their potential to improve not only the potency but also the physicochemical and ADMET ( absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, toxicity) properties of drug-like candidates because of the unique characteristics of silicon. This deficiency is in large part attributable to a lack of general methods for synthesizing diverse organosilicon structures. Accordingly, a new building block strategy has been develo...

Semiconductor terahertz modulator arrays: the size and edge effect.

A terahertz spatial modulator is the critical component for active terahertz imaging using compressive sensing. Here small silicon pieces were put in arrays on flexible polymer substrate to fabricate semiconductor terahertz spatial modulators. By doing this, the inter-diffusion of photo-generated charge carriers is prevented for better resolution, and flexibility is achieved. Since the size of silicon is comparable to the wavelength of the terahertz wave, and the dielectric properties of the gap are very di...

Thermal conductivity of silicon nanowire forests.

A large amount of parallel silicon nanowires, placed perpendicularly to a silicon substrate (silicon nanowire forests), has been contacted and assembled in order to fabricate legs of a thermoelectric generator. This paper reports the measurement of the main parameter for thermoelectric applications, which is the thermal conductivity. The reported value, which confirms the strong reduction of the thermal conductivity in nanostructures, is measured on a large amount (> 10^7) of parall...

Innovation in the Context of Audiology and in the Context of the Internet.

This article explores different meanings of innovation within the context of audiology and the Internet. Case studies are used to illustrate and elaborate on the new types of innovation and their levels of impact.

The 'full stack' of healthcare innovation skills: combining clinical informatics with care delivery innovation.

Polarization-insensitive 2 × 2 thermo-optic Mach-Zehnder switch on silicon.

A polarization-insensitive 2×2 thermo-optic Mach-Zehnder switch (MZS) on silicon is proposed and demonstrated experimentally by utilizing silicon-on-insulator (SOI) nanophotonic waveguides with a 340-nm-thick silicon core layer. The present MZS consists of two 2×2 3 dB multimode interference (MMI) couplers, which are designed to be polarization-insensitive by choosing the core width optimally. Meanwhile, the MZS arms are designed with square SOI nanophotonic waveguides with a cross section of 340  nm...

Cellular toxicity of silicon carbide nanomaterials as a function of morphology.

Silicon carbide has been shown to be biocompatible and is used as a coating material for implanted medical devices to prevent biofilms. Silicon carbide nanomaterials are also promising in cell tracking due to their stable and strong luminescence, but more comprehensive studies of this material on the nanoscale are needed. Here, we studied the toxicity of silicon carbide nanomaterials on human mesenchymal stem cells in terms of metabolism, viability, adhesion, proliferation, migration, oxidative stress, and ...

Enhanced Depth Imaging Optical Coherence Tomography of Posterior Globe Rupture.

Occult globe rupture is a rare but potentially devastating result of eye trauma. The authors present a case of a woman who sustained blunt trauma to the right eye resulting in a peripapillary circumferential posterior globe rupture. Clinically, the eye maintained good vision and normal intraocular pressure with a clear media, though subretinal fluid and retinal hemorrhage were present overlying the scleral defect. Enhanced depth imaging spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (EDI SD-OCT) revealed a sh...

Culled banana resistant starch-soy protein isolate conjugate based emulsion enriched with astaxanthin to enhance its stability.

The conjugates of biomacromolecules such as protein and polysaccharides have potential to stabilize the emulsion system and encapsulate valuable bioactive compounds for biofortification in food systems. In this study, native banana starch (NBS) was isolated from green culled banana and modified into resistant starch (type III) by lintnerization followed by autoclaving-cooling process, resulting in lintnerized-autoclaved banana starch (LABS). Soy protein isolate (SPI) was used for developing the polysacchari...

Effect of innovation capacity, production capacity and vertical specialization on innovation performance in China's electronic manufacturing: Analysis from the supply and demand sides.

