PubMed Journals Articles About "Number Americans With Epilepsy Record Level" RSS

19:32 EDT 20th March 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Number Americans with epilepsy record level" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 24,000+

Perceived epilepsy stigma mediates relationships between personality and social well-being in a diverse epilepsy population.

Perceived epilepsy stigma and reduced social well-being are prevalent sources of distress in people with epilepsy (PWE). Yet, research on patient-level correlates of these difficulties is lacking, especially among underserved groups.

Source analysis of epileptiform discharges in absence epilepsy using Magnetoencephalography (MEG).

Magnetoencephalography (MEG) was used to record and localize the sources of the epileptiform discharges, in absence epilepsy, at three different time intervals to infer the sources of involvement during generation and propagation.

Stigma accounts for depression in patients with epilepsy.

Epilepsy is a chronic disease with an increased risk of stigmatization due to psychosocial consequences of the seizures. Intuitively, one may well conclude that stigmatization would lead to depression in patients with epilepsy as well as in other patient groups with increased risk of stigmatization. Indeed, there are a few studies in support of this intuition. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between level of stigmatization and the severity of the depressive symptoms in our patients w...

Epilepsy: Clinical Review and Surgical Options.

Epilepsy is the fourth leading neurologic disorder in the United States and affects the quality of life of approximately 2.9 million Americans. Despite modern progress in medicine and technology, the disease may prove to be drug resistant, a condition that serves as a primary indication to consider invasive treatment modalities. Current evidence supports the efficacy of early surgical intervention for patients with drug-resistant epilepsy, although this approach continues to be underused. The positive outc...


Epilepsy is the most common neurological complication in pregnancy. Women with epilepsy have a higher risk of complications in pregnancy. In Croatia, women with epilepsy are treated by neurologists at tertiary centers according to the place of residence. We prospectively followed-up pregnancies in women with epilepsy and healthy controls, and analyzed the factors responsible for their delivery outcomes and development of their babies. Healthy pregnant women had a higher level of education and economic statu...

Reduced infancy and childhood epilepsy following hypothermia-treated neonatal encephalopathy.

To investigate what proportion of a regional cohort of cooled infants with neonatal encephalopathy develop epilepsy (determined by the International League Against Epilepsy [ILAE] definition and the number of antiepileptic drugs [AEDs]) up to 8 years of age.

Morphological changes of cerebellar substructures in temporal lobe epilepsy: A complex phenomenon, not mere atrophy.

To evaluate cerebellar volume changes in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients in greater detail. We aimed to determine which discrete substructures significantly differ in patients with TLE compared to controls and the nature of this difference. Correlations with age at epilepsy onset, epilepsy duration, seizure frequency, and total number of antiepileptic drugs (AED) in the patient's history were studied. We analyzed the potential association between cerebellar atrophy and epilepsy surgery outcome.

Interactions between GHRH and GABAARs in the brains of patients with epilepsy and in animal models of epilepsy.

Growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH) has recently been shown to increase the level of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and activate GABA receptors (GABARs) in the cerebral cortex. GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter that can inhibit seizures. Does GHRH enhance the inhibitory effect of GABA to prevent epilepsy by increasing the GABA level and activating GABARs? In this study, patients with epilepsy and C57/BL6 mice with epilepsy induced by kainic acid (KA) or pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) served as the research s...

Gene-level association analysis of systemic sclerosis: A comparison of African-Americans and White populations.

Gene-level analysis of ImmunoChip or genome-wide association studies (GWAS) data has not been previously reported for systemic sclerosis (SSc, scleroderma). The objective of this study was to analyze genetic susceptibility loci in SSc at the gene level and to determine if the detected associations were shared in African-American and White populations, using data from ImmunoChip and GWAS genotyping studies. The White sample included 1833 cases and 3466 controls (956 cases and 2741 controls from the US and 87...

Cerebral structure and cognitive performance in African Americans and European Americans with type 2 diabetes.

African Americans typically perform worse than European Americans on cognitive testing. Contributions of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and educational quality to cognitive performance and brain volumes were compared in European Americans and African Americans with type 2 diabetes.

The epilepsy phenotype in adult patients with intellectual disability and pathogenic copy number variants.

To characterize the electroclinical features of epilepsy associated with intellectual disability and pathogenic copy number variations (CNVs) METHODS: we prospectively investigated 61 adult patients with epilepsy and intellectual disability or other neurodevelopmental disorders. We performed high resolution SNP-Array analysis in order to detect clinical relevant chromosomal microdeletions and microduplications. An ordinal logistic regression model was fitted with 34 demographic, clinical and EEG-related var...

Social context as a risk factor for psychopathology in children with epilepsy.

Epilepsy is the number one neurological disorder in children in western society. Childhood epilepsy is highly comorbid with psychopathology. Although neurological and biological factors may partially explain the increased risk of psychopathology in children with epilepsy, social contextual factors are also important to understanding development of psychopathology in children with epilepsy. The current paper examines the development of children with epilepsy utilizing Bronfenbrenner's micro-, meso-, exo-, an...

Cognition and dementia in older patients with epilepsy.

