PubMed Journals Articles About "Nucleotidase Ecto Nucleotidase CD73 NT5E Pipeline Review 2019" RSS

02:19 EST 22nd November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Nucleotidase Ecto Nucleotidase CD73 NT5E Pipeline Review 2019 PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Nucleotidase Ecto Nucleotidase CD73 NT5E Pipeline Review 2019 articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Nucleotidase Ecto Nucleotidase CD73 NT5E Pipeline Review 2019" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 20,000+

The NT5E gene variant strongly affects the degradation rate of inosine 5'-monophosphate under postmortem conditions in Japanese Black beef.

Inosine 5'-monophosphate (IMP) contributes to the umami taste in Japanese Black beef. In a previous study, it was suggested that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the ecto-5'-nucleotidase (NT5E) gene affect the concentration of IMP under postmortem conditions by regulating NT5E enzymatic activity in Japanese Black beef. The present study showed that the degradation rate of IMP in Japanese Black beef was significantly different among NT5E genotypes in the middle stage of postmortem, indicating a sign...

Mutual role of ecto-5'-nucleotidase/CD73 and concentrative nucleoside transporter 3 in the intestinal uptake of dAMP.

2'-Deoxyadenosine 5'-monophosphate (dAMP), a deoxyribonucleotide found in DNA, affects intestinal cell growth. The molecular mechanisms underlying gastrointestinal absorption of foreign DNA ingested along with food has hardly been investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism underlying intestinal absorption of dAMP. The uptake of [3H]dAMP by Caco-2 cells was Na+- and pH-dependent and was inhibited by various nucleosides. In contrast, nitrobenzylthioinosine (NMBPR), an equilibrative n...


Parkinson's disease (PD) involves an initial loss of striatal dopamine terminals evolving into degeneration of dopamine neurons in substantia nigra (SN), which can be modeled by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) administration. Adenosine A receptor (A R) blockade attenuates PD features in animal models, but the source of the adenosine responsible for A R over-activation is unknown. Since ATP is a stress signal, we now tested if the extracellular catabolism of adenine nucleotides into adenosine (through ecto-5'-nuc...

Cell type- and tissue-specific functions of ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73).

CD73 is a ubiquitously-expressed glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored glycoprotein that converts extracellular adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP) to adenosine. Anti-CD73 inhibitory antibodies are currently undergoing clinical testing for cancer immunotherapy. However, CD73 has many protective physiological functions that need to be taken into account for new targeted therapies. This review covers CD73 functions in multiple organ systems and cell types, with a particular focus on novel findings from the...

Synaptic and memory dysfunction in a β-amyloid model of early Alzheimer's disease depends on increased formation of ATP-derived extracellular adenosine.

Adenosine A receptors (AR) overfunction causes synaptic and memory dysfunction in early Alzheimer's disease (AD). In a β-amyloid (Aβ)-based model of early AD, we now unraveled that this involves an increased synaptic release of ATP coupled to an increased density and activity of ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73)-mediated formation of adenosine selectively activating AR. Thus, CD73 inhibition with α,β-methylene-ADP impaired long-term potentiation (LTP) in mouse hippocampal slices, which is occluded upon previo...

Stress-Induced Changes in Bone Marrow Stromal Cell Populations Revealed through Single-Cell Protein Expression Mapping.

Stromal cell populations that maintain hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) are generally characterized in steady-state conditions. Here, we report a comprehensive atlas of bone marrow stromal cell subpopulations under homeostatic and stress conditions using mass cytometry (CyTOF)-based single-cell protein analysis. We identified 28 subsets of non-hematopoietic cells during homeostasis, 14 of which expressed hematopoietic regulatory factors. Irradiation-based conditioning for HSPC transplantation...