Manufacturing in China has developed rapidly with the widening and deepening of globalization, but only innovation can industry keep upgrading and enhancing its international competitiveness. This paper combines Global Value Chains (GVCs) and National Value Chains (NVCs) in a unified theory framework, uses Structural Decomposition Analysis (SDA) to explore how innovation capacity, production capacity, and vertical specialization affect innovation performance from the supply and demand sides by examining the...

Visual and ocular morbidity in severe open globe injuries presenting to a regional eye centre in New Zealand.

Open globe injuries (OGI) are a leading cause of monocular blindness world-wide with considerable cost to the individual and society.

The Barrow Innovation Center case series: Early clinical experience with a novel surgical instrument used to prevent intraoperative spinal cord injuries.

The Barrow Innovation Center comprises an educational program in medical innovation that enables residents to identify problems in patient care and to rapidly develop and implement solutions to these problems. Residents involved in this program noted an elevated risk of iatrogenic spinal cord injury during posterior cervical and thoracic procedures. The objective of this study was to describe this complication and a novel solution developed through a new innovation training program.

Designing and testing an educational innovation.

Technology provides an opportunity to develop innovations to improve the way we teach. Developing educational innovations must be approached in a methodical and thorough manner to identify the educational gap and validate the innovation's success in filling the gap. A successful educational innovation requires a stepwise approach that includes needs assessment, design of intervention, testing and analysis, evaluation of intervention, and determination of learning retention.

The Barrow Innovation Center Case Series: A novel 3D-printed retractor for use with electromagnetic neuronavigation systems.

The Barrow Innovation Center consists of an educational program that promotes interdisciplinary collaboration among neurosurgery, legal, and engineering professionals to foster the development of new medical devices. This report describes a common issue faced during the placement of ventricular shunts for the treatment of hydrocephalus, and the solution to this problem that was developed through the Barrow Innovation Center.

In this issue - Innovation to build learning health systems.

NVP-BHG712: Effects of regioisomers on the affinity and selectivity towards the EPHrin family.

EPH receptors are transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinases. Their extracellular domains bind specifically to ephrin A/B ligands, and this binding modulates the intracellular kinase activity. EPHs are key players in bidirectional intercellular signaling, controlling cell morphology, adhesion and migration. They are increasingly recognized as cancer drug targets. We analyzed the binding of the Novartis inhibitor NVP-BHG712 (NVP) to EPHA2 and EPHB4. Unexpectedly, all tested commercially available NVP samples tu...

Addressing the paradox of the team innovation process: A review and practical considerations.

Facilitating team innovation is paramount to promoting progress in the science, technology, engineering, and math fields, as well as advancing national health, safety, prosperity, and welfare. However, innovation teams face a unique set of challenges due to the novelty and uncertainty that is core to the definition of innovation, as well as the paradoxical nature of idea generation and idea implementation processes. These and other challenges must be overcome for innovation teams to realize their full poten...

Shell-protective secondary silicon nanostructures as pressure-resistant high-volumetric-capacity anodes for lithium-ion batteries.

Nanostructure-design of a pre-reserved hollow space to accommodate 300% volume change of silicon anodes has created exciting promises for high energy batteries. However, challenges with weak mechanical stability during the calendering process of electrode fabrication and poor volumetric energy density remain to be solved. Here we fabricated a pressure-resistant silicon structure by designing a dense silicon shell coating onto secondary micrometer particles, each consisting of many silicon nanoparticles. The...

Fe-colloid cotransport through saturated porous media under different hydrochemical and hydrodynamic conditions.

To investigate the effect of different colloids on Fe migration in saturated porous media under different hydrochemical and hydrodynamic conditions, experiments were performed using colloidal silicon (inorganic) and colloidal humic acid (HA, organic), which are representative of the colloids in groundwater. Transport of Fe with and without colloid was investigated by column experiments using various porous media, colloid concentrations, ionic strengths (ISs), cation valences, and flow rates. The results sho...

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