With advances in healthcare and an ageing population, the number of older adults with epilepsy is set to rise substantially across the world. In developed countries the highest incidence of epilepsy is already in people over 65 and, as life expectancy increases, individuals who developed epilepsy at a young age are also living longer. Recent findings show that older persons with epilepsy are more likely to suffer from cognitive dysfunction and that there might be an important bidirectional relationship betw...

Prevalence of Pathogenic Copy Number Variation in Adults With Pediatric-Onset Epilepsy and Intellectual Disability.

Copy number variation (CNV) is an important cause of neuropsychiatric disorders. Little is known about the role of CNV in adults with epilepsy and intellectual disability.

Epilepsy in an elderly population: Classification, etiology and drug resistance.

To characterize epilepsy in an elderly population and describe the prevalence of drug resistant epilepsy (DRE) using recently validated International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) criteria.

Molecular characteristics of long-term epilepsy-associated tumours (LEATs) and mechanisms for tumour-related epilepsy (TRE).

Brain tumours are the second most common cause of seizures identified in epilepsy surgical series. While any tumour involving the brain has the potential to cause seizures, specific subtypes are more frequently associated with epilepsy. Tumour-related epilepsy has a profound impact on patients with brain tumours and these seizures are often refractory to anti-epileptic treatments, resulting in long-term disability and patient morbidity. Despite the drastic impact epilepsy-associated tumours have on patients...

Pharmacoresistance with newer anti-epileptic drugs in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis.

This study aims to evaluate the overall prognosis, prognostic factors, and efficacy of treatment in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS) who have access to third generation anti-epileptic drugs but not to epilepsy surgery. Eighty-five MTLE-HS patients were retrospectively placed into a seizure-free (seizure-free for >1year) or drug-resistant group, and the two groups were compared on the basis of age, sex, age at onset of seizures, duration of epilepsy, side of le...

Epilepsy may cause increased pain sensitivity: Evidence from absence epileptic WAG/Rij rats.

The comorbidity of epilepsy and pain disorders as well as effectiveness of certain therapeutic approaches in both conditions attracted attention to epilepsy-pain interactions. This lead to the discovery of significantly shared pathophysiological mechanisms although many aspects remain largely unknown. To test the hypothesis that epilepsy may be associated with altered pain sensitivity, we analyzed interictal pain sensitivity using epilepsy prone WAG/Rij rats, a genetic model exhibiting age-related-onset abs...

Self-Report of Aerobic Activity among Older African Americans with Multiple Chronic Conditions.

Physical inactivity among older adults around the world is a growing concern. In the United States, older African Americans report high levels of physical inactivity, especially older African Americans with chronic conditions. This study examined the influence of chronic conditions on aerobic activity among a sample of community-dwelling, older African Americans with a self-reported diagnosis of type 2 diabetes and other chronic conditions, such as hypertension and arthritis. Findings indicate that regardle...

Progressive Taxation, Income Inequality, and Happiness.

Income inequality has become one of the more widely debated social issues today. The current article explores the role of progressive taxation in income inequality and happiness. Using historical data in the United States from 1962 to 2014, we found that income inequality was substantially smaller in years when the income tax was more progressive (i.e., a higher tax rate for higher income brackets), even when controlling for variables like stock market performance and unemployment rate. Time lag analyses fu...

MRI findings in glutamic acid decarboxylase associated autoimmune epilepsy.

Glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD65) has been implicated in a number of autoimmune-associated neurologic syndromes, including autoimmune epilepsy. This study categorizes the spectrum of MRI findings in patients with a clinical diagnosis of autoimmune epilepsy and elevated serum GAD65 autoantibodies.

MRI in epilepsy: clinical standard and evolution.

MRI has a crucial position in the diagnostic routine of epilepsy patients. It relevantly contributes to etiological diagnostics and is indispensable in presurgical evaluation. As modern MRI research has been a boon to clinical neuroscience in general, it also holds the promise of enhancing diagnostics of epilepsy patients; i.e. increasing the diagnostic yield while decreasing the number of MRI-negative patients. Its rapid progress, however, has caused uncertainty about which of its latest developments alrea...

Pregnancy-related knowledge of women with epilepsy - An internet-based survey in German-speaking countries.

There are several issues, which have to be acknowledged, when treating women with epilepsy (WWE). The need for counseling WWE in Germany with epilepsy on pregnancy-related matters was stressed in several papers and medical guidelines. Physicians treating WWE in Germany therefore should be aware of the information needs of their patients. We aimed to determine the level of pregnancy-related knowledge of WWE and their informational needs concerning pregnancy and childbirth issues in German-speaking countries ...

Validity of health insurance data to identify people with epilepsy.

Large administrative databases may prove useful to assess epilepsy-related comorbidity and mortality. Despite their increased use, their validity as data source in epilepsy is yet under-ascertained.

Evaluation of the "non-epileptic" patient in a tertiary center epilepsy clinic.

The epilepsy clinic at the Montreal Neurological Institute receives a high volume of referrals. Despite most patients assessed in the clinic eventually being diagnosed with epilepsy, other disorders causing alteration of consciousness or paroxystic symptoms that could be misdiagnosed as seizures are seen frequently. The incidence and clinical characteristics of such patients have not yet been determined. We aimed to determine the proportion and clinical characteristics of patients referred to our epilepsy c...

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