Extracellular adenine nucleotides and nucleosides, such as adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) and adenosine, are among least investigated signaling factors that participate in 17β-estradiol (E2)-mediated synaptic rearrangements in rodent hippocampus. Their levels in the extrasynaptic space are tightly controlled by ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases1-3 (NTPDase1-3)/ecto-5'-nucleotidase (eN) enzyme chain. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to get closer insight in the E2-induced decrease...

Calcium-activated nucleotidase 1 silencing inhibits proliferation, migration, and invasion in human clear cell renal cell carcinoma.

Calcium-activated nucleotidase 1 (CANT1, belongs to the apyrase family, is widely expressed in various organs. However, the biological function of CANT1 remains poorly explored. In this study, we aimed to investigate the expression profile and functions of CANT1 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Our data show that the protein level of CANT1 was significantly higher in tumor tissues than in adjacent normal tissues. CANT1 silencing suppressed cell proliferation, migration, and invasion obviously in ...

Characterization of the adenosinergic system in a zebrafish embryo radiotherapy model.

Adenosine is a nucleoside that acts as a signaling molecule by activating P1 purinergic receptors (A, A, A and A). This activation is involved in immune responses, inflammation, and tissue remodeling and tumor progression. Gamma rays are a type of ionizing radiation widely adopted in radiotherapy of tumors. Although it brings benefits to the success of the therapeutic scheme, it can trigger cellular damages, inducing a perpetual inflammatory response that culminates in adverse effects and severe toxicity. O...

Impacts of Escherichia coli infection in young breeder chicks on the behavior and cerebral activity of purinergic and cholinergic enzymes involved in the regulation of molecules with neurotransmitter and neuromodulator function.

The objective of this study was to evaluate if infection by Escherichia coli in juvenile breeder chicks alters the activity of enzymes involved in neurotransmission and cerebral immunomodulation, including acetylcholinesterase (AChE), nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase (NTPDase), 5'-nucleotidase (5'NT) and adenosine deaminase (ADA), as well as their effects on the pathogenesis of the disease. We divided 20 growing breeder chicks into two groups (n = 10 per group). One group was experimentally in...

PynA is a pyrimidine 5'-nucleotidase that functions as an antimutator protein in Streptococcus pneumoniae.

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a gram-positive bacterium that is a major agent of community acquired bacterial pneumonia, meningitis and sepsis. Although the mismatch repair function of S. pneumoniae has been assigned to the hexA-hexB gene products, an enzyme capable of the direct elimination of non-canonical nucleotides from the cytoplasm has not been described for this bacterium. Our results show that Spr1057, a protein with previously unknown function, is involved in the inactivation of mutagenic pyrimidine...

Mast Cells Are Directly Activated by Cancer Cell-Derived Extracellular Vesicles by a CD73- and Adenosine-Dependent Mechanism.

We have recently shown that mast cells (MCs), which constitute an important part of the tumor microenvironment (TME), can be directly activated by cancer cells under conditions that recapitulate cell to cell contact. However, MCs are often detected in the tumor periphery rather than intratumorally. Therefore, we investigated the possibility of MC activation by cancer cell-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs). Here we show that exposure of MCs to EVs derived from pancreatic cancer cells or non-small cell lun...

CD73 Is Enriched in Cutaneous Carcinomas That Invade the Orbit.

To compare the expression of CD73 in indolent nodular basal cell carcinomas and cutaneous lesions that invade the orbit.

Developing new health technologies for neglected diseases: a pipeline portfolio review and cost model.

:  Funding for product development for neglected diseases fell from 2009-2015, other than a short-term injection of Ebola funding. One impediment to mobilizing resources is a lack of information on product candidates, the estimated costs to move them through the pipeline, and the likelihood of specific launches. This study aimed to help fill these information gaps. : We conducted a pipeline portfolio review to identify current candidates for 35 neglected diseases. Using an adapted version of the Portfolio ...

APSAD 2019 Conference, 10-13 November 2019, Hobart, Australia.

Antibacterials in the pipeline and perspectives for the near future.

Antimicrobial resistance is a global threat to the management of infections in our patients. Sound stewardship of antibacterial agents at our disposal must be accompanied by a concerted effort to develop new agents to bolster our armamentarium. This review will cover the latest antibiotics that have come through the pipeline and the role they can play in the management of infections that are increasingly difficult to treat due to resistance mechanisms.

Systemic therapies in psoriasis: an update on newly approved and pipeline biologics and oral treatments.

Although there are numerous biologics and several oral treatments for psoriasis, a number of promising systemic therapies are on the horizon. Knowledge of these medications might help guide our treatment approach to the patient with psoriasis. This article provides an update on the most recent (as of 2019) approved therapies and medications in the pipeline for moderate to severe plaque psoriasis, with a focus on systemic agents in phase 3 clinical trials.

Blocking Antibodies Targeting the CD39/CD73 Immunosuppressive Pathway Unleash Immune Responses in Combination Cancer Therapies.

Immune checkpoint inhibitors have revolutionized cancer treatment. However, many cancers are resistant to ICIs, and the targeting of additional inhibitory signals is crucial for limiting tumor evasion. The production of adenosine via the sequential activity of CD39 and CD73 ectoenzymes participates to the generation of an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. In order to disrupt the adenosine pathway, we generated two antibodies, IPH5201 and IPH5301, targeting human membrane-associated and soluble forms...

Corrigendum to "Pipeline for the generation of gene knockout mice using dual sgRNA CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene editing"Anal. Biochem. 568 (2019) 31-40.

Should Trolleys Be Scared of Mice? Replies to Evans and Brandt (2019); Białek, Turpin, and Fugelsang (2019); Colman, Gold, and Pulford (2019); and Plunkett and Greene (2019).

In vivo analysis of the presence of heme oxygenase-1, transcription factor Jun-D, and CD90+/CD73+/CD105+/CD45- cells in the pulp of bleached teeth.

To investigate hydrogen peroxide (H O )-induced responsiveness in pulp cells using heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) immunolabelling, Jun-D immunolabelling to study the effects of H O on odontoblastic differentiation, and CD90+/CD73+/CD105+/CD45- cell counting for in vivo identification of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in the pulp.

Open-source pipeline for multi-class segmentation of the spinal cord with deep learning.

This paper presents an open-source pipeline to train neural networks to segment structures of interest from MRI data. The pipeline is tailored towards homogeneous datasets and requires relatively low amounts of manual segmentations (few dozen, or less depending on the homogeneity of the dataset). Two use-case scenarios for segmenting the spinal cord white and grey matter are presented: one in marmosets with variable numbers of lesions, and the other in the publicly available human grey matter segmentation c...

The Inhibition of CD39 and CD73 Cell Surface Ectonucleotidases by Small Molecular Inhibitors Enhances the Mobilization of Bone Marrow Residing Stem Cells by Decreasing the Extracellular Level of Adenosine.

We have recently demonstrated that purinergic signaling in bone marrow (BM) microenvironment regulates mobilization of hematopoietic stem progenitor cells (HSPCs), mesenchymal stroma cells (MSCs), endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), and very small embryonic like stem cells (VSELs) into the peripheral blood (PB). While extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) promotes mobilization, its metabolite extracellular adenosine has an opposite effect. Since ATP is processed in extracellular space to adenosine by ...

Commentary on: Is the renal subcapsular space the preferred site for clinical porcine islet xenotransplantation? Review article (Int J Surg 2019 Jul 30;69:100-107. Epub ahead of print): What is the best way to administer islets in cell therapy for diabetes patients?

Information and Statistical Analysis Pipeline for High-Throughput RNA Sequencing Data.

Applications of RNA sequencing have been wide-spreading in various subfields of life science. Construction of information and statistical analysis pipeline is indispensable to process raw RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data generated by next-generation sequencers in order to extract biological implications. In this chapter, we introduce a common pipeline for RNA-seq data. A collection of notes on related advanced topics will be useful when conducting information and statistical analysis in practice.

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